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and notwithstanding his sixty years' re- at the disagreeable Hotel de Normansidence in England, still speaksGerman die, at Rouen, I calculated on the revery well. He invented and made the pose of a great city on Sunday. la instruments to which we owe so many the morning, however, we were arousremarkable discoveries, among which is ed at six o'clock by the chipping of the knowledge of a new planet. The stones, the sawing of wood, 'and the foggy atmosphere of England is very driving of nails. I examined the cause, untavourable to bis observations, as he and found that the opposite house, a does not reckon above a hundred hours music-seller's, was under repair ; and fit for observation in the whole year. I beheld a dozen workmen as interitiy Every thing new that he discovers in engaged as though it had beeo Saturday bis examination of the heavens, he com- instead of Sunday moroing. As their municates to the observatory at Green- incessant noise rendered it useless to go wich, to make the calculations and more to bed again, we determined to reconexact researches, For the complete noitre the streets till breakfast-time: observation of the heavens, it would but, before we were dressed, a discord require, he told us, nine hundred years, of sounds assailed us, in numerous fruit after the expiration of which, instru- and provision venders, some stationary, ments of greater diameter may be made. and others itinerant,—who, we afterHe has at times continued his observa- wards found, began the same cries evetions for twenty-four hours together, ry morning at about seven o'clock. On and through the cold winter nights. His proceeding into the street, we found the sister was his assistant in his observa- shops open or opening, and the same tions; we were introduced to ber ; she activity apparent as would have been too has not forgot the German. Though seen in the streets of London ang we would most willingly have stopped morning in the week at eight o'clock,longer with this remarkable man, to for the French are more early in their whom the sciences are so much indebt. hour of rising than the English, by ed, and whose conversation, when he which they gain on the day an hour, communicated his ideas to us, was high- which we unwisely lose in bed. We ly interesting, we were obliged to hurry sauntered about till nine o'clock, and away, having still a long journey to found every kind of manual labour and make before night.*

employment in the same activity as on

an English day of business; and, even SINGULAR OMISSION. In the last Act of Parliament for reg- the masons and others at work on the

in the vicinity of the Thuileries, we saw ulating the Bath Turnpike Trust, a public buildings. - Mon. M. Oct.1819. curious oinission occurs. In the clause which enacts a penalty of 40s. or two

WALTER SCOTT mouths' imprisonment “ for riding, dri- has acknowledged bimself the author of ving, or leading any mare, gelding, Harold the Dauntless, and the Bridul of mule, or ass, upon any of the footways, Triermuin; two poems, evincing, in the belonging to the said roads,” the word opinion of many critics, as much true " horse' is omitted ; so that under this poetical talent as any of his other works

. Acı it is impossible to convict any per. We are sorry that he has been so ill-adson in the above penalty who may ei- vised as to commit this indiscretion; for, ther ride, lead, or drive a perfect horse if the poems did not sell without his upon any of the footpaths belonging to name, it was telling the world, in lanthe said trust.

guage very well understood, that bis merits were of as low an order as bis ad

versaries affected to consider them. I was glad it was Saturday night: These two poems are fouoded on cirfor being fatigued by a long day in the cumstances, not certainly so interesting jolting diligence, and by a short night as the nationality of bis more popular

productions, but they abound in as good Archdukes.

descriptions, and the verse has quite as


Journal of the Second Tour of the Austrian


FOL. 6.]

Origin of Obscure Sayings, &c.—Tartar Liberality.


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much barmony, and the sentiments do this the occasion of the proverh, which
less beauty. It would therefore seem, is usually applied to such lawyers, or
that much of the celebrity of the works others, as, being corrupted with larger
of “ this eminent person,” as the Edin- fees, shift sides ; though it seems extra-
burgh Review calls him, has arisen from ordinary that a man of Plowden's cha-
the national feelings which he addressed, racter should by his conduct at any
securing by that means the flattered van- time bave taught others to prevaricate. -
ity and prejudices of bis countrymen; However, according to the tradition,
at least if ibis bas not been the case, Plowden, being asked by a neighbour
how bas it happened that the two works of his, what remedy there was in law
before us have been treated by the pub- against a person whose hogs had tres-
Jic with so much indifference? It is passed upon a piece of ground, answer-
however alleged, that no small portion ed he might have very good remedy,
of the fame of this great poet,” is due but the other replying, that they were
to the indefatigable exertions of his able his (Plowden's) bogs, nay, then, neigh:
publisher; and that those exertions bour, quoth he, the case is altered. Oth-
having been carried to their utmost limit ers relate the following story, as giving
in former instances, have failed in these rise to the saying : Plowden, being a
to produce the wonted effect. But this Roman Catholic, some of his neigh-
is invidious ; for Mr. Scott is certainly bours, who bare him no good will, in-
a very respectable poet; and we have tending to entrap him, and bring him
no doubt, that much of the malicious. under the lash of the law, had dressed
satisfaction which many enjoy at the up an altar in a ceruin place, and pro-
evanescent quality of his renown, is sided a layman in Priesi's babits, and
owing to their envy of the success with given private notice to Piowdea that
which he made hay while the sun was mass would be celebrated there at such
shining. We would therefore caution a time. Plowden went to mass, and
our readers not to give-in too readily to was presently accused. He at first
the opinion which begins to prevail, that stood upon his defence, and would not
Mr. Scott has written bimself out; for acknowledge the fact. Witnesses were
we can assure them, that both the Bric produced, and, among the rest, one,
dal of Triermain and Harold the whio deposed that he himself performed
Dauntless, are as good things as he has the service, and 'saw Mr. Plowden
yet written : and that the public, for its there. Saith Plowden to him: Art
own sake and consistency of character, thou a Priest then ? The fellow re-
should buy them freely, otherwise it plied, no. Why then, gentlemen, quoth
may give “ the mighty minstrel" reason he, · The case is allered: No Priesi,ng
to believe that he is not quite so great a mass.'—Eu. Mag.
genius as many people have supposed,
which would be exceedingly mortifying.


A poet, whose name was Delah, at

tracted by the fame of Oglai Khan's “ THE CASE IS ALTERED, QUOTI

munificence, undertook a journey on PLOWDEN."

foot from the remotest part of Tartary

to the seat of government, in order to This is a saying well known in implore the royal bounty, he being then Shropshires Mr. Ray gives the iollow- incapable of discharging a debt of tive ing account of it. Edmund Plowden hundred bullisches, which embarrass. was an eminent cominon lawyer, in the ment preveated him from pursuing his time of Elizabeth, born at Plowden in studies. After some ditficulty he gainShropshire, of whom Camden gives this ed access to the Khan, who entered into character, Vitæ integritate inter homi- conversation with, and ordered bin nes suæ professionis nulli secundus. double the sum which he solicited. The And Sir Edward Coke calls him the prime minister remonstrated with his oracle of the common law. Soine make master upon this profuse grant, which

then you

he said was extravagant.

“ Have you ing letters on occasions where extraornot heard,” replied the prince, “ihat di nary speed is necessary. They dy the poor man has travelled over moun- from one extremity of his dominions to tains, deserts, and rivers, merely on the the other. By this mode of conveyance reliance which he has had on our gene- the Consul of Alexandretta daily sends rosity, and should we send him back despatches to Aleppo in five hours, thio' with no more than what will barely pay couriers occupy a whole day in probis debts, by what means will he sup- ceeding from one town to the other. port himself on the journey?" The vi- The caravans travelling through Arahia zier, still unmoved, said, “ but your maintain communications with the Arab majesty has not been informed that this sovereigns, by means of pigeons with man has had the audacity to write a letters tastened under their wings. satire against me, for having denied him These messengers fly with extraordinaan audience on so impertinent a busi- ry rapidity, and return with fresh speed ness ?” “ Is it so ?" answered Ogtai, to the place where they have been rear


him another thou- ed. They are frequently observed lysand, that he may have to say when he ing with their backs on the sand, with goes home, there is one monarch in the their hills opeo to receive the morning world who knows how to punish a min- dew, and recover breath. Pliny menister for blocking up access his tious, that pigeons were employed to throne.”- New Mon. M.

introduce letters into Mutina (Modena), CARRIER PIGEONS IN HOLLAND. Antony. They were also employed in

when that place was besieged by Mark The Flemish påpers have recently 1574, at the siege of Harlem, and ia contained accounts of the late apoual 1775, at that of Leyden. The Prince competition of the Society of Pigeon- of Orange, when the latter siege was fanciers at Antwerp.

raised, determined that the pigeons used The custom of training pigeons to on that occasion should be maintajued convey letters from one place to anoth

at the public expense, and that at their er is prevalent in all parts of the East, death they should be embalmed and but particularly in Syria, Arabia, and preserved in the town-house, as a perEgypt. The Mogul keeps a vast num- petual mark of gratitude.-Spor. Mag. ber of pigeons for the purpose of carry




MONDE, PAR MADAME LA COMPTESSE DE GENLIS, VARIOUS systems have been es- maintenance of social order; this bar

tablished concerning the causes of mony can only subsist by observance of the French revolution ; almost all pre- rank, and respect for cereniony. France sent a chance of probability. One theo. was for a length of time a school of porist attributes these causes to the des- liteness and urbanity to the rest of Eutruction of the Jesuits, another to the rope; but since we have heard so much alo ition of the Parliament, a third to of the rights of man, it seems as though financial deficiencies, and a fourth to the mankind had forgotten the respect which progress and abuse of philosophic ideas, is due to each other. The very tradifinally, soine regard the neglect of cere- tion of French politeness no longer exmony and etiquette is the source of ev- isis ; we every day lose something of ery evil. This latter opinion is oot so that spirit of decorum, which even state puerile as it appears at first sight : it is policy may turn to so many advantanot departing very far from the truth to ges; the powers of society are by desay that harmony among the different grees divested of that happy illusion classes of society is necessary to the wbich inspired respect and civility, and

Madame de Genlis' New Work.

229 the Dictionnaire of Court Etiquette is to

In 1770, Mareschal Richelieu wrote many

persons a Dictionary of Fiction. to Voltaire : “ The new Philosophy “ French politeness,” says Madame will bring about a horrible revolude Geulis, in her Preface, was com- tion, if means be not taken to prevent bined with so much wit, taste and re- it." Unfortunately the prediction of finement, that it has ever been quoted as the Mareschal was verified in its fullest the model of grace, gallantry and good- extent, breeding. But the glory of astonisbing The Abbé de Beauregard, thirteen the universe by a long succession of tri- years before the revolution, exclaimed umphs, has occasioned a neglect of from the pulpit of Notre Dame, with those customs and social laws which an eloquenee worthy of Bossuet :are useless in camps: amidst so many Yes, it is ibe King and Religion that ambitious pretensions, the wish to ap- the Philosophers aim at destroying! pear agreeable was of course disdained, The axe and the hammer are in their and not to attach value to ibis object, bands! They are only waiting for a was to renounce it."

favourable moment to overthrow the There is much truth contained in throne and the altar! The temples of these few lines, and Madame de Geolis' the Lord will be stript and destroyed, work, in spite of its frivolous title, is his festivals abolished, his name blaswell-calculated to excite reflection. Ev- phemed, and his doctrine proscribed ! ery object, however unimportant in ap. ... But what do I behold !.... the pearance, acquires interest from the bis. High Priest of Baal in the pulpit of torical recollections with which it is truih .... immodest Venus, do you combined. Many articles are treated assume the place of the living God, and with more depth of research than the seat yourself on the throne of the Saint subject seems to require, and we recog- of Samnits to receive the guilty incense Dise in every page that exquisite polite- of your new adorers !.. For this Dess and delicacy of taste which dis- awful and true prediction, the christian tinguish a

woman of understanding, orator was called by Cordorcet a kunawho has spent her life in the world of tic and a leaguer, and yet a few years fashion ; wbo, from her rank in society alterwards the comedian Monvel playand her literary reputation, has enjoyed ed the part of High Priest in the Church an intimate acquaintance with all the of Notre Dame, and an opera dancer, celebrated men of the eighteenth centu- Mad. Aubry, was carried in triumph ry; has judged their opinions, learot to the altar in the costume of the Godthe secret of their system, and who is dess of Reason. perhaps better qualified than any one These revolutionary masquerades nato discover its causes and appreciate turally lead us to mention the ridiculous its results. She makes the following honours which were conferred on the observations on the French revolu- distinguished men at Paris with all the tion :

pomp of the Greek ceremonies. The “ There are persons in the literary article scandal in the dictionary presents world who smile with contempt when an amusing example of this : Madame they are told that the revolution was the de Genlis describes in a tone of pleasanwork of the Philosopbists ; yet it is try of Madame de Sevignè, the ridicucertain, and the fact onay be proved by lous funeral pomp of Voltaire, when the Journals) that all the most odious the national assembly ordained that the motions made by the jacobins, were remains of that patron of philosophers taken from the works of Voltaire, Rous, should be removed from the church of seau, Helvelius, Diderot, Condorcet, Romily to the Pantheon. Suint Lambert, Raynal and d'Alem- “ lo a triumphal car, at once ponbert; the letters of these writers con- derous and mean, was placed a hideous tain the most clearly formed conspir. wax figure intended to represent the ary against religion, monarchy and corpse of Voltaire. Al his feet rose a maopers."

pyramid of volumes coinprising a wbole edition of his works. The car was of philosophic quackery, and delineates surrounded by Opera figurantes and one occasion of the many which chorus singers, personating the muses, cause the absurdity of these tricks whose nuinber was quintupled with the to be universally acknowledged now, view of conferring greater honour on the as they will bereafter form the commernory of the deceased. It was a cold ick portion of the bistory of revoluand raioy day, and the streets were cor- tionary follies. ered with mud : the muses, who wore In every page of her book, Madame thin draperies of white muslin and de Geolis writes like a woman who has crowns of faded roses, were splash-d to been accustomed to the court and high the very knees. They slipped along life: the article on presentations is in the wet and greasy paveinent, singing in itself a little treatise on etiquette : she hoarse voices, mournful hymns tg the flaqueatly throws an interest over her glory of the deceased ; but it was im. turk by humorous and satirical approxpossible to distinguish a single syllable imations. they uttered, for every accent was shown- i We shall conclude this article by a ed by the noisy acclamations of the few reflections on manners, extracted crowd, and the cries of vive Voltaire !' from the article decorum : which were reiterared by all the Pois- The period when the greatest desardes of Paris. The miserable popu- corum prevailed in France, at the court lace, who were abused in all things, re- and in the city, since the kings of the garded Voltaire as the påtriarch of ja- third race,was during the reign of Louis cobins and democrats. They were XIII the French people were never not aware that Voltaire, who in reality more religious. What admirable inpreached a revolution, at the same time stitutions were then founded! The wished that to · people, whom he pro- Hôtel Dieu, the Enfants Trouvés, the foundly despised, le sot peuple, (for that Sæurs de la Charité, &c. li was not was his expression) should be looked until after the regency of Anne of Ausupon as nothing, and should never tåke eria that decorum began to be neglected the least share in the government, be- at court. The women then began to cause, said he, I do not like the govern- wear their throats uncovered : widows, ment of the Canuille. But a singular however, rigorously adhered to their old accident for a few moments retatded, costume, and females in general observo th- progress of the triumphal retinue. ed all the ruièg of propriety which had The head of the effigy of Voltaire got been establised under the preceding unfastened and rolled down to the feet reigo. Every lady' of quality had a of the philosopher. . . . . The terrified companion or Brodeuse, who was coomuses suddenly stopped : they soon 'stantly with her. The origin of this cushowever contrived to fix the wax head tom was to protect themselves from slanagain on the shoulders of the image, der by never holding a tête á téte with a The next disaster was a violent show- male friend whatever might be bis age. er of rain. The duughters of memory Thus we find Madame de Maintenon were compelled, in spite of their dignity, in her letters to Madame Caylus recomeither to go in search of umbrellas, or mending her never to abandon this pruto take shelter in the shops ; and by dent custom, although the latter was degrees the whole retinue dispersed. then in her fifty-sixth year, and the Thus ended this marvellous pomp. mother of a young man established in The inuses were covered with dirt and the world. It was likewise an idea of caught severe colds, and the Parisiaos decorum which gave rise to the custom were by no means satisfied with a of females never riding out in a carriage spectacle which had been emphatically without being attended by two serrants announced as the most dramatic, the at least, and in the evening provided most elegant and most perfectly Ge- with a torch. Every one wished to cian ceremony that had ever been wito have witnesses and to act in the light; Dessed."

this custom was maintained uotil the This is a grotesque picture of a scene revolution.”

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