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The same author thus beautifully ex- acquainted with the value of this spirit, presses biinself upon the choice of a

as they can give it the taste of other proper situation for planting apple- kinds, and sell it under their names

without

any danger of detection. There Whoe'er expects his lab'ring trees should bend

is, also, a wine called cyder wipe, made With fruitage and a kindly harvest yield,

from the juice of apples taken from the Be this his first concern, to find a tract

press and boiled, and which, being kept Impervious to the winds, begirt with hills

3 or 4 years,is said to resembleRhenish. Thai intercept the hyperborean blasts Tempestuous and cold Earus' nipping force,

All sorts of apple-trees are propagaNoxious to feeble buds : but to the west

ted by grafting or budding upon the Let him free entrance grant, let zephyrs bland stocks of the same kind, for they will not Administer ih« ir tepid gen al airs;

take Nought fears be from the west, whose gentle warmth

upon any other kind of fruit tree. Discloses well the earth's all teeming womb,

The method of growing them from the Invigorating tender seeds, whose breath

seed is to procure the kernelse where Nurtures the orange and the citron groves, they are pressed for verjuice or cyHesperian fruits, and wafts their odours sweet

der, they are cleared from the pulp, Wide through the air, and distant shores perfumes. Nor only do the hills exclude the winds;

and sown half an inch deep in a bed of But when the black’ning clouds in sprinkling show'rs light earth. This should be done in Distii, from the high summits down the rain November, and they will appear in the Runs trick iing; with the fertile moisture cheered,

spring. The orchards smile ; joyous the farmers see Their thriving plants, and bless the heav'nly dew, APRICOTS (prunus armeniacus). The different and difficult processes twenty feet, with a spreading head.

The apricor-tree rises to the height of by which the produce of the fruit trees The stem is large, and so

the is gradually improved, are thus descri- branches, which are covered with a bed in Virgil:

smooth bark. The leaves are large, But various are the ways to change the state broad, and almost round, but poisted Of plants, to bud, to graft, t' inoculate. For where the tender rinds of trees disclose

at the ends, and finely indented about 'Their shooting gems, a swelling knot there glows.

the edges ; and the flowers are white. Just in that space a narrow slit we make,

It is not certain of wbat country this Then other buds from bearing trees we take; tree is a native. The fruit is highly Inserted thus the wounded rhyme we elose.

esteemed. There seven sorts, But when the smoother bole from knots is free, which are-1. The Masculine apricot, We make a deep incision in the tree ;

which is the first that becomes ripe ; it And in the solid wood the slip inclose,

is a small roundish fruit of a red colour The battening stranger shoots again and grows ; And in short space the boughs arise,

towards the sun : as it ripens, the colWith happy fruit advancing to the skies.

our fades to a greenish yellow on the The mother-plant admires the leaves unknown other side ; it has a very quick high Of alien trees, and apples not her own,

favour. The tree is very apt to be The excellence of cyder, as a beve- covered with flowers, which are often rage, is well known. "It was once the destroyed by coming out too early in practice in Devonshire to suffer the the spring. 2. The Orange apricot is apple-juice to run into vessels of lead, next ripe ; it is much larger than the which, being dissolved by the acid of former, and as it ripens changes to a the liquor, became poisonous ; and deep yellow colour. The flesh being many lives were lost in consequence. dry and not high-flavoured, it is better The disorder of the bowels which gen- for tarts and preserving than for eating erally attacked those who drank cyder raw. 3. The Algier apricot comes thus contamidated, has been called the next into season. This kind is of an Devonshire colic. A spirituous liquor oval shape, a little compressed on the is drawn from cyder by distillation, in sides ; it turns to a pale yellow or the same way as brandy from wine. straw colour when ripe ; the filesh is The particular flavour of this spirit is high flavoured and very full of juice. 4. not the most agreeable, but it may be The Roman apricot ripens next. It is purified and made wholly insipid. The larger than the Algier, and not so much traders in spirituous liquors are too well compressed on the sides, the colour is

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VOL. 6.]

Original Poetry

167

deeper, and the flesh is not so moist as of all the kinds ; for when planted the former. 5. The Turket apricot is against a wall it is seldom fit to eat bestill larger than either of the former, and fore the beginning of August, unless of a globular form. The colour is deep- the wall has a southern aspect, which er and the flesh firmer, but not so juicy. spoils its flavour, and is prejudicial 6. The Breda apricot came originally to the fruit. Many persons prefer the from Africa. It is a large roundish Brussels to the Breda apricot, but the fruit: the flesh is soft, juicy, and of a latter is certainly the most juicy, and deep orange colour within. This is the bas the best flavour when planted as a best apricot we have; when ripened standard. All the sorts should be on a standard, it exceeds all other kinds. planted against walls facing the east or 7. The Brussels apricot is the last ripe west.

POETRY.

From the London Monthly Magazines.

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AN INVOCATION.
IF at this silent midnight hour,

Spirits have a power
To wander from their homes of light,
And on the winds of night
To come, and to a human eye
Stand visible, like mortality-
Come thou, the lost Marcelia !-now-
And on thy sunny brow
Bear all thy beauty as of old;
For I dare behold
Whatever sights sublime there be,
So I may once more look on thee.
Or be thou like a dæmon thing,
Or shadow hovering,
Or like the bloody shapes that come
With torch and sound of drum,
Searing the ruthless conqueror, I
Will welconie thee, and wish thee nigh.

On the Birth-day of an English Lady in

India.
TRERE is a bond that spirits know,

A spell that binds the soul,
Deserts may spread, and oceans flow,

But, far as pole from pole,
Love, Love, its living wateh will keep,
Smile with our smile, our anguish weep,

No-not a sigh that stole,
In absence, distance, but shall find
Its image in that kindred mind!

For I would talk of the famous brave-
The dead, and their homes the gravem
And feel its wondrous silentness:
And pity those whom none may bless,
And see how far the gaping tomb
Stretches its spectral arms—and hear my doom.
And I would know how long they lie
On their dark beds who die,
And if they feel ; or joy, or weep,
Orever dare to sleep
Ia that strange land of shadows-Thou
Whom I do call, come hither-dow.

Between us on this birthday morn

Swept sea and desert drear;
But ANNA's heart at once was borne

Across a hemisphere.
She saw the fireside circle met;
All that she loved,--wept--weeps for yet,

And was in spirit there ;
And pined to wing the rushing main,
Like a pent dove for home again.
The sun we saw this evening iade,

This inorning on her shone,
The breeze may on her cheek bave played,

That touches now our own ;
Atevening did not ANNA's sigh
Breathe to the western sky—our sky?

Nay, now, upon the zone
Where in his pomp sits yon proud star,
Turns not her gaze, like ours, afar?
Then her's be health and happiness

Thro' many a lingering year,
Whuse in age to our hcarts we press,

As if He saw her here;
Oh that the tale, as swift as light,
Could reach her, how we meet to night,

To keep ber memory dear ;
Not one by chance or fale removed,
Of all who loved her, all sbe loved.

TRISSINO,

But there thou artma radiant spirit,
And dost inherit
Earlier than others thy blue home,
And art free to roam
Like a visiting beam from star to star,
And shed thy smiles from skies afar.
Then soft and gentle beauty, be
Still like a star to me,
And I will ever turn at night,
Unto thy soothing light,

And none are here but those who come
AUTUMN TRIUMPHANT.

In gentle indolence to roam,
LET merry Spring enjoy her flowers,

Or feed in Bolton's holy gioom And odrous Summer, sunny days ;

Sweet memories of a distant home. Let Winter buiid her icy towers

Sweet be thy rest!-the toils and woes I scorn them all for AUTUMN's blaze.

of man, have left this magic bound, Childhood and Spring alike display,

Since Beauty's awful Genius chose, The puny sweets of scatter'd blade,

And breathed upon the sacred ground. The struggling hope, the paly ray,

Those cliffs where purple shadows creep, Of sun and cold alike afraid.

The stream scarce gleaming thro' the dell, Summer and hey-day youth agree :

These giant groves that guard its sleep, Unvaried in their gleaming glare

The present power of Beauty tell. Sated with sweets too soon to flee ;

The crosier's place, the altar-stone, No breath to cool the riot air.

Now echo gentle wisdom's speech ; Winter and age unsteady blow,

And those dim cloisters, mute and lone, Scattering th ir chilly influence round

Their meek and holy moral teach. Struggling 'gainst Summer's fervent glow;

The shrine, the mitred Abbot's niche, With'nng, where Spring's pale flowers are found. Where onee unheeded incense spread, But glorious AUTUMN strides along,

Now with the woodbine's wreath is rich, Like the first Adam in his prime !

And sweets from vagrant roses shed. The varying hurs together throng,

Chang'd to a bounteous Baron's hall, And make the whole the true sublime,

His gateway greets the wand'ring guest, And so should man in prime of years,

And only on its arras'd wall His every tone of mind display;

The frowning warrior lifts his crest, Shew Truth's fair smile, pale Pity's tears,

Where by a lonely taper's light While Honour's lightnings round him play. The cowlod and captive bigot knelt, Like Autumn's sun his fame should be ;

Now summer-suns beam cheerly bright, Towering, in clouds of glory drest;

And evening's softest shadows melt. And when he sinks from mortal e'e,

Where once the yelling torrent's jaws
Go like a giant to his rest.

Death to the youthful hunter gave,
Scarce frolic Beauty fcigns a pause,

Then trusts her light foot to the wave.
ON HUMAN HAPPINESS.
O curas hominun! O quantum est in rebus inane! Emblem of Passion's changeful tide!

The flood that wreck'd the heedless Boy,
Pers. Sat. i. 1.

In after-years is taught to glide
ALAS! how little man can guess,
What likeliest speaks his happiness,

Thro' shelt'ring bow'rs of social joy.
How oft we find a present care

For such a tomb of sweets and flow'rs, The way to future joy prepare ;

By social gladness sacred made, How oft'ner still that bliss to-day,

Midst warbling streams and golden bow'rs,
Paves but to woe to-morrow's way.

The priest of Persia's Eden pray'd.
So on the stone the trav'ller sheds
His curse, on which he stumbling treads !

But far from thee shall be the torch
That stone, which breaking, he descries

Offrantic mirth and impious rite; A diamond of unusual size ;

A Christian Hafez guards the porch, Or hails with joy the vap'rous light,

And decks the Garden of Delight. That leads him only to eternal night.

And only kindred hearts can bear

The smiling peace that slumbers here; , ON A NEW MADE GRAVE NEAR

None but the pure in spirit dare

Gaze on a scene to heaven so near.
BOLTON PRIORY.*
By the author of Legends of Lampidosa, C.
SWEET be thy rest! near holy shrine

ACROSTIC RECEIPT FOR A POEM.
A purer relic never lay;

W EIGH out three pounds of moonlight beams : A grave of blessedness is thine,

O ftwinkling stars and mountain streams, More rich than piles of sculptur'd clay.

Rivers and lakes, and wat'ry stuff, For softly on these peaceful knolls

Don't spare, but give a quantum suff. The of happs winlorers tread ;

S tir in an old man's hoary head, While Wharf his silver chariot rolls

With grey eyes turn'd, by weeping, red: In music to his ample bed.

O ne ounce of spirit of donkey's bray,

Rectified, sans empyreuma. The burial-place of this lovely ruin is still used.

This mixture, sold with Wordsworth's name, though uninelosed; and a resident minister off

H as given rise to all his fame. ciates in the chapel. Bolton Hall seems to bave been the gateway of the Priory.

LITTLE BESS OF THE MOUNTALY.

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From the Literary Gazette.

SALAME'S NARRATIVE.* WE

E promised from Sálámé an ab. I. who is called “the conqueror," was

stract of the interesting account at war with Persia, Ckávessooh Elof the Mamluks and their massacre, and Ghoori made an alliance with the King dow proceed to redeem our pledge :- of Persia against him. Providence

"The Mamlúks were the rightfulmas- having assisted Selim, he subdued Perters of Egypt, since their establishment, sia, conquered Syria, Arabia, Palestine, in the year 784, of El-Hejira, corres- and Egypt: when, on Thursday the ponding to 1382, A.D.—They were 25th of Sháában 923 of El-Hejira, originally slaves, imported from Circas- A.D. 1517, he entered the city of Cairo, sia and Georgia, by the Kurds, who and Ckápessoob El-Ghoori fled to the took possession of Egypt after the de- Murdge Debegh, in the interior of cline of the Khalifes ; and when they Palestine. (the Mamlúks) became a coösiderable • Sultan Selim baving thus destroyed number, they rebelled against their mas- the Circassians' power from the aboveters, drove them out of the kingdom, mentioned kingdoms, those who reand took possession of the throne of mained in Egypt were willing to beEgypt. In time they increased by an come his tributaries : be then stipulated immense importation of slaves of their with them, that they never should have own countrymen, till they became so the title of King any more, but they powerful as to extend their dominions might be entitled to bear the title of over a great part of Africa, Syria, and Bey ; that the civil government of EArabia ; and they had etabslished their gypt should remain in their hands by monarchy under the title of Cháráhsé paying him a certain sum annually; or Circassians. They reigned for that a Pashaw of his own should reabout 120 years by themselves; but, side in the citadel of Cairo with militaas they were derived from several houses, ry forces, to administer political governthey never were happy nor sincere one ment, and to receive the stipulated anwith the other. They had thirty-nine nual payment; and that another. Padifferent kings on the throne of Égypt, shaw should reside at Alexandria, for the first of whom was Sultan Barc- the convenience of the royal fleet, and koock ; and the last was Ckúnessooh sea communications, &c. El-Ghoori, who was the cause of the • They went on on this footing till a dominion of the Turks over Syria, few years before the French took Égypt. Arabia, Palestine, and Egypt. In the •Continual jealousies ard wars weakyear 920 of El-Hejira, wher: Sultan Selim ened them mucb, and rendered the X ATHENEUM VOL. 6.

Ali Bey El-Ke

country miserable.

See Ath. vol. 6, p. 160.

repose al-o.'

bier, however, ascended the throne, Many of the Albanies were taken priscoined money in bis own name, and oners; but, as the general in chief would have restored the Mamlúk do- (Shabeen Bey) had given orders “ to minion to its former extent and power, give no quarter,” and had announced had not the Porie stirred up Hassan a reward of one thousand paras (about Bey El-Jaddawi, and other Beys, one pound) to any man who should against him. Among these was Sole. bring him a head of an Albanian or a man El-Jerjawl, known by the title of Turk, all the prisoners were beheaded, Ráyábáho, which signifies, “ Let him and the beads brought for the reward.* repose,” or

Give him his repose.Oo the next norning, wben this atThis word was the only order which tack, or rather massacre, was over, Shahe used to give for beheading a man, heen Bey returned triumphant to ibe without the least, or bardly any cause ! camp, with a procession of many heads ----At the battle of Mallawi, against before him, raised upon the lances' the present Pashaw of Egypt, a shot points, which afterwards were stuck all took off his skull; and he bad bis good about the camp as a commemoration

(barbarous vanity) of the victory ! Sáláiné was Secretary to Shaheen • Now the pride of the Beys became Bey, the successor to Eify Bey, during unbounded, and their credulity in asthe contest which ensued between the trology was most solemn. They were Mamluks and Mohammed Aly Pashaw. quite confident of their conquering the The war was bloody, and the latter country; and with great anxiety were was only enabled to triumph, by fomen- looking for the arrival of Ossman Bey ting the divisions among the Beys. We Hassan, who, at last, after receiving the sball extract the most meinorable inci- pleasant tidings of the victory, basteaed dents. Three thousand Albanians and joined them. The whole of their were sent to surprise Osman Bey in forces now amounted to about 4,000 Upper Egypt, and take possession of Mamluks and 15,000 Bedouins. On that province ; but the other Maniluks his arrival, they made an agreement for getting intelligence of it, appointed Sha- the division of the kingdom amongst heen general-in-chief, who, with a large themselves, which was as follows: body of horse and some light artillery, That if they should take possession of took up a favorable position on the Nile. the throne of Cairo, a quarter of the do

• A few days after, the Albanies Hotil- minions should be to Ibrahim Bey Ella made its appearance; and not think- kebier ; a quarter to Shaheen Bey Eling that the Beys were (for the first fy ; a quarter to Ossman Bey Hassan ; time) so prompt, they came, as usual, and a quarter to Selim Bey Mahramgi, to anchor on the west bank, waiting and the other Beys of the family of for a favourable wind against the stream. Múrad Bey : thai Ibrahim Bey was to They were about 120 boats ; many of be the governor of Cairo, and on his them had a gun of good size. They demise Shaheen Bey was to succeed to anchored about six in the evening, and the throne ; Ossman Bey Hassan was the people began to land, to get their dinner cooked ; whereupon Shaleen

* My forced employment on this unpleasant Bey rushed with his cavalry all at once

occasion altogether was almost my death : be

sides the daily danger and discomfort to which upon them, and opened a tremendous I was exposed, all the men who succeeded in fire. The confusion of the Albanies gelling one or more heads of the enemies were was, of course, beyond measure.

sent to me being cashier, with orders from The

Shaheen Bey for payment of the reward ; and slaughter among them, without mercy willing to pay me great compliments, on their from the Mamluks, was most borrible ; roll the heads to the bottom of it all about me, and the few who could escape from saying, “ May you ser your enemies in this the shore were drowned. The plunder

Notwithstanding I requested them was immense; and the boats afterwards very earnestly not to pay me this distinguished

compliment, and that I would pay them with were set on fire, except very few of great pleasure vi hout it : yet they would not them, which effected their escape, and

cease doing it until I went and hegged Shaheen were run on shore on the opposite bank. not a good soldier.”

Bey, toho laughed at me, and said that " I was

state.

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