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VOL. 6.]
Hints on the Sources of Happiness.

161 attendant pleasures must therefore be bours of kindness in ameliorating the equally within her attainment. The condition of the lower ranks, not only sphere of her usefulness is indeed more serve to remove distress, but often to contracted ; but, until she is certain enlighten ignorance, and check the that the heights of ambition lift to as- growth of discontent and sedition. Thus sured felicity, let them not be envied or the welfare and peace of a great nation desired. Limited as may be the circle may be essentially promoted by the ioof womanly duties, its importance to the obtrusive, and quiet exertions of the juwell-being of society compensates for dicious female. Never, indeed, can she its being so limited. The good govern- more beneficially use her influence than ment of families leads to the comfort of in softening that irritation of feeling so commuoiuies, and the welfare of states. frequently iodulged by the poor. Were Of every domestic circle, woman is the every woman, whatever her rank, syscentre : home, that scene of purest and tematically to give ber leisure to the dearest joy, bome is the empire of wo- service of the poor in ber immediate man. There she plaos, directs, per- vicinage, and by personal visits, by forms; the acknowledged source of conversation, by the distribution of dignity and felicity. Where female cooks, and by every other mode her pevirive is most pure, female sense most culiar circumstances would admit, were improved, female deportment most cor- she to inculcate koowledge, patience, rect, there is most propriety of social and peace, how greatly would the sum manners. The early years of child- of human misery, of human ignorance, hood, those most precious years of life of buman vice, be diminished! The and opening reason, are confided to many who do so must acknowledge woman's superintendence. She there- that there is as much confort and satisfore may be presumed to lay the foun- faction caused to themselves as to the dation of all the virtue, and all the wis- object of their labours by such a course dom that enrich the world. How im- of active charity. portant the ideas impressed, the habits Though women have been often inculcated by the mother, in the forma- known to exhibit great personal courage, tion of character and right development even in scenes of peril and warfare, yet of reason, those best know who have the true sphere of their duties preserves most deeply considered the interesting them from any but incidental opportusubject.

nities for such display. The sick chamTo woman belongs the superintend- ber, however, the suffering apartments ence of domestics : by her judicious of the hospital, and the wretched reregulations they are taught obedience treats of infectious disease, are hourly and submission ; by her advice they witnessing the disinterested, and often are informed ; by her kindness they are beroic, vigilance of female resolution. rendered happy.

The sick, watched by the care, and The poor come especially under the soothed by the tenderness, often owe protection of woman. Her exemption their very recovery to the good sense, from professional and other public du- and pity of the attending nurse ; whilst ties, enables her more fully to devote the dying feel the pangs of dissolution berself to private ones.

She has le- lessened by her patient and ever-ready sure to listen to complaints, to in- attention. As the invalid herself, wovestigate their truth, and, when possi- 'man generally manifests a firmness and ble, to remedy every want, and every patience in endurance, which men are ailment; while her gentler feelings ren- generous enough to acknowledge far der her more alive to the sorrows of the surpasses their own. While so much mourner, and more fitted to assuage duty is daily performed, while so much them. How numerous are the benevo- fortitude and courage are continually lent institutions that owe their origin to displayed by woman, she must not conthe compassion, the good sense, the un- sider her sex as wanting occasions of wearied activity of woman!

Her la- usefulness and magnanimity, W ATHENRUM VOL. 6.


He was

From the Monthly Magazines, Sept. 1819.

all together into the sea, as the most THE THE following original anecdote of expeditious mode of execution.

of the far-famed Hagi Achmet Pacha St. Jean D'Acre, commonly called the

BONAPARTE. Gezzar (the executioner), was commu- Accident introduced me at Ferns to nicated to us in a letter from Aleppo; the Rev. Mr. Redmond, priest of the and we insert it as bigbly characteristic place, who related to me a curious little of these Eastern Despots. When seiz- anecdote. When pursuing his studies, ed with the disorder which put an end and finishing his course of education in to his life, in the 75th year of his age, France, he had spent a summer in Bas and the 30th of his Pachalick of Seida, Poictou, where General Bonaparte, then he was conscious of the approach of a thin, slight young boy, was. He had death ; and it was (says our Corres- slept in the same

room with him six pondent) curious to observe in wbat weeks, and perceived nothing shining way Gezzar prepared for that aw

or engaging in him. He was generally ful period. It was not to be expected employed in making machinery, which that he should show remorse for bis past he placed on a small water-course. As actions, or discover any inclination to the party were one day shooting, Bonamake alonement for them ; but will the parte, who was not very active, fell into most depraved disciple of Rochefou- a brook five feet deep, which he encault believe that the last moments of deavoured to leap across. this tyrant were employed in uttering Dearly drowned, when Mr. Redmond sentiments like these ?

immediately discharged bis piece, and “1 perceive," said he, calling to him presented the end to him, by which he his father-in-law, Sheik Taha, “ I per- saved his life. ceive that I have but a short time lon

Thus, in the hands of a poor Irish ger to live, what must I do with these priest, hung, for a moment, much of the rascals is my prisons ? Since I have future destinies of Europe. stript them of every thing, what good will it do them to be let loose again

ANECDOTE OF DR. HERSCUEL. paked into the world ? The greatest part of them are Håkims (Governors), One morning a countryman koocked who, if they return to their ports, will be at his door, and requested the favour forced to ruin a great many poor peo- of a few words with him; he went out ple, in order to replace the sums I have to the hall, when the countryman said to taken from them; so it is best for their hiin, “ I ask pardon, Doctor, for disown sakes, and for that of others, that turbing you ; but I am quite in a quanI should despatch them, They will dary, as the saying is, and so I made then soon be in a place, where proper free to call and ask your advice ; you care will be taken of them-a very must know my meadows are a great good place, where they will peither be deal too long of cutting, but before I permitted to moiest any one, nor be begin I should like to know whether themselves exposed to molestation- you think the weather will soon take Yes, yes, that's best, despatch them.” up ?” “First look round you," said the

In obedience to the charitable con- Doctor, “ and tell me what you see." clusion of this pathetic soliloquy, twen- See,” repeated the other, “why hay ty-three wretches were immediately that is not worth the saving; what added to the long direful list of the blunderhead owos it, that lives so near victims of Gezzar Pacha's cruel- you, and cuts it without asking your adty; and it is said, they were thrown vice!" " I own it,” said the Doctor,


VOL. 6.] Hals the Puinter--Bilderdyck-Origin of Sculpture.

163 “and had it cut the very day before the these words~" An Author eighteen rain came on."

years old ;who was invited to make

binself known. “You ought to blush, FRANK HALS.

idler," said old Bylderdyck to his son ; This celebrated painter, who was

“here is a boy wbo is only of your age, born at Malines in 1584, and was infe- and, though so young, is the pride and rior only to Van Dyk in the delicacy of happiness of his parents; and you" his colouring was much addicted to -" It is myself," answered young Wilwine, and, was intoxicated almost eve- liam, throwing himself into his father's ry evening. When he had been carried arms. home on the shoulders of bis scholars, and laid on his bed, he commonly began SCULPTURE AND PAINTING. to pray witb a loud voice: “0, Lord! take me peaeeably into thy kingdom of

Pliny tells a pleasing tale, as to the heavenly joy! Ó, Lord ! take me to the fair daughter of a celebrated potter

invention of sculpture :--Dibutades, Thee, that I may pray as a redeemed of Sicyon, contrived a private meeting sioner before thy throne !" &c. One

with her lover, at the eve of a long sepevening, his scholars, among whom

aration, A repetition of rows of copthe ingenious Abraham Brower, resolved to play him a trick, and inade the late hour, overpowered, at length, the

stancy and a stay prolonged to a very necessary preparations. When Hals faculties of the youth, and he fell fast began his usual ejaculations, he sudden- asleep; the nyinph, however, whose ly felt himself slowly raised up, as if the imagination was more alert, observing journey to heaven was commencing that by the light of a lamp her lover's This seemed to him rather serious, and

profile was strongly marked on the wall, be began to protest in the drollest manDer- —Stop! stop! do you think I am and, inspired by love, traced the outline

eagerly spatched up a piece of charcoal, in such a burry? Not at all! I can very well remain here a little longer. he chanced to see the sketch, determined

with such success, that her father when Come again fifty years hence, if you to preserve, if possible, the effect

. With please, but at present it does not suit me tbis view, he formed a kind of clay at all.” The young rogues put an end model from it; which first essay of the to the joke, and Hals fell asleep quite kind had the honour to be preserved in contented; but he was never afterwards

the public repository of Corinth, even known to utter his ejaculations as before.

to the fatal day of its destruction by that

bugbear to the arts, Mummius Achains. ANECDOTE. William Bilderdyck, so generally It is a trite observation, that many admired as the first poet that modern useful inventions have been owing, iis Holland has produced, and not less dis- late ages, to the eager researches which tinguished by the other brilliant quali- people of genius have made after the ties of bis mind, did not in bis youth philosopher's stone,

But it is not geneseem to shew any happy disposition for rally known, that the beautiful colour study. His father, who formed an up. called Minium (said to be the finest favourable opinion of bis talents, was red) was discovered, long before the much distressed, and frequently re- Christian era, by an Athenian youth, proached him in severe terms for his who believed it to be a powder wbence inattention and idleness ;

to which

gold might be made. young Bilderdyck did not appear to pay much attention. In 1776, the fa

When goddesses were to be drawn, iber, with a newspaper in his hand, the ancient painters always chose for came to stimulate him by shewing the their model, either their own mistresses · advertisemeat of a prize offered by the or some celebrated courtesans. This Society of Leyden, and decreed to the

gave occasion for Justin Martyr to ridiauthor of a piece of poetry signed with cule the Pagans, and to tell them that


they paid adoration to a set of prosti- ty's favourite and generalissimo! A few tutes instead of divine beings. In this of these pieces found their way to the they have been imitated by modern cabinet of the Palais Royal. artists. Le Brun's Magdalen was taken The effect of good paintings has been from the celebrated La Valliere.

great in every age. Portia, who had The Triumvir Lepidus, having been supported the farewell of her husband, disturbed extremely during the night, after the death of J. Cæsar, with philoin his camp, by the whistling, hooping, sophic firmness, could not bear the view and screeching of many fowls, was an- of the parting of Hector and Andromagry with the inagistrates of a neighboring che, well expressed on canvas, without town, for recommending him to so very an agony of tears. incommodious a spot. To make their peace, they sent bim a kind of flag, with imir

, was converted to the Christian

A great duke of Russia, named Uladwhich terrified the noisy birds, and kept faith, by the sight of a picture

, reprewhich terrified the noisy birds, and kept senting the Last Day, with all its horthe camp quiet. Pliny recomiends

Terrified at the ghastly mass of this expedient, which, however seems only calculated for moonlight nights.

shivering guilty souls, he shruok back, and averted his eyes.

“ Where would In spite of the principles of Islamism, you wish to be?" said the Christian Mahomet the second, who knew no re- who had displayed the piece.—" By ligion but his own will, sent to Venice the side of that venerable and amiable for Gentil Bellini, a painter, some of figure," replied the barbarian, pointing whose works he had seen and adınired. to the Eternal Judge.—“ Embrace the When arrived at Constantinople, Ma- laws of Christ, and you may be placed homet reasoned with him on some error there.” The Russian assented, and his in a decollation of Joho the Baptist, subjects followed bis example. which he had painted ; and to convince him of his mistake, be sent in for a

Many years since the above event, Greek slave, and in a moment struck off Lestock, a Hanoverian surgeon, by plahis head with his royal scymetar.- cing before the eyes of Elizabeth, daughBellini wisely acquiesced in the cri- ter of Peter the Great, two paintings : ticism, slipped away to the barbour, the one, representing her in a convent

, and set sail for the Adriatic the same

and Lestock broken on the wheel ; the evening.

other Elizabeth alone, sitting on the Of all crowned heads, Christina of

Imperial throne; inspired that PrioSweden seems to have had the least

cess with spirit enough to achieve a

revolution, and to seize the crown, ber share of taste as to the arts. Her father

undoubted right. Gustavus bad left her many chests of paintings (the spoils of Prague), inesti

THOMAS BARL OF DUNDONALD. inable in value. These she offered to Sebastian Bourdon, a Huguenot artist,

Thomas, the father of Archibald, the without having even unpacked the case present earl, was a very eccentric genius, es, or looked at their contents. Bour- an excellent mechanic, a good chemist, don, however, who knew how great and engineer. The most important of their worih must be, had the generosity his mechanical works, was his seizing to tell her, that she knew not what she the bold idea of conducting water from offered. It was unlucky for the world the Pentland-hills, near Edinburgh, up that he acted in so disinterested a man- to the crest of the eminence, on which ner. The Queen of Gothland* is said the castle is built. In this grand unto have cut bands, and feet, and faces, dertaking he was assisted by his friend from many of these very pieces, to adorn the Rev. Doctor Webster. When er apt corners of her bed-chamber.—Whatery thing was prepared, the lords of the a pity that chronology will not allow us session, and municipal authorities of to inake Mummius A huius her Majes. Edinburgh, assembled, and went in grand . One of Christina's titles.

procession, to give eclat to the opening

VOL. 6.]

FruitThe Apple.


of the works, and confer a public honor on the shoulder, said, “Well, Doctor, upon the illustrious genius who had after baving sent water up-hill, don't planned and executed this benevolent you think I might ride through hell work. Upon a signal given, the wa- without being singed ?" To wbich ter works were set in motion; and, to strange question, put to him in the the astonishment and delight of applau- hearing of the high and low, thie reverding thousands, appeared in abundance end gentleman gravely yet facetiously at each appointed place. Pleased with replied : “ If you attempt, my lord, the complete success of his undertaking, you had better provide similar waterhis lordship, tapping Doctor Webster works, and set them playing upon you."



From Time's Telescope, 1819. Then let the Gardener mark with care

inestimable fruit is as abundant in our The kind of stocks, and what those kinds will bear; climate as the orange is in those of PorExplore the nature of each several tree, And, known, improve with artful industry:

tugal, Spain, and Italy, where our apAnd let no spot of idle earth be found,

ples are frequently called English But eultivate the genius of the ground.

oranges, because the apples of those Dryden's Virgil, Geor.

countries bear no comparison with them APPLE (Pyrus malus.) either for richness of flavour or abun

dance of juice, and will never keep for THE common apple-tree in its wild

any considerable time. It is not known state, is armed with thorns. It

how we have obtained the amazing forms, when cultivated alone, a spread- number of different kinds of this fruit, ing tree, the branches and twigs of which are distinguished from those are classed separately into four princi

now cultivated in this country ; they of the pear-tree, which is of the same genus, by being more horizontal, irreg- apples ; 2. Provincial apples, or those

pal divisions :-1. Early or summer ular, and I wisting ; thus most accurate

peculiar to certain places ; 3. Winter ly described by Virgil :

or keeping apples ; 4. Cyder apples. Apple trees, whose trunks are strong to bear Philips, in his poem entitled Cyder,' Their spreading boughs, extend themselves in air ; thus elegantly enumerates some of the Want no supply, but stand secure alone,

most esteemed apples :Not trusting foreign forces but their own ; Till with the ruddy fruit their bending branches The Pippin burnished o'er with gold; the Miole

Of sweetest honied taste : the fair Permain, The flowers are tinged with red, and Tempered like comeliest nymph,with red and wbite ;

Salopian acres flourish with a growth have an exceedingly sweet smell. The Pe uliar, styled the Ottley : leaves are yellowish above and whitish nor that from Harvey named, underneath. The wood of this tree is quick relishing : why should we sing the Thrift,

Codling or Pomroy-or of pimple coat tolerably hard, especially in its wild The Russet, or the Cats-head's weighty orb, state : it is turned into cogs for wheels, Enormous in its growth.and acquires a very durable polish. But how with equal numbers shall we match The bark yields a yellow dye. Pom- The Musk's surpassing worth ! that earliest gives atum receives its name from the lard of Its tender nonage, loads the spreading boughs which it is principally made, being with large aud juicy offspring that defies beaten up with the pulp of apples. This The vernal nippings, and cold sidereal blasts !

Yet let her to the Red Streak yield, that once Some fruit skrubs are included in this account. Was of the sylvan kind, uncivilized, This description of Fruit Trees, though necessarily Of no regard, till Scudamore's skiiful hand containing some information already well known, Improved her, and by courtly discipline will however be found interesting to the reader from Taught her the savage nature to forget: its relation of numerous medicinal and useful prop- Hence styled the Scudamorean plant; whose wine erties of the fruit and word not generally known, Whoever tastes, let him with a grateful heart as well as from its poetical illustrations.'

Respect that ancient loyal house.


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