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VOL. 6.]
Wonders of Arabia Petrea.

11 gloomy windings of this awful corridore which greatly exceed in magnitude and for about two miles, the front of a su- beauty those of Palmyra. perb temple burst on their view. A A grand colonnade runs from the statue of Victory, with wings, filled the eastern to the western gates of the city, centre of an aperture in the upper part, formed on both sides of marble columns and groups of colossal figures, represen- of the Corinthian order, and terminating a centaur, and a young man, stood ting in a semi-circle of sixty pillars of on each side of the lofty portico. This the Ionic order, and crossed by another magnificent structure is entirely excava- colonnade running north and south. At ted from the solid rock, and preserved the western extremity stands a theatre, from the ravages of the weather by the of which the proscenium remains so. projections of the overhanging precipi- entire, that it may be described as alces, About three hundred yards be- most in a state of undecayed beauty. yond this temple they met with other Two superb amphitheatres of marble, astonishing excavations; and, on reach- three glorious temples, and the ruins of ing the termination of the rock on their gorgeous palaces, with fragments of left, they found an amphitheatre, which sculpture and inscriptions, mingled tobad also been excavated, with the ex- gether, form an aggregate of ancient ception of the proscenium: and this elegance, which surpasses all that popehad fallen into ruins. On all sides the ry has spared of the former grandeur of rocks were hollowed into innumerable Rome. chambers and sepulchres; and a silent From the same source that we collecwaste of desolated palaces, and the re- ted these brief conversational notices, mains of constructed edifices, filled the we have received a literal translation of area to which the


a Bedoueen love-song, that would even These ruins, which have acquired furnish ideas of delight to the elegant the name of Wadi Moosa, from that of author of Lalla Rookh. a village in their vicinity, are the wreck

BEDOUEEN LOVE-SONG. of the city of Petra, which, in the time of Augustus Cæsar, was the resi

The morning stur has not yet apdence of a monarch, and the capital of peared, nor the beams of the moon reArabia Petræa. The country was

tired ; nor has the dew yet begun to conquered by Trajan, and annexed by rise from the valley, but my soul beholds him to the province of Palestine. In my love. She comes in white robes more recent times Baldwin I. king of fairer than the flower of the jessamine : Jerusalem, having made himself also her breath is sweeter than new milk, master of Petra, gave it the name of and her eyes sparkle like those of the the Royal Mountain.

gazelle when the day is falling. How

Her The travellers having gratified their weary is the time till she comes. wonder with the view of these stupen- tardy steps fill my bosom with thrabdous works, went forward to Mount bings. Come, fairest of beauly, come, Hor, wbich they ascended, and viewed

is my cry till she appears. a building on the top containing the We trust that the narratives of these TOMB OF Aaron; a simple stone mon- bold and adventurous researches, will ument, which an aged Arab shows to not be limited to the description of the the pilgrims. Having remained in this remains of antiquity; objects to which spot, consecrated by such great antiqui- the generality of English travellers have ty, they returned next morning, and been too apt to pay exclusive attention : again explored other portions of the ru- for, although considerable light has ins of Petra; after which they went been thrown on the manners of the back to Karrac. They then turned Arabs, by the members of the Roman their attention to other undescribed ru- Propaganda, as well as by the missionins, of which they had received some aries of the Jesuits, we are still greatly account from the Arabs; and finally, in want of some liberal account of the proceeded to view those of Jerrascu, Arabic mind. The tales of Arabia are

well known to all readers as the most religion under that name, yet in reality amusing fictions which have hitherto constitute a great variety of nations, been produced; and Arabian discover- some of which are of no despicable jes in science, are also very surprising power. We are therefore disposed to instances of intellectual acumen. It is think, that this unknown race are of therefore greatly to be desired, that we Ethiopian descent: at the same time, should obtain some account of their it must be confessed that, upon the modes of thinking, and of their opin- epoch to which they refer their arrival ions on other subjects than the dogmas in Egypt, authentic history throws but of religious faith, or their usages in war. very little light.

The attention of the public has re- The latest great invasion of Egypt cently been drawn in an unusual degree from southern Africa, was about the to the mysteries of Egypt, by the result years of Rome 725, when Aurelius of Belzoni's egterprising and indefati- Gallus, having withdrawn most of the gable research. We are, however, still Roman forces from that province in greatly in want of a circumstantial ac- order to invade Arabia, Candace, the count of the extent of his discoveries, as queen of Ethiopia, made an irruption, well as of some curious particulars re- with a numerous army, into the district specting different castes of the inhabi- of Thebais ; leading ber troops, accortants; we use the term in its strictest cording to Dio, in person. She ravaged oriental signification. The same source all the country; took Syene, and the that has supplied us with the interesting islands of the Nile, Elephantine, and conversational notices of the antiquities Philæ, and made three Roman cohorts of Arabia, has furnished the facts which prisoners. She then retired towards constitute the basis of the following ob- her own territory, but was pursued by servations.

Petronius, the Roman governer, and It has been ascertained that, between defeated with great slaughter. It the first and second cataracts of the Nile, could not, therefore, be at this period, there is a caste of the inhabitants, who that these aliens settled in Egypt, and do not consider themselves as the abo- their origio must be ascribed to a much rigines of the country. They do not higher antiquity. resemble the other inhabitantsin appear- Besides the great excavated temple ance, and they not only possess many of Ysambiel, which Belzoni has laid customs peculiar to themselves, but even open, four gigantic sitting statues have speak a language which has no affinity been discovered, sculptured in the adto that of Arabic; speaking also that jacent rocks, and of the enormous prolanguage, but in a broken and rude dia- portions of more than one hundred feet lect. This people possess a tradition in height. among them, that their ancestors were In the island of PhilÆ, are the unled from their homes by a great king, finished remains of a temple, which with whom they conquered the country, tends to throw considerable light on the and were left behind to keep it in pos- mode of construction used in those evsession ; and they look forward to their erlasting edifices which the ancient native king coming again, and resuming Egyptians, under the influence so far of his authority.

good taste, raised to their gods. It apA classical reader would be apt, at pears, th at their architects polished at first sight, to say that this people are the first only four sides of those enormous descendants of the troops of Cambyses; masses of stone which they employed; but they do not resemble the Persians and, having laid them together, and in appearance, nor indeed any of the thus completed the edifice in the rough, Azjatic nations. By the account that as it may be aptly termed, then polished we have received, they are more like and sculptured the surfaces of the walls. the Caffrees, or that idolatrous race The same method was adopted by the which possess the greatest part of south- French in the orgamental parts of 'Verern Africa; who, although described sailles. hy the professors of the Mahomedan Three distinct classes of architecture


VOL. 6.]

A Tiger and Lion Hunt. are evidently discernible in the Egypt- a name which it derives from the pumian monuments; for, under this denom- ber of wild fowl that hover round it, ination, the antiquities of Nubia may the term in Arabic signifying the mounbe included. The rudest, the greatest, taio of birds ; and is, for the same roaand therefore perhaps the oldest, are son, applicable to the British fortress of those of Lower Egypt,—the companions that came at the entrance to the Mediand cotemporaries of the pyramids. terranean. The structures of Upper Egypt, and in But what we regard as one of the the vicinity of the first cataract, are most curious of all these discoveries, is works of more skill; and, though in- the result of a visit lately made to the heriting the same strong and bold sea- holy island of Flowers, the Coptic tures, possess a more juvenile appear- name of which we do not recollect; ance, The ruins, in Nubia, are of a but the island is situated in the Nile, bestill more elegant species, combining tween Phila and Elephantine. In this with the same characteristics a femi- sequestered spot, no stranger is permitdine cast, as compared with the male ted to enter, except as a pilgrim; and muscularity of the architecture of Egypt. the Mahomedans are not often so under

We should not omit to mention here, the influence of curiosity, as to make that the head, said to be that of Mem- religious pretexts for gratifying it. Here non, now in the British Museum, did a number of unburied mummies are not belong to that lebrated statue. still to be seen, without coffins, and plaThe real head of Memnon is so defac- ced only in their cearments, as if debied ed as not to be worth the trouble of the rites of sepulture. We do theresending bome, even if it were easily fore conceive, ibat it was from the cuspracticable, for it has been computed to toms of burying the good in this island, weigh about four hundred and fifty tops. that the story of Charon, and the ferryWe are likely soon however, to be grat- ing of the river Styx, took its rise. ified with the possession of the foot of Hitherto the fable has been supposed to Memnon, wbich is about two yards in refer to an island in the Lake Marcotes; length; and, among other curiosities, but the circumstance of the ferry being we also understand, the entire hand across a river, and the constant sanctity and arm of the same statue to which the with which the isle of Flowers has been gigantic fist already in the Museum be- regarded, points it out, in our opinion, longs, may soon be expected in Britain. as more likely to have been the place.

About two days' journey above Cai- Besides, the unsepultured coftinless ro, is a lofty insulated rock, on the top mummies, would seem to indicate a of which a Coptic monastery is situated. posthumous adjudication of the merits This singular mass, which seems strange- of the persons, and that to these, ip

parly to have escaped the wonder-working ticular, the judgment had not been fasculptors of Egypt, is called Gibraltar, vourable.


From the New Monthly Magazine, for August, 1819. [The following narrative of a Tiger and Lion Hunt, had gone over last night ; our course

in the upper regions of Hindostan, is extracted from the familiar correspondence of the dauntless

lay N. W.

The jungle was generally heroine of the chase, who is a British Lady of composed of Corinda bushes, which high rank, recently, or not long ago, returned were stunty and thin, and looked like from India.]

ragged thorn bushes : nothing could Sanghee, 60 miles N. W. of Dihlee, be more desolate in appearance ; it

22d March it seemed as if we had got to the furE had elephants, guns, balls, and thest limit of cultivation, or the haunts

all other necessaries prepared, of man. At times, the greener bunches and about seven in the morning we set of jungle, the usual abodes of the beasts off

. The soil was exactly like that we of prey during the day-time, and the


ег. ,

few huts scattered here and there, which which I have spoken. Mr. Barton and could bardly be called villages, seemed I conjecturing that, as there was no like islands in the desert waste around other thick cover near, he would probaus. We stopped near two or three of bly soon return, took our stand in the these green tufts, which generally sur- ceatre of the open space : in a minute rounded a lodgment of water, or little the tiger ran into the bushes on the east ponds, in the midst of the sand. side ; ( saw him quite plain :-we im

The way in which these ferocious mediately put our elephant into the animals are traced out is very carious, bushes, and poked about till the horseand, if related in England, would scarce- men, who were reconnoitring round the ly be credited. A number of unarm- outside of the whole jungle, saw him ed, half-naked villagers go prying from slink under the bushes to the north side : side to side of the bush, just as a boy hither we followed him, and from thence in England would look after a strayed traced him by his growling, back to the sheep, or peep after a bird's nest. outer part of the eastern bushes. Here Where the jungle was too thick for he started out just before the trunk of them to see through, the elephants, put- our elephant, with a tremendous growl ting their trunks down into the bush, or grunt, and made a charge at anothforced their way through, tearing up er elephant, farther out on the plaio, reevery thing by the roots before them. treating again immediately under covAbout four miles from our tents we

Frazer fired at him, but we supwere all surrounding a bush, which posed without effect ; and he called to might be some 50 yards in circumference us for our elephant to pursue him into (all includes William Frazer, alone up

his cover. on his great elephant, Mr. Barton and With some difficulty, we made our myself upon another equally large, Mr. way through to the inside of the southWilder upon another, and eight other ern bushes; and, as we were looking elephants; horsemen at a distance, and through the thicket, we perceived beau footmen peeping into the bushes). Our Tiger slinking away under them. Mr. different elephants were each endea- Barton fired, and hit bim a mortal blow, vouring to force his way through, when about the shoulder or back, for he ina great elephant, without a houdah on stantly was checked; and my ball, on his back, called “Muckna,” a fine which followed the same instant, threw and much esteemed kind of elephant, him down. We two then discharged (a male without large teeth) put up, our whole artillery, which originally from near the centre of the bush, à consisted of two double-barrelled guns, royal tiger. In an instant Frazer cal- loaded with slugs, and a pair of pistols. led out, “ Now, Lady H-, be calm, Most of them took effect, as we could be steady, and take a good aim, here he discover by bis wincing, for he was not is.” I confess, at the moment of thus above ten yards from us at any time, and suddenly coming upon our ferocious at one moment, when the elephant victim, my heart beat very high, and, chose to take fright and turn his head for a second, I wished myself far enough round, away from the beast, running off; but curiosity, and the eagerness his baunches almost into the bush, not of the chase, put fear out of my head five. By this time William Frazer in a minute : the tiger made a charge had come round, and discharged a few at the Muckna, and ihen ran back into balls at the tiger, which lay looking at the jungle. Mr. Wilder then put bis us, grinning and growling, his ears elephant in, and drove him out at the thrown back, buit unable to stir. A opposite side. Hecharged over the plain pistol, fired by me, shattered his lower away

and Wilder fired 'two jaw-bone ; and immediately, as danger balis at bin, but knew not whether of approaching him was now over, one they took effect. The bush in which of the villagers, with a matchlock, went he was found was one on the west bank close to him, and applying the muzzle oi'one of those little half dry ponds of of his piece to the pape of his neck,

from us,

VOL. 6.] Sports of India-A Tiger and Lion Hunt.

15 shot him dead, and put him out of his to obtain information. The people pain. The people then dragged him from the neighbourhood assembled out, and we dismounted to look at him, round us in crowds, and in a few minpierced through and through ; yet one ates all the trees in the jungle appeared could got contemplate him without sat- to be crowned with men, placed there isfaction, as we were told that he had by Frazer for observation. After waitlong infested the high road, and carried ing nearly an hour, we were at last off many passengers. One hears of the sent for. We found him posted just by roar of a tiger, and fancies it like that of the side of the great canal, which was a bull, but, in fact, it is more like the cut by the Emperor Firoze, across the grunt of a hog, though twenty times country, from the Jumna, at Firozealouder, and certainly one of the most bad, to Dehlee, for the purpose of suptremendous animal noises ore can im- plying the cultivation of this part of the agine.

country with water. Frazer had reOur tiger was thrown across an ele- ceived intelligence of both a lion and a phant, and we continued our course to tiger being in this jungle, which now the south-west. Jo a jungle at the dis- chokes up this canal. He desired tance of about two miles, we started a Barton and myself to go down upon a wild hog, which ran as hard as it could our elephant, and watch the bed of the away from us, pursued by a Soowar, canal ; moving slowly towards the without success. Scon after we started, south, wbile he sbould enter and adin a more open part of the plain, a herd vance in the contrary direction ; the of the nilghau. This animal is io ap- rest of the party were to beat the junpearance something between a horse, a gle above, where it was so very thick, cow, and a deer ; delicate in its legs that in most places, it would have been and feet like the latter, of a bluish grey impossible for an elephant to attempt to colour, with a small bump on its shoul- force a passage through it. ders, covered with a mane. Innumera- When he had gone about a quarter ble hares and partridges started up on of a mile down the Nulla, there being every side of us. The flat, dreary but just room at the bottom for our elewaste still continued, though here and phant to walk clear of the bushes, we there at the distance of some miles, we came to a spot where it was a little wimet with a few ploughed lands, and der, and where some water had collecboys tending herds of buffaloes. ted. Here we fell in with Frazer, on

In a circuit of about sixteen miles we bis elephant, who had met with no betbeat up many jungles, in the bope of ter success than ourselves, though we rousing a lion, but without success. bad all searched every bush as closely One of these jungles, in particular, was as we could with our eyes, in passing uncommonly pretty : it had water in along. He desired us to wait there a the midst of it, in which was a large few minutes, while he mounted the bank herd of buffaloes, cooling themselves. above to look after the rest of the eleWe returned home at 3 P. M. phants ; though none of us were very

On the 23d, we again set off at 9 A. sanguine of sport here, from the jungle M. in quest of three lions, which we being so thick, and so extensive on ereheard were in a jungle about six miles ry side,

He bad bardly gone away, to the north-east of our tents. The when the people in the trees called out, ground we passed over was equally flat that they saw the wild beast in the with that of yesterday, but it was plough- bushes, on our left hand; and in a few ed. When we came to the edge of the minutes, a lioness crossed the narrow jungle, not unlike the skirts of a cop- neck of the canal, just before us, and píce in England, and which was prin- clambered up the opposite bank. cipally composed of stumpy peeple immediately fired, but missed her; the trees, and the willow-like sbrub I ob- men pointed that she had run along tije served the other evening, Frazer desir- bank' to the westward. We turned ed us to halt, whilst he went on foot round, and had the mortification of see

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