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VOL 6.]

Modern Venice, &c.

121

favourite subject with the Venetians, lege under the cannon's mouth. The The churches are handsome, and simi- tradesmen here follow the example of larly ornamented : in that of Santa Ma- those in the other Italian towns, and ria della Salute are some splendid exe- perbaps to a greater extent: not satisficutions by Titiao. The arsenal once so ed with having their name and business celebrated is now shut up. Nearly printed in large letters, they preler a four hundred bridges form a communi- more descriptive appendage ; on the cation between the different streets, and shutter of a shoemaker we see representhe goodolas are continually in motion, ted a man trying a pair of shoes, and on gliding along with incredible rapidity, that of a glover a gentleman fitting himwhilst the splendid churches and pala- self with gloves. The city is clean and ces, which are constantly presenting handsome, and boasts of having given themselves, form a pleasing succession ; birth to Pliny, Cornelius Nepos, Viiruand interest the traveller as well by their vius, &c. We left Verona the same novelty as magnificence. The next day, and proceeded to Peschiera, where evening we left Vepice, and slept at Fu- we embarked for Desenzano, on ibe sioa.

Lago di Garda : this lake is extensive, We rose early on the following day; and the Alps, in the distance towering our chamber windows commanded a to the clouds, present an imposing oulfine view across the Lagune to Venice, line: we were some time on the lake, and the Alps in the distance bounded and its different points afforded us sev. the prospect.

eral fine views. The glow of day-break which prece- We set out again, and passing ded brilliant morning, gave a peculiar through a flat, but fertile, country, arrisoftness and grandeur to an interesting ved at Milan in the afternoon. The outline of domes and pionacles, as we most interesting object here is the cathetook our farewell view of the city. Re- dral called Il Duomo, situated nearly in turning to Padua, we proceeded thence the centre of the town. It was begin to Vicenza, celebrated as the birth place by Barsi, after a design by Pellegrini, in of Palladio. The Olympic Theatre, ia 1376, under the ducal prince, Jobu Gathe form of a semi-circle, is his best leas : it is in the Gothic style, and highwork. The scenery is of wood, com- ly ornamented; its material, a beautiful posing a series of building models, white marble, from the neighbourhood thrown into a perspective of three of the Lago Maggiore. Succeeding streets; these are fixed to the stage, governments have assisted in the emand, of course, preclude any change of bellishment of this fine structure; but objects. The niches of the theatre are the late changes in Italian politics have oroamented with statues. Here are al- delayed its completion. so many other specimens of his genius, The Ambrosian library contains maespecially the Palazzo Publico. We

curiosities; among the most remarknext arrived at Verona, which is situa- able is a manuscript copy of Virgil, and ted on the Adige. Its priocipal attrac- auother of Josephus on Papyrus; the tion consists of the celebtated amphithe first was the property of Petrarch. atre, one of the most perfect remains of In the neighbourhood of Milan is the Roman antiquity : its interior was

its interior was Villa o! Buonaparte, pleasantly situated; adapted to contain 40,000 spectators. the front windows command a large The lower part of the building is now piece of ground, called the Champs de occupied by the shops of blacksmiths, Mars, whence the ears are assailed by coopers, and fruiterers, the rent of which the delightful music of boys learning to is expended in keeping it to repair. beat the drum. At a short distance is a Artillery and centinels are generally sta- triumphal arch, commenced under the tioned at Veropa along one side of the direction of Napoleon, but never finishsquares ; and as we proceed, this repul- ed.

The appearance

of Milan is altosive spectacle always reminds us that gether interesting and beautiful: the we are enjoying the locomotive privi- streets are wide; and a foot-way for

Q ATHENEUM VOL. 6.

ny

passengers, although narrow, strikes a of the continent as an agreeable novelty. person who has visited the other cities. Your's, truly,

R.C.M:

FINE ARTS.

T

From the Literary Gazette,
ROYAL ACADEMY,

by comparison witb which the merits of all.

modern works are to be decided; it was dec.. No. 27. Ganymede. By W. Hilton. essary in the first place,properly to adjust the

claims of these a leged models, in the same Upward the golden Eagle wings his way

manner as we should endeavour to make cors. Above the mountainous world, and to the skies

rect any other standard of comparison. The Where throned Jove in severe grandeur sits, ancienis have had the merit (and the advanBears the boyGanymede.

tage too) of leading the way; and, in large The kingly bird

compositions, it is not probable that they will Shadows his beauty with majestic wings, ever be exceeded : partly from their basing, Scornful of the sweet fear which awes the limbs so nearly attained perfection, partly from or the young voyager.

change of circumstances, to which we have.

already adverted in a former paper. Min THE artist, as well as the author, who has

chael Ang-lo showed us how the beroic cha

racter might be adequately represented ; and tion of a work, is as it were pledged to the

by appropriately, exaggeraung, some parts, Herculean labour of rising in the scale with and generalising others, gave super-human every succeeding effort. Like Jove's bird in

form. But his style can be safely attempted this picture, he must soar with one ward by those of kindred powers alone; in weak. sweep from earth to heaven, to atisfy the

er hands it only produces affectation or conimpossible expectations of his admirers. We

straint. From these grand designs, Raphael do not mean to apply this remark exclusively caught his inspiration, and with the discrimito Mr. Hilton : it will be found to bear up

nation accompanying genius, simplified or, on all who aoxiously waste their strength by divers fied his manner, lu fill every haracter too long contioved or too violent exertions, and accomplish every purpose of his art. to please often injudicious friends, who for. Thougl, Raphael died young, he completed get that there may be a stimulus beyond hu- his dea of design and handling i a man like man powers, and a strife wh.ch will enfeeble him would not "remain stationary ; but the bunan genius. This Garymede is a picture only part of his pictures capable of improve. of much merit; it possesses vigour, is bril- ment is the inferior department of colouriog liant!y coloured, and contrasted in a way and effert. Had he lived to paiot more picwhich shews that the artist is perfectly skil- tuies, it is not probable they would have exled in the use of his means. The eagle too is creded the Transfiguration in the grand refinely conceived and executed. But we can- quisites of the art. It would take up too much, not extend our praise to the human figure, space, and is not necessary, to edimerate his which does not realize the idea of perfect successors; suffice it to say, that though some beauty. The limbs are, on the contrary, of them carried the minor beauties of the art. rather hard in outline ; vor does the cuunte- to greater perfection than he did, yet no one nance express the full force of the poet's de- man has united in himself to so great a degree scription.

all the higber qualifications of a painter. In No. 11. Parting between Prince Charles this dignified class of art, West has eosicbed's Stuart aod Flora Macdonald. W. Allan.---'

our country with numberless admirable picA fair specimen of the picturesque pencil of tures; many of wbich would bear to be comMr. Allan, in which wild scenery gives great pared ith those of any age. And sumerous interest to the affecting incident of the story younger men are following his footsteps, and

No. 21. Jeanie Deans' first interview with keep alive the fire, ready to burst forth her father after her return from London--- whenever the public shall fan it into flame, (Tales of my Landlord.) By the same. The In smaller piciures and less extensive cominterest of this picture we consider to be positions we remember with exultation the much injured by a close adherence to a clout- works of Thompson, Stothard, "Howard, ed and vulgar cosiume.

Westall, Hilton, 'Alston, and some others.

In many of these pictures the English are ANCIENT AND MODERN PICTURES. other modern painters i ut also from the an,

advantageou-Hy disunguished (not only from Multa renascentur, quæ jain cecidere ; neruntrue,

cent:) hy juster conception of the story and

greater purity of taste. They likewise be . Quæ nunc sunt in honore,

tow most diligence upon what is the real inWe have spoken in sicepssion (though terest of the picture, and do not divert the briefiy) of pearly all the best parures in the attention froin the point, by any tribing degallery: and will now makes me general tail of parts. In Landscape painting Eng. observations, upon the compartive merits of land has produced during the last iwenty the ancients and moderns. Our remarks on years pictures of higher merit and in greater the moderns have been sparing; becau-e they number thau ary other country has furoishwere criticised in another part of tie Jogie ed in so short a period of time. In Turner pal, and we wised to avoid repetition and too. we bave a painter who bas not only reprolixity. We thought also, that since old presented ordinary scenes and common appictures bave been coasidered as standards pearances, with greater brilliancy and ef

VOL. 6.]

Varieties.

123

fect than forrer, painters, but who has 'ex- perfection the art of painting in water colteaded the boquds of the art ; who has shewn ours; and shewn that they are capable of the possibility of picturing appearances representing every ohject of nature with as which his predecessors despaired of attempt- much troth as oil colours ---some objects with jug. Sunshine and Mist, Storm and Calin, still greater truth. In scepes from humble Montaio and Plam, Porest and Desert, life the English shew themselves to equal Torser represents them all with perfect truth advantage. The Dutch cared not for the and onprecedented 'splendor. In addition to subject, and often serm to give a preference Turner, we have probably twenty Landscape to blth. But our countrymen always reprepair ters, each of whom might be compared sent some amusing incident, and describe it advantageou ly with any alicient but Clande, without grossness. The best of them are uniand some of them would not sufier even from versally intelligible, and cerobe the merits this test. The English also have brought to ofJan Šteen, Teniers and Ostade.

VARIETIES :
CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

From the New Monthly Magazine.
MECHANTCS.

of smuggling may have been again reNEW and curious application of the sorted to since the year 1815, we will A it ited by the natives of Porto Novo,ou the were accustomed to go backwards and coast of Coromandel in wrighing the forwards between two places on the best bouer anchor of bis Majesty's ship frontiers, without any person to attend Minden, on the Coleroon shoal, after them. A dog of this kind was often the ship bad struck and got off again, worth six or seven loui--s'ors, as the and when the ordinary process, by a training cost some trouble. Being loadpurchase with a launch was found to ed with little parcels of goods, (lace; be ineffectual,

&c.) ike mules, they set out at midThe Ludians förmed all the spare Digit

, and on.y when it was perfectly spars, topmasts, booms &c. into a com

dark. Au excelent. quick-scented dog pact body of three or four feet in diame- always went some paces before the othter, which they made fast to tbe buoyers, stretched out his voce towards all rope, when sixty of thein, by means of quariers, and when he scented customslew ropes, turned the boodle of house officers, &c. turned back, which

spars until the slack of the buvy rope was

was the signal for immediaie fight. Hound round it, when by the judicrous Concealed in ditches, behind busdies, management of their feet, and the neti &c. the dogs now waited till all was distributed weiglit of their bodies, they sale, then proceeded on their journey, turned the spars round until the anchor and reached at last, beyond the frontier; was weighed, keeping it in that position, the dwelling of the receiver of the goods, Whilst it was towed under the bow of who was in the secret. But here also, the Mindeni; and bove up in the usual the leading dog only at first showed way. This anclior weighed three tons. bimself; but on a certain whistle, which

was the signal that every ibing was DOGS TAUGUT TO SMUGGLE.

right, they all hastened up. They were

then uploaded, taken to a convenient (Prom the Journal of a Traveller,' row in the stable where ibere was a good layer of

Press.) In the Netherlands they use dogs of hay, and well ted. There they rested á very large and strong breed for the till midnight, and then returned in the purposes of draught. They are har- same manner back, over the frontiers. nessed like horses, and cbielly employed in drawing little carts with fish, A few days ago died, in Staffordshire, vegetables, eggs, &c. to market. Pre- an aged clergyman, who doring the viously to the year 1795,such dogs were course of a well-spent lise, had walked also employed io smuggliog, which was to the church of which he was curate the more easy, as they are extremely more than 4,000 miles, including the docile. As it is probable that this mode occasional duties of: - parish. He bad

preached in the church upwards of 4,000 little value. Nero established some for times, baptized more than 5,000 chile the people, in which 1000 tickets were dren, and buried upwards of 4,000 daily distributed, and several of those corpses. He had baptized one Jew, who were favoured by fortune got rich many Gentiles, and, in one day, 15 by them. Heliogabalus invented some Quakers; and in the course of this time very singular, where the prizes were of he bad married more than 3,000 cou- great value or none at all: one gained ples. He gave general satisfaction to the a prize of six slaves, another of six flies : parishioners, and, after all this service, some got valuable vases and others he remained unul bis death as he be- vases of common earth. A lottery of gan, between forty and fitty years ago, this kind exhibited an excellent picture a poor curate!

of the inequality with wbich fortune

distributes her favours. The first lotEXTRAORDINARY MURDER.

tery that we find in our annals was in It is the custom in Russia to place sisted of 40,000 lots, at 10s each. The

1569, which, according to Stowe, cona corpse on the night before the burial in the church, where the priest, accom

prizes were plate, and the profits were panied by a chorister, is obliged to pray; the kingdom

; it was diawn at the west

to go towards repairing the havens of It once happened in a village on such door of St. Paul's cathedral, and began an occasion, that to the amazement of the priest, the corpse suddenly arose, and continued incessantly day and night

drawing on the 11th January, 1569, came out of the coffin, and marched up till the 6th of May following.' The tickto him. Jo vain the priest sprinkled ets were three years in disposal. Ia him with a quantity of holy water; he 1612, King James granted a lottery to was seized, thrown to the ground, and killed. This story was related on the

promote the plantation of English colo

nies in Virginia, which was also drawn following morning by the terrified cho

at St. Paul's. rister, who had crept into a corner and concealed himself. He positively add

A boy, named John Young, residing in ed, that after having perpetrated the Newton-upon-Ayr, has constructed a piece crime the dead man laid himself down of mechanism, of which the following is some in the coffin again.

account':--- A box, about three feet long, by

He was really two broad, and six or eight inches deep, has found so. Nobody could conceive a frame and paper covering erected on it, in how this murder was committed. At

the form of a house, so that the box appears

as the floor of the house. On the upper part length after the lapse of many years it of the box are a number of wooden figures, was discovered. A robber, who among people employed in those trades of sciences

about two or three inches high, representing many other crimes confessed this also, with which the boy is familiar. The whole had slipped in the dark into the church, are put in motion at the same time by maput the corpse aside, and taken his chinery, within the box, acted upon by a

handle like that of a hand-organ. A weaver place in the coffin. After perpetrating upon his Inom, with a fly-shuttle, the crime, he had put every thing again hands and feet, and keeps his eye upon the in order, and then retreated, without dier, sitting with a sailor at a change-bou se being perceived. The motive of this table, fills a glass, drinks it off, then knocks murder was hatred to the priest, occa

on the table, upon which an old woman sioned by an old quarrel.

opens a deor, makes her appearance, and they retire. Two sboemakers upon their stools are seen, the one beating leatber and

the other sewing a shoe. A cloth-dresser, LOTTERIES.

a stone-cutter, a cooper, a tailor, a woman If the antiquity of a practice could churning, and one tearing wool, are all at justify its existence, lotteries might claim of wood, and two blacksmiths beating a peculiar reverence. The Romans, we

piece of iron, the one using a forge-hammer find, used to enliven their Saturnalia ing a grind-stone, while a man sharpens an in

and the otber a small hammer ; a boy turnwith them, by distributing tickets which strument upon it, and a barber shaving a gained some prize. Augustus made man, holding fast by the nose with one hand.

about 17 years of age, and lotteries which consisted of things of since the bent of his mind could be first mark

Uses his

vol. 6.]

Varieties.

125

OF WHEAT.

ed, his only amusement was his working with

THE MERRY-MAKER. a knife, making little mechanical figures; and this is the more extraordinary, as he had Nothing can put me more out of huno opportunity whatever of seeing any per- mour than what is called a merry-makson employed in a similar way. He was bred a weaver with his father, and since he er:—such a fellow deserves his name couid be employed at the trade, has had no with about the same right that a lady of time for his favourite study, except after the work ceased, or during the intervals ;

pleasure does her's. and the only tool he ever had to assist him was a pockei knife. In his earlier years he CHARACTERISTIC OF THE DISSOLUTE. produced several curiosities op a smaller scale, but the above is his greatest work, to

Man is generally much pleased to behich he has devoted all his spare time dur- hold the ills he owes to bis debaucheries ing the last two years.

visited upon other men, who are free froin similar excesses ;

and nothing EXTRAORDINARY INCREASE OF A GRAIN

gives, for example, a drunkard greater In a commune of the department of the pleasure, than if be perceives a waterMeuse, a stalk of wheat tias been shown, drinker with a red nose. bearing 56 shoots, and each of these a beautiful ear. This extraordinary plant is the produce of a grain of wbeatdropt by accident,

ORME. and coufirm what has been said in favour of the method of sowing corn tbiply, to make it

When this intelligent historian preshoot well, and cousequently to -ave a great sided in the export warehouse of Madeal of serd. The number of grains yielded dras, one Davidson, who acted under est, and one that is mean between them, is bim, one day at breakfast being asked from 100 to 110 in general:

the mean may by Mr. Orme of what profession his therefore be taken at 34 or 35 grains per ear. father was ? Davidson replied, that he Tbe grain of wbeat of M. Rampont (above spoken of) has therefore yielded 1900 fold.

was a saddler.-“ And pray,” said he, We read in the “ Ari de multipler les “why did he not make you a saddler ?" grains" hy M. Francois de Neufchateau, wao quotes the Ephemerides of Vallèmont,

• I was always whimsical,” said Dathat in 1671 a stein of barley grew in Silesia vidson, “and rather chose to try my to a very great height, and that it produced fortune as you have done, in the East12 large and 9 small ears, all very full Denis, physician to the King of France had

India Company's service. obtained from a single grain of wheat above Sir," continued he, “ what profession 201) ears; and that the Friers de la doctrine Chretienne at Paris, possessed a bouquet of

was your father ?”. My father," anba lry witb 249 stems, which yielded 18,000 swered the historian, rather sharply, grains.

was a gentleman.”—“And why,” re

torted Davidson, with great simplicity, FREDOLFO.

“ did he not breed you up a gentleman ?” Mr. MATURIN has published, at Edinburgh his tragedy of Fredolfo, which was damned at Covent Garden, in spite of all the efforts

DRUNKENNESS. of tbat admirable company of performers, The forgotten poet Randolph has who so ably sustain the national drama at this epigram on drunkenness : that theatre. content with the opinion of the audience, " Who holds more wine than others can, apd not have provoked more permanent ani- “I count a hogshead, not a man." madsersion, by the obtrusion of this diseased mass of poetry on the public. This author's And yet, to be able to bear much extravagant combinations of distorted feel- wine undisordered, is a proof of strength ings and improbable circumstances, are only of brain, as well as of stomach,-is a calculated to inspire every well-disciplined mind with disgust. His personages do as ne- proof that great voluntarity of idea usuver men did, and speak as never men spake; ally accompanies the individual. Be it conception of dramatic effect, that, in the added, that ideas grow vivid during the present dearth of dramatic literature, united progress of that stimulation which preown occasionally deserves the epithet of ceded intoxication ; and it is by no “fine," enables him to furnish striking sce- means clear, that a voluntary power

of nic spectacles, that hold sometlring like a calling-up the most vivid ideas of which tragedy. The managers should furnish him the brain is capable, can be acquired, with plots ; for his whole merit, as a drama- without previously exciting such vivid tist, consists in the dialogue ; and, even in ideas by mechanical means.

1 he temthat, be įs but a second-rate band.

Monthly Mag. perate and coher nations do not produce

; that

But pray,

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