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particular Men, whose Natu.

ral Knowledge of good and
evil has been corrupted and
worn out by a bad Educati-
on, God oft-times in the fol-
lowing parts of their Life,
by affording them, new
Means of Knowledge, invites
them to Repentance and pro-
mises them Happiness.
6, & 7. Lasily, going out
at the eleventh hour, he found
other Labourers standing idle;
and them also he hired into the
wineyard, promising to give
them what was reasonable :
Thus God in the latter Ages
of the World, making a new
Revelation of his Will by
Chrift, admitted the Gen:
tiles, who had before lived
in ignorance and Wicked:
ness to the Conditions of
the same Covenant with the
Jews: And (thus also many
particular Persons, . who

6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here

all the day idle P

7 They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard,and whatsoever is right, that shallye receive.

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for * : *want of Instrućtion have lived in Ignorance and Wickedness the greatest part of their Lives, do yet at last through the Mercy of God come to the Knowledge of the Truth, and Believe, and Obey it.

8. Now when the Evening was came , the Masier commanded his Labourers to be called, and their Wages to be paid them, without respect to the order of time when they were hired : So at the end of the World Godwill reward all his Servants, not in proportion to the times of their being called, but according to the sincerity of their Service.

9, & Io. They who came in at the eleventh hour, because they wrought diligently during that time, received each one a

9 And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a peny.

* Note, This part of the Parable does not countenance the late and wilfully deferred Repentance of Christians.For such Persons are not called into the Vineyard at the eleventh

Hour, (as were the ignorant Gentiles

but being called in

at the first Hour by the early preaching of the Gospel,have yet stood idle (not in the Market, but) in the Vineyard till the eleventh Hour. Which is plainly a different Case ; as Origen well observes upon the Place. To :

Penny; and they who came in at the Morning, though they expected more for having laboured longer, yet, according to their agreement, received each one likewise a Peny: So the Gentiles, and they who are late instructed in the Knowledge of the Truth, shall for their Sincerity and Diligence during their Time in the Service of God, receive the Reward of Eternal Life ; and the Jews who came in first, though they expect some Preheminence over the last both in the Church here on Earth, and in the World to come, shall yet only receive equally the same Reward. , 11,& 12.Then they who were bir’d first, murmured, that those which came in last, and laboured but one hour or two, should receive as much wages at they who had wrought all day: Thus the Jews who were first the People of God, and they who have been longest in the Church, valuing themselves upon outward Performances, may be apt to think it hard,

Io But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more, and they likewise received every man a Peny.

11 And when they had received it, they murmured against the good-man of the house, 12 Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou haft made them equal unto us, which have born the burden and heat of the day.

: ;

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that those who came in late
should be equalled to them
if their Reward.
13, & 14, & 15. But the
Master replied 3 Is it not just,
if I pay you according to your
agreement 3 and at the same
time out of my abundant libe.
rality, give these others freely
as much 3 May I not do what
I will with mine own, and be
bountiful to others for their
great diligence and sincerity
during their Time, without in-
jaring you ?, Thus the equity
ofGod'sDispensations maybe
vindicated, in that whilst his
Reward is not only free,but
also infinitely greater than
any Man's Work deserves,he

injures no Man by his extra

ordinary Liberality to o

thers.
16. After this manner
therefore,many of those who
are here later in time, and
seem now inferiour in many
Respects, (as the Gentiles,and
they which are last Called,)
shall finally equalor even ex-
ceed others in Glory and
Dignity: And many of those
who are here first in time,
- and

and seem now to have the Precedence in many Advantages, (as the Jews, and they which are first Called) shall then be ranked in as low, or perhaps lower degree than the rest. For many indeed are Called early, and know the Will of God, and receive his Mercies, and injoy great Advantages; But there are but few who improve them. selves proportionably- to those Advantages, and use

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tain an excellent and extra

ordinary Reward. . . . . . . 17. I. After these things, Jesus knowing that the time of his Sufferings drew nigh, went up towards jerusalem: And that his Apostles might be prepared against the storm that was coming upon them, he took the twelve aside, as they were going in the way, and reminded them again, saying: 18. We are going up to Jerusalem, and I would have you remember, that, as I told you before, it is the

Will of God that I should

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