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said, they should mainly rely on the Wilkes, whose voice he knew well, counterfeit coin found at the time of say to some one, “ Sit down." Witthe prisoner's apprehension, and al. ness looked over the hedge, and saw so upon the base shilling found in Wilkes's son with him, and an ass. Duffield's house.
Witness observed and listened, and John Bolton cross-examined. shortly after saw two men come aThe last two parcels of blanks found long the lane. On their arrival, upon witness and Earp were about Wilkes got up and spoke to them. 30 lbs. Witness had been in the trade The three men then went further six or seven months altogether ; but down the lane with the ass, leaving had left it off some time before he met the boy sitting on the bank. Witwith Duffield. He did not know that Dess then went to the end of the lane, any process was necessary, after which he crossed, and went down stamping the base coin, to harden it, the hedge side till he came within a and make it fit for circulation. Wit- short distance, where he could obness proposed the business to Duffield; serve them without being seen. Boldelivered the blanks to Wilkes, recei ton and Earp then exchanged parcels ved them back when stamped, put with Wilkes. They appointed to them into circulation, and then in- meet the next Wednesday. Witness formed against his accomplices: he gave information of what he had could not deny that it was so. When heard and seen to Mr Partridge, the witness delivered the dies with the constable. blanks to Wilkes, Duffield was by, Thomas Partridge said, he was a and witness said what they were for; constable of Darlaston. He recei. it was the subject of their conversa- ved information from Mr Green, in tion: he did not always say what they consequence of which he went with were for, and, perhaps, he might not Mr Butler, another constable, to the have said it then.
New Inn, Handsworth, on WednesJemima Longmore, daughter of day, the 21st of July, where they the landlord of the Three Tuns, Li. apprehended Earp and Bolton, as very-street, Birmingham; Elizabeth stated in the evidence of the latter. Cox, servant at the Leopard, Great Witness soon afterwards apprehendHampton-street ; and Hannah Tur- ed Wilkes, who, after some converner, servant at the Queen's Head, sation, said, upon being asked by Handsworth, corroborated Bolton's witness what he had got,
66 Thee evidence, as to his meeting the pri- knowest.” Witness said, “ I do." soners at those places; and Rebec- The prisoner answered, “ I wish I ca Tonks, servant to Mr Crockett, did not.” The parcel in Bolton's of the New Inn, proved that Wilkes, umbrella contained 1740 blanks, that Bolton, and Earp, came to her mas- found upon Earp 1140, and those ter's house on the 17th of July, and contained in Wilkes's saddle-bags that she saw them there on the day 2589 counterfeit shillings. Witness of their apprehension.
searched Wilkes's house, and, under Thomas Green said, he was a malt, a bench in the shop, found a parcel ster at Darlaston. He knew Wilkes, in an iron pot, covered with a bag, who lived there. On Saturday the containing 1377 blanks. He also 17th of July, about three o'clock in searched Duffield's house, and found the afternoon, witness was in the a counterfeit shilling, and in the shop garden at the New Inn, Handsworth, presses and other apparatus which which adjoins a lane, and heard he used in his trade.
VOL. XII. PART II.
William Payne said, he was a moneyer at the Royal Mint. The constable of Birmingham. He was shilling now produced, found in Dufsent for to West Bromwich on the field's house, and that taken from 21st of July, when he saw Wilkes Wilkes's saddle-bags, were both counapart from the other prisoners, but terfeits, and struck from the same many more persons were present, die. The others produced from the Witness told him his name, but used various parcels were also counterno threat, and made no promise. He feits, and from the same die. said, he understood the prisoner was This was the case for the prosecu. taken into custody on a charge of tion. having forged money in his posses- Mr Twiss then rose on behalf of sion, which it was material he should the prisoners, and raised the followaccount for; he was at liberty to do ing objections - First, that to supas he pleased, but he believed it was port the present indictment, it was found upon him. The prisoner said, necessary to prove the royal prohe would tell the truth, whether for clamation under which the coin was or against him: he had the money issued, to support which objection he from Duffield, at Darlaston. Upon cited sections from various acts: And witness observing that it would take Secondly, that to bring the crime three persons to work such a press, home to an offender, he must be prove he said, he and another worked the ed, not only to have made the imprese fly, and Duffield fed it. Witness sion, but to have manufactured the afterwards saw Duffield at Darlas- blank, and vice versa. These objecton, apart from the other prisoners. tions were overruled. He made use of no threat or pro- Mr Justice Richardson then recamise, but said, he understood the pitulated the evidence to the Jury. prisoner was there under a charge He said, that the testimony of Bolton, , of coining. He then asked him, inasmuch as he was an accomplice, whether he wished to say any thing ought, as stated by the learned counupon it, which he was at liberty to sel for the prosecution in his open. do or not. The prisoner said, he ing, to be most scrupulously examiwas a poor unfortunate man, with a ned ; and if they entertained any large family, and wanted money to doubt upon it, to be altogether dispay his poor-rates ;
he trusted, carded. But, however it was to be therefore, that mercy would be regretted that he who was not only shown to him. On being asked by an accomplice, but the prime mover, witness, how long he had been in could not be put to the bar,-if it apo that way, he said, only a very short peared to them that his evidence was time; and that he had the dies from supported by such substantial and a person who received them from unimpeached testimony as would not Bolton. The witness took up Duf. leave a doubt upon their minds, it field's press, but found nothing sus. was then entitled to its full weight, picious about it: he had examined and they would give a verdict acthe shilling found in Duffield's house, cording to their consciences. and one taken from Wilkes's saddle- The Jury conferred together for bags, before the magistrates, and a short time, and then pronoun
nced a they were both struck from the same verdict of Guilty against all the pri. die.
Mr George Atkinson said, he was
tending the case they were to inquire into. But their great business was to inquire who were the per
sons that had perpetrated this atroMURDER.
cious deed. He would shortly state
the outline of the evidence to be laid Durham Assizes, Friday, before them. Isabella Young had August 13.
been in the service of Miss Jane
Smith, since Lady Peat, a lady of This case, which excited very great opulence, and of singular great interest, was remarkably simi- habits and manners. One of her lar to that of the Ashcrofts. But singular habits was to have only one here only one unhappy woman was female servant in her bouse. Miss in the house. To her murder, how. Smith had been from home for a ever, was added the burning of the week previous to the murder, and house, in order to conceal both the had left Isabella Young in her house robbery and the murder. In this at Herrington, a village four or five case, too, as in that of the Ashcrofts, miles from the town of Sunderland. the evidence against the prisoners Isabella Young had been alarmed was entirely circumstantial; but the the night before this fatal attempt ; difficulty was much increased by the she had heard the bar removed from lapse of four years since the atro- the door, and in consequence had solicious deed had been perpetrated. cited a neighbour to sleep with her on
John Eden, aged 28, James the night of the 28th of August 1815. Wolfe, aged 56, and George Wolfe, Her solicitation failed ; but that his son, aged 30, were charged with neighbour heard her bolt the door the wilful murder of Isabella Young, at 10 o'clock. Another neighbour at Herrington, on the night of the found her about two o'clock next 28th August 1815.
morning murdered. The house had Mr Williams opened the case to been set fire to; but the fire had not the Jury. The nature of the charge reached the part where she was at against the prisoners could not fail the time she was seen, and dragged to have engaged their attention. out. That the murder had been Any attempt on his part to excite committed by some persons or other their attention would be improper, would be proved, therefore, beyond therefore, as being superfluous. But all controversy. He would now it would be improper for another state to them the evidence which reason: any thing of exaggeration affected the several prisoners. John or inflammation which might with Eden had been a soldier in the Durdraw their minds from sober and de- ham militia, who marched into Newliberate investigation would be most castle on the 26th of August, the improper. But there was in this Saturday before this tragedy. case wherewithal to rouse their feel. would be proved that he was absent ings, if he were to dwell upon the from his regiment on the night of the circumstances. A young woman, 28th and the morning of the 29th; and helpless and defenceless, was the if the Jury would believe one of the person brutally butchered; and the witnesses, they would find that Eden house was set in flames to conceal the called at that witness's house on the bloody deed. Such were the circum- evening of Monday the 28th, and stances of enormity and atrocity at. told him, that he and two others were going to Herrington on a very turned on the morning of the 29th, disagreeable business, and spoke of he was observed to have a black eye, Miss Smith's mouldy money. An and to have scratches on his face, as idea had prevailed that she had ac. if done with nails. His first account cumulated money; this had excited of it was, “ I was drunk, and fell in cupidity; and her retired manner of the streets of Sunderland.” On an. living gave hopes of gratifying that other occasion he said, one of his cupidity. Eden spoke of her mouldy children had been unwell, and he had money, and if the witness should be risen to get some water for the child, believed,—and he knew no reason and hurt himself.
He was apprewhy he should not,-they would find hended in Edinburgh and a pockethim that night upon this very busi. book was found with him, which he ness. Eden had been a keelman. said he had got from the family of his In the evening he had been in blue wife six years before. Lady Peat clothes; and next morning he was seen would prove this pocket-book to have neatly dressed, and having a bun- been hers, and to have been in her dle, (no unimportant circumstance,) dwelling a week before the murder. twelve miles from Newcastle. He Such was the evidence which would had every appearance of having be laid before them ; they would changed his clothes. On one occa- weigh it with that measured consision he said he could establish an deration and that attentive caution alibi, and prove that he was at New- which it was their province to exercastle. There he certainly ought to cise; and they would, he doubted have been, but he would be proved not, come to such a conclusion as the by the muster-roll to have been ab- evidence warranted. sent. He would now proceed to Mr Holt stated he was counsel for James Wolfe. He had held a farm the two Wolfes. from Miss Smith, and had fallen in Mr Wilkinson said he was counsel arrear with his rent. She had be- for John Eden. come displeased with him, and got Evidence was first given respectrid of him. It would be proved that he ing John Eden. had afterwards, on many occasions, Ann Howe lived at Herrington in said he would be revenged, and that the month of August 1815, at the he was not done with her yet. In addi- time Miss Smith's house was set on tion it would be proved, that in De- fire; she lived fifty yards from the cember 1814, on a remarkably windy house, and knew Isabella Young day, when a wall had been thrown well. On Monday night, about halfdown, and had killed a man, a circum- past nine, Isabella Young came to stance that naturally fastened on the witness's house to ask her to sleep memory, Wolfe mentioned to with her, and said she was frightenJames Shaw the pretended wrongs ed to sleep alone. Witness crossed and injustice done to him by Miss the road with her ag she returned to Smith, and said that he would be re- Miss Smith's; it was then a quarter venged. To Shaw he remarked that it to ten. Witness stopped at the winwould be easy to rob her house. Next dow till she got into bed in the kitas to George Wolfe, he had been re- chen. Witness heard her lock and markably regular in his employment, bolt the door. Isabella Young told which was that of a furrier, at Bishop her she might go away when she got Wearmouth; but on the night of the to bed, and she went away. She saw 28th he was absent, and when he re- her next morning murdered.
" No man
John Ramsay lived at Herrington ton." He said, “ I warrant you at the time, and was disturbed about know Miss Smith, James.” two o'clock of the morning of the said witness, “and her father many 29th: he got up and saw Miss Smith's years ago." “ That,” he said, “ is house in flames. He went to the the house we are going to to-night, house, ran along a passage, and at and I expect Wolfe is the man that the kitchen door saw Isabella Young will go through the business: I would lying; he dragged her out, and per- not give a dn for a man if he canceived no sign of life in her. She not go through his business. This was undressed, and had her under is the third night and the last night petticoat grasped in her left hand. I shall be at Herrington, and to
John Creduce, surgeon at Bishop- night I mean to do something, and Wearmouth, was sent for, and saw I have to be at Newcastle at six o'. the body on the morning of the 29th, clock in the morning, for I have run He found two large wounds on the it. If you go to Herrington with me back of her head, and a fracture on to-night, James, I don't know but the rigbt side of her head. The I'll be able to give you more money blows had undoubtedly occasioned than you can work for, for twelve her death.
months.' “ John," said witness, James Lincoln, a seafaring man at “ I'll not go.” He said, Sunderland, knew the prisoner Eden need be frightened to go along with for twenty years. In 1815 Eden was me, for I would never give that man in the Durham militia, and had pre- or woman leave to stand before me viously been a keelman at Sunder- in a Court to condemn me. I don't land. About five o'clock in the want you to go into the house with evening before this woful affair hap- us; I'll tell you what to do when you pened, Eden came to the witness in
“ John,” said witness, his own house, stood on the middle
• I'll not go.” " No, James, of the floor with his hat on one side said he, “ your heart lies in the of his head, and appeared very grog- wrong place; before you go with us, gy. Witness sat in an arm chair, you will sit there till you perish like and smoked his pipe. Eden had on a thoul” (a pin for fastening boats a blue jacket and trowsers. He to; the phrase was common there.) said, “ James, I am going to Her- “ No, John,” said witness, “ while rington to-night; will you go along I can walk up to the colliery and ask with us?” Witness said, " I don't for a bit of bread.” “ Why, James,” know.” “ Why, James ?” Eden he said, “ I am sorry at nought, for said. “ I am going to Herrington we shall have to do away with the on a very disagreeable piece of busi- poor lass before we can go through ness; I don't know whether I should with this piece of business.” Witgo or not."
“ Well, John," said ness said, “ Don't go, John.” Eden witness, “ don't go." “ Do you replied, “ I promised to go, and go know any body about Herrington, I will. Miss Smith's maiden is a bit James ?" Witness said,
Witness said, “ Not of a sweetheart of mine, and to-night many." He said, “Do you know I expect to make her confess where one Wolfe ?”
Witness said, “ I all Miss Smith's mouldy money is. know Mr Wolfe, the gaol-keeper, at The b-ch denied me what I wanted Durham," He said, “ That is not of her; but toonight I'll have her the man; this is a farmer man ; he was whether she will or not-but I mu'n farmer to Miss Smith at Herring. (must) away." He took a step to