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in Baffin's Bay, by Captain Ross: and the eastern division of Prince's Corals and minerals collected in the Street. The Mound, in its present Bahamas, by Admiral Sir David condition, is certainly a huge deforMilne, the corals being of unrivalled mity; and there can be little doubt, magnitude and beauty, and many of we think, that were this plan adopt. the minerals rare, one of which, a ed and carried into effect, a great colossal stalactites, is calculated to eye-sore would be removed, an unweigh five tons; a collection of ores occupied mass of earth and rubbish and
minerals from the island of Elba, covered with ornamental buildings, presented by Principal Baird from a and none of those striking and pic. gentleman of that island; and the turesque views, which render Edin. skeleton of the great whale at Air- burgh the envy of all other cities, in thrie, presented by Sir Robert Aber- any the least degree impaired or ob. cromby. The fine collection of natu- structed. At the same time we can. ral history purchased for the Univer. not help remarking, that irreparable sity from M. Dufresné of Paris, al- injury would be done to the metroso arrived safely on board the cut- polis of Scotland were any absurd ter sent by Government for convey- and injudicious erection to be perch. ing it hither, and under the superin- ed upon it, as there is scarcely, a tendance of Captain Thomas Brown point of view, in which its deformity of Edinburgh. This is a particular would not obtrude itself on every eye. ly rich and valuable collection, and Mr Owen stated, at a meeting in will form an invaluable accession to London, when a Committee was ap: the previous treasures of the Museum. pointed to investigate his plan, and
This year a project was formed report upon its practicability, that for erecting buildings on the Earthen 200,000 pair of hands with machinery, Mound, Edinburgh, and some time spun as much cotton now as forty years afterwards several plans were given ago, without machinery, would have in, incomparably the best of which employed 20,000,000, that is, 100 to was that by Mr Playfair, the inge. 1; that the cotton spun in a year, at nious architect who designed that this time, in this country, would reclassical edifice, the Observatory on quire, without machinery, at least the Calton Hill. According to this 60,000,000 of labourers with single plan, the mound was to be reduced wheels; and that the quantity of towards its southern extremity; and manufacturing works of all sorts, the buildings, which were to be only done by the aid of machinery in this of one story, with an arcade in the nation, was such as would require, centre, were to be erected on the without that aid, the labour of at horizontal level. Hence Mr Play- least 400,000,000 of manufacturers. fair's plan is calculated to obviate The improvement of the Glasgow the insuperable objection to erections and Carlisle road, which runs almost of two stories in height, which were diagonally through Dumfriesshire, at first contemplated, and which will not only enhance the value of would have totally intercepted the property of every description along view of Salisbury Craggs and Arthur the line, but will shorten the distance Seat from that part of the line of from the greater part of DumfriesPrince's Street to the west of the shire to Carlisle and the north of Mound, as well as the view of the England about 44 miles. The opeCastle and the hills in the distance rations on the newly laid out line from the passengers on the bridge between Graitney and Carlisle are going on with spirit. The new bridge This great work will probably be over the Esk, which has been con- completed in the course of the two templated for seventy years past, next years. The navigation from was founded about the end of May, Inverness to Fort Augustus is aland will be finished in June 1820 : it ready open, and there is a near prois to have two cast-iron arches, one spect, at the other end of the canal, of 150 and the other of 100 feet span. of a similar approach towards the Another bridge will
be built over the completion of the navigation from Sark, at Allison's Bank, which will sea to sea. The navigation of Loch have two stone arches of forty and Ness was opened to the public in the other of thirty feet span. Seve- May 1818, and about 150 voyages ral other improvements are making were made last season by coasting on the roads in that part of the coun- vessels carrying from forty to seventry.
ty tons each ; and the facility is such, By the Sixteenth Report of the that vessels sometimes accomplish Commissioners, made to Parliament, the voyage of twenty-three miles to it appears that the expenditure up- Fort Augustus, discharge their caron the Caledonian Canal, to the go, and return to the lower end of commencement of May 1819, a- the lake within twenty-four hours. mounted to L. 742,000; that a The exports consist of timber, staves moiety of the Parliamentary grant and wool; the imports of tar, oatof last year (L.25,000) had not, at meal, and coals, of which last article the date of the report, been issued the price is lowered one half. Lime from the Exchequer, and that a far- is also a frequent article of freight, ther grant of L. 50,000 was voted and thus the improvement of the adduring this session of Parliament. jacent lands is ensured.
gion of Honour, and was, before his
new appointment, one of the Coun2. Paris.-The Moniteur of the 30th cil of State, and a member of the ult. contains a royal decree, announ- committee of legislation. The Count cing the organisation of a new minis- de Cazes, Peer of France, is appointtry. According to the new arrange- ed Minister Secretary of State for ments, the Marquis Dessolles, Peer of the Department of the Interior. Ba. France, and Minister of State, is nomi- ron Portal, member of the Chamber nated Minister Secretary of State for of Deputies, is appointed Minister the department of foreign affairs, and Secretary of State for the Departpresident of the Council of Ministers. ment of the Marine. M. Portal is M, Dessolles was, in 1814, comman- an officer of the Legion of Honour, der of the National Guard of Paris; and a member of the Chamber of when he conducted himself so as to Deputies; he has also been one of acquire the perfect confidence of the the Council of State since May 1814, King, and was raised to the peerage and has been, for two years past, in. in June of the same year: he is a
trusted with the direction of the coLieutenant-General of the armies of lonial branch in the department of France, a Knight of St Louis, and the Minister of Marine, over the Grand Cross of the Legion of Ho. whole of which he is now appointed pour, and was, previous to his pre- to preside. Baron Louis, member sent exaltation, a member of the of the Chamber of Deputies, is apPrivy Council and a Minister of pointed Minister Secretary of State State. The Sieur de Serre, mem- of the Finance Department.
M. ber of the Chamber of Deputies, is Louis was Minister of Finance in appointed Keeper of the Seals, Minis. 1814, being one of the administrater Secretary of State for the de. tion of which M. Talleyrand was at partment of justice. M. de Serre the head : he is a Grand Cross of the was President of the Chamber of De. Legion of Honour, and a member of puties during the last Session, and the Chamber of Deputies; he was was within four votes of obtaining also a member of the Privy Council the same dignity this year: he is å and a Minister of State. The MiKnight of St Louis, and of the Le- nistry of Police is suppressed. The
members of this new ministry are Wright's note of hand. It must be considered as real constitutionalists, indorsed by you before I can proalike averse to the violent measures ceed against Wright. This rascal of the ultras of both parties, and at always contended that he borrowed tached only to the King and the the money on his own account. Your Charter. They have accordingly word was quite sufficient to prove entered upon office under the most the contrary; and though no part of favourable auspices.
it was ever made use of
for me, and The Paris journals of the same though the arbitrator determined a. date contain the following statement gainst my being at all responsible, I of the present strength of the Rus- thought myself and still think mysian army. It is said to consist of self bound to pay you, you putting 880,000 men, divided into different me in a condition to recover the mocorps, 360,000 of which are infantry, ney from him, which you can at once 68,000 regular cavalry, 86,000 Cos- do by indorsing the note of hand. sacks, 49,600 artillery, 75,000 ma. I am well aware the grounds of comrines, 100,000 belonging to the first plaint and reproach to which debtors line of the reserve, and 50,000 to the always expose themselves, and I am second, and 75,000 veterans. not vain enough to expect to escape
3.—The following singular cor. consequences to which all others are respondence between Cobbett and liable; but if I finally pay to the last Sir F. Burdett appeared in a Sunday farthing, those grounds will be all paper, and discloses Cobbett's new swept away; and as I am in no doubt way of paying old debts. The an- of being able, in a short space of swer of the Baronet is full of just se. time, to pay every one fully, I antiverity, and expresses, in strong and cipate with great satisfaction the day pointed language, his indignant con- of my deliverance from this sort of tempt for the flagitious jesuitism of thraldom.-I am, Sir, your most obethe most impudent and unprincipled dient and most humble servant, turncoat of modern times.
WM. COBBETT. To SIR FRANCIS Burdett, Bart.
To MR Tipper. North Hampstead, Long Island, North Hampstead, Long Island, June 20. 1817.
Nov. 20. 1817. Sir, I inclose you the
Mr Dear Sir,—First let me acletter to Mr Tipper, which I beg you knowledge my deep sense of the kind to have the goodness to read, and to manner in which you have uniformconsider the contents of it (as far as ly spoken to Mrs Cobbett with rethey relate to the liquidation of my gard to me; and then, without furdebts generally) as addressed to ther waste of that time of which I yourself. In addition you will be have so little to spare, let me come pleased to understand, that, as to the to business, and let me lay down, bedebt due to you, no pains shall before I proceed to our own particu. spared by me to obtain the means of lar affair, some principles which I paying it as soon as possible ; and I hold to be just io my conduct to. beg that you will furnish Mr White, wards my creditors in general. my attorney, with your charge a- If there be any man who can pregainst me, including interest, that he tend, for one moment, that mine is may transmit it to me.
an ordinary case, and that not having I now transmit to Mr White enough to pay every body, 1 ought
to be regarded as an insolvent debtor, posed, if such occasion should ever in the usual acceptation of the words; occur, I reserve the arguments and and if he does this after being ap- conclusion which the subject would prised that the whole force of an in- naturally suggest. To you I trust famous tyranny was embodied into no such arguments are necessary, the shape of despotic ordinances, in- and therefore I will now proceed to tended for the sole purpose of ta- state explicitly my intentions with king from me the real, and certain, regard to what I shall endeavour to and increasing means of paying off do in the way of paying off debts. I every debt and mortgage in two hold it to be perfectly just that I years ;- if there be any man whose should never, in any way whatever, prosperity and whose means of pro- give up one single farthing of my fufitably employing his own industry ture earnings to the payment of any have remained wholly untouched and debt in England. unaffected by these despotic and When the society is too weak or sudden acts of the Government, and unwilling to defend the property, who is yet so insensible to all feel. whether mental or of a more ordi. ings of humanity as well as so will- nary and vulgar species, and where ingly blind to every principle of ei- there is not the will or the power in ther moral or political justice ;-if the society to yield him protection, there be any man who, wholly ab- he becomes clearly absolved of all sorbed in his attachment to his own his engagements of every sort, to immediate interest, is ready to cast that society ; because in every barblame on a debtor, who has had his gain of every kind it is understood means of paying cut off by an ope. that both the parties are to continue ration as decisive as that of an earth- to enjoy the protection of the laws quake, which should sink into eter
of property. nal nothing his lands, his houses, But from the great desire which I and his goods ;-if there be any man, have, not only to return to my nawho, if he had been a creditor of tive country, but also to prevent the Job, would have insisted that that ce- infamous acts levelled against me Jebrated object of malignant devils from injuring those persons with wrath, which had swept away his whom I have pecuniary engagements, flocks, his herds, his sons, and his and some of whom have become my daughters, was an insolvent debtor creditors from feelings of friendship and a bankrupt, and ought to have and a desire to serve me, I eagerly been considered as such, spoken of wave all claim to this principle, and . as such, and as such proceeded a- I shall neglect no means within my gainst : if there be any
power fully to pay and satisfy every as this, to whom I owe any thing, demand, as far as that can be done to such man I first say, that I de. consistently with that duty which spise him from the bottom of my calls on me to take care that my fasoul ; and then I say, that if he mily have the means of fairly exertdare meet me before the world in ing their industry, and of leading open and written charge, I pledge that sort of life to which they have myself to cover him with as much a just claim. shame and infamy as that world can It is clear, however, that to do any be brought to deign to bestow up- thing in the way of paying off must on so contemptible a being. For be a work of some little time. I such occasions as the one here sup- place great dependance on the pro