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riods more favourable to the study on many of which we find Minerva and practice of the Fine Arts. Re- represented as present at an heroic cently after their exhumation, they combat, encouraging the warriors, passed into the hands of Thorwald- and often precisely in the position son, the Danish sculptor at Rome, and attitude in which she appears who was employed by the Prince on the pediment of the Panhellenion Royal of Bavaria, their present of Agina. As Minerva presides in possessor, in uniting the broken both the groups which decorate this fragments, and restoring the few temple, some have supposed that the parts of them that were deficient; a Panhellenion was dedicated to that task which that eminent artist per. Goddess ; but it should be considerformed with admirable skill and sa- ed that, as the emanation and symgacity. The discovery of these pre- bol of the wisdom and power of Jucious relics of antiquity was, in a piter, Minerva was appropriately great measure, owing to the taste and placed in the exterior of the edifice, enterprise of a British subject, C. R. within which the more sacred statue Cockerell, Esq., who recomposed of the King of gods and men rethe groups as they were successive- ceived the homage and worship of ly excavated, in such a manner as the Æginetans. to give the highest satisfaction to the In the temple of Ægina, we have most eminent artists at Rome. a very remarkable and ancient ex

Various conjectures have been of- ample of the Grecian practice of fered as to the subject of the compo- painting their sculpture ; for the sitions intended to be represented by style and execution of the colours the sculptures of these pediments, found on the statues and ornaments the statues having a marked distinc- of the Panhellenion prove that they tion of character, as of well-known must be coeval with the original conpersonages : nothing satisfactory has struction. In order to relieve the yet been suggested. The actions of statues, the tympanum of the pedithe Æacidæ, the tutular deities of ment was of a clear light blue; and the Eginetans, offer nothing expla- large portions of the colour were natory, although a resemblance seen on the fragments as they were may be traced to Homer's descrip- raised from the ground. The mouldtion of the combåt between Hector ing both under and above the corand Ajax over the dead body of Pa- nice was also painted; the leaf was troclus * Some light may per- red and white, and the superior haps be thrown upon this subject by moulding of the cornice painted in a close examination of Greek Vases, encaustic. The colours being on • The description alluded to is as follows:

Αψδ' επί Πατρόκλο τέτατο κρατερή υσμίνη, ,
'Αργαλέή, πολυδακρυς» έγειρε δε νεϊκος Αθήνη,
Ουρανοθεν καταβάσα" προήκε γας ευρυοπα Ζεύς
'Ορνύμεναι Δαναούς» δή γαρ νοος έτρά στ' αυτού.

II, xvii. 543. Colonel Leake is inclined to think that these beautiful lines indicate the exact moment of the struggle chosen by the Sculptor of the pediments of the Panhellenion. He also remarks that the xvñpodes observed on all the figures on the spectator's left hand, together with the absence of those articles of Grecian dress in the other division of the work, seem to prove that the subject is taken from the war of Troy. The detail of the sculpture scems strongly to support the opinion of the gallant Colonel.

marble had long disappeared, but the Rembrandts, Potters, &c. &c. The relief, in which the part so covered Duke of Wellington has contributed was found, indicated very perfectly some excellent Flemish drolls, and its outline.

masterpieces of Snyders, together In considering a custom which ap. with two examples of Platza, paintpears so extraordinary to us, it must er unknown to us. The Earl of Car. be recollected, that although the lisle is the donor of many interesting Greek buildings were grand in con- pictures; the Earl of Darnley of some ception, their scale of dimension was grand Salvators ; the Marquis of small

, and that, therefore, they re- Bute of an incomparable Hobbema, quired a greater nicety and delicacy &c.; the Right Honourable Charles in the execution. The colours serv. Long of Teniers' Misers, &c.; and ed as the means of distinguishing the Viscount Ranelagh a delicious Cuyp. several parts, and of heightening the The Fifteenth Exhibition of Painteffect by variety, so as to relieve ings in oil and water colours, at what might be otherwise inani. Spring-gardens, displayed much tamate and monotonous. To paint Jent in both the branches of the art white marble, or other stone exposed to which the exhibition is devoted: to the action of the atmosphere, ap- Among those particularly remarked pears very extraordinary to us; but were some fine landscapes by Stark, it ought not to be forgotten, that, in Miss H. Gouldsmith, Prout, Deane, Greece, the mildness of the climate Linnell, T. Fielding, Varley, C.Fieldand the purity of the atmosphere ing, Robson, &c. The miniatures rendered works of finished execution were numerous, and many of them infinitely more durable than in our well executed. Among the waternorthern climate, and admitted con- colour pictures in the historical style sequent refinement of sculpture and was . Falstaff acting the King, from painting, of which we can have but the first part of Henry IV.' by little idea. The inhabitants of north- Richter; which, both in conception ern latitudes are, therefore, obliged and execution, possesses very consito lavish upon their interior apart- derable merit. ments those luxuries of ornamental We have not room for more than art, which the ancients, who passed a bare enumeration of the most a great portion of their time in the striking pictures in this Annual Exopen air, in their fine climate, be- hibition of the talent of British Ar. stowed upon the exterior of their tists, at the Royal Academy. These temples and public edifices.

were a Portrait of Chantrey, by RaeThe British Gallery this year con- burn; Theatrical Portraits, by G. tained one hundred and fifty-six pic- Clint; View of Rotterdam, by Caltures of every description, among cott; Entrance of the Meuse, a which were specimens of the most masterly sky, by Turner; Lending distinguished Italian, Flemish, and a Bite, a humorous little thing, by French Schools. The liberality of Mulready; The Penny Wedding, the Prince Regent contributed some one of Wilkie's best painted and of the finest Gaspar Poussins in ex- most characteristic compositions ; istence, besides productions of Ti. The Stolen Kiss, from Guarini, Pastian, Claude, Rubens, Vandyke, Par. tor Fido, West; Portraits of three megiano, Del Sarto, Tintoretto, Hol. Messrs Lyell, a charming picture, bein, and the splendid Cartoon of the Phillips; An Interior and Designs for Sacrifice, besides some fine Cuyps, Boccacio, exquisitely done, by StotVOL. XII, PART II.

R

thard; Venus Apadyomene, a beauti- composition taken from the “ Coast ful piece, by Howard; Morning of Norfolk." Shylock," by JackFishermen, one of Collin's most per- son, the Academician, is exceeding. fect landscapes; Richmond Hill, an ly good. The return of Louis Dis. uncommon and splendid work, by huit, by Bird, is upon a larger scale Turner; Highland Chief, by Rae- than the usual pictures of this ar. burn; Captain Manby, in a fine tist. It will not, however, diminish broad style, J. P. Davis; the Post- the reputation he acquired by his Office, E. V. Rippingille ; Jacob's "Chevy Chace.An Italian Female Dream, by W. Allston, equal to the Peasant, and St Peter paying the foremost productions of the season ; Tribute with a piece of Silver found Aladdin, richly coloured, by Stew- in a fish, both painted by G. Hayter, ardson; Sir Roger de Coverley, a evince great improvement in this very clever thing, by C. R. Leslit; artist, since his return from Rome. A Lady in a Reuben's manner, R. R. The Fall of Babylon, by Martin, is Reinagle; Calandrino, a droll story full of fancy and imagination. Tifrom the Decameron, H. P. Briggs; mon's Cave, and some other pictures two Landscapes by Samuel and Hof- from Shakespeare, by Bonten, are fland; Village Feast, W. Kidd ; A very far superior to the former efWood-Cutter and his Daughter, forts of this artist. Davis has painted Drummond ; Sir Gregor MacGre- a picture founded on the discovery gor and other large portraits, by of Magna Charta and the Meeting of Steele; and several other large por- the Barons, as described in Hume's traits, by Steele; and several bril- History of England. He has happiliant and sweet productions, by A. ly substituted portraits of the Duke Robinson, Chalen, W. H. Watts, of Devonshire, Marquis of TaviNewton, &c. There were Enamels stock, Lord Erskine, Lord Egremont, by Bone in his best manner, and a Lord Ossulston, Marquis of Huntly, large and fine copy by Muss, &c. Marquis of Stafford, the Duke of In Sculpture, the most remarkable Northumberland, &c. &c. under the productions were, A Peasant Girl, name of the original Barons. Sto. by Westmacott; Statue of Dr An. thard, Bigg, Reinagle, Westall, Cooderson for Madras, by Chantrey, and per, Hilton, and Ward, from the some fine busts, &c.

Royal Academy, have each of them The British Institution in Pallo contributed pictures of various merit

. Mall, for the exhibition and sale of The exhibition is, upon the whole, the works of British Artists, was on calculated to support the reputation pened early in the year. Wilkie has of our native artists, and, in its va. an admirable little picture, which he rious departments, gives undoubted calls China Menders ; and Collins, testimony of gradual and progressive in addition to his Departure of the improvement. Diligence from Rouen, has a pleasing

PUBLIC WORKS,

AND

LOCAL IMPROVEMENTS.

IN the erection of Southwark NATIONAL MONUMENT.-A nuBridge, it appears as if an at- merous meeting of the Noblemen and tempt had been made to prevent Gentlemen of Scotland, desirous of the natural effect of heat upon promoting the object of the erection iron, that is, to prevent its expan- of a National Monument to comsion; for where the spandrils enter memorate the exploits of our gallant the masonry of the abutments and countrymen in different parts of the piers, they were wedged in tight world, and to form a sort of Temple with iron wedges, from the bottom where the efforts of genius and pato the top; the consequence was, triotism might receive a suitable and that an expansion taking place, a enduring record, took place on very unequal strain and injurious ef- Wednesday March 3d, in the Asfect was produced; for the radius sembly Rooms, George Street ; his of the intrado of the arch being 312 Grace the Duke of Athole in the feet, and of the extrado about 6600, chair. The following resolutions, and both being confined between a- moved by the Right Honourable the butments, yet connected together, Earl of Moray, and seconded by locking them as two separate and dis. Lord Belhaven, were unanimously tinct arches, it became evident that adopted, and followed up by numethe latter would require to rise in rous subscriptions, and by such the centre, for every degree of heat, measures as cannot fail to give a considerably more than the former, sufficient and successful impulse to but cannot without lifting, or parting this great national object :from it by fracture. To avoid this, “ Resolved, that the unparalleled which it is somewhat extraordinary victories with which the Great Diswas not guarded against in the first poser of Events was pleased to bless instance, masons were, for some time, the British arms by sea and land, in employed night and day, in the te- the late glorious and eventful war, dious operation of working away the in which the valour of Scotsmen was stone work at the back of the wedges, so conspicuously displayed in every in order to remove them. This ope- quarter of the globe, justly deserve ration has, however, been success- to be commemorated in the Metrofully accomplished, and the bridge polis of Scotland, by some approwas opened to the public on the 27th priate Memorial of national gratiof March at midnight.

tude: That a monumental edifice, A new Wire Bridge has been comprehending a Church, destined thrown over the river Kelvin, at Gar. for the purpose of divine worship, scube-house, Dumbartonshire, the and ornamented in such a manner seat of Sir Islay Campbell, Bart. as may perpetuate the memory of wholly composed of iron-wire, with the great naval and military achieveout any support in the centre. The ments of the late war, will afford a length is 100 feet, and it is nine feet lasting proof, not only of gratitude above the surface of the river. to the Almighty for his protection, but of the affectionate remembrance county of Caernarvon, and by that of Scotland, of those gallant officers means do away with the present and men, who fought and bled in the Ferry, which has always been one of service of their country: That the the greatest obstacles in the estaglorious and important services of blishment of a perfect communicaour army in Asia, in the war recent- tion between England and Ireland, ly and successfully terminated, in through North Wales. The design which Scottish valour was so emi- is by Mr Telford, and is on the susnently manifested, shall be com pension principle. The centre openmemorated in the proposed National ing is to be 560 feet between the Monument : That for the purpose points of suspension, and 500 feet at of accomplishing this desirable ob- the level of high-water live. The ject, a general subscription shall im- roadway is to be 100 feet above the mediately be opened, and the most highest spring tide, and is to be dieffectual measures adopted, to raise vided into two carriage-ways of 12 a fund, not only for completing an feet each, and a foot way of tour feet edifice worthy of Scoiland, but for between them. In addition to the the endowment of two clergymen to above, there are to be three stone officiate as Ministers of the intended arches of fifty feet each on the Caerchurch: That subscriptions of any narvon shore, and four of the same amount, not being less than L.l, ls. dimensions on the Anglesea side. It be received, and that all subscribers is estimated to cost about L. 70,000, shall, for every L.25 contributed, and will probably be completed in have right to a share and accommoda. three years. tion in the intended church, in a The Magistrates of Glasgow, in manner hereafter to be more particu- conjunction with the county gentle. Jarly defined, and that a considera- men of Lanark, have resolved to eble portion of the church shall be rect a new Bridewell for the city and set apart for free admissions on all county. The existing Bridewell was occasions : That due provision shall erected so late as the year 1799; but be made, that no subscriber shall be

so rapid has been the extension of responsible, or called upon, for more delinquency and crime, that this esthan his individual subscription on tablishment, though large enougla any account whatever : and, That a then, has now become altogether incommittee be appointed to forward adequate to the purposes of such an subscriptions, and to consider of the institution. The average number of most proper means for carrying into prisoners last year was 210. The effect the object of this meeting, expense of the new Bridewell, which and to report the same to a General is estimated at L. 30,000, is to be Meeting to be called at such future raised on the simple principle of asperiod as may appear to the Com- sessing the city and county in promittee to be most proper.”

portion to their population. A cenThe first stone of that stupendous sus is to be taken to fix the contristructure, Menai Bridge, was laid bution of each division. without ceremony on the 10th of Numerous and valuable donations August, by the resident engineer, were lately received by Professor Mr Provis, and the contractors for Jameson for the College Museum ; the masonry, Messrs Straphen and the most remarkable of which are Hall. When completed, it will con- Animals of Iceland, presented by Sir nect the island of Anglesea with the G. S. Mackenzie ; Animals collected

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