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2. The Man ks Bible, containing the Old and New Testament in one volume, 5000 copies.

On Thursday the 20th of May 3. The German Pocket Testa. the General Assembly of the Scottish ment, 10,000 copies.

Church was opened by the Rt. Hon. 4. The Portuguese Testament, the Earl of Morton, his Majesty's for the use of Catholics, from the High Commissioner; and on that version of Antonio Pereira, (printed and the following day the Assembly at Lisbon,) 5000 copies.

were occupied with the usual routine 5. The Portuguese Testament, business. In truth, if we except from the version of Joam Fereira de Mr Anderson's case, which was that Almeida, (printed at Batavia,) 5000 of a minister acting as factor or comcopies.

missioner for the Duke of Gordon, 6. The Arabic Psalter, from the the proceedings of this reverend version printed at Mount Lebanon, body were, upon the present occa3000 copies.

sion, nearly destitute of any general 7. The Hindostanee New Testa interest. Mr Anderson's case was ment, by Martyn, 5000 copies. argued chiefly on points of form ;

8. The Malay New Testament in the Presbytery having taken up his the Roman character, 10,000 copies. case in his absence, without citation,

9. The ancient and modern Greek and the Synod having made a new Testament, in patallel columns, case of it altogether. The Assembly 8000 copies.

were obviously much perplexed be10. The completion of the Syriac tween what they felt to be due to Gospels and Acts of the Apostles the clerical character, and to those printed under the inspection of Dr secular interests to which the clergy Buchanan.

are as alive as the laity. All agreed 11. The Turkish New Testament in disapproving of a clergyman's enat Paris, 5000 copies : Besides va- gaging in such occupations as interrious editions of the English Scrip- fere with the proper discharge of his tures, from the authorised presses. pastoral functions; but the difficulty

In addition to English Bibles and of drawing the line between those Testaments, the principal works now occupations which are harmless and in course of preparation are,

those which assume a different cha. 1. The Portuguese Bible, from racter seemed equally impressed on the version of Joam Fereira de Al. the venerable Court. meida, 5000 copies.

On Tuesday the 25th, a petition 2. The Malay Bible, in Roman was read from Dr A. Small, minister character, 5000 copies.

of Stirling, appellant, against a sen3. The Malay Bible in the Arabic tence of the Synod of Perth and character, 5000 copies ; and 5000 Stirling, of date the 20th of March extra Testaments for the Nether- preceding, allowing Dr Knox to tenlands Bible Society.

der a dissent and complaint against 4. A new Translation of the Tes. that part of the conduct of the Prestament into Modern Greek, by an bytery at their last meeting, when Archimandrite of Constantinople. Dr Knox was present, in which they

5. The Syriac Old Testament, received and sustained a presenta4000 copies quarto, to accompany tion and other papers, in favour of the New Testament, already printed. Mr Andrew Bullock to be minister

of Alva, in respect there was no manVOL. XII, PART II.


date from the presentee produced, ling into two separate parishes, each authorising any persons to lay these of which may be provided with a papers before the Presbytery. After separate kirk-session.” In the sehearing parties, and a short debate, quel this motion was carried by a it was finally agreed, without a vote, great majority. to sustain the appeal and reverse the The report of the Committee on sentence of the Synod.

the means of education in great On Wednesday the Assembly took cities, and of religious instruction in into consideration a petition from jails, which was read on Friday, Dr A. Small and Mr J. Dempster, proved that the recent investigamembers of the Presbytery of Stir- tions in the South had not been lost ling, dissenters and complainers a- upon the clergy of our national gainst a sentence of the Presbytery, church. The report, however, disof date the 27th of April last, re- closes no new views. The Rev. Mr specting the election of elders in Douglas made some energetic and the town and parish of Stirling. An- pointed remarks on the experiments other petition was also given in by sometimes made on the minds of cri. three inbabitants of Stirling against minals previous to execution. These the same sentence. Parties and their were received with great impatience, counsel being fully heard, and remo- and the speaker literally overwhelmved, a long debate took place, in the ed by clamour. An argument is not course of which Dr Inglis moved, very conclusively answered by noise. • To dismiss the complaint and ap- Without meaning or intending that a peal, and approve of the conduct of criminal should be denied the con. the Presbytery, but at the same time solations of religion at a moment supersede the interlocutory judgwhen their support is peculiarly nement of the Presbytery appealed cessary, and, above all, when it imfrom, in order to the Assembly ports his future welfare that he should pronouncing a final judgment on be led to entertain correct notions of the whole case: And the Assembly his past conduct, we hold that it is do accordingly express their high no less abhorrent to the genuine priodisapprobation of a selection of ad- ciples of religion, than dangerous to ditional elders entirely out of the the well-being of society, that a felon congregation of the East Church of should be encouraged in the idea Stirling, to the exclusion of that of that a late repentance may atone for a the West Church; and appoint the life of crime, and that eternal felicity kirk-session of Stirling forthwith to follows such repentance as a matter make such an election and ordina- of course. But we abstain from any tion of elders as shall equalize the further comment. number of elders connected with On Saturday the Assembly were each of the respective congregations. occupied with mere business of rouAt the same time the General As- tine during a considerable portion of sembly earnestly recommend to the the sitting; and on Monday (the 31st), Magistrates and Town-Council of after receiving the reports of various Stirling, and all concerned, to con- committees, and disposing of some o. sider whether measures ought not ther business, his Grace the Com. to be adopted for procuring a di. missioner dissolved the Assembly in vision of the town and parish of Stir- the usual manner,


FRANCE.-In the beginning of the responding volumes of plates and of present year there was published at text. Paris, by M. le Comte Chaptal, a The first volume of Antiquities comwork entitled, “ De l'Industrie Fran- prehends, independently of the island çaise,” in which the ancien ministre of Philæ, all the country situated bede l'Interieur enumerates in detail tween the last cataract and the city both the sources and the products of Thebes; namely, Syene, Elephanof French agricultural and commer- tina, Ombos, Selselch, Elethyia, Edcial industry. From the cadastral fû, Esneh, and Erment. The seoperations and other data, M. Chap- cond and third volumes are formed tal estimates the extent of territory entirely of the antiquities of Thebes, yielding a revenue, in some shape or and comprise all the papyri, paintother, at 52,000,000 hectares ; the ings, and other subjects found in the gross average amount of the crop of sepulchral chambers. The fourth and all kinds (calculated from the mean fifth volumes contain the monuments of the 14 years immediately preced. situated below Thebes; namely, ing) at 119,106,766 bectolitres; the Dendera, Abydus, Antæopolis, Her. wool, silk, and hemp raised at mopolis Magna, Antinoë, Fayoum, 81,763,422 kilogrammes ; and the Memphis, the grottoes, and the rest products of manufacturing and com- of the Heptanomid ; Lower Egypt, mercial industry at 1,820,102,409 Heliopolis, Canopus, Alexandria, and francs.

Taposiris. To these are added the The sequel of Denon's splendid collections of hieroglyphics, inscripwork on Egypt, the first part of which tions, medals, vases, statues, and oappeared in 1809, and the second in ther antiques. 1811, having been recently publish- The first volume of the Modern ed, we subjoin a synoptical view of its State comprehends Upper and Mid. various and interesting contents. dle Egypt; Cairo and Lower Egypt,

The Description of Egypt consists with the isthmus of Suez and the en. of three paris :-1. Antiquities ; 2. virons. The second volume comModern State ; 3. Natural History. prises Alexandria, the collection of In the first two, the places are de- arts and trades, that of costumes scribed according to their geographi- and portraits, that of vases, housecal position, in going from the south hold furniture, and instruments,to the north, from the island of Philæ and lastly, that of inscriptions, coins, to the Mediterranean, and from the and medals. east to the west, from Pelusium to The two volumes of Natural His. Alexandria. In the Natural History, tory are composed of the mammifera, the mineralogy has also been ar. the birds, and the fishes of the Nile, ranged from the south to the north. of the Red Sea, and of the MediterThe Antiquities comprise all the mo- ranean ; of the insects of Egypt and numents anterior to the conquest of Syria; of the vermes, mollusca, and Egypt by the Arabs : everything that zoophytes ; of the plants; and of the is posterior to that epoch is compre- rocks, simple minerals, and fossils of hended in the Modern State. Each Egypt, and the peninsula of Mount of these three parts has several cor


The plates are distributed in the fol. public libraries, besides about forty lowing order :--1, General and topo- special ones. The Royal Library congraphical plans ; 2. Particular plans tains about 350,000 volumes of printof edifices, sections, and elevations ; ed books, besides the same number 3. Details of architecture ; 4. Bas-re- of tracts, collected into volumes, and liefs, paintings, statues, ornaments, about 50,000 manuscripts; the Li&c. The total number of plates is brary of the Arsenal contains about eight hundred and forty, forming 150,000 volumes, and 5000 manu. nine volumes, exclusively of the scripts ; the Library of St Genevieve Geographical Atlas, in fifty sheets, about 110,000 volumes, and 2000 forming a separate section.

manuscripts; the Magazine Library, “ The Text is composed, l. Of about 90,000 volumes, and 3437 maan historical preface, and of an ex- nuscripts; and the City Library, about planation of the plates; forming a 15,000 volumes. In the provinces, tenth volume of the same size as the the most considerable are those of engravings, that is, large atlas : 2. Of Lyons 106,000: Bourdeaux 105,000; several volumes of descriptions and Aix 72,670; Besançon 53,000; Toulof memoirs, divided into three clas. ouse 50,000; Grenoble 42,000; Tours ses, corresponding to those of the 30,000; Metz 31,000; Arras 34,000; plates, and distinguished, like them, Le Mans 41,000; Colmar 30,000; by the title of Antiquities, Modern Versailles 40,000; Amiens 40,000. State, and Natural History. These The total number of these libraries volumes are all of the size of medium in France amounts to 273; of above folio.

80 of these, the quantity of volumes The Descriptions of the cities, and is not known. From the data given of the monuments, form as many in this work, it appears, therefore, chapters as there are places describ- that the grand total of those which ed or represented, and are arranged are known, amounts to 3,345,287, in the same order as the plates. Their of which there are 1,125,347 in Paobject is to make known the ancient ris alone. and the present state of the places Count Volpey has recently pubdescribed ; and this exposition is ac- lished an elementary work, under the companied by historical and geo- title of “ The European Alphabet graphical remarks.

applied to the Asiatic Languages.” The Memoirs consist of researches It is the sequel of another of his proand dissertations on general or par. ductions, entitled, “ A Simplification ticular subjects ; such as the physic of the Oriental Languages, or a new cal state of Egypt, the history and and ready Method of acquiring the geography of the country, legisla- Arabian, Persian, and Turkish Lan. tion and manners, religion, language, guages, by the means of European astronomy, arts, and agriculture, a. characters.” With the Roman al. mong the ancient and modern Egyp- phabet, and a few additional signs, tians. These memoirs are placed the author proposes to express all one after the other without any de- the Asiatic idioms; and thus to fatermined order, like the Academi. cilitate literary researches into the cal Collections.

languages, history, sciences, arts,

and immense literary stores, of Asia. According to “ Recherches sur This elementary work, which is les Bibliothéques Anciennes et Mo dedicated to the Asiatic Society of dernes,” &c. there are in Paris five Calcutta, is divided into five chapters, but may be more properly com. ments on the unfortunate victims of prised in three parts, the first of insanity. Not only in France, but which consists of definitions respect. in England, and Germany, he has ing the general system of sounds ut- found them, he says, “ lying on wet tered, and the letters or signs intende straw, in filthy infectious cells, withed to represent these sounds. In the out fresh air, or water to quench their second part, the author explains, and thirst, loaded with irons, and driven discusses all the vocal or tonic pro- about with blows, and scourges, nunciations employed in the langua- like so many wild beasts.' To asges of Europe. These are reduced to certain how far the ameliorations innineteen or twenty vowels, and twen- troduced into the asylums at Paris ty-two consonants, agreeing nearly had been copied in the provincial with those of the richest of the Asian establishments, the doctor made it tic languages, particularly the San- his business to inspect personally all scrit. The twenty-five or twenty-six the houses for the reception of insane letters of the Roman alphabet are not persons, throughout the kingdom. sufficient to represent all the varia- The present publication is but the tions of the voice, at the same time programme of a larger treatise, wherethat this alphabet possesses the great in he intends to detail the observaadvantage of presenting the simplest tions made at each house, hospital, forms, and also that of being employ or prison, respectively ; as also to ined throughout Europe, America, stitute a comparison of the usages in and the European colonies of Asia. France with those of other countries, Our author proposes to render it u- and especially of England. niversal, by drawing from the basis The third and last part has lately itself of this well-known alphabet, appeared of L'Histoire d'Astronomie the other simple signs necessary to Ancienne, par M. Delambre, Perpepourtray foreign sounds. In the third tual Secretary to the Royal Academy part, M. Volney gives a practical of Sciences, &c. Ancient astronomy exemplification of his theory, by ap- is generally supposed to have terplying it to the Arabic alphabet, that minated with the school of Alexanbeing one of the most complicated dria, and modern astronomy to have of the Asiatic alphabets ; and after commenced with the era of Coperhaving analyzed this alphabet in all nicus. M. Delambre deviates from the processes of its formation, he re- this opinion, and commences his solves it entirely into the European chronology of the middle age in the characters, and others, equally sim- ninth century, and terminates it at the ple, deduced from them.' This pro- year 1579. Rejecting received aucess may be applied to the Turkish, thorities and dates, he computes his Persian, Syriac, Hebrew, and Ethio. two extremes from the most ancient pian languages, and even to the San- of the writings left by the Arabian scrit and Chinese.

astronomers, and the publication of M. Esquerol, physician of the Sal. a treatise on Astronomy by the geopètriere at París, has published a meter Vieta. The author first conpamphlet, describing the establish- siders the astronomy of the Arabs, ments for lunatics in France, and and other Orientals ; then that of the the means of ameliorating their con- Europeans; and lastly, the history dition. This writer expresses an ho- of gnomonics. This history he brings nest indigoation against the barba- down to the end of the seventeenth rous treatment almost universally century. He differs from Bailly and exercised throughout the Depart. others, as to the high antiquity of the

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