Imágenes de página

cause of by far the greater number of don Dispensary. But these instances the cases of fever existing in Edin- were extremely mild in their chaburgh. For the unusual prevalence of racter; none of the patients, whose scarlatina in London, and its imme- constitutions had been previously diate neighbourhood, we have heard fortified by vaccination, died; and no specific cause assigned. In adopt. only in a few individuals, with whom ing both remedial and prophylactic this was not the case, has the conmeasures, the practitioner must al- tagion of small-pox produced sympways look for much assistance from toms answering to the descriptions the beneficent provisions of nature; of chicken-pox, as given by Dr He. but as to the general efficacy of these berden, and by Dr Thomson in his measures, when early resorted to,

paper on the Varioloid Disease. the experience even of a single Dis- Measles, however, have been extenpensary seems to furnish conclusive sively prevalent among the poorer evidence. The misfortune often is, classes ; but the mortality has chief. that many cases become utterly hope- ly been among children of feeble less before medical advice or assis- constitutions, and among those who tance is sought for; and hence the had previously suffered from hoopremedies that might be expedient, ing-cough, or long continued caor absolutely save life, at the com- tarrhs. mencement of the disease, cease to be Many cases of death by poison available in its more advanced stages, having occurred in the course of the or, if resorted to, might be attended year, we think we cannot do better by the most fatal consequences.

than exhibit, in a tabular form, for Small-pox has been more preva- speedy reference, when individuals lent in Edinburgh than usual, and qualified to administer antidotes can six of the cases are marked as variola not be suddenly called in, the subpost vacciniam. A few cases of a stance of M. Orfila's valuable and insimilar description occurred in the genious work on poisons. western district of the city of Lon


Concentrated acids : the vitriolic, nitric, oxalic, &c.


Correctives. [ Calcined magnesia : one ounce

to a pint of warm or cold water. Burning pain, vomiting. | A glassful to be taken every two Matter thrown up efferves- į minutes, so as to excite vomiting. ces with chalk, or salt of tar, Soap, or chalk and water; mucilime, or magnesia.

laginous drinks afterwards, such as linseed tea, or gum arabic and wa


Nearly the same : the e- Vinegar and lemon juice: a Alkalies : soda, am- )jected matter does not effer- ) spoonful or two in a glass of water monia, lime.


vesce with alkalies, but with very frequently; simple warm waLacids.

White of eggs : twelve or fifMercurial prepara

Sense of constriction in teen eggs beat up and mixed with a tions : corrosive subli- the throat : matter vomited quart of cold water. A glassful mate, &c. sometimes mixed with blood. every three minutes. Milk, gum

water, linseed tea. Extreme irritation, pain, Warm water with sugar, in large Arsen prepara. sickness, and speedy death, quantities to excite vomiting. Lime tions; white arsenic, &c. if the poison be not soon water, soap and water, pearl-ash counteracted.

Land water, mucilaginous drinks.



Correctives. Preparations of cop- Symptoms nearly the same? White of eggs: (See under merper, brass, &c. verdigris, as from mercury.

cury,) mucilaginous drinks. halfpence, pins, &c.

Warm water, or sugar and water; Extreme sickness, with o- afterwards a grain of opium, or Preparations of anti

ther symptoms of poison, as fifteen drops of laudanum every mony: emetic tartar, &c. above stated.

quarter of an hour, for two or

three times. Obstinate vomiting, some- Same as for arsenic, with the exNitre,

times of blood, &c. 2ception of lime water and alkalies. Phosphorus. I Like mineral acids. | Same treatment. Lead : sugar of lead, ) with constriction of the Great pain in the stomach

Large doses of Glauber's, or EpGoulard's extract, &c. throat, &c.

som salts, in warm water.

Four or five grains of tartar eme

tic in a glass of water; if this does Opium, henbane, hem-- Stupor, desire to vomit,

not succeed, four grains of blue

No large lock, nux vomica, dead- heaviness in the head, dilat vitriol, as an emetic.

quantities of water. After the poily nightshade berries, ed pupil of the eye, delirium,

son has been ejected, give vinegar, mushrooms, &c. and speedy death.

lemon juice, or cream of tartar. ( Strong coffee also is useful. ,


In and about London, affections the back. This distemper is conof the parotid and submaxillary tagious, as appears from many memglands constituted one of the epi. bers of the same family being afflictdemics of June. In a few cases these ed with it. Considerable debility proceeded to suppuration ; but for and mental depression accompanied the most part the swellings subsided this disease, and rendered convales. after a few days' continuance, and cence frequently very slow: hence it were succeeded by no unpleasant is easily distinguishable from common consequences. In the Report of catarrh or ephemera. Diseases treated at the Dispensary The two following months were of the New Town of Edinburgh, it not, as far as we have learned, reappears, that during the quarter markable for the prevalence of any which ended at the commencement particular malady; but towards the of June, cases of fever had been as middle of September, affections of numerous as in the preceding, al. the stomach and bowels became comthough the epidemic was visibly on

mon. Several obstinate cases of conthe decline. Of the 203 cases enu

vulsive asthma also occurred, but merated, less than a fourth had oc- were speedily subdued by half-grain curred in the previous month of May. doses of the extract of stramonium, Instances of epidemic catarrh or in repeated every four hours, as recomfluenza also made their appearance, mended by Dr Kirby in his “ Cases but not to any extent; it had the in Surgery.” The following month ordinary symptoms of pyrexia, and ushered in numerous instances of cain some cases was with difficulty dis- tarrhal, rheumatic, and inflammatory tinguished from continued fever. In disorders, as well as affections in the general, however, the tongue was less bowels; which probably proceeded furred, the sensorial functions less from the violent alternations of temdisturbed, and but little pain felt in perature which took place about this period, the thermometer (Fahren- nimum temperature was nearly as heit’s) having, in the course of a few great as in some of the preceding days, ranged from 74° to 29o. The months, a difference of 38° having vicissitudes of the previous month been experienced in the course of a were hardly less remarkable, the ex- few days. In our climate, where such tremes being 76.5° and 42.5°. But violent alternations of heat and cold these distempers having generally are comparatively rare, these remarkproved spasmodic, unmixed with any able vicissitudes could hardly fail of inflammatory or congestive tenden- generating an unusual number of discies, speedily yielded to anodyne cases, and of proving very injurious medicines. It is a remarkable cir- to delicate health and feeble consticumstance, that in December the ex- tutions. cess of the maximum above the mi.


As a proof of the prodigious im- range and influence, have this year pulse given to human opinion, on been characterised by great vigour matters of religion, by the British and activity, and, in many instances, and Foreign Bible Society alone, it been attended with very consideris only necessary to mention, that able success. New societies have since its establishment in 1804, it been established; former institutions, has issued, or caused to be issued, whose means were limited, have been 9,437,088 Bibles and Testaments, in liberally subsidised, and stimulated one hundred and twenty-six different to renewed and increasing exerlanguages and dialects ; and as a tions; the distribution of the Scripfarther proof, that the means of this tures has been greatly extended, powerful institution are neither im- both at home and abroad ; men of paired, nor its zeal and industry re- talents, learning and industry have laxed, we find, upon turning to the been sought for, and liberally remuaccounts and documents, published nerated, for superintending or underin the Appendix to the Report for taking the translation of the Scripthe year, that the nett receipts a- tures into remote, barbarous, and mounted to L. 94,306 : 17 : 10, comparatively unknown dialects : which, added to former balances, the translations of the Scriptures into placed at the disposal of the society, the languages, and dialects of India, the enormous sum of L. 125,335, China, and the Indian Archipelago, 13s. 4 d.; and that, in the course of are, by the exertions of the Missio1819, the issues of Bibles and Testa- naries at Serampore, and other per. ments exceeded those of the prece- sons, either directly retained by the ding year by 65,930: the gross num- society, or occasionally supported ber having been 260,031 copies. by it, in a state of great forwardThese are facts of gigantic dimen- ness; and, in a word, no pains seem sions, and require no comment. to have been spared to promote the

The proceedings of this society, great object for which the society throughout the vast extent of its was instituted,--the indiscriminate

dissemination of the Holy Scriptures have also increased both in number among all classes, orders, and na- and efficiency; and in Hanover, tions of men on the earth !

under the patronage of the Duke of The most remarkable feature in Cambridge, no less than 12,000 the religious intelligence of this copies of the Scriptures have been year is the organization of a Bible distributed among the people. WithSociety at Paris, under the imme. in a period of nine months the Bible diate patronage of the French Go- Society of Frankfort on the Maine vernment! The Marquis de Jau- distributed 4916 Bibles, and 2161 court, a peer of France, and Minis- Protestant, and 1260 Catholic Tester of State, is president. The Bri- taments. An edition of the Bible, tish Society, together with a dona- amounting to 10,000 copies, is nearly tion of L. 500, have placed at the ready for distribution in the kingdisposal of this infant institution 500 dom of Wirtemberg; and in Saxony German Bibles, and 300 Testaments; the same number have been recently and 1000 French Bibles, and as many completed. At the suggestion of Testaments, of Ostervald's version Dr Pinkerton a new edition of the from Basle ; together with 1000 Tes. Lithuanian and Polish Bible is about taments of the same version, from to be undertaken by the Königsberg the stereotype plates at Paris, to Bible Society. In Denmark the enable it to commence immediate same zeal is displayed, and great prooperations. The example of Paris gress has been made ; 5266 Danish has been followed by Bourdeaux, Bibles and Testaments having been Montauban, and Nismes. In its issued. His Danish Majesty has given second year the Bible Society of 4000 rixdollars in aid of the socie. Strasburgh distributed 689 Bibles, ty's funds. The Sleswick Holstein and 1119 Testaments. Various edi. Bible Society already enumerates tions of the Protestant, Scriptures 108 Auxiliary Societies and Associaare printing at Paris, Montauban, tions, and has distributed 12,000 coand Toulouse; and of the Catholic pies of the Scriptures. The ComNew Testament of De Sacy, stereo- mitree of the British Society pretyped at Paris, many thousand copies sented this thriving institution with have been distributed among the the stereotype plates for Luther's Catholics in different parts of German Bible, in consequence of France. The United Netherlands which an edition of 10,000 copies Bible Society has announced a dis- has been commenced. In Sweden tribution of the Scriptures nearly the number of copies of the Scripdouble of that of the preceding year. tures, distributed in the course of the In Switzerland the Bible Societies year, has equalled that of the two are also in full operation ; that of preceding years united; and the NaBasle, in particular, has seven presses tional Society has found a zealous constantly at work, in printing three patron in Bernadotte. An edition separate editions of the Bible. At of 10,000 copies of a quarto Bible is Neufchatel and Lausanne, they are about to be commenced. But it is occupied in printing the quarto edi. in Russia that the operations of these tion of Ostervald's French Bible; societies have been most brisk and aand it is calculated that from Con- nimated. Translations are undertastance alone 30,000 Catholic Testa. ken with promptitude, and support, ments have been issued. The Bible ed with liberality. In Petersburgh Societies of Germany and Prussia alone editions are preparing in eleven languages; and during last year affiliated and kindred institutions have 72,000 copies were printed in eight been received, but they present little different languages. The total, either that is either interesting or useful. printed, or printing by the Russian In America, there is certainly great Bible Socieiy amounts to fifty-nine scope for the exertions of the soeditions, comprising 270,600 copies, in ciety's benevolence. The American twenty-one languages !

Bible Society appear to be sensible of Such is a rapid outline of the the force of this truth; for they seem progress of Bible Associations in at last to have begun to bestir' themEurope. In the East, the co-opera- selves. No less than ten presses were tion and benevolent intentions of the at work for the purposes of the society Parent Institution have also been when the last report was drawn up. pretty warmly seconded and ac. This affords us much pleasure ; for we knowledged. The Calcutta Auxili- had believed that America was the ary Society has completed two edi- country of the whole world where retions of the entire Bible, two edi- ligion was least regarded; nor are we tions of the New Testament, and a yet satisfied that our opinion was alsmall edition of St Matthew's Gos- together unfounded. pel, in four Asiatic languages, the The Bible Societies in the West Armenian, the Malay, the Hindosta- Indies appear to be in a very quiesnee, and the Bengalee. A revised cent state. This was to be expectedition of the Malay Bible, in the ed. It is impossible that the plantArabic character, had been commen- ers can ever cordially co-operate in ced, and measures taken for printing introducing Christianity among the a version of the New Testament by black population. Negro slavery the Rev. Mr Pritchett in the Telinga would be in peril; and who would or Teloogoo language. A new socie- be so insane as to compare the com. ty, designated, " The Sumatran Bible forts and consolations of Christianity, Society," of which Sir Thomas Stam- dispensed to a poor African, with ford Raffles, Governor of Suma- the indispensable luxuries of sugar tra, is president, has been formed in and rum? A priori, we should have that island; and liberal subscriptions said, that Christianity and slavery have been already obtained for its were incompatible; but the example support. China presents little more of America has cast a doubt on the than “ the pleasures of hope.” The truth of this, as of many other judgScriptures, translated into Chinese, ments and opinions which men had both at Serampore and Canton, have formerly held. A cynic, however, been as extensively disseminated, as might allege in defence of our axiom, the nature of circumstances, and the that the Christianity, like a good most watchful and jealous, because deal of the pretended liberty of Athe most feeble despotism upon earth, merica, is only nominal. No man would permit. Still, even from Mr can be a Christian who buys and sells Milne's account, the benefits to be human flesh! derived from the zeal of the Mission- The following works have been aries, and the exertions of the so. wholly or nearly completed during ciety, are merely prospective and the past year, viz. contingent.

1. The Irish New Testament in From New South Wales, from A. the vernacular character, 9000 frica and from America accounts of copies, upon stereotype.

« AnteriorContinuar »