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tertained of Paine. At this period libel, without naming Mr Wright, Mr Wright formed his connexion sufficiently expressed Mr Cobbett's with Mr Cobbett, which continued conviction that he was the channel of until the year 1810, during which the information, and was couched in interval the plaintiff had been his terms the most injurious to his chamost useful and active coadjutor in racter; and any person acquainted all the labours in which he was en- with the parties and their connexion gaged.

In 1816 Mr Cobbett was must at once have come to the contried and convicted of a libel, pub- clusion that Mr Wright was the ob. Jished in his Register, upon the suh. ject of the libel. That gentleman, ject of military punishments. On however, thought the subject tben unthat occasion, a negotiation was en- worthy of legal proceedings, from the tered into by Mr Cobbett with the obscure manner in which it was exGovernment, for the purpose of ar- pressed, he being at that time desirous resting the judgment which awaited of withdrawing himself from public obhim, on condition of his discontinuing servation. In this state matters restthe publication of his Register. Mr ed until the year 1818, when an elecWright was his confidential agent up- tion took place for the city of Weston that occasion ; but the negotiation minster, for which there were sevehaving failed, Mr Cobbett was sentral candidates, amongst others the to Newgate. In consequence of this, late illustrious ornament of his coun. the Register proceeded, but in the try, Sir Samuel Romilly, Sir Francis mean time disputes arose between Burdett, Mr Kinnaird, and a gentleMr Cobbett and Mr Wright, upon man named Hunt. This latter gen. matters of pecuniary claims on the tleman was considered to be a popu. part of the latter, which ended not lar candidate, and certainly in one long after in open hostility. The ne- sense he might be so considered, ingotiation with Government having asmuch as he (Mr Scarlett) underfailed, it was an object with Mr Cobo stood that he was a very great favou bett, for the preservation of his po- rite amongst the old women and chil. pularity, to keep that matter out of dren, who generally formed his auview. Mr Wright was the only de- dience. It had for a considerable positary of this secret, except Mr time before been the study of Mr Reeves, a gentleman of high charac- Cobbett in his writings to recommend ter, through whom the application this gentleman to the favour and good was made to Mr Perceval, then Chan- opinion of the citizens of Westmincellor of the Exchequer. This cir. ster, as a fit and proper representative cumstance, however, by some means of their sense in Parliament. In short, was divulged, and Mr Cobbett, attri. his object seemed to be, to write Me buting the communication of it to Mr Hunt up as the only man who could Wright, published the libel on the properly represent the free and en. 4th of January 1817, which was one lightened inhabitants of Westmin. of the subjects of this action. The ster.” On the occasion in question, libel consisted of a letter published a Mr Cleary, who interested himself in the Register, and was occasioned in the success of Sir F. Burdett, bein consequence of certain remarks ing desirous of proving to the elecpublished in The Times newspaper of tors of Westminster that the opinion the day, concerning Mr Cobbett's of Mr Cobbett was not always the application to Government, to depre. same with respect to Mr Hunt's cha. cate the sentence of the law. That racter and conduct, produced a letter,

written by Mr Cobbett in the year false? And yet such were the cir. 1808, addressed by that gentleman to cumstances under which Mr Cobbett Mr Wright, in which were the follow. wrote his second libel, which was the ing expressions :

subject of this action. The learned “ There is one Hunt, the Bristol counsel then proceeded to read the man : beware of him : he lives with libel, which was in a letter addressed a w—the wife of another man, to Major Cartwrigbt, “ on the Rump with whom he is riding about the Furce at the Crown and Anchor, country; a sad fellow. Have no. November 17, 1818, and particularly thing to do with him.

on the conduct of Sir F. Burdett, and * Adieu. • WM. Cobbett." that of Cleary and his associate This letter was read at the hustings, Wright, with regard to the forgery," in order to show that Mr Hunt was from which the following extracts not a person worthy of the honour to were read :which he aspired, and it produced “ It is the fate of feeble animals, the effect which might naturally be when they get into mire, to bury themexpected. The circumstance was af. selves by their efforts to emerge ; a terwards communicated to Mr Cob- complete instance of which we have in bett, in America; and at a meeting the conduct of these associates on the which took place at the Crown and 17th of November last. Mr Hunt, Anchor Tavern upon the subject, Mr upon this occasion, produced my letHunt took occasion publicly to de. ter to the Editor of the New York clare that the letter so produced was Evening Post, declaring the letter a forgery. The result with respect to read by Cleary at the hustings to be Mr Cobbett's proceedings marked a forgery, done by himself, or got the temper of his mind, and showed from a man who had in many instana malignity of heart scarcely credible ces been guilty of a similar offence." of a man possessing the powers and “ You, my dear sir, know the hisacquirements for which he had given tory of this Wright-you know all his him credit. He resorted, in the ex- tricks, all his attempts. The public tremity of the situation in which he do not; and I will not now trouble was placed, to a species of cruelty the public with the detail, which, if the most barbarous and unnatural. put in a suitable form, would make a His conduct was like that of a man romance, in the words of truth, far who, unable any longer to meet his surpassing any thing that ever was antagonist in the fair field of argu. imagined of moral turpitude. I will ment, lad recourse to the concealed execute this task one day or other. dagger or the poisoned arrow. It was If the caitiff should put forth any the artifice of a base and sordid mind, thing by way of palliation, in the which, when unable to answer its ad- mean while there is Mr Walker versary by the powers of reason, stop- there is Mr Margrave-there is my ped all further argument, and char. attorney—there is Mr Swann-there ged its opponent with the commission is Sir F. Burdett himself—there is my of an atrocious crime. Who but a man son John-who, though he was then of the most barbarous, unrelenting, a child, will never forget the big round and malignant passions could, even in drops of sweat that in a cold winter's the fever of personal anger and ani. day rolled down the caitiff's forehead, mosity, have heaped upon his enemy when he was detected in fabricating an imputation of a foul crime, which accounts; and when I took Johnny at the time he must have known to be by the hand (who had begun wbim. pering for poor Mr Wright) and said, mented upon the atrocious character ** Look at that man, my dear! Those of the libel ; and in alluding to Mr drops of sweat are the effect of de. Cobbett's abuse of the powers with tected dishonesty! Think of that, my which by nature he had been endow. dear child, and you will always be an ed, said it was true that he might have honest man !” Mr Peter Walker and the intellects of an angel, but they Mr Swann were present at this scene, were those of a fallen angel. He then which took place in my room in New- dwelt upon the question of damages, gate, in 1811.”

and contended that this was the only “ 'Oh! Oh! Now we have it out! tribunal to which the plaintiff could Now we have before us the third ac- apply for redress; which, if he could complice in this vile transaction. That not find at their hands, it were better Wright was their accomplice is all I to blot the power of writing out of wanted to see proved, and now it is the catalogue of human talents. No proved.”

doubt could exist of the responsibili“ Surely the immaculate being, ty of Mr Clement for the consequence preceded by the milk-white charger, of this publication, because he was will not attempt to maintain that the the agent of a person who, from a disno less immaculate person who rode tant clime, sent forth to the world an that charger had a moral right to use attack characterized by so much ma. against Mr Hunt and a lady, and in lignity. favour of Sir F. Burdett, a letter- J. Stennor proved that he purchaand such a letter gotten from a man sed the Register, containing the libel, who stood charged with defrauding at Mr Clement's shop. the pretended author of the letter, George Granger gave like evidence and who stood so charged upon the with respect to the Register, containoath of Sir F. Burdett himself.” ing the second libel, on the 6th of

The learned counsel then went on March 1819. to read other parts of the libel, which Mr Thomas Hansard, the printer, charged Mr Wright with borrowing being shown the letter read by Mr money in the name of the author, Cleary at the Westminster election, without his authority, &c.

swore positively that it was of the Mr Hunt, who came into Court handwriting of Mr Cobbett. when the trial was called on, rose at Mr John Paul, an accountant emthis time with considerable warmth, ployed to arrange accounts between and expressed a hope that the learn- Mr Wright and Mr Cobbett, also ed Judge would not allow him to be proved the same fact. Other witnes. libelled by falsehood. The learned ses deposed to the same effect. counsel had stated that he (Mr Hunt) Mr Adolphus then addressed the had declared at a public meeting that jury on behalf of the defendant. In the letter attributed to Mr Cobbett reply to the topics addressed by the was a forgery.

plaintiff's counsel to the jury, he said, The Lord Chief-Justice said, he that they were in no respect applihad not heard the learned counsel cable to the present question, inasmake any such observation; he had much as they were merely strictures merely read the libellous publication, upon the political character and conas he had a right to do, and if it lia duct of Mr Cobbett, with which the belled any other person than the plain. defendant had nothing to do, he betiff, he was very sorry for it.

ing a mere vender of the first libel. Mr Scarlett resumed, and com- With respect to the second, he proposed to offer evidence to show that the Mr John Sudbury, Mr Charles Cle. defendant had, long prior to that pub- ment, (brother of the defendant,) and lication, directed his servants to dis- Richard Mainwaring, were then callcontinue the sale of Cobbett's Regis- ed, and they proved that the defenter, and that if any sale had taken dant had positively interdicted them place, it was in direct opposition to from selling Cobbett's Register at his his order. With respect to the ques. shop several weeks prior to the 6th of tion of damages, the usual foundation March. in such cases had not been laid, the Mr Adolphus next proposed to jury having been left wholly in igno- prove the circumstance of the plainrance as to who Mr Wright was, what tiff having withdrawn his records in good fame he had lost, or how, in any the actions against Dolby and Hay; degree, he had been injured by the but, although the fact seemed not to publication. It was impossible, he be disputed, yet he declined pursuing said, for Mr Clement to justify the li- that course, upon a suggestion from bel, nor did he affect to rest his de- Mr Scarlett, that a sufficient reason fence upon any such ground ; because could be assigned for that step. he rested his innocence solely upon

Mr Scarlett having replied at great the fact of his not having published length, the libel. But the jury would judge The Lord Chief Justice stated the of Mr Wright's candour on this occa- case to the jury, who retired for half sion, and of his title to damages, when an hour, and on entering the Court it would be proved, that in two other stated, that they found their verdict, actions against other publishers of the on the first libel, for the defendant; same libel, who had pleaded justifica- and, on the 2d, for the plaintiff. Da tions, he had withdrawn his records, mages, L.500. and put them into his pocket, without having courage to face an issue for trying the truth of those libels.

No. II.

PROCEEDINGS OF SOCIETIES.

ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. William Hyde Wollaston, M. D.

Thomas Young, M. D. In

consequence of the death of her There were elected into the new Majesty, the ordinary business of the

council, society was suspended during two

J. P. Auriol, Esq. meetings. The sittings were, how- R. Bingley, Esq. ever, resumed on Thursday the 5th Sir T. G. Cullam, Bart. of November, when Sir Everard John, Earl of Darnley, Home read the Croonian Lecture. S. Davis, Esq.

November 12. Dr Brewster com- Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie, municated a paper on the absorption Major General Sir. J. W. Gorof polarised light by doubly refract- don, K, C. B. ing crystals.

Sir A. Johnston, Knight, The annual meeting for the elec- Reverend R. Nares, tion of officers for the ensuing year, Sir J. T. Staunton, Bart. took place on November 30., when At this meeting, the Copley medal the following noblemen and gentle was voted to Mr (now Sir Robert) men were elected :

Seppings, for his various improve. PRESIDENT,

ments in the construction of ships, Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. communicated to the Royal Society, G. C. B. &c.

and published in their transactions. SECRETARIES,

December 10. and 17. Both these William Thomas Brande, Esq. and days were nearly occupied in read. Taylor Combe, Esq.

ing a paper, by M. Theodore de TREASURER,

Saussure, communicated by Dr MarSamuel Lysons, Esq.

cet, on the decomposition of starch There remained of the old council, by the action of air and water at

Right Hon. Sir J. Banks, Bart. common temperatures. A portion William Thomas Brande, Esq. of starch simply boiled in water was Lord Bishop of Carlile,

exposed for two years under a glass Taylor Combe, Esq.

jar in a temperature between 68° and Sir Humphry Davy, Bart.

770. At the end of that time about Sir Everard Home, Bart.

fd of it was found converted into Samuel Lysons, Esq.

saccharine matter, similar in its proGeorge, Earl of Morton,

perties to the sugar prepared from John Pond, Esq.

starch by the action of sulphuric

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