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Royal and Noble authors, ascribes of some of the tales, but of many the following to Queen Eliza. it certainly is not. We find our: zabeth :
selves frequently affe&ed both with Perlius a crabstaff, bawdy Martial, Ovid
horror, and with pleasing sensations,
in reading the Arabian Nights a fine wag.
Entertainments, by the mere force But this sort of verse has never ob- of fituation and description; and Lained any footing in our poetry: we are much inisiaken if that col. and I think I could prove, from lection of fables has not often given the peculiarities of its rhythm, that rise in its readers to ideas boih of it never can."
a sublime and beautiful pature. The three remaining essays are In speaking of the rise and proof a nature much less abstruse, and gress of modern romance, Dr. BeatJefs complicated with thole subtle tie takes an opportunity of intro ties which are almost inseparable ducing an account of the character from subjects of a scientific nature, of those nations who introduced than any of the foregoing differta- the feudal government and mapLions.
ners, and of the crusades and that The first is on Fable and Romance, spirit of chivalry and knight-erran, the second on the Attachment of try which succeeded, as the natural Kindred, and the third contains offspring of the feudal manners . Illustrations on Sublimiiy. In the government.
irli of these, after some general re- In the Effay on the Attachmer's marks on ancient and Oriental proje of Kindred, Dr. Beattie discusses table, he proceeds to wodern prose the three questions following, “ 1. fable, which he divides into four Whether it is according to nature, clailes. 1. The historical allegory; that the married persons should be 2. The moral allegory ; 3. The only two, one man and one wopoetical and serious table; 4. The man ; 2. Whether the matrimonial poetical and comic fable, of which union should last through the whole the two lali he comprehends under life; 3. Whether the rearing and the general term Romance.
educating of children should be left Under each of these several to the parents, or provided for br heads he has claffed a variety of the publick.” With regard to the authors, according to the nature of first question, Dr. Beattie founds their writings; and has given a his reatons against polygamy upon critique upon each: For the most the following principles -That it part bis observations are made with is against the intention of nature, great judgment, and a just con- who having given all men propegception of their respective merits, fities alike that prompt to an union although we cannot in every respect betwixt the texes, must have inagree with him. As, for instance, tended that all thould enjoy the "we differ with him when he says, happiness resulting from it-tbat if that in the frabian Nights Enier- polygamy was to prevail, this would tainment's " there is great luxury be impolible, becaule, agreeable to of description without elegance; every computation, the males es. and great variety of invention, but ceed the females ;-2dly, That nothing that elevates the mind, or polygamy is inconbitent with that touches the heart." This is true affection which married people
ought ought to bear to one another : - the author's heart and understand3dly, That it deftroys the peace of ing. families, and therefore stands, in The book concludes with Illuffra. dire& opposition to one of the chief rions on Sublimity. The different ends of the matrimonial union : sources of the sublime are collected 4thly, That it is subversive of filial and displayed in a very judicious and parental affection, must be in, and critical manner in this treatise, consistent with the right education as well those which arise from ex. of children, and so counteract an. ternal and tensible objects, as froin other chief end of marriage." poetry. .
In answer to the second question, « Poetry," he says, “ becomes Whether the matrimonial union sublime in many ways. ., ought to last through the whole When it elcvates the mind by life? Dr. Beattie says it ought, and sentiments so happily conceived this he infers from the following and expressed, as to raise our af. principles,-" That it tends to. fections above the low purfuits of wards our making a deliberate sensuality and avarice, and animate choice :--2dly, That as those who us with the love of virtue and ho. are united by friendthiphave the best nour. As an instance of this, he chance of being happy, and as true gives that fine line in Virgil, where friendlhip requires a permanent u. Evander addresses himself to Ænion, such an union is most likely neas . to be happy :-3dly, That the re. Aude, hofpes, contemnere opez ; et te verse of such an union would debase quoque dignum those ideas of delicacy, wherewith Finge Deo."the intercourse of the sexes ought 2. “ Poetry is sublime when it always to be accompanied :---4thly, conveys a lively idea of any grand That it would be fatal to the edu. appearance in art or nature."cation of children, whose parents 3. “ When without any great might be totally engrossed by other pomp of images or of words it in. conne&tions."
fuses horror by a happy choice of In examining the third question, circumstances." 4. " When it Whether the rearing and educating awakens in the mind any great or of children thould be left to the good afte&ion, as piety or patrio. parents, or provided for by the tim." This division leems to be public? Dr. Beattie endeavours, included, in our opinion, under the and successfully, to overturn Pla. first lead. to's tbeory on this subject. Indeed -5.“ When it describes in a live. Plato's support of this theory is so ly manner the visible effects of any weak and absurd, so completely of those pasions that give elevation contradi&s every feeling and senti. to the character.” ment that nature has implarted in Under each of these heads Dr. us, that 10 far from promiling Beattie has given several appolise any political good, it scarcely leaves examples. He concludes by enua single source from which the best merating a variety of those faults and greatelt of all our actions must in Ityle and expresion, which are flow, or not at all. This Ebay inimical to, and deliroy fublimity certainly do's great honour both to in writing.
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Retrospektive view of affairs in India. Benares, Transactions which led to the
dependance of that country on the Eaft India company. The Rajah Bulwart' sing, having taken a decided part in their favour, in the war against bis paramouni lord, Sujah Ul Dowlah, his territories are secured to bim by the Treaty of Illahabad. Investiture of Cheit Sing, upon the death of his fatber Bulwant, and a new treaty concluded in favour of the family by Major Har. per. A third treaty, in confirmation of the true former, concluded by Mr. Hastings, who is himself a party to it, and renders the company guarantees of the Rajah's polefrons. Upon the death of Sujab UI Dowlah, the Nabob vin zier, the fovereignty of Benares is transferred by his fucceffor 20 the company. Extracrdinary subsidies demanded and levied from the Rajah, Cheit Sing, en eccafion of the war with France, lay the founda:ion of those differences which took place between him and the government of Calcutta. A supply of 2000 Cavalry demanded from the Rajab. Charges of disaffeétion and contumacy laid againyt him. Governor general's progress from Calcutta, to settle the affairs of Benares, and other countries. Proceeds up the Ganges 80 Burar, where he is met by the Rajab, with great attendance and number of boats. Different accounts of the conference on ihe water. Rajab's visit at Benares forbidden. Rajah taken into custody : rescued, and the Jepoys, with their ofi. ficers, massacred. He flies first to Ramnagur, and from thence retires in ibe night to the fortress of Lutteefpoor. Oussaun Sing appointed by the governor general to adminifter the affairs of the conntry in the place of the Rajab.
Ramjie waun garrisons Ramnagur for the Rajab. Scheme for the reci
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influence, and totally to overthrow the Englis power. French squadron
bottend ftips. Fresco fee! proceed 1 Batatals, and Sir Edward
;;. nt 10 rider, in bis expectation of fucb a 65-9peration on tíz
CHA P. II.
road, and cross the country to årnee. Britiib grand guard cul cif. Fangat,
gbes. Aliom of the 6th of July. French ficet faved by a sudden i