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is subject, as if disease were never to attack them, and as if they were never to die. Who is warned of his own death when others are cut off by consumption, or pleurisy, or fever? Who expects to die in that manner, and who, therefore, regards the death of his neighbor as a warning to himself? As a matter of fact, death by these ordinary and regular diseases fails to move the minds of men, and a funeral makes little or no impression on the living. God, then, has this other method of speaking to men in reserve-showing them that they are mortal; warning them to be ready to die; reminding them of the fact that the race is sinful, and calling on them to repent, and to prepare to meet Him. In this terrific scourge which is now going over the land, He shows them that no one is secure; that He can strike where He pleases, and that each one should "set his house in order." Nothing can be conceived of as better adapted to do this than this pestilential visitation, and if it does not have this effect it is only one proof added to thousands to show how man disregards his Maker, and how distasteful to him are all the methods which Divine mercy and judgment use to recall him from sin, and to teach him to prepare for heaven.
(4.) This visitation which has spread over our land, and over the world, has, in an eminent degree, this peculiarity as a Divine judgment—that it is of the nature of a proclamation in favor of virtue and piety. Far more than any other plague that has afflicted our race, it has a close connection with certain forms of vice, and selects its victims among the polluted and the abandoned. It is true that the righteous fall. It is true that the great and the good, the pure and the holy, are, in some instances, cut down. This is inevitable unless God should work a miracle to protect each one of his friends. But, in its general march through the earth, it has distinguished itself eminently from the plague, the sirocco, the tornado, the earthquake, and the ravages of famine. It has gone to the abodes of the debased and the profligate; it has sought out the miserable retreats of the intemperate and licentious; it has smitten down those who are worn out with vice, and whose frames, enervated by the indulgence of sensual passions, have prepared them easily to fall. To an extent which has occurred in no other extraordinary visitation of Heaven in this world, it has made a difference between the righteous and the wicked; between the unclean and the holy, and thus, in a degree, unknown in any other remarkable judgment, it falls in with the ordinary laws of the Divine administration-inflicting a penalty for a well-known and a marked offence against the laws of God. The best protector against it is temperance and religion that temperance which has saved the frame from the ravages which licentious indulgence produces, and that religion which makes the mind calm in God. It is terrible in its ap
proaches to the intemperate and the debauchee; it is fearful in an almshouse or a jail; it is terrific in the haunts of vice and the places of low dissipation. To an extent which has occurred in no other pestilence with which the nations have been visited, have the remarkable declarations of the ninety-first Psalm been verified in this disease: 'He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. He shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, and from the noisome pestilence. Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night, nor for the arrow that flieth by day, nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness, nor for the destruction that wasteth at noon-day. A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand, but it shall not come nigh thee. Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold, and see the reward of the wicked. Because thou hast made the Lord, which is my refuge, even the Most High thy habitation, there shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling." This fearful visitation is a preacher of temperance in all things,-temperance in eating; temperance in drinking; temperance in the government of the passions; and it comes, at a remarkable juncture to confirm all the lessons which have been proclaimed by the temperance societies in this age. It is a preacher of righteousness, and confirms the doctrines of Christianity about the duty of subduing the soul, and keeping it calm in God: for a fit of anger, a state of high excitement, or the indulgence of any ungoverned passion, is among the things that expose to its ravages. All the precautions that have been found of service against it, accord entirely with the sternest lessons of morality and religion, and the conclusions to which its march through the world would appropriately lead men are just such as God inculcates by his law, and would produce by the fair influence of his gospel. Not thus distinctly has He commonly visited men; not thus distinct are the lessons taught by the tornado or the earthquake.
And here it is not improper to notice the comparative solicitude which is felt in regard to the evil which, as a nation, we this day pray may be removed, above a far more fearful and destructive plague that pervades our land. We all feel the propriety of the services of this day, and all respond cheerfully to the voice which has summoned us to this house of prayer. We have been appalled by the evil that has come upon us. We trembled at its approach. We knew not which of our friendswhich of us--it was commissioned to cut down. We sought the means of warding off the scourge; guarded our ports; cleaned our cities; built hospitals; sought the best medical aid; removed the probable instigators of the plague; called upon God in our families, and in our regular public devotions, and now do it
in a more set and solemn manner by this extraordinary day of devotion. Meantime there has been in our land-there is still-a -a scourge far more dreadful than this, about which the nation feels little alarm, and for which it has set apart no season of special prayer. This Asiatic scourge visited us seventeen years ago, and then departed. It cut down a few thousands, and then left us. It makes no one vicious; is connected on the part of no one with criminality. That more fearful scourge of which I speak is with us year by year. It never leaves us. It has spread all over the land. It demands some thirty thousand annual victims; many of them among the brightest men of the land. It fills our prisons; our almshouses; our grave-yards. It makes widows, orphans, wretched homes, wretched gravesthe homes and the graves of drunkards. It is the parent of poverty, and disease, and crime, and death; and where this Asiatic scourge has demanded one victim, that has required and received more than ten. Yet the public is not alarmed. The voice of the magistrate does not summon us to the house of prayer on account of the evil; even the warning voice of the ministers of God is well-nigh silent in regard to it. How small an evil is this Asiatic scourge compared with intemperance! Yet how differently are they treated and regarded! Against the one we use every precaution; the other we sustain by laws, and invite and cherish by high example, and prevailing customs. Fountains of poison are opened on every highway, and at every corner of the street; and every art is resorted to to induce the young, the vigorous, the talented, and the promising, to become the victims of the curse. Splendid houses are reared in public places; and the fascination is spread before our sons everywhere, and at all times; and no man can feel that his dearest friend is secure. On the Sabbath, and on every day and every night in the week, the allurement is spread around us; and while we are unconcerned, the curse is cutting down its thousands and its tens of thousands. Suppose the same course could be, and actually were pursued by any class of citizens in regard to this Asiatic cholera. I see a magnificent house erected in a central, and attractive, and much-thronged place in this city. I see it fitted up with every appliance of taste and art. I see it richly carpeted, and splendidly furnished. I see its doors open day and night-on the weekday and on the Sabbath, and always thronged. I see a multitude of young men there-the pride and the hope of their families. I ask what this is; what it means? Let it be told that it is a place where, for money, men are scattering thi Asiatic cholera-where they are retailing that which will be certain to cut down victim after victim, and to spread this direful pestilence through the land. With what indignant feel
ings would such a place be regarded! How long would it be tolerated! And yet this would be a trifling evil-a curse not worth naming compared with the evils spread over the land by the dealers in alcoholic drinks. The numbers are not by far so many; the sufferings are less; the tears shed are fewer; the range of evils is infinitely more limited. This Asiatic cholera of itself produces no cursing; no crimes; no poverty; no debasement of character; it breaks no heart of a parent over the profligacy of a child; it cuts no man off from communion with God, and sends no man to hell.
Yet in view of the scourge with which our land is visited, there is an obvious propriety that we should come before God in the manner in which we have done this day. It was meet that in view of the ravages of this destroyer, the Chief Magistrate of a Christian nation should summon the people to their places of worship to pray. It is God who has commissioned this scourge to go forth; God who directs its march; God who designates its victims; God who conceals the laws of its movements from us; and God who alone can remove it. He comes forth that we may recognize his hand in the affairs of nations; that He may teach men their dependence, and show them how fearful are the tokens of his wrath. By the same power by which He brought it upon us, He can continue it; and with the same ease with which he has caused it to spread over the nations, he can cause it to retire. Dependent, then, as we are; sinful as we are; deserving of reproof as we are, it becomes us to approach Him this day with true repentance, and to pray that he will remove the scourge. It may, however, still linger-hanging over us, lest we too soon forget our sins and our repentings. It may, it probably will, have. other victims, before it departs. And in the manner of its departure, when it does go, it is commonly as marked and peculiar as it is in its approach. Here and there as it recedes, it suddenly strikes down its isolated victims, often selecting its most illustrious and its brightest victims as it retires from a land. As if not content with the numbers of the profligate and the intemperate that it has slain; as if dissatisfied that it has gone into the abodes of filth and poverty, as it has done, it selects here and there a victim higher in this world's estimation, and its last trophies are often among its most illustrious. Neither strength, nor beauty, nor piety can stand before it; and the bright and promising boy, the lovely maiden, the man of tried virtue, the pillar of the church, the support of the state, the self-denying and the skillful physician suddenly falls. Let us not, then, vaunt ourselves in any fancied security, as if we were exempt; but let us feel that, like a flash of lightning emitted from the departing storm, this fearful scourge may yet arrest any one of us, and summon us before our Judge. Happy they, and they only, who, whether they live through the
pestilence or die, have a well-founded hope of heaven in Christ Jesus; who, with a mind calm in God, and with a solid hope of future holiness and happiness, are at all times found ready for their change.
BY REV. C. WHITEHEAD,
Pastor of the Second Reformed Dutch Church, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
THE DIGNITY AND HOPE OF THE CHRISTIAN.
"Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be but we know that when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is."-1 JOHN, 3: 2.
MEN of this world, deceived by the dazzling appendages of earthly greatness, behold not the real dignity of the child of God, nor appreciate the privileges that flow from so glorious a relationship. Hence the humble disciple of Jesus, though an heir to the unfading inheritance of heaven, is often regarded with indifference, and his professions of peace and joy are treated as the effusions of enthusiasm. "The world knoweth us not."
This mere negative feeling is, however, the mildest form of that opposition which the unregenerate world cherishes towards those who are inspired by the hopes and governed by the principles of the gospel. Often it degenerates into pity, sometimes into contempt, and even into deep-rooted enmity. In the early ages of Christianity such was the hostility of its adversaries that it goaded them on to bitter persecution, and glutted itself in the groans and agonies of the expiring martyr.
The Saviour exhibits the moral turpitude of such feelings, by tracing them to their origin-an aversion to Himself,-" Marvel not if the world hate you; ye know it hated me before it hated you." The apostle John discovers the same connection. Speaking of Christians sustaining to God the relationship of sons, he adds, "therefore the world knoweth us not because it knew him not.
But mark the contrast between the judgment of the world, misled by sin, and the judgment of the believer, directed by grace. That very relationship which men despise, is the subject of his