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ment of the separate action of the General Assembly's Board of Foreign Missions. Under the General Assembly, then, for the
last ten years,
Foreign Missions have received $721,175
So that through these channels $280,188 more have been given for Foreign than for Home Missions, in the last ten years.
Next, we ask your attention to a similar comparison between the amounts bestowed for the same purposes into the Treasuries of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and the American Home Missionary Society.
In 1848 Foreign Missions received $254,056. Home Missions. $140.197.
116,717. In 1846
125,124. In 1845
121,946. In 1844
101.904. In 1843
99,812, In 1842
92,463. In 1841
85,413. In 1840
78,345. In 1839
So that through these channels $1,458,221
more have been given for Foreign than for Home Missions in the last ten years. Of the whole amount given to these two Institutions, Home Mis sions have not received one-third.
And this comparative amount seems to be a kind of established rule. If we extend the comparison back to the year 1827, (the date of the first Report of the American Home Missionary So. ciety,) the result will not be very essentially altered. The joint income of these two Institutions since that period, has amounted to $5,991,900. Of this sum the American Home Missionary So. ciety has received $1,751,327, not one-third of the amount.
Now this may be all right, if we have no more to give. We are not complaining of it. But we are very sure that Home Missions deserve a more efficient patronage. Due self-denial—due Christian love for souls—a large measure of the spirit of her Lord and Master, would soon enable the church of this country to give the ministry of the gospel to every human being that breathes its air.
And if we have no more to give, or if we are not going to increase our benefactions to a vast extent, iż becomes us most seriously to consider whether we are not bestowing too large a portion of our benevolence upon a foreign and uncertain field, while we are too much neglecting a more promising field at home.
As we consider these two objects, (Foreign and Home Missions,) we ought, indeed, to remember that they rather contrast, than compare with one another. Look at some of the items.
Allahabad and Bombay, China and Ceylon, are farther off than Indiana and Illinois and Iowa ; and it costs more to send and sustain a Missionary on the other side of the globe, than just in our neighborhood.
At home, the cost of ordinary school education is not defrayed from Mission Funds; but in foreign lands it must be, or children must be left to grow up in ignorance of letters to a vast extent, or be taught heathenism along with all the erudition they attain.
The printing of Bibles and other books of education and religion, for our own country, does not devolve upon Home Missionary Institutions; while, for the heathen, much of this comes under the head of Foreign Missions, so called.
To a great extent, buildings for schools and seminaries, as well as church edifices, must be erected from Foreign Mission funds; but Home Mission Institutions are not called upon
of this expenditure.
These are some of the items. It should be remembered, there- . fore, that Home and Foreign Missions do not exactly compare with one another. For our own country we do many things under other names, which for heathen lands, are of necessity embraced under the name of expenditures for Foreign Missions. And hence, when the comparative amounts of expense look strange to us, it becomes us to consider carefully the different objects they have in view, before we conclude that our charity is too diffusive.
But it is not at all strange, if the attention of the benevolent has been too little directed to our own land. We name to you some of the things which have tended to produce such a result.
The people of God slept too long over the subject of the world's evangelization. And when their attention was once aroused to the subject, and they saw on the wide map of nations, country after country, with all their untold population, in deep darkness, in idolatry and awful degradation and misery; it is no wonder that the object of saving the long-neglected nations should have almost entirely absorbed their attention and their charities.
That object was new to them. It is not now old. The Foreign Board commenced in 1810. One of its first Missionaries was a school-mate of my own. Things that can interest the human mind often have a power of interest by reason of their novelty, which they could not have without it. Home Missions was no novelty. The General Assembly commenced that work in 1789: the New York Missionary Society was instituted in 1796 : the Connecticut Missionary Society in 1798: the Massachusetts Missionary Society in 1799 : and the New Jersey Missionary Society in 1801. And it is not to be wondered at, that attention and liberality should have been, and should still be inclined to follow the impulses of novelty, and overlook too much the old field of work.
As the enterprise of Foreign Missions began to be prosecuted, the people of God were astonished at what they discovered. They were amazed to find Divine Providence preparing the way so rapidly for the spread of Christianity. Nation after nation was flung open to the gospel. Barriers were broken down. Obstacles were lifted out of the way. The whole world seemed almost ready to woo the advent and welcome the footsteps of the Christian Missionary. This seemed like the direct pointing of the finger of God. Men thought it so-called it so—and eager eyes were looking to see the rising beams of the Millennial glory. And it is no wonder, if the opened and waiting nations now unexpectedly ready to receive the gospel, should have led the benevolent people of this country too much to forget the wants of their own land.
It is very natural that our attention, zeal and vigor of effort should correspond to the deemed magnitude of the work we have to perform. Beyond the oceans lay an opened world. Not one country, but nine-tenths of the globe's population lay out on the vision of the awaking church, as the field of her appropriate work for setting up the kingdom of God. These old nations were full of people. Their population was told on the startled ear of the listening Christian, by tens and hundreds of millions! The church was astonished at the magnitude of the work before her! -It is by no means surprising, that those accustomed to pray, " thy kingdom come,” should have lent their attention to a darkened world and its dying millions, and should greatly have overlooked less imposing work which lay nearer by. • There
may be some romance in religious achievements as well as in any other. Few of us, perhaps, are actuated simply by cool wisdom, conscience and truth, aside from any mixture of more impassioned emotions. We seem quite as likely to be in-' fluenced by those spirit-stirring appeals, wherein magnificence figures and gives a new and strange energy to hope ; as by the more humble and plain and not less important, though less imposing duties, of which it cannot be said,
6 'Tis distance lends enchantment to the view."
In respect to the mighty work of regenerating a world, the church has heard every possible and stirring appeal. The changes have been rung on the moral dignity of the enterprise—the vastness of the workthe duty and privilege of doing it. The field is the world.” Deep darkness hangs over dying millions on the other side of the globe. They are rushing to eternity without ever having heard a sermon. The hope was waked into exercise, that before another generation of mankind should have gone down to the grave, the grand and glorious object might be accomplished, of publishing Christ and pardon and immortal life to every living man. These are great ideas. They wake deep emotions. They seem to fall in with the expanding and brotherhood principles of the gospel. They have great and Christ-like truths in them. This is not to be denied. And while the emotions they excited have been living in all their freshness in thousands of benevolent hearts, who can wonder and who can blame us, if we have, while thinking to redeem a world, partially lost sight of the smaller and less romantic duties, which lay nearer home? Who can wonder, if piety has sometimes regarded the conversion of a heathen soul, as something far more done for Christ, than the conversion of a soul in our own land ?
To a believer—to every sensible man, there is something exceedingly exciting in the horrid and bloody practices of heathen religion. Such religion is degrading and cruel. Men leave their aged parents to starve in some untrodden wild, and be devoured by the wild beasts of the desert! Mothers bury their children alive! Frantic devotees fling themselves before the idol's car, and it is drawn on by the frenzied multitude, its victim crushed, and its wheels dripping with human blood! These things have amazed and aroused us. They ought to have done so. As Christians and as men, we ought to have felt them. But there are no such excitements to wake our interests for the souls cut off from the gospel in the new settlements of our own West—without a minister-without a Bible—and just as really needing our pity, charity and prayers for their salvation, as the worshipers of Bramah, Boodh or Vishnoo. And hence, excited by the foreign tale (which no man could hear without emotion), it is not wonderful if our feelings of Christian compassion have led us too much to overlook the unblest souls of our own country.
These are some of the causes which have been operating and are operating still. We have not done too much for the heathen, or felt too much, or prayed too much for distant and darkened nations. But we have felt and prayed and done too little for the destitute in our own land. If we shall do so much for other countries, shall we not at least do as much for our own?
III. And therefore, if we have sufficiently accounted for our neglect, and mentioned the best apologies that can be made for it, let us direct your attention to some of the matters which seem to us to deserve your special regard, as you would learn the measure of your duty towards Missions at home. We select eight ideas out of a multitude that occur to us.
1. The people in the destitute settlements of our country, (mostly in the newer States and the Territories,) are of our own nation and blood. They are our fellow-citizens, our brothers, sisters, and children. The gospel is not selfish to limit our benevolence to our own family and nation ; but the gospel is wise and
orderly, and sometimes puts us to do one work sooner than another. Both works may be equally good, but both may not be equally ours. Duty, wisdom, gospel, all demand of us to find our
That must be first done, and done alone, if we have ability to do no other. “If any man provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.” On this principle, those in our own land, destitute of the gospel, become our own and our first work.
The father of a family must provide for his own, because they are his, and because if he does not, nobody else will. If he neglects that, for the purpose of providing for others whom he may pity, he has utterly mistaken his duty. He may talk what he will, of the expansive and unselfish spirit of the gospel, but he ought to know that it is expansive by order and righteousness and proportion, and not by the dictates of caprice, by pride, or romance, or the dreams of an infidel socialism. The unevangelized souls of our wide West are connected with us by blood, by nation, by all that belongs to civil government, science, arts, and the common interests of “ life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." If we would provide for the perpetuity of our beloved Republic, it becomes us to provide for their intelligence and virtue. Republicanism, freedom, cannot last long in our country, if ignorance, superstition and vice are permitted to sway the destinies of our empire. That intelligence and virtue needful for the perpetuity of our valued institutions and happiness, never can be secured by anything but the gospel, and the gospel in its Protestant purity. Lord Brougham was right, both honest and right, when he said in the British Parliament, that for whatever of freedom England enjoyed under her present institutions, she was indebted for it to the influence of the Puritans. They were the men who withstood the onsets of tyranny. They were men fit to be the guardians of the ark of liberty, because they were men of God. Mustered on the high-places of the field, they carried their Bibles in their knapsacks. They were men of conscience and
prayer. And surely we are as much indebted to their firmness and virtue, as that noble lord maintained that England was. We want their piety in the West—their intelligence, virtue, and firm
We want more Missionaries of the gospel there. If we do not aid that growing and needy population, nobody else will. They depend on us. Neither Scotland nor England will send them Missionaries. It is not so with the foreign heathen. Eng. land looks on China, not always to butcher her citizens in unrighteous war waged to compel the reception of her pernicious opium, nor always to extort, in robbery, millions of money at the cannon's mouth! There is another class of men in England. There is piety there : and that piety is embarked throughout the British Empire, to do something for evangelizing the nations. But it does not send Missionaries to our rising and destitute settlements. That is our own work. If it is not done, the sin lies