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If there be nothing celestial without us it is only because all is earthly within. (Rule.)
Remember your own feelings in order that you may judge of the feelings of others. (Rule, and Remarks
9, h.) Where the whole is one dark blot of shade there can be no picture. (Rule.)
Breathe into men a fervent purpose and you awaken powers before unknown. (Rule, and Remark a.)
Some people endeavor to divert their thoughts lest their minds should reproach them. (Rule.)
We were present when General Lafayette embarked at Havre for New York. (Remark c.)
When we combat error with any other weapon than argument we err more than those whom we attack. (Rule.)
Let all dispose their hours till midnight when again we pray your presence. (Remark d.)
In how small a compass lie all the elements of man's truest happiness if society were only conducted in a rational spirit! (Rule.)
Suppress the first desires of evil as soon as they arise, and extin guish the spark before it spreads. (Remark c.)
Where true religion has prevented one crime false religions have afforded a pretext for a thousand. (Rule.)
Our hearts should be filled with gratitude when we contemplate the wonderful works of nature. (Rule, and Remark d.)
The lives of men should be filled with beauty even as the earth and heavens are clothed with it. (Rule.)
Rear stronger minds and they will lift up the race to sublimer heights of dignity and power. (Rule, and Remark a.)
There never is true eloquence except when great principles and sentiments have entered into the substance of the soul. (Rule.)
We live that we may die. Attend that you may receive instruction. (Remark f, first sentence.)
If women fulfilled truly their divine errand there would be no need of reforming societies. (Rule.)
We compare the divine Mind with ours that we may have something within the grasp of our reason to dwell upon. (Last of Rem. f.)
We weep over the dead because they have no life, and over the living because they have no perfection. (Remark e.)
Give me a larger eye and I will reveal to you another rank of worlds marshalled behind those whose shining hosts you now behold. (Rule, and Remark a.)
Correlative Words, Phrases, and Clauses. $ I. Two correlative expressions, united by the conjunction as or than, are written without a point between them.
§ II. But, when united by any other word than these conjunctions, the correlative expressions are distinguished by a comma.
| I. 1. Men are never | so easily deceived || as when they plot to deceive others. 2. A child in the humblest walks of life is / as richly gifted || as in the highest. 3. Only | such repentance is beneficial || as makes us wiser and better. 4. Do not spend more time in bed || than is required for sleep.
1. But I though learned and methodical, 11 yet the teacher was not a pedant. 2. A great man will | neither trample on a worm, || nor cringe before a king. 3. All know that I as virtue is its own reward, || so vice is its own punishment. 4. Yes, the more we see of a truly good man, ll the better we love him.
REMARKS. a. To indicate the true character of the sentences just quoted, we have put two perpendicular lines between each pair of correlative expressions, and a single line before the first expression, in each example. It will be seen, that the phrases or clauses beginning severally with the correlative words, “so-as," asas," "such-as,"
more-than,” which occur in the first class of examples, have a stronger attraction to each other than those commencing with the correlatives “though—yet,” “neither-nor," " as--so,'
" " the morethe better," in the second; and that, on this account, the expressions under the former division are properly written without commas, and those under the latter with them.
b. When the conjunction but is improperly used, after so, for as and a negative, the sentence is subject to the principle of punctuation contained in the first section of the rule; as, " There is no opinion so absurd but has (as not to have) some philosopher or other to produce in its support.”'
c. When, in sentences referable to the first division of the rule, the last of the correlative words requires a comma after it, a comma should also be inserted between the correlative expressions; as, “ The mind that boasts of its rich endowments is so limited and cramped, as, in comparison with what it might enjoy, to be utterly poor and naked.” It is evident, that, without the point before the conjunction as, this word would seem to be more closely united with the preceding than with the following portion of the sentence, to which it rather belongs.
d. Correlative expressions should be separated, it ambiguity of sense would be occasioned in any instance by the omission of the comma before the second correlative; as, “ Greuter is he that prophesieth, than he that speaketh with tongues." Without the point, the sentence might be improperly read so as to mean,
Greater is he that prophesieth with tongues than he that speaketh with tongues."
e. So, also, in respect to the same class of sentences, the correlative expressions are better separated by a comma, when they consist of two or more phrases; as, “ We can no more preserve a stationary attitude I in the moral world, than we can refuse to accompany the physical earth | in its rotation.” Here, the insertion of the point, though not essential, shows more clearly those portions of the sen tence to which each set of phrases belongs, and by this means serves to bring out the sense.
f. As an exception to the second division of the rule, it may be reinarked, that the comma is better omitted between clauses containing the correlative words so or such—that, when they are closely connected; as, “ John was so much injured that he could not walk."" The earthquake produced such a shock that it awoke us all."
g. But if these correlatives are placed at or near the beginning of the clauses to which they respectively belong, or if the last correlative word has a comma after it, the clauses should be separated, a greeably to the rule; as, “ So benevolent a man was he, that almost every act of his was devoted to the well-being of his race.” –
“Man is so created, that, let his wants be as simple as they will, he must labor to supply them.”
h. Expressions beginning with both—and, whether-or, either-or, neither-nor, are generally separated by a comma when each is a clause, but left unpointed when one of them is a phrase; as, “ Neither fatter yourselves, nor permit others to flatter you.” — “We cannot trace either their causes or their effects."
Agreeably to Rule XV. (p. 93), state why some of the following sentences are
printed with, and others without, the comma :
It is easier to rouse the passions than to direct the mind.
Show how the preceding Remarks will apply to the punctuation of correlative
clauses and phrases in the following sentences :No errors are so trivial but they deserve to be mended, and no sin so slight but it should be repented of and renounced.
Our sympathy is always awakened more by hearing the speaker, than by reading his works in our closet.
Only such sorrow purifies and blesses, as comes to us in the pursuit of high and noble ends.
Better is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox, and hatred therewith.
Virtue is so amiable that even the vicious admire it. So frowned the mighty combatants, that hell grew darker at the sight.
Such was the rush of the people, that but few could be admitted to the lecture.
Grace of manners is so essential to rulers, that, whenever it is neglected, their virtues lose a great degree of lustre.
Whether my gift be liberal, or whether it be niggardly, is not the question. Whether right or wrong, I am held responsible.
We can neither fly, from the presence of God, nor escape his sight. - Virtue is neither a phantom nor a vain vision.
EXERCISE TO BE WRITTEN.
Let these sentences be punctuated or not, agreeably to the fifteenth Rule and the
Remarks (pp. 93, 94): –
We are so afraid of each other's doctrines that we cannot cure each other's sins. (Rule, $ 11.; and Remark g.)
Does not the glorious sun pour down his golden flood as cheerily on the poor man's cottage as on the rich man's palace ? (Rule, § 1.)
We must not only avoid what God has forbidden but do what he has commanded. (Rule, \ 11.)
One angel's history may be a volume of more various truth than all the records of our race. (Rule, $ 1.)
Although men are accused for not knowing their own weakness yet perhaps as few know their own strength. (Rule, \ 11.)
He is a better man who wisely speaks than he who talks at ran. dom. (Remark d.)
No sublimity is so real as that which makes itself deeply felt in union with beauty. (Rule, $ 1.)
Though he were as rich as Cræsus still would man be dissatisfied with his condition. (Rule, $ f I., II.)
Better live an honest poor man than die a selfish and grasping millionnaire. (Rule, $ 1.)
What thou forbiddest us that will we shun and abhor: what thou commandest us that will we love and pursue. (Rule, s 11.)
My engagements are of such a character as will deprive me of partaking the festivities of the day. (Rule, $ 1.)
Such is the course of nature that whoever lives long must outlive those whom he loves. (Rule, § 11.; and Remark g.)
The doll-shop is as fit a place for studying character as the fashion. able dinner-party, the assembly, or the ball-room. (Remark e.)
The rarer the beauty of the external scene the deeper should be the impression of the unseen God. (Rule, 11.)
Of things invisible, the evidence can never be such as those who rely on purely intellectual assurance will demand. (Rule, § I.)
The more a man speaks of himself the iess he likes to hear another spoken of. (Rule, § 11.)
Nothing appears to us so beautiful in human experience as the reciprocal affection of parents and children. (Rule, § 1.)
The gigantic genius of Shakspeare so far surpassed the learning And penetration of his time that his productions were little read and less admired. (Rule, § 11.; and Remark g.)