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EXERCISE TO BE WRITTEN.
Punctuate the following sentences, or leave them unpointed, in accordance with
the thirteenth Rule and the Remarks thereon :
In the production and preservation of order all men recognize something that is sacred. (Rule, and Remark e 5.)
From the right exercise of our intellectual powers arises one of the chief sources of our happiness. (Remark d 2, 3.)
Through life truth ought to be one of the great objects of human pursuit. (Rule, and Remark e 5.)
In the attainment of all excellence in the arts patronage and genius should go hand in hand. (Rule.)
Education is at home a friend, abroad an introduction, in solitude · a solace, in society an ornament. (Remark d 5.)
In every material action of your life consider well its probable result. (Rule, and Remark e 5.)
Of all our virtuous emotions those of kind regard are the most readily imitated. (Rule.)
In the solemn silence of the mind are formed those great resolutions which decide the fate of men. (Remark d 2.)
Before giving way to anger try to find a reason for not being angry. (Rule, and last portion of Remark g.)
In the acuteness of the external senses some of the inferior animals excel our species. (Rule, and Remark e 5.)
Over matchless talents probity should throw its brightest lustre. (Rule, and Remark e 3.)
It is from the spirit's own pearl that the good embellish their character. (Remark d 4.)
From the little root of a few letters science has spread its branches over all nature, and raised its head to the heavens. (Rule.)
Only in the light of a sublime faith can the history of our race be read without despondency. (Remarks d 2, 4.)
In the ruffled and angry hour we view every appearance through u false medium. (Remark e 5.)
It is through moral and spiritual power that the rivers of thought and feeling are to be turned. (Remark d 4.)
Friend of the brave! in peril's darkest hour
Intrepid Virtue looks to thee for power. (Remark d 6.) Of all treasons against humanity there is no one worse than his who employs great intellectual force to keep down the intellect of his less-favored brethren. (Rule.)
In these hours of golden leisure my chief haunt is the banks of a small stream. (Rule, and Remark e 5.)
This view of religion I propose to make the subject of some free discussion. (Remark d 1.)
In amusement and novel-reading only the girl spends all her evening hours. (Rule, and Remark e 4.)
On feelings allied to these priestcraft and sorcery have often fastened themselves. (Rule, and Remark e 3.)
In order to improve the mind we ought less to learn than to contemplate. (Rule, and last portion of Remark g.)
With what you have be satisfied. - All you hear believe not. (Remark d, third line.)
In the hurry and eagerness of selfish competition we underrate the silent influence of moral character. (Rule, and Remark e 5.)
When others are asleep, in its own contemplations the soul finds a source of solace and pleasure. (Remark d 6.)
In not learning your business perfectly you cannot give satisfaction to your employer. (Rule; and Remark e 6, and last of g.)
To every character its fitting position and appropriate function have been assigned. (Remark d 3.)
It is to the unaccountable oblivion of our mortality that the world owes all its fascination. (Remark d 4.)
By doing nothing we learn to do ill. – To command any subject adequately we must stand above it. (Rule, and last of Remark g.)
In this struggle his moral discipline consists. On no other terms could he be at once a dweller on earth and an heir of heaven. (Remark d 3, 2, 5.)
On some fond breast the parting soul relies,
Even in our ashes live their wonted fires. (Rem. d 3, 1, 5, 2.) Through the dim veil of the visible and perishing man catches a glimpse of the vast significance of the unseen and the eternal. (Rule, and Remark e 5.)
On beds of green sea-flower thy limbs shall be laid,
And every part suit to thy mansion below. (Rem. d 3, 5, and f.) Into every human being has God breathed an immortai soul. – Into every human being God has breathed an immortal soul. (Remarks d 2 and e 2.)
One Clause Depending on Another.
Two clauses, one depending on the other, are separated by a comma.
1 If you would be revenged on your enemies, let your life be blameless 2 Wealth is of no real use, except it be well employed. 3 Unless it blossoms in the spring, the tree will not hear fruit in autumn. 4. Till we can go alone, we must lean on the hand of a guide. 5. Fill thy heart with goodness, and thou wilt find that the world is full of good.
a. Sentences containing dependent clauses are generally distinguished by one of them beginning with a particle expressive of condition, admission, purpose, causation, time, or place. They are not, however, necessarily so constructed, as is shown in the fifth example, the clauses of which depend, one on the other, not in form, but in sense; being equivalent to - “ If thou fill thy heart with goodness, thou wilt find,” &c.
b. A phrase having the import of a conditional clause, and put at the beginning of the sentence, is also distinguished by a comma; as, “ To be good, you must do good;" that is, " That you may be good, you must do good.” See p. 85, last portion of g.
c. When, in a sentence relating to time, place, or manner, the clause beginning with an adverb is put last, and is closely connected in sense with what precedes it, the comma should not be inserted; as, I love my kind where'er I roam.”. “ You will reap as you sow.” Clauses like these may be regarded as akin to the restrictive relative. See Rule VII., 11., p. 57.
d. But if the adverbs when, where, &c., have only a faint referenco to time or place, or introduce an additional idea, they should be preceded by a comma; as, “ Refrain not to speak, when by speaking you may be useful to others.” -“ Andrew sailed for California, where he does a flourishing business."
e. When the conjunctions if and because are used to bind closely together the two clauses between which they are severally placed, the comma is unnecessary; as “ You may go if you will.” – “Sin is not less dangerous because men are hardened by it.”
f. No point should be introduced between two clauses united by the conjunction that, signifying purpose or design, if it is closely connected with the preceding verb; as, “ He visited the springs that he might improve his health.” But a comma must be inserted if the conjunction is separated at some distance from the verb; as, “Let us consider the following propositions, that we may fully understand the subject.”
g. The comma is usually admissible between the clauses, when the words in order come before the conjunction that, unless they are preceded immediately by the verb; as, “ Cæsar visited Britain, in order that he might conquer the inhabitants.” “ The man travelled in order that he might regain his strength."
h. The distinction recommended in the punctuation of the first example under each of the Remarks f and g may seem rather nice; but, undoubtedly, the phrase in order that obstructs the flow of a sentence more than the simple conjunction that.
Show how Rule XIV. is applicable to the punctuation of the sentences that
follow : Where thoughts kindle, words spontaneously flow. The good which men do is not lost, though it is often disregarded. If there were no cowardice, there would be little insolence. Where the heart is well guarded, temptations cannot enter. It were no virtue to bear calamities, if we did not feel them. Make men intelligent, and they become inventive. Though a civilization may die, it leaves imperishable records. People are rude and unpolite, because they are ignorant. Wherever we are, we are not forgotten by a kind Providence. Were patrons more disinterested, ingratitude would be more rare. Since none enjoy all blessings, be content with a few. Go where a man may, home is the centre to which his heart turns. As we grow older, life becomes dim in the distance. We obey the laws of society, because they are the laws of virtue. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. Dare to be good, whatever evil may surround you. If their lungs receive our air, that moment they are free. When beggars die, there are no comets seen. Make up your mind to do a thing, and you will do it. Every thing is beautiful, if left where nature meant it to be.
How do the Remarks (pp. 89, 90) apply to the punctuation of the following
sentences :Drop upon Fox's grave the tear, 'twill trickle to his rival's bier. By playing with a fool at home, he'll play with you abroad. I will see you when you arrive. - I will go whither thou goest. He went away as soon as I came. Use time as if you knew its value. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. Quietness and peace flourish where justice and reason govern. Let us live while we live. - Fear not, while acting justly. He went to the city of Manchester, where he remained for a year. The age of miracles is past, while that of prejudice remains. Sense shines with the greatest lustre, when it is set in humanity. I fied because I was afraid.—Speak clearly if you would be understood. Truth is to be loved, purely and solely because it is true. Live well that you may die well. We go that we may be in time. Be studious and diligent, in order that you may become learned.
EXERCISE TO BE WRITTEN.
Point, or leave unpointed, the following sentences, according to the principles laid
down in the fourteenth Rule and the Remarks :When the great man is laid in his grave lies of malice are apt to give way to lies of adulation. (Rule.)
Decide not by authoritative rules when they are inconsistent with reason. (Rule, and Remark d.)
A man may comfort himself for the wrinkles in his face provided his heart be fortified with virtue. (Rule.)
We cannot turn in any direction where the Creator's love does not smile around us. (Remark c.)
If theological gossip were the measure of religious faith we should be the devoutest of all human generations. (Rule.)
We cannot raise the moral standard of the depressed classes till we have first improved their social condition. (Rule, and Remark d.)
Unless he put a bridle on his tongue the babbler will soon shut himself out from all society. (Rule.)
Have respect for yourself that others may not disrespect you. (Rule, and last sentence of Remark f.)
We should be ashamed of many of our actions were the world acquainted with our motives. (Rule.)
timely resisting them the greatest evils may be overcome. Rule, and Remark b.)