The American Journal of Science and Arts

Portada
S. Converse, 1861
 

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Índice

Abstract of a Discussion of the Influence of the Moon on
98
Value of different kinds of Soap
115
Geology Geological Survey of Canada Report of Progress for 1858 122 Geological
125
Botany and Zoology Thesaurus Capensis or Illustrations of the South African Flora
132
On the genus Bipaliura by Wu STIMPSON
135
Back Notices On the Impurities of Commercial Zinc with Special Reference to
149
Obituary J P Espy 151 David Dale Owen 153 Mr S A Casseday
155
On the Appalachian Mountain System by Prof
157
On the Formation of Picramic Acid by M Carey LEA
188
General Account of the Results of Part II of the discus
197
On a new LeadSalt Corresponding to Cobalt Yellow
226
Remarks on the Atomic Weights of the Elements
246
Abstract of a Meteorological Journal for the year 1860
252
Description of three new Meteorites Lincoln County
264
SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE
276
Technical Physics On the loss of Light by Glass Shades in a letter to the Editors
284
Geology On Prof J W Dawsons papers on the Coal 290 Thirteenth Annual Report
295
Miscellaneous Scientific Intelligence Interesting discoveries of Saurian and other fossil
303
The Aurora viewed as an Electric Discharge
311
Remarks upon the Atoll of Ebon in Micronesia
318
On Normal quasiVision of the Moving Bloodcorpus
325
Upon some Experiments connected with Doves Theory
339
The Quaternian or Diluvian Period considered in its
345
On the Presence of Phosphoric Acid in Igneous Rocks
353
On the conversion of certain Conglomerates into Tal
372
On some points in American Geology by T STERRY
392
Physics On Regelation 414 On the changes produced in the position of the fixed lines
416
Technical Chemistry On the Alloys of Copper and Zine by FRANK H STORER 423
423
Geology Botanical and Paleontological Report on the Geological State Survey of
440
Review Life on the Earth its Origin and Succession by Prof JOHN PHILLIPS M A
449
connoissance of the Middle and Southern Counties of Arkansas made during the years
455
Prof Hochstetter Prof J G C Lehmann G H
463
ERRATA
Researches of Pasteur respecting the Theory of Spon
1
Natroborocalcite and another Borate occurring in the Gyp
9
On some questions concerning the Coal formations of
15
New Books Die Lehre vom Galvanismus und Electromagnetismus von Gustav WIEDE
111
Technical Chemistry On the occurrence of soluble compounds of Copper Lead and
117
Geology Kentucky Geological Survey by LEO LESQUEREUX Assistant 118 De
123
a Description of the Flowering Plants etc by GEORGE
130
Meteorology Hraschina near Agram 135 LeitformOr the typical form of Meteorites
137
of Meteorological Observations made during the year 1860 with the averages of eight
147
Sketch of the Distribuciona Foresttrees in Nebraska
165
Chemical Contributions by M CAREY LEA
177
On the Relation between our Perception of Distance
184
On some questions concerning the Coal Formations
193
Observations upon the Freezing of Water at the Passaic
205
On the Production of new Coloring Matters by Decom
211
On the constitution of the Planetary System and on
222
On the Age of the Red Sandstone formation of Vermont
232
The Great Comet of 1861 1 Observations at
252
211
266
SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE
267
Technical Chemistry On the Coloring Matters derived from Coal Tar by Mr H
276
Geology Reply to Mr Marcous strictures on Mr F B Meek in his Notes on the
283
Floræ Columbis terrarumque adjacentium Speci
290
Earthquako
298
Miscellaneous 304
304
A Sketch of the Life and Scientific Services of John
311
On the great Auroral Exhibition of Aug 28th to Sept
318
On the evidence furnished by Photography as to
335
On the Fossil Fruits found in connection with the
355
ThirtyFirst Congress of the British Association for the
363
Note on a Compound of Ammonia Mercury and Nitric
374
Arsenic as an Impurity of Metallic Zinc by Cuas
380
The Gold of Nova Scotia by 0 C MARSH A B 395
395
Notice of a Meteorite which fell in Hindostan in 1857
401
Technical Chemistry On the Coloring Matters Derived from CoalTar by Mr H
425
Zoology Synopsis of a Course of Lectures given at the Museum of Natural History
431
Meteorology Notices of Meteors and Meteoric Masses by Director HAIDINGER 440
440
Miscellaneous and Scientific Intelligence Return of the Arctic Expedition of Dr Hayes
451

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Página 366 - Bacon, the great father of modern science, appointed for it, when he wrote that " the legitimate goal of the sciences is the endowment of human life with new inventions and riches...
Página 408 - Mexico occupies the horizon of the coal, and itself unaltered, rests on crystalline strata like those of the Appalachian range. In truth, Mr. Hall observes, the carboniferous limestone is one of the most extensive marine formations of the continent, and is characterized over a much greater area by its marine fauna than by its terrestrial vegetation. " The accumulations of the coal period were the last that gave form and contour to the eastern side of our continent, from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to...
Página 373 - ... processes for the direct conversion of wrought iron on a large scale are being attempted. A consecutive series of chemical researches into the different processes, from the calcining of the ore to the production of the bar, carried on by Dr. Percy and others, has led to a revolution in the manufacture of iron, and although it is at the present moment in a state of transition, it nevertheless requires no very great discernment to perceive that steel and iron of any required tenacity will be made...
Página 233 - The nuclens or central portion is composed of red feldspathic granite, with a series of metamorphic slates and schists superimposed, and thence upon each side of the axis of elevation the various fossiliferous formations of this region follow in their order to the summits of the Cretaceous, the whole inclining against the granitoid rocks at a greater or less angle. There seems to be no unconformability in these fossiliferous rocks from the Potsdam inclusive to the top of the Cretaceous.
Página 368 - To refer but to a single instance, we have seen those . magnetic disturbances, — so mysterious in their origin and so extensive in simultaneous prevalence, and which, less than twenty years ago, were designated by a term specially denoting that their laws were wholly unknown, — traced to laws of periodical recurrence, revealing, without a doubt, their origin in the central body of our system, by inequalities which have for their respective periods, the solar day, the solar year, and still more...
Página 127 - ... natural divisions, so as to facilitate the comparison of each plant with those nearest allied to it ; and they should be accompanied by an artificial key or index, by means of which the student may be guided step by step in the observation of such peculiarities, or characters, in his plant as may lead him, with the least delay, to the individual description belonging to it.
Página 154 - ... established laws of physics and upon ingenious and well-directed original experiments, this theory drew general attention to itself, especially in the United States. A memoir submitted anonymously to the American Philosophical Society of Philadelphia gained for Mr. Espy the award of the Magellanic premium in the year 1836, after a discussion remarkable for ingenuity and closeness in its progress, and for the almost unanimity of its result.
Página 373 - Previously to the inventions of Henry Cort, the manufacture of wrought iron was of the most crude and primitive description. A hearth and a pair of bellows was all that was employed. But since the introduction of puddling, the iron-masters have increased the production to an extraordinary extent, down to the present time, when processes for the direct conversion of wrought iron on a large scale are being attempted. A consecutive series of chemical researches into the different processes, from the...
Página 12 - as many as two hundred of these concretions, varying in size from that of a small pea to that of a hazel-nut, to be passed after the administration of a single dose of Podophyllin and the Oil.

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