French Literary Fascism: Nationalism, Anti-Semitism, and the Ideology of Culture

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Princeton University Press, 21 jul. 1998 - 312 páginas
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This is the first book to provide a sustained critical analysis of the literary-aesthetic dimension of French fascism--the peculiarly French form of what Walter Benjamin called the fascist "aestheticizing of politics." Focusing first on three important extremist nationalist writers at the turn of the century and then on five of the most visible fascist intellectuals in France in the 1930s, David Carroll shows how both traditional and modern concepts of art figure in the elaboration of fascist ideology--and in the presentation of fascism as an art of the political.


Carroll is concerned with the internal relations of fascism and literature--how literary fascists conceived of politics as a technique for fashioning a unified people and transforming the disparate elements of society into an organic, totalized work of art. He explores the logic of such aestheticizing, as well as the assumptions about art, literature, and culture at the basis of both the aesthetics and politics of French literary fascists. His book reveals how not only classical humanism but also modern aesthetics that defend the autonomy and integrity of literature became models for xenophobic forms of nationalism and extreme "cultural" forms of anti-Semitism. A cogent analysis of the ideological function of literature and culture in fascism, this work helps us see the ramifications of thinking of literature or art as the truth or essence of politics.

 

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Índice

Literature Culture Fascism
3
THE FATHERS OF FRENCH LITERARY FASCISM
17
The Use and Abuse of Culture Maurice Barres and the Ideology of the Collective Subject
19
Cultural and Racial Typologies
27
The Aesthetics of the Collective Subject
31
The Beautiful Community The Fascist Legacy of Charles Peguy
42
Antimodernism and the Spiritualization of History
52
Nation Culture Race
62
Apocalyptic Fictions
142
Literary Fascism and the Problem of Gender The Aesthetics of the Body in Drieu la Rochelle
147
The Fascist Aesthetics of the Body
158
The Trouble with Gender and the Ambivalence of Desire
164
Literary AntiSemitism The Poetics of Race in Drumont and Celine
171
Style and Race
180
The Politics of Language and the Poetics of Race
186
The Art of AntiSemitic Rage Lucien Rebatets Aesthetics of Violence
196

The Nation as Artwork Charles Maurras and the Classical Origins of French Literary Fascism
71
Integral Nationalism AntiSemitism and the Aesthetic Power of the Monarch
87
LITERARY FASCISTS
97
Fascism as Aesthetic Experience Robert Brasillach and the Politics of Literature
99
Fascist Joy and the Aestheticizing of Experience
114
The Fascist Imagined Community The Myths of Europe and Totalitarian Man in Drieu la Rochelle
125
The Ideal of Total Art
131
The Fascist Imagination and the Myth of Europe
136
Aesthetic Ideals and Collaborationist Politics
139
The Aesthetic Final Solution
207
A Literary Fascism beyond Fascism Thierry Maulnier and the Ideology of Culture
222
Classicism Humanism Fascism
223
Tragedy Violence and the National Revolution
229
The Spiritual Revolution and the Ideal of Culture
235
Literary Fascism and the Case of Paul de Man
248
Notes to the Chapters
263
Index
295
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Sobre el autor (1998)

David Carroll is Professor of French and Chair of the Department of French and Italian at the University of California, Irvine. His previous publications include Paraesthetics: Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida and The Subject in Question: The Languages of Theory and the Strategies of Fiction.

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