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31st December. I entertained my kind neighbours, accord-. ing to custom, giving Almighty God thanks for His gracious mercies to me the past year.
1668-9. 1st January. Imploring His blessing for the year entering, I went to church, where our Doctor preached on Psalm lxv. 12, apposite to the season, and beginning a new year.
3rd. About this time one of- Sir William Penn's sons had published a blasphemous book against the Deity of our Blessed Lord.
291 h. I went to see a tall gigantic woman who measured 6 feet 10 inches high, at 21 years old, born in the Low Countries.
13/A February. I presented his Majesty with my History of the Four Impostor*;1 he told me of other like cheats. I gave my book to Lord Arlington, to whom I dedicated it. It was now that he began to tempt me about writing " the Dutch War."
15th. Saw Mrs. Phillips' Horace* acted again.
18th. To the Royal Society, when Signor Malpighi, an Italian physician and anatomist, sent this learned body the incomparable History of the Silkworm.
1st March. Dined at Lord Arlington's at Goring House, with the Bishop of Hereford.
might be found out upon diligent inquiries. The rest, I think, your Lordship has already in good proportion."
Writing on the same subject to Pepys, in a letter dated 12th August, 16S9 (Corrapondence, vol. iii. p. 291), Evelyn tells him that the Lord Chancellor, Clarendon, had collected Portraits of very many of our great men; and he proceeds to put them down, without order or arrangement, as he recollected them. He gives also there a list of Portraits which he recommended to be added, a little different from the list contained in the letter above-quoted; and he adds, that "when Lord Clarendon's design of making this collection was known, everybody who had any of the portraits, or could purchase them at any price, strove to make their court by presenting them. By this means he got many excellent pieces of Vandyke, and other originals by Lely and other the best of our modern masters."
1 Re-printed in Evelyn's " Miscellaneous Writings," pp. 663—620.
* Antt, p. 35. Mrs. Phillips was a poetess of celebrity in her time, known as "the matchless Onnda." The work mentioned by Evelyn, was her translation of P. Corneille's < Horace,' which Pepys calls " a silly tragedy." Marcellus Malpighi was eminent for his discoveries respecting the economy of the liver and kidneys, and for his researches is vegetable physiology. He was bor n 1628, and died 1684b
4m March. To the Council of the Royal Society, about disposing my Lord Howard's library, now given to us.
16th. To London, to place Mr. Christopher Wase about my Lord Arlington.
18th. I went with Lord Howard of Norfolk, to visit Sir William Ducie at Charlton, where we dined; the servants made our coachmen so drunk, that they both fell off their boxes on the heath, where we were fain to leave them, and were driven to London by two servants of my Lord's. This barbarous custom of making the masters welcome by intoxicating the servants, had now the second time happened to my coachman.
My son came finally from Oxford.
2nd April. Dined at Mr. Treasurer's, where was (with many noblemen) Colonel Titus of the bed-chamber, author of the famous piece against Cromwell, Killing no Murder.
I now placed Mr. Wase with Mr. Williamson, Secretary to the Secretary of State, and Clerk of the Papers.
14th. I dined with the Archbishop of Canterbury, at Lambeth, and saw the library, which was not very considerable.
19th May. At a Council of the Royal Society our grant was finished, in which his Majesty gives us Chelsea College, and some land about it. It was ordered that five should be a quorum for a Council. The Vice-President was then sworn for the first time, and it was proposed how we should receive the Prince of Tuscany, who desired to visit the Society.
20m. This evening, at 10 o'clock, was born my third daughter, who was baptised on the 25th by the name of Susannah.
3rd June. Went to take leave of Lord Howard, going Ambassador to Morocco. Dined at Lord Arlington's, where were the Earl of Berkshire, Lord Saint John, Sir Robert Howard, and Sir R. Holmes.
10m. Came my Lord Combury, Sir William Pulteney,1 and others to visit me. I went this evening to London, to carry Mr. Pepys to my brother Richard, now exceedingly
l A dirtinguuihed Parliament man, grandfather of the fint Earl of Bath. He ww a Commissioner of the Privy deal under William I1L, and died in 1671*
afflicted with the stone, who had been sucessfully cut, and carried the stone as big as a tennis-ball to show him, and encourage his resolution to go through the operation.
30th June. My wife went a journey of pleasure down the river as far as the sea, with Mrs. Howard and her daughter, the Maid of Honour, and others, amongst whom that excellent creature, Mrs. Blagg.1
7th July. I went towards Oxford; lay at Little Wycomb.
9th. In the morning, was celebrated the Encaenia of the New Theatre, so magnificently built by the munificence of Dr. Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury, in which was spent £25,000, as Sir Christopher Wren, the architect (as I remember), told me; and yet it was never seen by the benefactor, my Lord Archbishop having told me that he never did or ever would see it. It is, in truth, a fabric comparable to any of this kind of former ages, and doubtless exceeding any of the present, as this University does for colleges, libraries, schools, students, and order, all the Universities in the world. To the theatre is added the famous Sheldonian printing-house. This being at the Act and the first time of opening the Theatre (Acts being formerly kept in St. Mary's church, which might be thought indecent, that being a place set apart for the immediate worship of God, and was the inducement for building this noble pile), it was now resolved to keep the present Act in it, and celebrate its dedication with the greatest splendour and formality that might be; and, therefore, drew a world of strangers, and other company, to the University, from all parts of the nation.
The Vice-Chancellor, Heads of Houses, and Doctors, being seated in magisterial seats, the Vice-Chancellor's chair and desk, Proctors, Ac. covered with brocatelle (a kind of brocade) and cloth of gold; the University Registrar read the founder's grant and gift of it to the University for their scholastic exercises upon these solemn occasions. Then
1 Afterwards Mrs. Godolphin, whose life, written by Erelrn, has been published under the auspices of the Uishop of Oxford. The affecting circumstanoea of hex dosth will be found recorded at p. 131 of the present volume.
followed Dr. South,1 the University's orator, in an eloquent speech, which was very long, and not without some malicious and indecent reflections on the Eoyal Society, as underminers of the University; which was very foolish and untrue, as well as unseasonable. But, to let that pass from an illnatured man, the rest was in praise of the Archbishop and the ingenious architect. This ended, after loud music from the corridor above, where an organ was placed, there fol'lowed divers panegyric speeches, both in prose and verse, interchangeably pronounced by the young students placed in the rostrums, in Pindarics, Eclogues, Heroics, &c., mingled with excellent music, vocal and instrumental, to entertain the ladies and the rest of the company. A speech was then made in praise of academical learning. This lasted from eleven in the morning till seven at night, which was concluded with ringing of bells, and universal joy and feasting. 10th July. The next day began the more solemn lectures in all the faculties, which were performed in the several schools, where all the Inceptor-Doctors did their exercises, the Professors having first ended their reading. The assembly now returned to the Theatre, where the Terra filiu* (the Univertity Buffoon) entertained the auditory with a tedious, abusive, sarcastical rhapsody, most unbecoming the gravity of the University, and that so grossly, that unless it be suppressed, it will be of ill consequence, as I afterwards plainly expressed my sense of it both to the Vice-Chancellor and several Heads of Houses, who were perfectly ashamed of it, and resolved to take care of it in future. The old facetious way of rallying upon the questions was left off, falling wholly upon persons, so that it was rather licentious lying and railing than genuine and noble wit. In my life, I was never witness of so shameful entertainment.
After this ribaldry, the Proctors made their speeches. Then began the music art, vocal and instrumental, above in the balustrade corridor opposite to the Vice-Chancellor's seat. Then, Dr. Wallis, the mathematical Professor, made
1 Robert South, D.IX, prebendaiy of Westminster and Canon of Cbrist-churrh, one of the mort eloquent preachers of the seventeenth century. Pepj • alludes to his baring been aeixed with a feinting fit in the pulpit wlule preaching before the King. He nevertheless lived to the age of eighty-threc.
his oration, and created one Doctor of music according to the usual ceremonies of gown (which was of white damask), cap, ring, kiss, &c. Next followed the disputations of the Inceptor-Doctors in Medicine, the speech of their Professor, Dr. Hyde, and so in course their respective creations. Then disputed the Inceptors of Law, the speech of their Professor, and creation. Lastly, Inceptors of Theology: Dr. Compton (brother to the Earl of Northampton) being junior, began with great modesty and applause; so the rest. After which, Dr. Tillotson, Dr. Sprat, >fec., and then Dr. Allestree's speech, the King's Professor, and their respective creations.1 Last of all, the Vice-Chancellor, shutting up the whole in a panegyrical oration, celebrating their benefactor and the rest, apposite to the occasion.
Thus was the Theatre dedicated by the scholastic exercises in all the Faculties with great solemnity; and the night, as the former, entertaining the new Doctor's friends in feasting and music. I was invited by Dr. Barlow, the worthy and learned Professor of Queen's College.
11 th July. The Act sermon was this forenoon preached by Dr. Hall, in. St. Mary's, in an honest practical discourse against Atheism. In the afternoon, the church was so crowded, that not coming early I could not approach to hear.
1 Thomas TTydo, D.D., Hebrew Reader, Keeper of the Bodleian Library, Prebend of Salisbury Cathedral, Regius Professor of Hebrew, and ranon of Christchurch, Oxford; author of a Latin History of the Ancient Persians and Medea, and one of Walton's coadjutors in the great polyglot Bible. Bor n in 1638, and died in 1703.—Henry, son of Spencer Compton, Earl of Northampton, slain at the battle of Hop'.on Heath, commenced his career as a cornet of dragoons, but after a snort time abandoned the army for the church, in which he raised himself by his talents to be Bishop of Oxford, and in 1675 was translated to the see of London. He was a zealous Protestant during the reign of James II., and not only was instrumental in bringing over William of Orange to this country, but placed the crown upon his head, on Archbishop Bancroft refusing to assist at the coronation. He wrote several works of • religious character, and a translation of the life of Donna Olvmpia Maldachina, from the Italian. He died in 1713.—Dr. Thomas Sprat, Bishop of Rochester, the biographer of Cowley, historian of the Royal Society, and author of sundry verses and sermons. Born in 16315, died 1713.—Richard A Host roc was first designed for the church, but the Civil War forced him into the army. At t he Restoration he returned to hia original profession, in which he raised himself to considerable eminence. Born 1619, died 1680.