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very valuable jewels, he went back to Portsmouth, and immediately embarked for Spain.
16th January. The Lord Treasurer gave my grandson the office of Treasurer of the Stamp Duties, with a salary of £300 a-year.
30th. The fast on the martyrdom of King Charles I. was observed with more than usual solemnity.
May. Dr. Bathurst, President of Trinity College, Oxford, now died,11 think the oldest acquaintance now left me in the world. He was eighty-six years of age, stark blind, deaf, and memory lost, after having been a person of admirable parts and learning. This is a serious alarm to me. God grant that I may profit by it! He built a very handsome chapel to the college, and his own tomb. He gave a legacy of money, and the third part of his library, to his nephew, Dr. Bohun, who went hence to his funeral.
1th September. This day was celebrated the thanksgiving for the late great victory,* with the utmost pomp and splendour by the Queen, Court, great Officers, Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, Companies, &c. The streets were scaffolded from Temple Bar, where the Lord Mayor presented her Majesty with the sword, which she returned. Every Company was ranged under its banners, the City Militia without the rails, which were all hung with cloth suitable to the colour of the banner. The Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, were in their scarlet robes, with caparisoned horses; the Knight Marshal on horseback; the FootGuards; the Queen in a rich coach with eight horses, none with her but the Duchess of Marlborough in a very plain garment, the Queen full of jewels. Music and trumpets at every City Company. The great officers of the Crown, Nobility, and Bishops, all in coaches with six horses, besides innumerable servants, went to St. Paul's, where the Dean preached. After this, the Queen went back in the same order to St. James's. The City Companies feasted all the Nobility and Bishops, and illuminated at night. Music for the church and anthems composed by the best masters.
1 There is a very good Life of him, with his portrait prefixed, by Thomas Warton, Fellow of Trinity College, and Poetry Professor at Oxford.
> Oyer the French and Bavarians, at Blenheim, 13th August, 170A
The day before was wet and stormy, but this was one of the most serene and calm days that had been all the year.
October. The year has been very plentiful.
31st. Being my birthday and the 84th year of my life, after particular reflections on my concerns and passages of the year, I set some considerable time of this day apart, to recollect and examine my state and condition, giving God thanks, and acknowledging His infinite mercies to me and mine, begging His blessing, and imploring His protection for the year following.
December. Lord Clarendon presented me with the three volumes of his father's History of the Eebellion.
My Lord of Canterbury wrote to me for suffrage for Mr. Clarke's continuance this year in the Boyle Lecture, which I willingly gave for his excellent performance of this year.
9 th February. I went to wait on my Lord Treasurer, where was the victorious Duke of Marlborough, who came to me and took me by the hand with extraordinary familiarity and civility, as formerly he was used to do, without any alteration of his good-nature. He had a most rich George in a sardonyx set with diamonds of very great value; for the rest, very plain. I had not seen him for some years, and believed he might have forgotten me.
21st. Bemarkable fine weather. Agues and small-pox much in every place.
11th March. An exceeding dry season.—Great loss by fire, burning the outhouses and famous stable of the Earl of Nottingham, at Burleigh [Rutlandshire], full of rich goods and furniture, by the carelessness of a servant. A little before, the same happened at Lord Pembroke's, at Wilton. The old Countess of Northumberland, Dowager of Algernon Percy, Admiral of the Fleet to King Charles I., died in the 83rd year of her age. She was sister to the Earl of Suffolk, and left a great estate, her jointure to descend to the Duke of Somerset.1
May. The Bailiff of Westminster hanged himself. He had an ill report.
On the death of the Emperor, there was no mourning
1 This Duke had married Elizabeth Percy, widow of Lord Cole, onhr daughter and heir to Joceline Percy, the eleventh and hut Earl of
worn at Court, because there was none at the Imperial Court on the death of King William.
18th May. I went to see Sir John Chardine,1 at TurnhamGreen, the gardens being very fine, and exceeding well planted with fruit.
20th. Most extravagant expense to debauch and corrupt votes for Parliament members. I sent my grandson with his party of my freeholders to vote for Mr. Harvey, of Combe.*
1704-5. ith January. I dined at Lambeth with the Archbishop of Dublin, Dr. King, a sharp ready man in politics, as well as very learned.
June. The season very dry and hot.—I went to see Dr. Dickinson* the famous chemist. We had long conversation about the philosopher's elixir, which he believed attainable, and had seen projection himself by one who went under the name of Mundanus, who sometimes came among the adepts, but was unknown as to his country, or abode; of this the Doctor has written a treatise in Latin, full of very astonishing relations. He is a very learned person, formerly a Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford,' in which city he practised physic, but has now altogether given it over, and lives retired, being very old and infirm, yet continuing chymistry.
I went to Greenwich Hospital, where they now began to take in wounded and worn-out. seamen, who are exceeding well provided for. The buildings now going on are very magnificent.
October. Mr. Cowper' made Lord Keeper. Observing how uncertain great officers are of continuing long in their
1 See p. 201. 'Sir Richard Onslow and Sir William Scawcn
were the other candidates, and succeeded. Harvey was a violent Tory.
* Edmund Dickinson, of Merlon College, Oxford, took the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 22nd June, 1(3-17. He was living in Westminster, in 1692, in good repute for his practice in the faculty of physic- lie published several things. Wood's Fasti Oxon., p. 741.
1 He was afterwards a Fellow of Merton. He died in 1707, aged 84. Campbell, in his edition of the Biog. Brit., speaks very highly of him; but Kippis, in the new edition of that Work, diners much from the Doctor's opinions, though he allows him to have been a very learned man. Evelyn must have mistaken Dr. Dickinson as to his not knowing who Mundanus was, for in 1686 the Doctor printed a letter to him with his answer from Paris; and in the latter, Mumlanus says he made t«o projections in his presence Jiiog. lir.t. art. Dickinson.
* William Cowper, created a TJiron in IT'.O, ami Lord Chancellor, afterwards Viscount Fordwich ami Earl C'owjtr, by licorge the First.
places, he would not accept it, unless £2000 a-year were given him in reversion when he was put out, in consideration of his loss of practice. His predecessors, how little time soever they had the seal, usually got £100,000 and made themselves Barons.—A new Secretary of State.1— Lord Abingtou, Lieutenant of the Tower, displaced, and General Churchill, brother to the Duke of Marlborough, put in. An indication of great unsteadiness somewhere, out thus the crafty Whig party (as called) begin to change the face of the Court, in opposition to the High Churchmen, which was another distinction of a party from the Low Churchmen. The Parliament chose one Mr. Smith, Speaker.' There had never been so great an assembly of members on the first day of sitting, being more than 450. The votes both of the old, as well as the new, fell to those called Low Churchmen, contrary to all expectation.
31st October. I am this day arrived to the 85th year of my age. Lord teach me so to number my days to come, that I may apply them to wisdom!
1705-6. 1st January. Making up my accounts for the past year, paid bills, wages, and new-year's-gifts, according to custom. Though much indisposed and in so advanced a stage, I went to our chapel [in London] to give God public thanks, beseeching Almighty God to assist me and my family the ensuing year, if He should yet continue my pilgrimage here, and bring me at last to a better l>fe with Him in his heavenly kingdom. Divers of our friends and relations dined with us this day.
27th. My indisposition increasing, I was exceeding ill this whole week.
3rd February. Notes of the sermons at the chapel in the morning and afternoon, written with his own hand, conclude this Diary.
•#* Mr. Evelyn died on the 27th of this month.
> Charles, Karl of Sunderland.
* John Smith, E*q., Member for Andover.
£>D OF THE DIART.
(See p. 244.)
Feb. 1687-8, there was printed what was called "A true and perfect narrative of the strange and unexpected finding the Crucifix and Goldchain of that pious Prince, St. Edward the King and Confessor, which was found after six hundred and thirty years' interment, and presented to his most Sacred Majesty, King James the Second. By Charles Taylour, Gent. London, printed by J. B., and are to be sold by Randal Taylor, near Stationers' Hall, 1688."
He says, that "on St. Barnaby's Day (11 June), 1685, between 11 and 12 at noon, he went with two friends to see the coffin of Edward the Confessor, having heard that it was broke; fetched a ladder, looked on the coffin and found a hole as reported, put his band into the hole, and turning the bones which he felt there, drew from under the shoulderbones a crucifix richly adorned and enamelled, and a golden chain of twenty-four inches long to which it was fixed; showed them to his two friends; was afraid to take them away, till he had acquainted the Dean; put them into the coffin again. But the Bean not being to be spoke with then, and fearing this treasure might be taken by some other, he went two or three hours afterward to one of the choir, acquainted him with what he had found, who accompanied him to the monument, from whence he again drew the crucifix and chain; his friend advised him to keep them, until he could show them to the Dean (the Bishop of Rochester) : kept them three weeks before he could speak to the Bishop; went to the Archbishop of York, and showed them; next morning, the Archbishop of York carried him to the Archbishop of Canterbury at Lambeth, and showed them. After this, he procured an exact drawing to be made of them; showed them to Sir William Dugdale.—6th July, the Archbishop of Canterbury told the Bishop of Rochester, who, about four that afternoon, sent for him, and took him to Whitehall, that he might present them to the King; which he did accordingly. The King ordered a new strong wooden coffin to bo made to inclose the broken one. The links of the chain oblong, and curiously wrought; the upper