Human Genome Initiative: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, First Session ... November 9, 1989


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Página 24 - A more important set of instruction books will never be found by human beings. When finally interpreted, the genetic messages encoded within our DNA molecules will provide the ultimate answers to the chemical underpinnings of human existence.
Página 22 - ... I am pleased to be able to testify for the first time as Director of the National Center for Human Genome Research. The task of determining the human DNA sequence is now firmly established as a national objective. Similar to the 1961 decision made by President Kennedy to send a man to the moon, the United States has committed itself to a highly visible and important goal. We did not know if we could successfully reach the moon — we already know it is possible to map and sequence the human genome....
Página 38 - Thank you for your attention, and I will be pleased to answer any questions you may have at the appropriate time.
Página 30 - The images now reside on magneto-optical platters accessible from a jukebox at the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications of the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Página 96 - Cloning of large segments of exogenous DNA into yeast by means of artificial chromosome vectors.
Página 58 - Smith had a more implicit faith in the 'hidden hand' to ensure that "what is good for General Motors is good for the United States".
Página 32 - ... the NIH Human Genome Program budget will be available for activities that address ethical, legal and social issues related to the project. The NIH Program Advisory Committee created an ethics working group to plan and coordinate this part of our Human Genome Program. The working group held its first meeting on September 14-15, 1989. At this meeting, the group began to develop a detailed plan for addressing the ethical issues arising from the application of knowledge gained as a result of the...
Página 34 - The importance, complexity, and cost of the effort to map and sequence the human genome makes international cooperation essential. Most developed countries are already formulating strategies to undertake aspects of this international effort, and some developing countries have expressed interest in participating in the research as well.
Página 34 - How to ensure that nations work together instead of indulging in costly competitive races for the same chromosomal objectives will be a challenge. Open communication, sharing of basic scientific data and collaborative efforts are probably the most productive methods for preventing duplication of research efforts and costly international competitions. A number of prominent international molecular biologists and human geneticists have banded together to form "The Human Genome Organization" (HUGO) ....

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