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pourtray the dignity of such a condition ; the tranquillity it communicates, the courage it inspires, the joy, and gratitude, and holy affections, it breathes through the soul ! “Oh! taste and see how gracious the Lord is; blessed is the man that trusteth in him.”

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If the concurring experience of all ages has established any fact respecting our common nature more certainly than another, perhaps it is this, that when we desire to induce men to make considerable efforts for the attainment of an object, it is wise to engage their feelings, as well as to convince their judgment. The principle is so familiar to us, that a writer would be thought to trifle with our understandings who should employ any elaborate reasoning to establish or enforce it. Yet it is most certain that a truth, universally received and acted upon in all the common affairs of life, has been beheld with suspicion, and even absolutely rejected by many, when applied to our religious concerns; and the only object of pursuit which can worthily engross all the thoughts and desires and energies of an immortal being, it is imagined may be best secured by suspending the most active principle of his nature.

Indeed it is exceedingly remarkable how different is the wisdom of man and the wisdom of his Creator. God has told us that we are fallen, depraved, unworthy beings; and has made the knowledge and

confession of this truth the very basis of true religion. But men say, to persuade people that they are wicked is the sure way to make them become so: teach them first to respect themselves, and they will soon feel a pride in being truly respectable. Christ has said, “ Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and all thy soul, and all thy mind, and all thy strength; this is the first and great commandment." Men call the religious exercise of the affections enthusiasm and mysticism; and contend strenuously, that it becomes us to offer to our Maker a reasonable service.

Here, indeed, we are at last agreed. We, too, are desirous to offer to our Maker a reasonable service; a service such as his perfections call for, and the nature which he has given us may fitly render. Is it not, then, in the highest degree reasonable to admire and adore Ilim who is unspeakably excellent; to overflow with gratitude to Him who has blessed us in prosperity, and comforts us in sorrow; who has given us life and all its enjoyments; who has abounded continually towards us in all Jong suffering and goodness ;-to love Him with our whole hearts, who loved us when we were enemies, and has redeemed us to himself even by the blood of his dear Son! If it be reasonable to experience the most unmerited mercies without being affected by them; to receive blessings innumerable without a single emotion of thankfulness; and to contemplate perfect goodness with as much indifference as if it were an abstract theorem; then, indeed, the

'service of the affections is irrational. But if our very instincts tell us, that such a supposition is absurd and abominable ; if the basest nature can scarcely endure, and the noblest abhors it ; we have little reason to fear, that in yielding the whole heart to God we can be justly chargeable with weakness or folly : for how can He attract towards himself any of our affections, without commanding them all; or with the least colour of equity possess the faintest influence upon our hearts, without reigning triumphant in them?

It is a noble saying of Cicero, in the person of one of his philosophical disputants * ; Pietas est justitia erga Deos; “Piety is justice towards God.” If our moral obligations grow out of the condition in which we are placed, surely it is abundantly manifest, that to the highest relation must belong the highest duties ; that He who has given us every thing we possess, must be entitled to whatever return he will deem acceptable. Those then are greatly in error, who think that usefulness and benevolence towards our fellow creatures form the sum of morality; unless they can prove, what no man certainly is able to prove, that these constitute the only service which can worthily be rendered to our Creator; and I have always thought the modern theory of expediency chiefly objectionable, because it presents the system of social relations so conti. nually, and (to every practical purpose) so exclusively to our attention, that they occupy the whole

* De Naturâ Deorum.

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sphere of vision. In the darkness of paganism, indeed, it might be possible to doubt whether a being so sinful and unworthy as man, should presume to approach his Maker with the incense of gratitude and love. But God has himself dispersed that night of shaine and bondage. He has called us of bis free mercy to the adoption of children in Christ Jesys. What the wisest and best of the heathen world saw darkly and hoped faintly, He has fully revealed and distinctly commanded. He invites, He requires us to love him; and this blessed precept, though in the form of an injunction, is, in truth, at once the surest pledge of his reconciliation, the most powerful inducement to holiness, and the consummation of all felicity.

The love of God, whatever difficulties may sometimes have been raised respecting it, is surely to an honest heart exceedingly easy of comprehension. It is a natyral affection in its highest exercise, and directed towards its poblest object. The human soul is capable indeed of entertaining many sacred feelings. We reverence the inajesty of God; we admire his perfections; we are grateful for his mer cies ; we have confidence in his goodness. These all are doubtless excellent, and highly acceptable ta qur Maker. But love is yet more elevated and more perfect. Every other religious sentiment seems but to prepare and lead us up to this. Every other religious sentiment is comprehended in it. It is, therefore, with great justness that the Apostle pronounces love to be “the fulfilling of the law." In

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