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+32.77 chlorine = cuprane.
+ 67.00 ditto
Manganese 28.4 + 33.60 chlorine.
97.233.80 chlorine = plumbane.
+7.50 oxygene oxide.
+7.30 oxygene= = white oxide. Antimony 42.5+ 34.60 chlorine antimonane.
+14.86 sulphur sulphuret. +7.50 oxygene= protoxide. 67.5+ 34.20 chlorine =bismuthane. +15.08 sulphur = :sulphuret. +7.50 oxygene oxide.
7. On the Action of muriatic Acid on some Combinations of Chlorine and Metals.
Sir HUMPHRY DAVY has pointed out in a great variety of instances, the existence of an analogy between chlorine and oxygene. He has shewn that the former, united with certain inflammables, constitutes, like the latter, acid compounds; and combined with metals, as it has already been observed, substances similar in many respects to metallic oxides.
I have kept this analogy in view in my inquiries, and directed by it in my experiments, I have obtained some results which appear to me to coincide with it.
Thus having been led to try the action of muriatic acid on different combinations of the metals and chlorine, I have found many of them capable of uniting with this acid, and of forming compounds not dissimilar to some of those consisting of acids and metallic oxides.
Corrosive sublimate, stannane, cuprane, and the combinations of chlorine with antimony, zinc, lead, and silver are all soluble in different degrees in muriatic acid.
Corrosive sublimate, which is but sparingly soluble in water, and still more sparingly in the sulphuric and nitric acids, is, I have ascertained, very readily soluble in muriatic acid. 1 cubic inch of the common strong acid takes up about 150 grains of this substance, and when gently heated, a quantity far more considerable, about 1000 grains. The compound thus formed solidifies on cooling into a crystalline fibrous mass of a pearly and brilliant lustre. It is decomposed by heat, the acid being first expelled, and when exposed to the atmosphere, it efflo
resces and appears to lose its acid, for afterwards analysed, it is found to be pure corrosive sublimate.
When I first tried the action of muriatic acid on the different combinations of chlorine already mentioned, I was not aware that KLAPROTH had before observed the solubility of horn silver in this acid, and Mr. CHENEVIX that of cuprane. Horn silver, cuprane, and horn lead are precipitated from muriatic acid, unaltered by water. Both the hot saturated solutions of the two last compounds deposit crystals on cooling; those, from the solution of the former, are of an olive green colour and of a prismatic form, and consist of cuprane and muriatic acid; those from the latter, are small white brilliant plates.
Finding the combinations of the metals and chlorine, so generally soluble in liquid muriatic acid, I expected that some of them might absorb muriatic acid gas; but none that I have tried have possessed this property, not even the liquor of Libavius. Indeed this is not singular, for water is necessary to the composition of many saline bodies, neutral carbonat of ammonia and nitrat of ammonia, for instance, cannot be formed without the presence of water. Neither is the precipitation of cuprane, horn silver, and horn lead from muriatic acid by water extraordinary; there are several salts containing metallic oxides which are liable to the same change, the oxides having less affinity for the acid, than water has.
The action of muriatic acid on the combinations of the different-metals and chlorine will, I have little doubt, afford, when more minutely investigated, explanations of many phenomena which are not yet well accounted for. Before I conclude, I shall mention only one instance to which it already appears Dds
to be applicable. M. PROUST has observed the decomposition of calomel by boiling muriatic acid, and its conversion into corrosive sublimate and running mercury. Now calomel being insoluble in muriatic acid, these changes evidently appear to be owing to the strong attraction of the acid, for corrosive sublimate, which has been already shewn to exist.
XI. Further Experiments and Observations on the Action of Poisons on the Animal System. By B. C. Brodie, Esq. F. R. S. Communicated to the Society for the Improvement of Animal Chemistry, and by them to the Royal Society.
Read February 27, 1812.
SINCE I had the honour of communicating to the Royal Society some observations on the action of certain poisons on the animal systein, I have been engaged in the further prosecution of this inquiry. Besides some additional experiments on vegetable poisons, I have instituted several with a view to explain the effects of some of the more powerful poisons of the mineral kingdom. The former correspond in their results so nearly with those which are already before the public, that, in the present communication, I shall confine myself to those which appear to be of some importance, as they more particularly confirm my former conclusions respecting the recovery of animals apparently dead, where the cause of death operates exclusively on the nervous system. In my experi ments on mineral poisons, I have found some circumstances wherein their effects differ from those of vegetable poisons, and of these I shall give a more particular account. Whatever may be the value of the observations themselves, the subject must be allowed to be one that is deserving of investigation, as it does not appear unreasonable to expect that such investigation may hereafter lead to some improvements.