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Consumption of Food in the United Kingdom. See United King-

dom, consumption of food in the.

Ecclesiastical Economy, Bills relating to, 94—the ecclesiastical re-

venues, 94-8, and notes their management, 98-9 - a poor clergy
not necessarily a virtuous one, 99-actual receipt of a rector whose
annual income from the Church is 10001., 100-1-erroneous notions
on the vast wealth of the clergy, 101—their emoluments compared
with those of eminent practitioners in law and medicine, 102-3—
Sydney Smith's · Letters to Archdeacon Singleton,' 103-4- private
income in many cases more than ecclesiastical income, 105 — mo-
tives by which those who enter the Church as a profession are
generally led, 106-7-clerical adventurers, 108-10- Dr. Chalmers
in favour of ecclesiastical sinecures, 111-real cause of the great
increase in the wealth of the clergy, 112-3 --advantages thereof to
the whole body, 113 — ignorance prevalent on ecclesiastical sub-
jects, 113-4—the curates, 114— pecuniary disinterestedness of the
profession, 115 — episcopal incomes, 116 — principal features in
Lord Blandford's Bill, 117 — necessity of providing means for im-
proving and extending the education of the clergy, 118-private
colleges, 119-ordination fees, and fees and salaries to solicitors
acting as officers of the Boards of Queen Anne's Bounty and the
Ecclesiastical Commission, 119-20 – recommendation of the com-
missioners for subdividing overgrown parishes as to providing the
necessary funds, 120-1— Dr. Phillimore's proposed remedy objec-
tionable, 121-3—on purchasing advowsons and presentations, 124,
and notes — flaws in Dr. Phillimore's arguments, 125-6—the Irish
Tithe Commutation Act, 126 - tithes and church rates, 127-8-
Mr. Allen's suggestion, 128-9—concluding remarks, 129.
Erratum, 632.

French Protestant Refugees, history of the, review of, 454-im-

portant and interesting information contained in Mr. Weiss's book,
454-5-his principal predecessors in the same line of history, 455-6
in what consist the main defects of his work, 456-8 — what the
real business of the historian should be, 458-9-personal motives
and acts now lost in the machinery of great social bodies, 459-60
-Mr. Weiss's book indebted for its most marked features and best
developed characters to two other works by M. Sayous and
M. Bartholmès, 460-1 – principal features of the Protestant emi-
gration, 461-73— hospitable reception experienced by the French
refugees in all the Protestant countries, 473-4 — Defoe's True-
born Englishman,' 474-5 — notice of various books describing the
cruelties inflicted on the French Protestants, 475-7 - General
Schomberg, and the Marquis of Ruvigny, 477-9-satirical view of
French Protestant emigrants given in the Spectator,' and in
Hogarth’s ‘Noon,' 480-1—this brought about by the many scandals
amongst them, 481-2—dangerous nature of their religious fanati-

cism, 482-3-ill-will against them on account of their interference
in politics, 483.4 — their general behaviour and morals highly
spoken of by Skelton and others, 485 — Memoirs of Sir Samuel
Romilly, 485-6-French congregations insensibly absorbed in the
English community, 486-7-Jacques Saurin, 487-8-his sermons
and independent bearing, 489-93.

Government Education Measures for Poor and Rich, Parliamentary

Bills and Reports on, 158-general view of the subject of Govern-
ment Education, 158-61-extract from Mr. Tremenheere's Notes

on Public Subjects in the United States and Canada,' 161–
Lord John Russel's praiseworthy efforts in the cause of Educational
Reform, 162 — three of the principal points in which it still lags
behind the wants of the age, 162-3 — necessity of extending edu-
cation to the most destitute and degraded classes, 163-9— plans
proposed to infuse life into the education of the middle classes,
162-72-reform of the Universities and public schools, 172-74
how are fellowships to be thrown open ? 177-83 — Government
measures of reform directly affecting the Universities, 183-6-
University Extension, 186-9—on the reorganisation of the pro-
fessional body, 189-93 — proposition to endow all the most im-
portant professorships, 193—inert state of the Theological Faculty
at Oxford, 193-4- paucity of enlightened and energetic pastors in
the Church of England, 194-5—concluding remarks, 195-6.

Italian Autobiographies, recent, review of, 557-remarks on Lorenzo

• Benoni,' and Castellamonte,' 557-8 — Marie Louise, Grand
Duchess of Parma, ib.-rise and progress of the revolution in
Parma, 588-9— want of foresight and organisation among the
leaders, 559—consequent failure of the badly conducted attempt,
560—serious and manly tone of the · Lorenzo Benoni,' ib.some
account of its author, 560-1-public education in Piedmont, 561-4,
and extracts—the government of the State precisely analogous to
the bad system of education adopted in the universities, 564–
general torpor or frivolity pervading the upper and middle classes,
565 — the higher class of Italian revolutionists honourably dis-
tinguished from their countrymen by their high intellect, noble
patriotism, and exalted motives, 566—several such mentioned by
name, 566-7-evidence in the autobiography of Lorenzo Benoni of
its author's fine intellect, pure moral character, and genial nature,
567—cause of the prime movers and chief actors in Italian revolu-
tions being generally so young, 567-8, and extracts--the revolu-
tions of 1831 compared with those of 1848, 569— Piedmont then
and now, 570_encouragement for Italy to be derived from the
successful exertions of the Piedmontese constitutionalists, 571-

and from the present state of Europe, 572-3.
Judges (the), on Codification. See Codification.

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Locke, John, the Works of, review of, 383–influence of John Locke
over the intellectual world, and causes thereof, 383-4—his principal
characteristics, 385-8 — his contrast with German philosophers,
388-9— his love of truth, 389-90- his learning, patient excogita-
tion, and independence of authority, 390-1, and notehis powers
of observation and union of comprehensiveness and sagacity, 392-4
- his insensibility to all the forms of the Beautiful, 394-5-his
sense of humour and his powers of raillery, 395-7, and extracts-
his plain, homely, and practical style, 398-9—his moral excellences,
especially his prudence, 399-400—his independence and rectitude
of character, 400-1 - his social and conversational habits, 401-2,
and extruct -- remarks on his Philosophy, 402-his Essay on the
Understanding,' 432-4- many of the extravagancies of the Sen-
sational school charged upon him, 404-6— his expressions some-
times inconsistent, 406— his plain and reiterated avowal that he
traces human knowledge not to one, but to two distinct sources,
viz. Sensation or Reflection, 407-8, and extract and note - M.
Cousin's complaint that Locke is self-contradictory considered,
408-9— his charge against Locke for being the head of the Sen-
sational school, 409-14 — many passages of his Essay wherein he
proves the absurdity and untenableness of the arguments and
position of the Sensationalists, 414-8—his definition of 'cause'
and substance,' 418-20, and extract, - further proofs in Locke's
• Reasonableness of Christianity,' and in his Commentary on Paul's
· Epistles,' of his opposition to the views maintained by the Sen-
sationalists, 420-1 - Leibnitz's fair view of Locke's line of argu-
ment, 421-2-conclusive evidence as to Locke's real opinions on
the subject of sensation and reflection, 422-8- strictures on the
unfair treatment Locke has met from M. Cousin, 428-34 - M.
Cousin justified in charging Mr. Locke with want of method and
occasional obscurity, 434-40 — Locke's indefensible notions of
• personal identity,' 440-41— his over-estimate of education, 441-2
- his chapter on Power,' 442-3 — M, Cousin's objections thereto,
443_controversy on the 'Freedom of the Will,'444-53, and notes,
- concluding remarks, 453-4.

Madras (Presidency of), Public Works in, notice of the Report of

the Commissioners appointed to inquire into and report upon the
system of superintending and executing, 130—the system of irri-
gation, 130-2-astonishing increase in the amount and value of
the produce, 132-3—the two systems of channels and tanks, 133-4
- present state of the tanks and reservoirs, 134-54 certain remu.
neration for capital expended in irrigation, 135-6—instance of im-
provement by irrigation in the Tinnevelly district, 136-7, and
extracts-loss occasioned by not maintaining an efficient system of
irrigation, 137-8, and extract-striking effects of the extension of
irrigation to be found in the delta of the Godavery, 138-9-similar

effects of irrigation in the Madras Presidency, 139-state of the
roads in the Madras country, 140-1-in the Tanjore, the Salem,
the Cuddapah, and Bellary districts, 141-3-efforts of the Govern.
ment to improve the means of internal communication, 143-4-the
western Trunk Road, and the western road to Madras, 144-6-
increase of trade and traffic in salt, 146-improvements in the back
waters of Malabar, Cochin, and Travancore, 147, extract — the
port of Coringa, and efforts directed to making it the principal port
for the shipment of cotton, 147-8-remunerating returns on Go-
vernment advances for purposes of irrigation, 148-9-obstacles in
the Ryotwar system to progressive improvement, 149-52-sug-
gestions of the Commissioners, 152—onerous duties of a Board of
Works, 152.5, and note-general view of financial matters in the

Presidencies of Madras and Bengal, 155-7, and note.
Memorials of Mr. Fox. See Russell (Lord John).
Mormonites, the, review of works concerning, 319-20_account of the

book entitled “The Manuscript Found,' 320-1- its uniform dul-
ness, tameness, and nonsense, and its gross violations of grammar,
321 - Joseph Smith, 322-4 -- Martin Harris, 324-5-Joseph
Smith's revelations,' 325-6 — Sidney Rigdon joins Smith, and
urges him to take bolder steps 326-7, — rapid progress of the Sect,
327 - the Mormonites first settle at Kirtland, whence they remove
to Jackson County, Missouri, 328-determined opposition of the
other settlers against their remaining there, 329-30, and extract-
Joseph Smith establishes a bank, which fails soon after, 330_his
revelations as to his people returning to, and reconquering their
• Zion,' 331-2-obliged to flee from Jackson County, and take
refuge with the remnant of his proselytes in Illinois, 332 — in-
creasing with astonishing rapidity, the Mormonites establish a new
settlement, and build the town of Nauvoo, 333—its rapid progress,
and its body of Militia, 333-4-correspondence of General Bennett
with Joseph Smith, 334—a new revelation' allowing of polygamy
to Smith and all whom he pleased to license, 335—spiritual mar-
riage,' ib.-rebellion against his authority and pretensions, 335-6

fatal result thereof to Joseph and Hiram Smith, 336-character
of the blasphemous impostor, 337-8-Brigham Young takes Smith's
place as seer, revelator, and president of the Latter Day Saints,
339—being again persecuted by their neighbours, the Mormonites
resolve to migrate in a body beyond the Rocky Mountains, 339-40
-account of their leaving Nauvoo and journeyings through Mis-
souri on their way to the promised land, 340-3 — their sufferings
during their first winter, 344_fertility of the soil, and wonderful
prosperity of the new commonwealth, ib. - their trade, manu-
factures, and population, 345—their systematic plan of founding
a new town, 345-6, and extracts - San Bernardino and the Ter-
ritory of Utah, 346-7 — indignation against Mormon polygamy,
348—active measures of self-defence taken by the leaders, 349
invitation and pecuniary assistance offered to those of their sect in
other countries to go out and join them, 349-51-Mormonism con-
sidered as a Religion, 351-3 — their views on the Resurrection,


353-4— their peculiar rite of baptism for the dead, 354-5--grand
temple in which 'place only can this important mystery be cele-
brated, 355-6—their materialising dogmas, 356-7—their tendency
towards Polytheism, Atheism, and Pantheism, 358-9—the Mormon
* pluralistic' marriage service, 360-1, and extractthese matri-
monial innovations not exactly popular amongst the fair sex, 361-2
-correspondence between Cousin Abby and Cousin Nelly, 362-4
- reasons assigned in favour of polygamy, 365-6—Mr. Gunnison's
testimony as to the bad effects of polygamy at Utah, 367—'spi-
‘ritual wifeism,' 367.8—the regular payment of tithes the chief
duty impressed upon the Saints,' 368— their festive meetings,
368-9, and note-remarkable absence of the devotional element in
their religion, 369-70 — their original hymns execrable both in
taste and feeling, 371, and extracts immense and irresponsible
power possessed by the President, 372-the hierarchy, 372-3—
Brigham Young, 373-4-Orson Pratt, and his brother Parley
Pratt, 374-5-the skilful system of establishing Mormonite mis-
sions in foreign countries, 375-6 - Mormonites at Manchester,
Merthyr Tydvil, and other places in Great Britain, 376-7, and
note-causes of the success of Mormonism, 378-80-its permanent
success, especially at Utah, improbable, 380-2 – concluding re-
marks, 382-3.
Moore, Thomas, Memoirs of, 494—proofs of his popularity as a

poet, politician, and social companion, 494-5_general outline of
his life :-graduates at Trinity College, Dublin, 495 — is in Lon-
don in 1799, where he publishes his translation of the Odes of
• Anacreon,' which he dedicates to the Prince of Wales, 495-6–
extracts from letters to his mother, 496-7_Lord Moira appoints
him Registrar of the Admiralty Court of Bermuda, 497—his duel with
Lord Jeffrey, 498—is introduced to Lord Byron, at the dinner-
table of Mr. Rogers, in 1811, 499-Byron's fondness for his com-
pany, ib.-joins the Kilkenny theatrical society, 500—where he
becomes acquainted with Miss Elizabeth Dyke, whom he marries,
ib.-is disappointed in his hopes of being advantaged by Lord
Moira's patronage, 500-2, and notes—becomes a visitor at Holland
House, and exerts his talents in the service of the Whigs, 502
whilst composing his “Lalla Rookh,' supports himself by writing
newspaper facetice, satires, Melodies, and songs, ib. — extra-
ordinary success of 'Lalla Rookh,' 503-4--his trip to Paris, 504-
his Bermuda misfortune, 504-5—commences the Life of Sheridan,'
506—takes a continental tour with Lord John Russell, 507-visits
Lord Byron at Venice, 507-8— travels through Bologna, Florence,
Rome, &c., and arrives in Paris in 1820, 509_his tender attach-
ment to his wife, ib.-returns to England, and takes up his abode
at Sloperton Cottage, ib.composes his ‘Loves of the Angels,' and
the · Fables of the Holy Alliance,' 509-10-justly open to the
charge of mis-statement in his Life of Sheridan,' 510-1, and note
—that biography a work, nevertheless, of great merit, 511, and
extract-numerous instances in the Diary of Moore's application
to his literary labours, 511-2 - after completing his Life of

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