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OF

VIRGINIA;

CONTAINING

A COLLECTION OF THE MOST INTERESTING FACTS, TRADITIONS,

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, ANECDOTES, &c,

RELATIXG TO

ITS HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES,

TOGETHER WITH

GEOGRAPHICAL AND STATISTICAL DESCRIPTIONS.

TO WHICH IS APPENDED,

AN HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE SKETCH

OJ THE

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

ILLUSTRATED BY

OVER 100 ENGRAVINGS,

GIVING

VIEWS OF THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS-SEATS OF EMINENT MEN,-
PUBLIC BUILDINGS,-RELICS OF ANTIQUITY,-HISTORIC

LOCALITIES, NATURAL SCENERY, ETC., ETC.

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CHAPTER IV.

PROGRESS OF THE COLONY FROM THE DISSOLUTION OF THE LONDON COMPANY TO THE BREAKING OUT

OP BACON'S REBELLION IN 1675.

Accession of Charles I.–Tobaccu trade.-Yeardley governor-his commission favorable-his death and

character.-Lord Baltimore's reception.-State of religion—legislation upon the subject.-Invitation

to the Puritans to settle on Delaware Bay.-Harvey governor.-Grant of Carolina and Maryland.-

Harvey deposed-restored.-Wyatt governor.-Acts of the legislature improperly censured.--Berkeley

governor.-Indian relations.-Opechancanough prisoner-his death.-Change of government in Eng-

land.-Fleet and army sent to reduce Virginia.-Preparation for defence by Berkeley.-Agreement

entered into between the cotony and the commissioners of the commonwealth.-Indian hostilities.-

Matthews elected governor.--Difficulties between the governor and the legislature-adjusted.-State

of the colony and its trade.-Commissioners sent to England.—The Restoration.-General legisla-

tion

........ Page 51

CHAPTER V.

BACON'S REBELLION-HOSTILE DESI OF THE FRENCH.

Indifference to change in England.-Navigation Act.-Con cts.- Conspiracy detected.--Discontents.-

Cessation from tobacco planting for one year.-Royal grants. Virginia's remonstrance.-Success of

deputies.-Indian hostilities - Army raised and disbanded by governor.--People petition for an army-

elect Bacon commander-he marches without commission and defeats Indians--pursued by governor,

who retreats on hearing of rising at Jamestown.--Governor makes concessions.-Bacon prisoner-is

pardoned.-People force commission from governor.-Bacon marches to nieet Indians--hears he is

declared a rebel by Berkeley-marches to meet him-he flees to Accomac.-Convention called and

free government established.-Bacon defeats the Indians.--Berkeley obtains possession of the ship-

Ding, and occupies Jamestown-is besieged by Bacon, and driven out.-Jamestown bumt.-Death of

Bacon-character of his enterprise.-Predatory warfare-treaty between governor and his opponents.-

Cruelty of Berkeley.-King's commissioners.--Departure of Berkeley and his death.--Acts of Assembly

passed during Bacon's influence.-Conduct of king's cominissioners.-Culpeper garernor.-Discontents.

-Conduct of Beverly-Howard governor.--General conduct of Virginia and progress of affairs.-

Plan of Callier for dividing the British colonies.......

· Page 69

CHAPTER VI.

EVENTS FROM THE YEAR 1705 TO THE TERMINATION OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.

Gor. Nicholson superseded by Nott, and he by Jennings.-- Administration of Gov. Spotswood.-Drysdale

governor-succeeded by Gooch.-- Death of Rev. James Blair.-Notice of Col. William Byrd.---Groch's

charge to the grand jury against Presbyterians, Methodists, &c.-Burning of the capitol at Williams-

bars. -Revision of the colonial laws.-Departure of Gooch.-Dinwiddie governor.- Encroachments of

the French.-Mission of George Washington beyond the Alleghanies to the French commandant of a

fort-its inauspicious resnlts.-Gov. Dinwiddie prepares to repel the encroachments of the French.-

Expedition against them under Coi. Fry, and the erection of Fort Duquesne.-Washington's skirmish

with Juinonville-he erects Fort Necessity-he surrenders to the French, and marches back to Vir-

ginia.- The Burgesses pass a vote of thanks to him.-Gov. Dinwiddie resolves to prosecute the war

the futility of his projeets.- Arrival of Gen. Braddock.-Braddock's defeat.-Bravery of Washington

and the Virginia troops.-Frontiers open to incursions from the savages.-Fauquier governor.--Troops

destined for the conquest of Duquesne rendezvous at Raystown.--Defeat of Major Grant, and heroisin

of Captain Bullet.-Fort Duquesne evacuated.-End of the war

.... Page 88

CHAPTER VII.

FROM THE TERMINATION OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR TO THE SURRENDER OF CORNWALLIS.

Encroachments of Britain upon the American colonies.-Spirited conduct of Virginia thereon.--Patrick

Henry's resolution on the right to tax America.-Death of Governor Finquier.-- Arrival of Lord Botte-

lort-Continued aggressions of the mother country.---Death of Botletourl.-Lord Dunmore governor.-

Dunmore's war.--Battle of Point Pleasant.-Speech of Logan.--End of the Indian War.--Meeting of the

Continental Congress.-Dunmore removes the gunpowder of the colony from the imtgazine at Wile

liamsbury.-Patrick Henry forces the receiver-general to make compensation.--Du more flees on

boinithe Fowey mun-of-war.-Meeting of the Virginia Convention.--Dunmore, with the British ticet,

attacks Hampton.-Affiir in Princess Anne.--Defeat of the enemy at Great Bridge.--- Norfolk hurnt.-

Delegates in Congress instructed by the General Convention of Virginia to propose the Dechuration of

Independence.- A constitution for the state government adopted.--Patrick Henry governor.-Dunmore

driven from Gwynn's Island.--First meeting of the legislature under the state constitution.--Indian

war.-Col

. Christian makes peace

with the Creek and Cherokee nations.-- Revision of the sturte laws.-

Glance at the war at the north.-Sir Henry Clinton appointed commoinder-in-chief of the British ariny.

He transfers the seat of the war to the south.--Sir George Collier, with a British fleet, enter, Hampton

Ronde.--Fort Nelson abandoned.--The enemy take possession of Portsmouth, and burn suffolk.--They

embark for New York.-Gen. Leslie invades Virginia, and lands at Portsmouth.-The government

prepares to resist the enemy.--Leslie leaves Virginia.-- Arnold invade, Virginia, lands at Westover,

and girches to Richmond.--He returns to Westover, and arrives at Portsmouth.--Washington forms

plan to cut dir his retreat.--Clinton detaches Gen. Philips to the assistance of Arnold. ---Detenrele:s

sita, tion of Virginia.-Philips takes possession of Petersburg, and commiis depredations in the vicinity.

-Death of Gen. Philips.--Cornwallis enters Petersburg.-Tarleton's expedition to Ch'ırlottesville.--

Variou a movements of the two armios.-Cornwallis concentrates his army at York und Glouce ter.---

Surreader of Cornwallis.

Page 104

CHAPTER VII.

FROM THE CLOSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION TO THE PRESENT TIME.

End of the war.- Action of the Virginia Convention upon the federal constitution.--Origin of the Federal

and Democratic parties.--Opposition to the alien and sedition laws in Virginia.--Report of Mr. Madi.

ton thereon.-Wur of 1812. -Revision of the state constitution in 1829-30.- Action of Virginia upon

the subject of slavery in 1831-2--Policy of the state in reference to internal improvement and educa-

"... Page 123

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