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besides his wife and her mother, Mrs Floud, who appears to have formed part of his family. By her will, which was dated on the aoth of April 1635, and proved on the a7th of November following, wherein she described herself of the parish of St Dunstan in the West, widow, she bequeathed the sum of ^15o to her son, Jobn Floud, to be paid to him when he attained the age of twentyeight; and she ordered that in the meantime it should be disposed of by her "loving cousin, Doctor Jobn Spenser," and her "loving son, Izaak Walton," who were to pay him the interest yearly for his support; but if he died under that age, the money was to be equally divided between her son, Robert Floud, and her daughter, Rachel Walton. If, however, Mrs Walton died without issue, the whole sum was to go to her brother Robert; but in case she left children, each child was to be paid .£1o. She directed that her linen at Canterbury should be divided by her sister Cranmer between her two sons ahove mentioned; and her son Jobn Floud was to have, besides, a silver-gilt salt and a cup. To "my son Izaak Walton and my daughter Rachel, his wife," she bequeathed ,£5o, and the interest then due; for which money she held a bond from a Mr Jobn Burgess. To the poor of St Mildred's, Canterbury, she left £s,o, which were to be distributed by her brother and sister Cranmer. She gave legacies of ten shillings each to her sister Field; to her cousin Dr Spenser, and to her cousin, his wife; to her brother and sister Cranmer; to her "son Walton," and her "daughter Walton ; " to her two sons, Robert and Jobn Floud; to her cousin, Charles Sellar; 1 and to her friend, Mr Leonard Browne;2 which several sums she said she gave them "to buy them rings for remembrance of me, being small testimonies of my great love." To her two cousins, Susannah and Elizabeth Cranmer, she left two pieces of old gold which were in her hox at Canterbury; but her god-daughter Elizabeth was to have " the bigger piece." The rest of her property was given to her son and executor, Robert Floud.
Between four and five years after the death of his mother-in-law, the heaviest calamity to which domestic life is exposed befell Walton. On the 1oth of July 164o, his wife was delivered of a daughter, but she only survived the birth of the infant ahout six weeks; and dying on the aad, was buried in St Dunstan's on the
1 The son of Dr Jobn Sellar, by her sister Ann Cranmer.
* Mr Leonard Browne was an alderman of Canterbury in 1663; and by Anne, daughter of Captain Richard Bargrave, of Patrickshoume, near that city, had two children, Isaac and Elizabeth.—Additional MSS. in the British Museum, 55o7, f. 396.
a5th of August following.3 That child was the only one which survived its mother: she received the name of Anne, and died in her second year on the nth of May 164a.4
Walton has described an affectionate and dutiful wife, and the happiness of the married state, with so much effect, that it is probable his own home presented him with the originals. Speaking of Herbert and his wife, he observes: "The eternal lover of mankind made them happy in each other's mutual and equal affections and compliance; indeed so happy, that there never was any opposition betwixt them, unless it were a contest which should most incline to a compliance with the other's desires. And though this begot, and continued in them, such a mutual love, and joy, and content, as was no way defective; yet this mutual content, and love, and joy, did receive a daily augmentation, by such daily obligingness to each other, as still added such new affluences to the former fulness of these divine souls, as was only improvable in heaven, where they now enjoy it." 5 His most pleasing picture of wedded happiness is, however, in the Life of Bishop Sanderson: "The Giver of all good things was so good to him, as to give him such a wife as was suitable to his own desires; a •wife that made his life happy, by being always content when he was cheerful; that was always cheerful when he was content; that divided her joys with him, and abated of his sorrow, by bearing a part of that burden; a wife that demonstrated her affection by a cheerful obedience to all his desires, during the whole course of his life; and at his death too, for she outlived him." *
Only one allusion to his first wife, and even that may be merely imaginary, can be traced in Walton's works; and however sincere might be the compliment which is supposed to be there paid to her, it unfortunately brings to recollection the story of the man who had a picture painted of his first wife, and marrying again after her decease, desired the artist to erase the face from the canvas and to introduce the features of his new partner. In the stanzas called " The Angler's Wish," which were first printed in the third edition of the Complete Angler in 1664, and which were undoubtedly written by Walton, he speaks of the happiness it affords him to ,
"Hear my Chlora sing a song," 8 Vide Notes B and H in the Appendix.
* The following entry occurs, in Walton's own hand, in his Prayer Book, which is noticed in the Appendix, Note B: "Our Doghter Anne, horn tnc loth of July 164o, died the itth of Mjv 164a."
* Walton's Lives, ed. Zouch, II. 67, 68. • Ibid. II. 1S3, 184.
which song, he adds in the margin, was the well-known one of "Like Hermit poor : " but in the fifth edition of that work, which appeared in 1676, "Kenna " is substituted for " Chlora," though the name of the song which she sings is retained. With the alteration of one vowel, " Chlora" is the anagram of Rachel, whilst by Kenna he evidently meant his second wife, whose maiden name was Ken. It is however to be observed, that as his first wife died long before the publication of the song, it must, if she were alluded to, have been written some years previous to its being printed; that the death of his second wife occurred before the change was made in the name; and that if the verses were composed during the lifetime of the former, there is reason to believe that some other alterations were made for the purpose of adapting them to more recent circumstances.
Two more productions of Walton's pen, about this period, remain to be noticed; but they do not deserve much attention from their merits or importance. In 1638 his friend, Lewis Roberts, published "The Merchants' Map of Commerce," which is considered to have been the earliest standard work on trade in our language, and Walton addressed to him the following verses, which are prefixed to it:
'If thou wouldst be a Statesman, and survey
If thou wouldst be a Gentleman, in more
If thou wouldst be a Merchant, buy this hook.
Reader, if thou be any or all three
In 164a, George Cranmer's Letter to Hooker, concerning the new Church discipline, was printed as a small pamphlet, with Camden's eulogy of the writer as a preface; and it is likely that it was published by Walton, because in the copy which belonged to him he has made several corrections; and he always expressed great respect for Cranmer's learning and virtues.7
Upon the death of William Cartwright, the poet, in 1643.
7 Vide p. xxii. antea. This Letter was reprinted by Walton at the end of his Life of Hooker, in 1665.
Walton's muse was again employed in commemorating the worth of his friends; and the following verses were prefixed to a collection of that writer's poems, which was published eight years after his decease:
"I cannot keep my purpose, but mu«t give
Muses, I need you not ; for grief and I
But now 'tis lost ; lost in the silent grave,
To live belov'd, die monrn'd ; thus in my grave
Blessings that kings have wished, but cannot have. Iz. Wa."
Walton continued to reside in Chancery Lane until ahout August 1644. He was appointed examiner of St Dunstan's on the a7th of August 1641; and in February 1644 was elected a vestryman of that parish; but at a vestry holden on the aoth of August in the same year, another person was chosen, "in the room of Izaak Walton lately departed out of this parish and dwelling elsewhere." 8
There is some doubt respecting the place of Walton's residence between 1644 and 1651; nor can it be stated with certainty whether, as has been supposed by his former biographers, he retired from business on leaving Chancery Lane. The state of the times was little favourable to commercial industry; and as an absorbing love of gain, the common vice of mercantile pursuits, was the subject of his frequent censure,9 it is most probable that he considered the small competency realised during the twenty years he had been in trade sufficient for his future wants; more
8 Parish hooks of St Dunstan in the West
9 Vide the Complete Angler, Lives of Wotton, Herbert, &c., and Walton's Will .
especially as he was then upwards of fifty years of age, a widower, and childless.
As might be expected from Walton's early habits and associations, he adhered steadfastly during the civil wars to the throne and the altar; and was in every sense of the word a devoted Royalist. His political and religious opinions occur in almost every page of his writings; and in common with other Royalists he suffered for his fidelity to his sovereign, though his comparatively obscure station and peaceable disposition protected him from heavy sacrifices. He was an intelligent, if not an impartial witness of the great struggle which agitated the country for nearly twenty years; and the account which he gives of many events of
'the period, in his Life of Hooker and of Sanderson, are worthy of the attention of historians. He introduces his account of the Scotch Covenanters, and the proceedings of the Long Parliament, in his Life of Bishop Sanderson, by stating that, in the year 1639, when a party of the Scots Church were desirous of reforming their kirk government, "this nation " was "then happy and in peace, though inwardly sick of being well;" and thus proceeds: "There were so many chosen into the Long Parliament, that were of a conjunct council with those very zealous and as factious reformers, as begot such a confusion by the several desires and designs in many of the members of that parliament (all did never consent), and at last in the very common people of this nation, that they were so lost by contrary designs, fears, and confusions, as to believe the Scots and their Covenant would restore them to that former tranquillity which they had lost. And to that end the Preshyterian party of this nation did again, in the year 1643, invite the Scotch Covenanters back into England: and hither they came, marching
/\^th it gloriously upon their pikes and in their hats, with this motto, 'For the Crown and Covenant of hoth Kingdoms.' This I saw and suffered by it . But when I look back upon the ruin of families, the bloodshed, the decay of common honesty, and how the former piety and plain-dealing of this now sinful nation is turned into cruelty and cunning; when I consider this, I praise God that He prevented me from being of that party which helped to bring in this Covenant, and those sad confusions that have followed it. And I have been the holder to say this of myself, because in a sad discourse with Dr Sanderson, I heard him make the like grateful acknowledgment." 1
Walton relates from his own knowledge the following remark
1 Walton's Lives, cd. Zouch, II. soo, ao1.