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The pathetic story of Henry and with avidity, every book which proAnna is told with much artlessness of fesses to deal in this article, from no expression. It is a tale, in the issues other motive than that of gratifying a of which, most readers, we conceive, malignant appetite, there are others, will feel an interest; and he, who, who, from more laudable principles, having begun the narrative, is willing indulge a hope of seeing this bane of to leave it without seeing its termina- domestic peace, this source of local tion, must possess a bosom which misery, fairly dragged into light, and, sympathy never warmed.
in its native deformity, exposed to the To the dictates of humanity and detestation of mankind. compassion, and a solicitude for the The work before us, wbich is calcuwelfare of mankind, the author has lated to meet the views of readers of added many sentiments of genuine this latter description, is divided into piety. The leading truths of revela- eight chapters, the contents of which tion are interwoven in numerous para- stand in the following order: “Scandal graphs. These truths he strongly re- and its causes : on the danger of commends and enforces; and he di- trifling with the characters of others: rects such as smart under the miseries on scandal directed against religion : of life, 'to seek happiness in those on scandal amongst professors of relisources of consolation which the gos- gion: on anonymous letters : on popel unfolds.
pular characters: on scandalizing the The situation of the blind boy, can dead:” and terminating with “ general scarcely fail to awaken our commi. reflections.” This prefatory exhibition seration; and the character of the vil- excited our expectations, and we conlage pastor we should rejoice to find cluded our perusal without conceiving of universal application. The conduct that we had made an improper esof the seducer is described in strains timate of its worth, as much calculated to excite our ab In the first chapter the author traces horrence, as the condition of the un- the evils which he reprebends to the happy victim of his brutality, is de distinct sources of envy, pride, repicted in language to extort our sighs. venge, and self-interest. On each of On the committee and supporters of these he has dropped some excellent the London Female Penitentiary, be observations, in language that is bold, has bestowed a justly merited eulo- nervous, expressive, and harmonious. gium for their benevolent exertions in the diction of this chapter we conattempting to wipe the tear of contri- ceive to be superior to that of any tion from the eye of repentant sorrow, other in the book. and for nobly aiming to diminish the It is not our intention, however, to miseries of suffering humanity. insinuate, that the style is despicable,
This little volume contains several in which the subsequent chapters are other poems of minor importance, written; nor do we mean to intimate which are not without their respective that they are deficient either in merits; but our limits inform us that thought or judgment. On these points we have no room to analyze their ex- the reader will be able to form his opicellencies. “The Pleasures of Home,” nion from the following extract: has already passed through two edi “ Bat it too often happens, that injurions tions ; and if these are not succeeded epithets are employed merely from a conby a still greater number, we con- sciousness of superiority:. The tongue of ceive it will only be because the merits scandal is sometimes considered an harmless of this pleasing publication are not the moments of vexation, we fix a stigma
weapon; and perhaps to indulge ourselves in sufficiently known.
which time will not remove. How many of the lower class of mankind have been ruined
by hasty expressions or wilful misrepresenReview.-An Essay on the Evils of
tation ;-a hasty charge drawn perhaps from
very impure sources, and coloured by a still Scandal, Slander, and Misrepresen- more improper temper, has plunged its bapless tation. 8vo. p. 144. Westley, Offor, victim into ruin. Were the walks of vice Baynes, and Co. London, 1821. diligently searched, how many individuals
would be found whose ruin could be traced There is a certain magic in the word to an evil report ; a popular odium had been scandal, at the sound of which every removed, and which left them no solace but
fixed upon their characier which could not be reader pricks up his ears. But al- to mingle with persons of a description
which though there are too many who seize they would have originally shunned. That the
dishonest and the impare should be held up to racter of scandal, and forming a resopablic censure, we do not deny; but it re- lution never to be found in her comquires much caution in exposing such, lest we Should make them the very characters, by un
pany. jast suspicion and hasty condemnation, which they before held in abhorrence. ** The servant who is cast upon the world
COMPLAINT OF J. F. without recommendation, and especially if, in addition to this, he is wrongfully accused,) In our Number for December, 1821, may justly charge bis future delinquencies, col. 1144, we inserted a critique on a arising from that injustice, on those who robbed him of his good name ; not that their accu- publication, said to have been written sation against him is an excuse for his irrega- by " a member of the church of Englarities; but by preventing bim from convinc- land.” In this work the author ating another of his innocence, he may be led, tempts to prove that eternal punishkine of conduct, which would have been other ment consists in annihilation, and that wise detested.
the immortality of the human soul de“A respect for the characters of the lower pends upon spiritual regeneration. classes of mankind, is obviously important; Some time after the above critique for wbile any sense of its worth remains, it appeared, we received the following acts as a barrier which keeps them from the letter from the author, who signs himperpetration of crime. sense of dignity, which arises from a convic- self J. F. requesting that it might apLion of innocence is destroyed, they are pre- pear in our Supplement, with which pared for every parpose of injustice and request we could not possibly comply, cruelty."
p. 27 to 29.
the last sheet being composed when
his letter reached us. This extract, which may be coosi
He will, howdered as a fair specimen of the au- liest opportunity of meeting his vices;
ever, perceive, that we seize the earthor's talents, both as writer and a and to prevent all accusations of parmoralist, cannot but set his work in a favourable light. The truth of his ob- tiality or injustice towards him, we servations appears in every sentence ; comment. We have only to add, that
insert it without animadversion or and no reader of discernment but must Mr. J. F. must form a very erroneous acknowledge that the world abounds idea of our official situation, if he imawith melancholy evidence to confirm his propositions.
gines we can enter into a controversy
with every author who happens to be By means of anonymous letters, the dissatisfied with our criticisms. author observes,
EDITOR. “Many a servant has been ruined, many a child cbastised, and many a wife defamed,
MR. EDITOR. when, bad their accuser been known, the ac- Sir,- The numerous claims to your eased could have related circumstances which attention, which are incidental to would have justified themselyes, and covered your situation, as Editor of a periodiwriters of anonymous letters are like those cal work, may oblige you to peruse instruments of death which accomplish their hastily the books you notice; and as purpose without giving the usual alarm. They such, account for your not doing full may be justly styled Anguis in herba,' they justice to writers who may offer views bite the unwary traveller, and retreat into the that impugn your own opinion on field of battle, who aim at individual destruc- subjects, on which, perhaps, you have tion unseen, while the more poble and courage
never doubted. ous meet face to face. These are the canker Such, I consider to be my situation, worins at the root of reputation, who conceal as the author of the Treatise on Eterthemselves in dark abodes, and take that aim nal Punishment, reviewed in your which promises to do the greatest mischief."
number for Deceinber.
I am fully aware that the doctrine I On the topics which form the sub- oppose is advocated as of Divine aujects of the subsequent chapters, the thority, and that I must appear to you author's remarks are equally judi- as opposing a revealed truth. I am cious, pointed, and ingenious. We aware it was natural you should have bad fixed our eye on several other pas-opened my book with a bias against it sages, but we have no more room for and its author ; and I will apply myquotations.
we conceive, self rather to efface this impression, can examine this book attentively, than to complain of it. without feeling indignant at the cha Holding in common with you the
Divine authority of the Bible, and, of man, and I have quoted largely perhaps, not materially differing from from Bishop Patrick, and other emiyou on any of the great questions of nent writers, to shew that my views revelation : the fall of man, the atone are not suggested by my theory, but ment. salvation through faith in that the same have been entertained Christ, and the immortality of the by those, who in general contend for children of God: I hope to interest the natural immortality of man. If you so far in the views I entertain of the words of Moses can be reconciled the nature of man, as the child or to that doctrine, I must lose one of my fallen Adam, as to procure from you strongest arguments. an explicit statement of the scripture You say, “I know a little, and grounds, on which you hold the natu- presume a great deal:" I, like most ral man, in contradistinction from the other men, have a great aversion to spiritual man, to be immortal. presumption in tho abstract; but I
I have further to request you would may not be sensible of it in my own point out to me those quotations case : you will oblige me if you which I have adduced from the scrip- will state more specifically, whereon tures, of which you do not perceive you ground your charge of presuming the relevancy-perhaps you may have a great deal. forgotten, that it was necessary you I have expressed what I felt, a should concede, for a moment, the strong conviction of the truth of the possibility that the inspired writers opinions I have offered to the world: may have spoken of man as mortal- If they are erroneous, I shrink from I mast despair of convincing any one no test to which they can be subjectwho refuses to admit, for argument ed; but I entertain them too honestly sake, the possibility of that, which I to abandon them, because any man am to prove; and, this being granted, shall say that I presume. I think I can shew, that every verse I ask for scriptural authority for I have quoted bears upon the ques- ascribing to man a spiritual nature, tion.
independent of regeneration; and to You do me injustice when you say no other will I defer. No true Prothat “I insinuate that the assertion of testant can object to this; and there
postle is not much worthy of fore I infer, you will not, but will credit.” My argument is, (as a refer- hold up the candle of the Lord, to one ence to it will satisfy any one,) that whom you think so much in need of St. Mark's real meaning was that illumination as which I contend for: not that those
Your obedient servant, who think he meant otherwise should
J. F. slight his authority.
Kentish Town, December 10, 1821. You have fairly quoted the argument I employ against infinitu objects being moral inotives, from the human GLEANINGS FROM LITERATURE, understanding being incapable of con
SCIENCE, &c. &c. ceiving them; and you leave it unanswered. The difficulty you object is (We purpose devoting two or three not one that a Christian will feel, for of our pages each month, to inforChrist has taught us to say that “when mation respecting discoveries and imwe have done all, we are unprofitable provements now so rapidly making servants,” and that by “grace we are in every department of Science, the saved.”
You cannot mean to say Arts, &c.combining, at the same time, that the same dificulty attends the notices of subjects connected with the belief that God will bless us more than interests of Literature. We shall conwe deserve, as that he will punish us line ourselves to facts only, and give more than we can deserve : the one is them so abridged, as that nothing but a necessary consequence of human the simple facts themselves may ocimperfection and divine perfection- cupy our columns. Our information, the other is inconsistent with every one it may be proper to state, will be gaof the Divine Attributes.
thered from the different journals of You object that I do not state what the day, and such sclection only made I hold the human soul to be: I have as may tend to be of service to our stated, that I implicitly adopt the ac- readers. Every thing that may be count given by Moses, of the nature built upon speculation only, and that
has not truth and usefulness for its | Director of the Observatory of Palerobject and end, we shall scrupulously mo, announces that he observed very omit. With such a brief statement, it distinctly the appearance of phases in is hoped that the small space we shall the nucleus of the comet of !819; and oecopy in pursuance of this plan, may hence he concludes that comets are add to the interest of our work, as not luminous per se, but that their well as to the fund of knowledge, nucleus, their coma, and their tail, which we spare no labour to procure shine only by reflected light. in the other departments.]
Hydrophobia.---At Pavia, in Italy,
new trials have been made, which Steam-Carriage.-An ingenious cot- prove the efficacy of oxygenated muton spioner of Ardwick, near Manches- riatic acid in subduing the hydrophoter, has invented a locomotive steam- bia. Dr. Previsali has successfully carriage, for the conveyance of goods prescribed in a case where the sympor passengers, without the aid of toms had advanced, in a liquid form, horses. After repeated experiments, from a drachm to a drachm and a half during the last two years, he has so daily, in citron water or syrup of far succeeded as not to leave a doubt citron.---( On this dreadful maladij, see that it will answer the purpose intend- an interesting paper by James Kendrick, ed. It will go upon any of the mail M. D. inserted col. 65, of our present roads, up hill or down, at the rate of number.) nine or ten miles an hour; and can be Cicero ---Professor Peyron, at Tuguided with the greatest ease on the rin, has discovered, in the Convent of most difficult roads.
Boblio, several manuscript fragments Steam-Vessels.-These vessels are of Cicero's orations, by which those now employed in the Adriatic. One published by Professor Maïo arc ren(La Carolina) goes regularly every dered complete. second day from Venice to Trieste. Milk ---It is ascertained that mornAnother (L'Eridano) passes regularly ing's milk commonly yields some hunbetween Pavia and Venice, and with dredths more cream than that of the such celerity that the voyage is accom- evening, at the same temperature. plished in 37 hours. Not long since a That milked at noon furnishes the steam-boat ventured to sea in a violent least. It would therefore be of advantempest, when no other vessel could, tage, in making butter and cheese, to to the assistance of a richly-freighted employ the morning's milk, and to merchant ship.
keep the evening's for domestic use. Enormous Steam-Engine.- A steam The Scour in Lambs.-A corresponengine of the immense power of one dent in the Farmer's Journal, states, hundred and forty horses, has lately that nothing is so useful to preserve been erected on his Grace the Duke the health of lambs in autumn, or of Portland's estate, at Kirkby, in when light frosts commence, as bleedthe county of Nottingham, for the ing ; to be performed by piercing the purpose of draining an extensive tract nostril with a penknife. of coal. The cylinder of this stupen New Barometer. Mr. Barth, of dous machine is seventy inches in Strasburgh, has published his discodiameter; and the beam, which is very of a barometer, which will antwelve tons in weight, raises at every nounce every change of the weather stroke fifteen tuns of water, and, when thirty hours before it happens. This required, delivers at the surface, froin instrument will likewise give notice of the depth of the mine, which is 170 thunder-storms twelve hours before yards, between 700 and 800 gallons in they occur. each minute.
Physiological Phenomena. - A few Germany.--A pocket edition of a weeks ago, a gentleman in the neighseries of translations from the most bourhood of Glasgow, in preparing a classic authors of foreign countries, is frog for galvanic experiments, was now publishing in Germany. Among surprised to find, that after the heart the works already pablished are, and lungs were extracted, the animal Voltaire's Candide and Charles XII. lost none of its strength, but on being Moliere's Tartuffe, Shakspeare's Ti- set down, leaped about with much ease mon of Athens, and Lord Byron's and agility. He next extracted the Poems.
stomach and all the remaining intesAstronomy.-M. Nicolas Cacciatore, tines. The frog was then placed upon
the ground, but still continued to leap | volcano, lat. 56° s. He announces about with its usual power and cheer- that there is no southern continent; or, fulness. The crural nerves were then should there be one, it must be inaclaid bare, and the animal put into a cessible, from being covered with pertrough of water, where it shewed itself petual snows, ice, &c. to be an expert swimmer; leaped to Oil obtained by Distillation from the the ground, where it hopped about in Hop.--- In the kiln-drying of hops for a lively manner, till it was taken up, sale, a portion of the essential oil is and its back-bone cut in two, when it evaporated. It is, therefore, adviseinstantly expired.
able to procure hops recently picked, Musical Permutation. --- A very cu- and, before they are placed on the kilu, rious invention has been made in the by distillation from ten pounds (with art of musical composition. It consists ten gallons of water) placing in the in the use of prepared cards, on each receiver, or separator, a saturated of which a bar of an air is arranged ac- solution of alum, the essential oil cording to a certain rhythm and key. will be obtained. Four packs of these cards, marked A, Heat in the Moon's Rays.---The folB, C, D, are mingled together, and lowing interesting experiment was as the cards are drawn and arranged made by Dr. Howard, by means of before a performer, in the order of a differential thermometer of his own that series, it will be found that an invention : (a description of which original air is obtained. The cards may be found in the Edinburgh Philohitherto made are waltzes, and succeed sophical Journal, vol. ii. p. 383 :)--perfectly.
“ Having blackened the upper part of Adulteration of Milk.--Mr. E. Davy my differential thermometer, I passed has lately completed a series of expe- it in the focus of a 13-inch reflecting riments on this subject. He states, mirror, which was opposed to the light that the amount of adulteration in of a bright full moon. The liquid skimmed milk sold in Cork, amounted began immediately to sink, and in to from one-fourth to one-sixth part. half a minute was depressed 8 degrees, In no instance, however, did it appear when it became stationary. On placthat either chalk, flour, or starch, was ing a screen between the mirror and employed ; the first being insoluble the moon, it rose again to the same in skimmed milk, and the flour and level, and was again depressed on restarch speedily subsiding.---To ascer- moving the obstacle." This experitain the purity of new milk, it is only ment was repeated several times in necessary to employ a glass tube or the presence of some of Dr. Howard's lactometer minutely graduated, and friends, and always with the same the proportion that the cream bears in result. point of depth to the milk beneath, Comets.---It appears that the late marks the parity of the fluid operated Mr. Cusac bas left some unpublished upon. The lactometer employed by papers on comets. He supposes them Mr. Davy, and with which he produced to be globes of water ; that, on return the above results, was little more than to perihelion, the solar rays (after a common hydrometer graduated for sun-set,) strike on the mass of water, the purpose, a thermometer being at- enter converging to the centre, where, tached to mark the precise tempe- after decussation, they emerge from rature at the time of making the expe- the liquid globe diverging, and form riment.
the phenomenon in the heavens called Education of Mechanics.—A school the comet's tail. As to the use of these for the education of mechanics, bas watery bodies, he thinks they were been established at Edinburgh, and formed by nature to assist in giving a upwards of 200 students have already due temperature to our system. enrolled themselves for improvement Congreve Rockets.---These destrucin their several trades.
tive missiles have lately been employed Russian Voyage of Discovery.---Ac- with considerable effect in the whale counts from Captain Billinghausen, fisheries. Capt. Wm. Scoresby, who Commander in the Russian Voyage is well known on the Greenland seas, of Discovery in the Antarctic Seas, as a successful fisherman, an intrepid dated May, 1820, report that he had adventurer, and an able navigator, discovered three islands, covered with was, we believe, the first to adopt this snow and ice; on one of which was a ingenious mode of capturing the