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line, as in the second figure, col. 304, they will ascend a lofty tree in a few at one extremity of which he places minutes. "First beginning ; eternity ab ante ; effi Both men and women rub their bocient cause:” and at the other, Last end; dies all over with oil; this they say is elernity to come; final cause." And as a preventive against the bites of the beyond the second circle of the visible mosquitoe and the fly; but this prouniverse, excepting from the light of duces such unpleasantness as to prerevelation, all is dark and inscrutable vent their near approach. It is not an to the human intellect, so it is pre- uncommon thing to see entrails of fish sumed to be marked with shades in frying upon their heads by the heat of the sensible representation. But the sun, till the oil runs down their since it is known from revelation, that faces and bodies: this is considered an effulgence of light and glory fills to be of so much importance that their the throne of the Eternal, although children are taught the lesson before we know not specifically in what this they are three years old. The natives light and glory consist; so these shades frequently ornament their bodies and are covered over with a sacred radi- necks with fish bones, birds' feathers, ance. The different subjects which slips of wood, and the teeth of the fill up the respective steps of the Kangaroo. scale, the reader may find in cols. 303 At the time of battle, they mark to 306, published in our number for their bodies with white and red clay, April.

drawing a line round each eye, down (To be continued.)

each rib, and in different parts of the body; but the greatest ornament they

have, is the scars upon their breasts, NATIVES OF NEW SOUTH WALES., arms, and legs. They produce these

scars by cutting the flesh with sharp The following particulars are extract- sbells ; and by keeping the incision ed from letters written in that colony, open, the flesh grows up on each side, and dated October, 1822.

and after some time, skins over and " The natives of New South Wales becomes a large seam, which seam is are far from being a stout race of peo- considered as a badge of honour. ple, they are very slender, and of the “The women undergo, when chilmiddle stature; their limbs are very dren, the operation of losing two joints small, and their arms and legs are of the little finger on the left band. remarkably slender. The cause of This is performed by tying a hair this deficiency in muscular strength is round the joint, which stops the cirthe great want of food. It is true that culation, when the part falls off in those who live on the coast by fishing, consequence of mortification; all those are much better, in their appearance, who do not suffer this loss, are treated than the natives who live in the inte with contempt. rior by hunting. The food of the for “ The colour of the natives is quite mer is more to be depended upon than black: when first born the skin is red, the latter, which is always casual and but in a few days' time it turns to the

colour of the adults ; but this may be “An observer, however, will soon the effect of oil and charcoal, with perceive, that the arms and legs of the which the child is rubbed all over. men, though slender, are very long; The new-born infant is carried about this arises from their custom of climb- for some days, by the mother, in a ing trees, in pursuit of the flying piece of bark; but as soon as it has squirrel and opossum, and likewise acquired strength enough, it is set to gather wild honey. They ascend upon the shoulders of its mother, with the loftiest trees and branches with its legs round her neck, and it lays the greatest speed and ease.

They hold of the hair of her head to keep cut with their stone hatchets notches itself up. The children are named in the bark of the tree, large and deep after somo bird, fish, or beast

. At an enough to receive their great too. The early age they are taught the customs toe is placed in the first notch, and the of their own tribe. tree embraced by the left arm, then a “ The native men have a custom second notch is cut, at a proper dis among them of extracting the right tance from the other, on which is front tooth. The person who performs placed the right toe. 'In this manner this work comes from a distance.



They approach the appointed place, to the depth required. At the end of
being armed with shields, clubs, and the spear, they have from one to four
throwing-sticks; and painted accord- barbed prongs, with a hook made of
ing to the custom of their own tribes. bone. In the summer time, a man
The spot of ground being fixed upon, will lie across his canoe, with his face
and made known to all concerned, the near the water, with his spear in rea-
performers having arrived, take their diness to dart; and in this manner
stand at one part of the cleared spot, they watch for their prey, and seldom
and from twenty to thirty boys are miss their object."
placed on the opposite side. The ce As a natural concomitant of their
remony then begins. The persons condition, the natives are remarkably
bearing arms approach with singing superstitious. But even their falla.
and beating their shields and spears, cious hopes and fears, furnish eri-
and with their feet kicking up the dence that they believe in spiri-
dust to such a degree, as to hide the tual agency. • They describe the ap-
boys completely from their sight. One proach and appearance of a spirit or
of the armed men steps forward, takes apparition, as coming to them with a
one of the lads upon his back, and great noise, and say that it will seize
conveys him to the party, who hail hold of the first person it comes near
him with a great shout. In this way by the throat. In its approach it
the whole of the lads are taken, and comes slowly along, with the body
placed on one side of the ring, which bent, and the hands clenched together
had been cleared for them; every one on a level with its face ; in this man-
being placed upon the ground, with ner it moves on till it secures the
his legs crossed under him.

party or person which it has in
“ The natives well know that the view.
operation of taking out the tooth “ The remedy against the power or
will cause much pain: they therefore influence of the object they dread, is,
endeavour to impress upon the minds according to their relation, as follows:
of the lads, who are to undergo the They believe that by sleeping at the
ceremony, the great honour which grave of a deceased friend or person,
they will acquire, when they are ad- they shall, from what takes place at
mitted among themselves as equal in. that grave, be freed from all futare

apprehensions respecting spirits; for “After they have gone through va- during the time of sleep, the soul of rious ceremonies, the first lad is pla- the deceased comes to them, takes ced upon a man's shoulder. The gum bold of their throat, and opens the is lanced with a bone, made sharp at / body, takes out their bowels, which ono end: after the gum is cut, the are afterwards replaced, and the body bone is placed upon the proper tooth, closed up. and after three aims are taken, the “In the time of darkness, they are blow is struck, and the tooth falls out much afraid to move, and on this aoperfect and clear. The lad is then count few have courage enough to lie removed by some of his tribe, who by the grave a whole night; but all are appointed to dress him according who do go through the form, are to their custom; which dress some placed among the brave and honourtimes consists in a girdle, a wooden able. sword, and a band round the head. “If a star shoots, something of The first day he is not suffered to great moment is expected to come to speak to any person, or to eat the pass; they are much terrified by thun

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be necessary for their fishing excursion | lightful theine ; though I cannot enthe day following.

tirely pass over this idea, without The natives have a notion, that if attempting, at least, to throw in my any of them whistle while they remain mite on its importance. The advanunder the rock where they have re- tages found in history seem to be of tired to sleep, the rock will fall upon three kinds; as it amuses the fancy, them; this they say was the case with as it improves the understanding, and a number of natives at a certain place, as it strengthens virtue.“ The writone of whom, contrary to custom, ers of history as well as the readers,” whistling, the rock fell and crushed observes an author somewhere, are them all to death.

sufficiently interested in the characters "The natives of New South Wales and events, to have a lively sentiment are capable of forming friendship, and of blame or praise, and at the same of feeling sorrow. It is true, their time have no particular interest or grief does not continue long; at the fu- concern, to pervert their judgment.” neral of a child, the father will weep But these advantages are strengthmuch, and appear to be much affected ened, whenever we find that “the rewith deep sorrow of heart, but as soon lation of historical facts” is not “inas he has retired from the grave, all volved in mystery and doubt;" and symptoms of grief are fled away, and as T. W -m acknowledges that he resumes his former appearance. “the present subject presents no such

“ There is no doubt that this race obstacles to impede our progress from may, with kindness and humanity, be coming to a conclusion, founded upon made a useful people; they have the a strict accordance of testimony, at talent of imitation. Several have al- once reasonable and satisfactory," we ready been very serviceable to the are fortunately placed on the same settlers, in acting as stock-keepers footing in the discussion of this inteand rowers. In these departments resting question. they have been equal, if not superior, Perhaps, Sir, in the discharge of to many Europeans. The natives our respective duties towards our never think of providing for to-mor- children, there cannot be a more critirow; all the food they procure at one cal juncture, than in the exercise of time they eat before they remove from parontal authority, in similar cases the place; after they have eaten their to that of Junius Brutus with his two fill, they lay themselves down upon the sons. But when to his parental, he grass and sleep, and in this situation has to unite his public duties, we they remain until hunger urges them cannot conceive a subject more amictto activity.”

ing, and yet interesting. It is a subAmong these ignorant barbarians, ject which requires the fullest and a mission, by Mr. Walker, has lately most impartial knowledge of the been opened, under the most encou- events, rightly to determine the doubtraging auspices, from those whose ful question. A correct knowledge patronage can at once sanction and is indispensably necessary to a corpromote the arduous undertaking. rect conclusion. This mission is much approved by the If, Sir, your correspondent had colonists, who have promised to ren- made the present a general, and not der it their support. But times and a particular question, I should feel seasons are in the hand of Omnipo- no hesitation in coinciding with the tence, and to him alone the friends sentiments expressed by T. Wof missions must look for success. For it must readily be confessed, that

we are all called to administer” equal

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and indiscriminate iustice to all par.

acknowledged to be the most pressing, these bold assertions. I ask for his -alike commanding our sympathy and proof. I would appeal to his own auour pity.

thorities, and ask, Is it in Deoringsos? I affirm that it is necessary to ascer- Is it in Livy? In Cicero? In Plutain the origin of Brutus's Consular tarch?—I have yet to learn that Bruauthority. And here I deny the posi- tus was less a tyrant, and more attion of T. W—m, “that the projects tached to the love of liberty, than the of Brutus were founded upon the most Tarquin family. What greater liberty undoubted equity.” The fact is, that did the people of Rome enjoy under Junius obtained his authority by in- | the Consulship of Brutus, than under trigue and violence; that he appealed the monarchy of the Tarquins ? These to the vindictive feelings of the popu- are questions which require distinct lace, and not to the dispassionate and decisive answers. judgment of the nation. Having ari I think, Sir, it will not be denied, sen from his seclusion by party com- that wherever difficulties occur in the motion, it is admitted by T. W—m, administration of public justice, it is “ Brutus availed himself of this favour- ever wise to lean to the side of mercy. able opportunity,” (the crime commit- But stern unshaken justice is alone to ted by Sextus Tarquinius,)" by ob- be found in the execution of Titus and taining a decree of the Senate, that Tiberius.* No “justice, tempered Tarquin and his family should be for with mercy," appears here. The ever banished from Rome; and that it strict letter of an unjust and party should be capital for any to plead for law must be enforced. The accused their return." On this enactment “were arraigned in the Forum before T. W -mbuilds his argument. But the Senators.” The judges who this law was evidently the fruit of fac- were present felt all the pangs of nation and commotion ; and ought noture, Collatinus wept, and Valerius more to be abode by as a national and would not express his sentiments. just law, than the very many violent Brutus alone seemed to have lost all decrees which were issued during the softness of humanity; and with a the French Revolution, under the im- stern countenance, and a tone of mediate direction of a Robespierre, voice that marked his gloomy resolu&c. &c. or the daring effusions of a tion, demanded of his sons, if they

could make any defence to the crimes After that Tarquin and his family with which they had been charged." were expelled from Rome, we are in- No answer being returned, Brutus formed that “two Consuls were in- pointed to the lictors, and said, stantly appointed in the persons of Your's is the part that remains." “Brutus and Collatinus.”* A proof, How the heart bleeds to view the inif one were needed, that Brutus got difference of the Father and the Coninto public authority by faction and sul, at this most affecting scene! But the feelings of the populace ; for if what is the motive by which Brutus is Brutus obtained it by “genuine patri- actuated? Is it love to equity and otism” that was never equalled,” justice? No! As by intrigue he obwhat action for the good of his country tained the Consulate, so was he did Collatinus perform, that he also anxious to maintain it, even by the should be united with Brutus in the most revolting of human actions. If

, Consular dignity? Let T. W -m indeed, I could recognize the antifairly meet and answer this ques- christian and antisocial doctrine of T, tion.

W-m, “that all the tender emoSo great is the admiration of T. tions of parental love must cease to viW

-m, on the conduct of Brutus, brate, when a child shoots the arrow that he seems to want expressions to of malignity at the heart-strings of a convey his full and complete senti- father;" my ideas would doubtless be ments: hence we find Brutus styled different to what they are on the pre" the deliverer of his country from sent question. But thanks for the tyranny ;" we hear of his having "planted the standard of liberty:" and * I have here assomed the assertion of that in Brutus “ throwing off the Langhorne, as regards the name of the second idiot's garb,” the “liberty of Rome son of Brutus, in order to distinguish bin was risked.”

It were well had T. clearly from Valerius (afterwards mentioned, Wm condescended to make good of Collatinus.

a kinsman of the father of Lucretia, the wife

bold usurper.

light of divine revelation, that we are found productive of some beneficial ther ein taught a contrary doctrine. effects. Let us call to mind a noble example; That each of the three branches of it let the contrast be made ;-and let a demands a very considerable degree blash possess the cheeks of that of ability, no one will attempt to disman who would decide in favour of pute; the only point to ascertain, is, Bru tus.

which requires the greatest ? I shall, When Absalom conspired against therefore, in this discussion, endeaDav id his father, we read only of the vour to state some of the most promitend erest sympathy in the parent for nent talents required for each profeshis traitorous son. When the time of sion; that we may be enabled to form batt le draws nigh, David gives a po- some conception regarding their sepasitive charge to his army concerning rate merits. Abs alom, in expressions highly de Reversing the order, then, in which scriptive of his concern for the safety the question stands, and entering first of he is disobedient son. “Deal gen- upon the consideration of the BAR, tly, for my sako, with the young man, I shall confine myself closely to the even with Absalom.” (2 Sum. xviii. point at issue, and not embrace the 5.) _And who can paint in more glow- whole profession of the law, including ing colours, the heartfelt sorrow of chamber lawyers, attorneys, magisthe parent, when he hears of the un- trates, judges, &c. &c.; the subject

timely death of an ungrateful son, referring simply, distinctly, and exi than is recorded of David by the sacred plicitly, to barristers who plead in our

writer: “And the king was much different Courts of Judicature. moved, and went up to the chamber I know it is supposed, that the barover the gate, and wept: and as he rister has to wade through the volumiwent, thus he said, O my son Absa- nous pile of Statutes of British Jurislom, my son, my son Absalom ! would prudence, with a most extraordinary God I had died for thee, O Absalom, degree of diligence and attention—to my son, my son!” (2 Sam. xviii. ponder over the gloomy pages of black 33.)

letter- and to put himself in possesThe above striking contrast needs sion of the decisions of all cases of no comment of minc, to point out the any importance. I am far from being superiority of the better feelings and willing to underrate the abilities nejudgment of David, to those of Bru- cessary for the bar; but I think it will tus. I will close this letter, by boping, be found that this is more imaginary that we may all adopt and exemplify, than real. My impression is, that in our practice, the filial affection of a they fix upon their minds those parts

David, towards our children ; and of the law of the land which are most lo pity the harsh and unchristian feelings frequently called into use; and when

of those, who suppose, that “all the a difficult or abstruse case is put into tender emotions of parental love must their hands, it is then that they turn cease to vibrate, when a child shoots over the pages of black letter for inthe arrow of malignity at the heart- formation-it is then that they search strings of his father.”

for precedents and decisions; and all Your's, respectfully, this is accomplished with considerably

M. J. less labour than is generally imagined. John-street, March 7, 1822.

They have not to penetrate through the almost unintelligible type of Sta

tute after Statute, in search of what Where is the greatest Ability required, they need ; but they come to it at in e he Pulpit? --the Senate?-or at the once by merely consulting the index

-an index which is mostly so elabo

rate in its nature, as to serve all the An eminent writer of the present day purposes of a well-digested, and wellobserves, that all knowledge springs regulated, concordance. When we from comparison. Without assenting consider this amazing facility, and to the full extent of this position, i the constant practice of hearing both admit that there is much truth in the ancient and modern law brought beremazk; and have only to hope

that fore the court, and the numberless the present question, (which is strictly variety of precedents and decisions a que estion of comparison) will be quoted from the best authorities, i


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