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Another reason why we prefer the Repentance.-Repentance necesplan before us, is—it is not so calcu- sary.-Wherein it consists.—Exhortalated to encourage a partial reading tions toit.—Motives.-If genuine, will of the scriptures. It puts the whole of obtain pardon.—The danger of delaythe sacred volume into the hand of the ing it. reader; and while it assists him by Faith.–Faith in God necessary to pointing out those passages which are please bim.-Must be anseigned and especially adapted to his state, it re- durable.-Insignificant without the commends to his careful reading, and works of charity and love.-Faith mature reflection, the whole of the without works compared with the faith word of God.

of devils.

JUSTIFICATION.–Justification not “• All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and it is earnestly requested that this to be attained by the law.-Nor by may be considered as the motto and foundation any works of our own.—Is given onto of the Porteusian Bible Society. But it is us by the grace of God.—Through the universally acknowledged, that all scriptare is merits and blood of Christ.-By the not alike suited to the instruction, comfort, means of faith.-In answer to prayer. and edification, of all classes of readers. It is therefore of importance to bring before per

Under each of these heads the sons those portions of the word of God which reader is referred to a number of are adapted to their state: that by exciting a scripture passages where the doctrine pleasing interest in the mind, they may be led is explicitly taught. The latter part to search THE WHOLE OF THE SACRED vo- of the work, we should observe, is LUME." (Prospectus p. 1.)

chiefly an abridgment of Bishop GasWith these sentiments we perfectly trell's “ Christian Institutes :" and is, agree, and we shall proceed without we believe, well calculated to instruct further remarks, to lay before our the rising generation in the principles readers the plan, and some specimens, of the Christian faith; being a short of the work.

compendium of it in the language of Prefixed to the Bible is an Index, HOLY WRIT. which comprises :

We must not omit saying, that the I. An index of reference to suitable work is so free from every thing like portions of scripture, prayer, and ex- party feeling, that neither the high hortation, under various circumstan- churcbman nor the rigid dissenter ces of Christian experience and afflic- need scruple putting it into the hands tion.

of his children. The Bible which II. A collection of scripture doc- follows is the “ Authorised Version :" trines, duties, and promises, relative having the chapters distinguished as to the temporal and spiritual interests we before observed. The chapters of parents, children, servants, and thus marked are distributed into three others.

classes :III. A table of reference to the “1. Those of a more spiritual or discourses, parables, and miracles, of moral nature. Christ; arranged in chronological “II. The leading historical chaporder.

IV. The scripture promises arrang “III. Our Lord's discourses, &c. ed under each separate book through- and other peculiarly important chapout the Holy Bible.

ters." V. A collection of scripture pre Such is the nature of the work becepts, promises, and threatenings, fore us; and we doubt not that it will exhibiting the Christian's faith, duty, be found extensively and permanently



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when one of the payments is small in

respect of the other, and the time

between them very long. But, until
SIR,--Mr. Bonnycastle observes, that a different mode of calculating discount
no rule “in arithmetic has been the be adopted, it seems as if it would
occasion of more disputes than that of remain the only true one, for it is plain
equation of payment. Almost every at what point of time soever, between
writer upon this subject has endea- the days on which the two payments
voured to shew the fallacy of the me are due, the whole debt is discharged,
thods made use of by others, and to that the creditor is entitled to interest
substitute one of his own. This dif- for the first payment; and likewise
ference of opinion, I apprehend, must, that the debtor ought to be allowed
in a great measure, be occasioned by discount for the second payment, for
simple interest being employed in the the time it is paid over soon; and
calculating of discounts. This will that when these happen to be equal,
appear more obviously by a familiar they destroy each other. Now the
example. A. owes B. £115. to be point of time when the interest of the
paid at the end of three years. B. first payment is equal to the discount
proposes to take £100. ready money, of the second, is what Malcolm's rule
that being the present worth at 5 per precisely shews; and therefore, agree-
cent. per annum discount. A. replies, ably to the above principles, it must
I can do better, I shall put my money be the true rule. But as it is ex-
out on interest, and by that means I tremely tedious, and as a result,
shall have the use of the interest which approximates very near to the
which I shall receive balf-yearly for truth of it, may be obtained by the
three years, whereas, were I to accept following rule, 1 offer it for insertion
your offer, I should transfer that ad- in your valuable Magazine.
vantago to you; which would, in RULE.Find the equated time by
effect, be to pay you the odd £15. at the common rule, rejecting fractions,
six half-yearly instalments, and you when they are small.
know that not a penny of the debt is Find the present worth, at this
due till the end of three years. Allow equated time, of each payment then
me 5 per cent, discount, compound not due.
interest, and you shall bave the Substitute each of these present

worths for its respective sum
In equation of payments, when the payment, and repeat the oporation
common rule is used, which some by the common rule for the true equa-
writers have defended as the true one, ted time.
it is plain that the debtor will have tbe The above rule is founded upon this
advantage, inasmuch as he will re- principle : The interest of any sum
ceive the whole of his interest at the for any given time, is equal to the
equated time; which he would not discount of its amount for the same
otherwise be entitled to till the time of time : thus, if the interest of £100.
the last payment.

for a year be £5. the discount of £105.
Several authors have called the (which is the amount of £100. for a
time at which the sum of the present year) for the same time will be £5.
worth of all the payments will amount

I am, Sir, Your's,
to the given debt, the sure equated

A. B.
time. That this rule fails, is on ac Shiney-Rou, Feb. 16, 1822.
count of the erroneous principles upon
which the rule for finding the present


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ancient Hebrews used no nuptial ring; of Julian the apostate, are spoken of whilst others further contend, that as troops, whose personal prowess was they gave it in their marriages in the such, that they were reputed invincistead of a piece of money, which they ble; the Galls observing that the had been used to give before ; which bravest among the Roman forces were money was about its equivalent in called gentiles and scutarii, approprivalue. The Greeks and Romans, ac- ated the derivative appellation of cording to Tertullian, used the mar- Esquires (it is said) from this circumriage ring in the same manner, and stance, to the boldest and bravest from them the primitive Christians among themselves. Every body bas took it up very early. A formula of made himself more or less familiar consecration was added by the Chris- with the duties of the squires of old tians to the former ceremonies, and romance, as the attendants of knights there is little doubt of that period in their doughty expeditions at a later having been the æra of its present period; those days of chivalry, howusage, when they first received the ever, have now passed away, with custom from the heathens.

“the glory of them." It need not be OMEGA. said that other “modifications" of the

use of this title have since prevailed,

and other “ qualifications" for its asAnswer by J. B. Chivers, Schoolmaster, sumption been admitted—a spirit of

St. Austell, to the third question, commerce has gradually superseded ** On Animal Increase,inserted in the spirit of chivalry, Tempore mutanthe Imperial Magazine for February tur, (as Partridge says,) et nos niu. 1, col. 200.

tamur in illis : and the institations of

chivalry have left but a faint trace Ir appears by the nature of the ques- behind them of their primitive existtion, that the increase in the first year ence. will be 0; in the second, 1; in the The title, as now established among third, 1; in the fourth, 2; in the fifth, us, continues to be next below that of 3; in the sixth year, 5, &c. &c. to 20 knight, and is the right, by law, of years. Therefore, by the nature of all younger sons of noblemen, and progression, the whole series will be the eldest sons of such younger sons," 10,945, which is the increase required as also “ the eldest sons of knights, in 20 years ;-if for 40 years, the and their sons successively," and, if amount would be 165,580,140,

such an office be still kept up, "the A similar answer has been received four esquires of the king's body;" and from Robert Hall, Jun, Colchester. if such a ceremony (which I suppose

to be now obsolete,) be ever perform

ed, “esquires created by the king, by Answer to a Query on the title putting about their necks a collar of Esquire.

SS's, and bestowing on them a pair of silver spurs.”

So runs the authoMR. EDITOR.

rity to which I am indebted for most SIR,—The following answer to a query of the above information. I believe of one of your correspondents, in the not even members of Parliament have March Magazine, col. 296, is very a direct legal claim on this title, in much at your service.

virtue of their office as representaI am, Your's, &c.

tives. A-, C- R No modification wbatever, of this

law, has taken place; by custom and The English word Esquire, is derived courtesy, however, which in many from the French escuyer ; Equiso, a cases are allowed by lawyers to be groom or hostler, according to some ; paramount to law" heads of ancient according to others, scrutarius or families”-men of patrician descentscutiger, a shield bearer, is the members of parliament-those who Latin from which escuyer derives its till certain offices ander governmentorigin.

or who belong to either of the liberal Antiquarians are not agreed as to professions-share in this title, as the remoteness of the title, or even the also perbaps other sorts of men of less peculiar ranks and office of those who note, patrician desert,” who claim first held it. The scutarii, in the days such a distinction on the score of pro

perty, &e. through a too latitudinarian, raised in the centre, presented a comapplication of the term. A common plete skeleton, of large dimensions, in abuse of it, indeed, consists in its a high state of preservation. The latitudinarian embrace of the names of skull was placed between the thigh many, (according to popular estima- bones, and the occupant of this narrow tion,) who absolutely shrink from its mansion, who had probably in his day adoption, in the circles in which it filled a considerable space in society, licenses them to appear, from a very had evidently suffered decapitation, natural want of that courage to bear it In the place where the head would out, which a man can only acquire by have lain in an unmutilated body, was keeping good company, and which a stone. The teeth were all perfect, characterises the demeanour of a gen- both in the upper and lower jaw, and tleman, and towards the acquisition the boncs are those of a strong athletic of which, the possession of a mind man, cut off apparently in the meri" imbued with polite literature,” (to dian of life; and when the coffin was use the phraseology of the old school), opened they were all entire, but imis a primary essential.

mediately on being exposed to the air There are not wanting those, who, of the atmosphere, the ribs fell in. without any ostensible qualifications Nothing remains of the flesh; but whatever, real or imaginary, usurp some hard white chalky substances this title : of such we can only say, were found, which appear to be a that their impudence is an evil which mixture of the earthy matter of the must be left, like many other evils, to bones with the muscular part of the remedy itself; and that we must tole- body, the latter converted into a fatty rate them as we tolerate those empi substance. The coffin is of the dimenrics--their brothers in imposture-sions of six feet five inches in length, who, to dazzle the vulgar, iake upon and nineteen inches in width within, themselves the title of Physician, and with sides about four inches thick ; it are content to forfeit the fairer renown has been cut out of the solid stone, which every man doing his duty in his and is supposed to weigh about a ton

own natural sphere may render him- and a half. The place where these ; self worth obtaining.

relics were found is about a mile and Such then, finally, is all I know, or a quarter from Ferribridge, in a valley • have the immediate means of learning, near the road leading to Castleford.

on the subject I have taken op: 1 Many conjectures are of course afloat, may be misinformed in some points, as to the identity of this man of other or deficient in information in others; times; but the prevailing, and we and most happy shall I be, to be correct. | think the most probable opinion, is, ed (in such a case) by any future corre- that these are the remains of Thomas, spondent, who, under your auspices, Earl of Lancaster, the unfortunate may lay me under obligation to him leader of the insurgent Barons, in the for such a favour.

battle of Borough-bridge, fought in the year 1321, and who was beheaded

at Pontefract, 500 years ago, by order DISCOVERY OF A REMARKABLE COFFIN. of his nephew Edward II.-(See His

tory and Directory of Yorkshire, pp. A massive and curious piece of anti- 145 and 239.) The coffin and remains, ! quity was recently discovered at Wa- which have attracted a great deal of

ter-Fryston, near Ferrybridge. As public attention, are now removed to two labourers were digging ground Fryston-hall. for liquorice, in a field called the Paper Mill-field, on the Fryston Hall Estate, near the boundary between the parishes of Pontefract and Fryston, they penetrated to a mass of The following interesting and authenstone, only about 11 inches below the tie instance of the fidelity of the surface, which, on being cleared, Dog, bas been copied from a public proved to be an ancient coffin of un- print.dressed stone, without inscription. A beautiful liver-coloured bitch, beThe lid, which was hevelled, but longing to James Clarke, one of tho without harrige, projected over the convicts now under sentence of death sides about two inches. This, on being in Shrewsbury gaol, followed her


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owner there, on his commitment in BOTTLE WASHBD ON SHORE. October last, and has remained somewhere about the prison walls ever MR. EDITOR. since. The faithful animal was then SIR, --I beg, through your widely cirin excellent condition, fat, clean, and culated Magazine, to give publicity sleek; but poor Dutch (that is her to the accompanying paper.-It is Dame) lost that fostering hand that highly creditable to Mr. Alex. Mc. administered to her necessities, and, Gill, to exert bimself for the improvebeing destitute of a master and a ment of navigation ; and it is to be home, has been picking up her preca- hoped that other commanders of vesrions and scanty subsistence on any sels will follow his example. I am midden that yielded a bonc or offal. convinced that it is only by a multiAt length our late assizes came; and plied series of experiments, in all Clarke was conveyed with about thirty seasons of the year, that any thing culprits from the prison to the county like a rational theory can be estahali, for trial. How wonderful is in-blished, with respect to the currents stinct! no one could tell poor Dutch in the ocean, which is a great desidethat her beloved master was condensed ratum in that important science. among the thirty culprits in the cara

W. van, or in its attendant crowd. But the surprising faculty which the God A bottle was picked up on the shore, of nature has bestowed on the spe- on the South side of Milford Haven, cies, brought this faithful animal to near a farm called Sawdern, by Mr. the tail of the caravan, and, notwith- William Hall, the occapier, on the standing the Constable's staves, she 6th of April, 1822. It contained a followed as chief mourner, watched paper, of which the following is a all the day about the court during the copy. trials, and when the caravan returned "No.310. The Bottle which contains in the evening, poor Dutch had drop- this card was throwa into the sea, in ped into the same situation, and was Lat. 49° 54' N. Long. 12° 20' W. at following it back to the county gaol: noon, on the 1st day of March, 1822, with weeping eye her condemned mas- from the Ship Aspray, of Glasgow, ter saw her, and said,

which sailed from Greenock on the Dutch, how thin!" but here descrip- 20th day of February, 1820, on tion fails; it may be much better con- trading voyage round the world. Whoceived than described. The joy that ever finds this, is requested to inserta pervaded every part of the poor ani- notice of the time and place in some mal was such, that it actually shivered literary or political publication, with with rapture. When the vehicle ar- the view of establishing facts relative rived at the gaol, poor Dutch was shut to the currents of the ocean.--130 days out. And now, what was to be done? from Calcutta, returning towards Greeshe retired to a distance, and seating nock—all well-Alexander Mc, Gill, herself on a mound, surveyed anx- Master." iously the prison, gave four loud and pitiful yells, as if she had said, * Alas! my master, thy well-known voice has just cheered my heart, and now let me die with thee." The poor MR. EDITOR. animal then solemnly and slowly SIR,-Flattering myself that the folwalked away.

lowing chemical experiment may be The moralists from Solomon down- interesting to some of your readers, I wards have sent us to the animals for would beg the favour of the insertion instruction. Let none do evil, and of it in the Imperial Magazine. say good shall come. Wbat a fright I was lately making a solution of ful monster sin is, when even the ani- copper in nitric acid, for the purpose mals are brought into suffering cir- of obtaining crystals of nitrate of copcumstances by it! Surely this exam- per, but before I proceeded to evapople enforces the duties of fidelity, rate the solution, the query occurred patience, and perseverance: Such at to me, whether ammonia would propresent are the trying misfortunes and duce the same effect with the nitrate history of

Poor Dutch. as it does with the sulphate of copper? Shrewsbury, April 10.

I accordingly added the solution of

· Ah, poor


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