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the immediate guidance of the masters, attend to a sensitive spiral spring. The lower cage a place of divine worship, and the rest of the being immersed in water, the weight of the day is occupied chiefly in receiving moral body in air will first be indicated by the tenand religious instruction from these masters. sion of the spring when it is placed in the

“The example afforded by this distinguish- upper cage; by then removing it to the lower ed manufacturer,-of philanthropy in unison one, its weighi, in water, will be pointed out with patriotism,-confirms an axiom in ethics, on the graduated scale. Mr. C. gives a forthat virtue begets industry, and industry mala sor ascertaining the specific gravity from wealth. To promote good morals in the poor, these two observations, without recurring to is the most certain means of insuring wealth to the usual tedious calculations. the employer; and while sympathy and bama Poisonous Dose of Opium.- At a late meetnity are rewarded on one hand, gratitude and ing of the London Medical Society, Mr. Wray, thankfulness are excited on the other; and thus an eminent surgeon of London, related some a moral reciprocity is maintained between the instances of individuals, wbom he had roused poor and the affluent, which contributes to from a state of stupor (occasioned by swalmental bappiness, and constitates the most lowing large doses of tincture of opium) by darable boud of social order in the various dashing, suddenly and repeated over their classes of the community."-Bristed's Tour heads, basons-full of cold water. The effects, through part of the Highlands of Scotland. in all the cases, were very remarkable: the Since the death of Mr. Dale, the patients were able to swallow emetio draughts,

stupor was so completely removed, that the works at Lanark have been carried which succeeded in emptying the stomach, on by his successor and son-in-law, and in obviating any bad consequences. Robert Owen, Esq. who bad married

Improvements in Pedal Harps.--Mr. Dodd, of Mr. Dale's daughier. In conducting considerable improvements in the construction

St. Martin's-lane, has lately made some very the business at these cotton mils, the of these elegant instruments. It is well same principles are retained, on known, that owing to the crooked form of the which they were primarily founded; neck, where it joins the body of the barp, it is and this individuals of the community quite impossible to procure wood with its grain exbibit, on the wholc, an aspect

running in that direction which its shape rewhich no part of this kingdom can grained; and, accordingly, harps very frequent

quires; the consequence is, that it is crossrival. Their manner of living has iy break in that part. Mr. Dodd las completely already attracted much of public remedied this evil, by forming the necks of his attention, and it will probably lead improved barps of a number of layers of wood to some important changes in the con- firmly combined, and bent into the required

shape. dition of the poor. But wbatever the

Corrosive Sublimate.-Dr. Taddei bas disevent may be, the founders of these covered, that gelatine mixed with corrosive works have already immortalized their sublimate renders it innoxious. He gave 12 names, and, what is more pleasing, grains of it to two rabbits, and they did not they are deserving of the fame they it in the least degree ; whereas a single grain have acquired.

of the sublimate, administered in its pare form, was sufficient to kill them. The inju

rious effects of a grain of sublimate are neuGLEANINGS FROM LITERATURE, tralized by 25 grains of fresh, or by 13 grains SCIENCE, &c.

of dry, gelatine.

Preservation of Grain in Granaries of Cast

Iron.-In order to preserve grain for any length Application of Machinery to the Calculating of of time, from those insects which babitually Mathematical Tables.-A very eminent Mathe- devour it, and which cannot exist in air hygroInatician, Ç. Babbage, Esq. F.R.S. Lond. and metrically dry, M. Clement suggests the proEdin., &c. in a letter addressed to Sir Humphry priety of constructing granaries of cast-iron, Davy, President of the Royal Society of Lon- into which no air should enter till it has passed don, bas announced to the world that be has through a body of unslaked lime. He proinvented various machines, by which some of poses also some contrivances for allowing the the more complicated processes of arithmeti expanded air to escape, and for inspecting the cal calculation may be performed with cer- grain when necessary. The saving of manual tainty and dispatch. Hence, if the sanguine laboor in turning over tbe grain is one of the expectations of the ingenious inventor be com- advantages of the pian. pletely realized, the mathematician may, in New Power.-An apparatus has been inmany cases, be relieved from the dull drudgery vented at Glasgow, for the manufactory of any of computation, and tables of almost every kind mineral water requiring to be charged with may be constructed with a facility and acca- carbonic acid gas, which amounts, in fact, to racy bitberto unknown, by a process purely the development of a power hitherto unknown, mechanical

but equal to that of steam. This machine is Specific Gravity.-Mr. Creighton, in the described as having neither gasometer nor air Journal of the Royal Institution, recommends pumps, yet the strength of a boy is ascertained a very useful and ingenious instrument for to be capable of compressing into any vessel determining the specific gravities of solid from thirty to forty atmospheres of gas, in a bodies. It consists of two cages of wire, few minutes ; while to effect the same with a which are suspended, the one under the other, forcing pump would occupy the strength of

several men as many hours. A machine equal channel, has exempted it from the in force to an engine of forty-borse power, and charge of imposition. requiring neither fire nor water, would not occupy a space of more than four-foot square.

Some few individuals, however, For many purposes it may be more applicable affecting to have more penetration than than steam.

tbeir neighbours, have not hesitated to avow their opinion that the mermaid is an artificial composition, manufactured with much ingenuity, to deceive a credulous age. Among these, is the editor of a weekly journal, whose scepticism is in direct opposition to the evidence of his senses. He has examined it with much minuteness, but thinks it to be a well-contrived deception, formed by the extraordinary efforts of Chinese and Japanese ingenuity, containing nothing beyond the admirably put together members of various animals.

Since reading the above description, we have seen and examined this Mermaid for ourselves; and feel no hesitation in declaring, that we were unable to discover the slightest evidence of imposition; and without this, we have no right to sanction insingations either of its being an artificial composition, or an updatural combination of animal substances, curiously united together.

These remarks, however, do not imply that we think an imposition of this kind to be absolutely impossible. But so far as the Mermaid is involved in this charge, it is a point which nothing but its dissection can fully determine. Nevertheless, from the strong resemblance

which it bears in every visible part to MERMAID IN LONDON.

animal existence, the probabilities

are, that it was once endued with In our Number of the Imperial Maga- life. zine for August last, col. 783, we The description which we gave in inserted a letter from the Cape of col. 783, is on the whole tolerably corGood Hope, in which the writer an- rect; but in the figure which accomnounced that he had seen a Mermaid. panies these observations, the artist Of this natural phenomenon he gave has availed himself of the privilege of a general description, which we co his profession, and given a flattering pied, concluding his statement with likeness. As the creature actually apan intimation, that this singular crea- pears, the features of the human counture would probably be exhibited in tenance are exhibited in frightful disLondon. Since the above account tortion. The head is disproportionwas published, the Mermaid has ar- ably large ; and, from its union with rived, and, as might naturally be the neck, is projected considerably expected, has excited a considerable forward. The face is much elevated; share of public attention.

the lips bave nearly disappeared ; and Among those who have visited this the cheek-bones are extended almost wonderful creature, there have been equal with the point of the nose. many scientific men. possessing abi- From the extremity of the chin to the lity to detect a fraud, and sufficient throat, the distance is very great, integrity to avow it, who

have decided bearing in this part a stronger likeness in its favour; and the general current to the feline or canine, than to the of popular opinion flowing in the same human species. At the commenco

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ment of the vertebre, just behind the which they are incompatible; whereby the art head, there is a singular projection, of Prescribing Scientifically may be facilitated, exhibiting such a mark of deformity often frustrate the views of the Practitioner in as a dislocation might be supposed to their medical effects. produce.

Analeeta, or Pocket Anecdotes, with ReflecOn the shoulders, on the arms, and tions, designed as an Agreeable Companion on most of the upper parts of the for the Social Circle, by the Rev. James body of this creature, a few scat- Churchill, Author of An Essay on Unbelief. tered hairs are to be seen. The skin is of a dirty brown colour, deepest Average Price of Grain per Quarter, for the 12 towards the nether extremity, turning

Districts, from the Gazette. into a dirty gray, as the eye wanders

Wheat. Barley. Oats. Rye. Beans. Peas.

S. d. 8. do 8. d.ls. d. s. d. s. d. towards the head. In every part that may be presumed to coincide with Sep.21.40 6 25 11 17 7 18 17 23 625 43

28.40 5 26 10 18 319 4 24 4 26 10 what is human, the skin is much Octr. 5.40 5 27 0 18 0 20 0 24 11 27 11 shrivelled, and every feature and limb 12. 39 5 26 1 18 720 425 0 28 1 exhibits signs of advanced age. One

19. 38 4 25 5 19 420 8 25 0 28 5 of the ears is concealed by the hand Average Prices of Sugar Number of Bankrupts. that is elevated, and the other seems to form a continuation of the wrinkles Sept.25, 29s. 14d. cwt. Sept. 28,

Octr. 2, 29 101 Ootr. 1, 5, 13 leading from the cheek, but its aper

9, 29 111

8, 12, ture we had no means of minutely 16, 32 3

15, 19, 20 examining. The teeth are sufficiently 23, 32 41

22, 26,

Total open to expose the cavity of the mouth, which could be traced to a considerable extent; but no tongue

Price of Stocks, London, October 26.

Ex. Bills, 2d. £1000, could be noticed as distinctly visible. per Ct. Rd. 82)

Ct. Cons. 8243 Its whole length is nearly three feet; 3 per Cent. 939 Ex. Bills, 2d. £500, and its strange appearance excites 4 per Cent. 99} } interest, wonder, and disgust. New 4 per Ct. 103 (1) Do. small, 7 9 pm. On the whole, if this be an imposi- Long An. 20 13-16ths Lottery Tickets, £22.

15-16ths ]

15s. tion, it is one that will perhaps stand

India Stock 256 7 *Bank for Acct. 257) unrivalled in the arcanum of fraud; India Bonds, 49 51 Cons. for Do. 823 3 and the spectator, though convinced

pm. of the fact, will half forgive the author

Price of Irish Stocks, October 22. of the deception in his admiration of

Bank Stock, 251} the excellence of its execution.

Gov. Deb. 3. per Cent. 951.
Gov. Stock, 3) per Cent. 92, I

Do. Stock, 4 per Cent. 14
Literary Notices.

Do. Stock, New 4 per Cent. 33

Royal Loan, 6 per Cent. 70 Just Published, Charles Lorraine, or the Do. Do. 4 per Cent. 463 Young Soldier, by Mrs. Sherwood, Author of Little Henry and his Bearer, with neat en Prices of Foreign Stock in London, October 26. gravings, 18mo. boards.

French 94f. Ex. 25f. 40c.
A new series of Tracts, by the same Author, Russian 6 per Cent. 82; Ex. 12}
and the Author of Margaret Whyte, Village Ditto (Metallic) 8384
Nurse, &c. No. 1 to 20, ld. each, are alrea- Ditto of 1822, 894 to }
dy published, to be continued monthly: Ditto Scrip, 89}

Eliza, or Traits of Character in Hamble Neapolitan 811 to }
Life, with a neat engraving, 18mo. boards. Ditto Scrip, 83 to 1

Providence and Grace, an interesting Nar- | Austrian 83. rative, plate, 12mo.

Spanish of 1820, 861 }
Veteran Soldier, by the same Author, plate. Ditto of 1821, 73} }
Gleanings and Recollections, (Moral and Ditto Scrip, of 1822, 51 |
Religious,) to Assist the Memory of Youth. Prussian of 1818, 894
By a Parent, dedicated to his own Son,

of 1822, 89, 18mo.

Scrip, 8913
In 12mo. and containing 152 pages of Danish in £ sterling 92
closely printed letter press, A Treatise on Ditto in Marcs Banco 891
the utility of Leech Bleeding, in the Treat- Columbian 6 per Cent. 904 893 91
ment of a great variety of Diseases, by Rees Chilian 6 per cent. 85)
Price, M.D. Surgeon.

Peruvian Scrip, 8647
Also, by the same Author, An Epitome of American 6 per cent. 92 87
Pharmaceutical Chemistry; exhibiting the Ditto 5 per cent 964
Names of the various Articles of the London | Ditto 3 per Cent 69
Pharmacopæia, in contrast with those with | Ditto Bank Shares £21. 10s.

COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, 26th OCTOBER, 1822.

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Since our last, there has been a gradual, and, to all appearance, a solid improvement in the de mand for foreigo produce; the market seems to be relieved from the undae depression so long prevalent, and there appears little probability of any re-action taking place.

The demand for Cotion does not abate, for the sales of the last week reached 11,712 pack. ages, against an import of 7824; this week the sales are more extensive, amounting altogether to 20,037, against a supply received of 7855 bags and bales. The sales ared. d.

d. 8071 Bags of Bowed, from 63 to 9 26 Bags of Bahamas,

from 94 1151 New Orleans,

8 to 12 141

Barbadoes,

8 1400 Tennessee & Alabama 64 to 8 30

West-Indies, 8 to s 1464 Sea Islands, 11 to 24 40 Cartbagenas,

7 416 ditto stained, 7 to 10) 25

Caracoas,

83 1254 Pernambucco, 105 to 12 26

Smyrnas, 1428 Bahias, 94 to 10% 60 Laguira,

94 2967 Maranhams,

91 to 103

Ditto by auction, at 7 85 Paras, 94 to 9 70

Surats,

7
179
Demeraras,

8 to 12
230 Bengal,

te 65 From such an extent of business, it was reasonable to look for improvement; early in the week, rather higher prices were obtained for Uplands, New Orleans, and Alabamas, bat the market closed without any actaal advance on the prices realized at the end of the preceding week. On Sea Islands, however, an improvement of id. per Ib. is willingly paid ; and on Brazil descriptions, which have been purchased with avidity, an advance of fr. to 1d. per Ib. has been given. The ansettled state of affairs in tbe Brazils, has mainly contributed to this inprovement. American Cottons are cheaper in proportion to quality.

British Plantation Sugars have rather gone off heavily this week, 'at a depression of ls. per cwt.

Coffee has undergone no alteration.

of Carolina Rice, suitable for the home trade, the market is cleared ; the early artisals of the now crop are likely to sell at high prices.

Pot and Pearl Å shes are still looking up. Montreal Pots, from 39s. 6d. to 40s. per ext. Pearls, 44s. to 45s. Boston Pearls, 48s.' Of States Pots, there are very few here at the abore quotations; bolders are very firm, and are anticipating a further advance.

Logwood is but dull, as considerable arrivals are expected. Jamaica may be quoted at $1. IO.; Honduras £8. 2s. 6d. Fustic commands better prices, Cuba £11. 11s. to £12.; Spanish £9. 10.

Solid Nicaragua Wood, £58. per ton. Quercitron Bark is advancing, Philadelphia, of fair quality, sold by auction, 11s. 9d. to 13s. per cwt. Saltpetre is likewise commanding an advance. A large parcel of Bengal Indigo, amounting to 650 chests, and containing 1 great variety of all the different qualities, was broaght forward on the 21tb instant, and weat off

' very spiritedly. The fine violet and purple, and extra fine violet, of wbich there were only 9 chests, brought Ils. to Ils. 2d. per lb. being barely the current prices at the Company's sale. On the good purple and violet, and violet, amounting to 100 chests, an advance on the Company's prices, of 2d. to 3d. per lb. was established, and on the middling and good middling violet, making up 200 chests more, in some instances as much as 4d. to 6d. per Ib. the current prices thereof being 10s. to 10s. 10d. per lb. The advance on the violet and copper, and copper, was fully 4d. to 6d. per Ib, on the good and fine, and more on the middling qualities; there were about 150 chests of these descriptions, and they brought from 9s. 91. io 10s. 10d. per lb. Of the low Coromandel, and the RB jan. there was a large proportion, not less than 160 chests, and they went off heavily at some decline on the prices of the Company's sale, 5s. 6d. to is, were the prices obtained for the most inferior, and 7s. to 8s. 3d. per Ib. for the best description; a few extremely lean, and quite without body, went at 4s. 4d. to 5s. 6d. per Ib. Good Grabs were eagerly bought at 6d. to 8d. per Ib. advance on the London Prices, and brought 9s. 10d. to 10s. 6d. per lb. Lac Dye has also sold with great animation at a copsiderable advance on former prices :

32 chests of Good Dark Chocolate, brought 3s. to 3s. 4. per lb.
17 Ditto Ditto a litly foxy, 3s. to 3s. 2d.
15 Ditto Ditto Ditto 2s. 10d. to 3s

100 Ditto DT not of the first quality, 3s. 9d. to 3s. 10d. The advance is about 3d.

per

Ib. Considerable arrivals of Tarpentine have brought down prices about Is. per cwt, and fine quality has sold at 14s. per cwt.

There have been many inquiries for Tallow, but more from speculators than consumers. 438 per cwt. is the current price.

Our Corn Market, on the whole, continues to look ap, and appearances favour as amend. ment. Dealers and speculators are freely buying Irish Wheat from 4s. 9d. to 5s.6d. per 70b. Several parcels of Dantzic Wheat, in bond, have been sold from 3s. to 3s. Id. per 7015. The crop of English Clover Seed proves good; prices are likely to range from 55s. to 658. for Rad Seed.

per ton.

LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER.

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