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himself above the alms-basket, and not content to live lazily on scraps of begged opinions, sets his own thoughts on work, to find and follow truth, will (whatever he lights on) not miss the hunter's satisfaction; every moment of his pursuit will reward his pains with some delight, and he will have reason to think his time not ill-spent, even when he cannot much boast of any great acquisition.

This, Reader, is the entertainment of those who let loose their own thoughts, and follow them in writing ; which thou oughtest not to envy them, since they afford thee an opportunity of the like diversion, if thou wilt make use of thy own thoughts in reading. It is to them, if they are thy own, that I refer myself: but if they are taken upon trust from others, it is no great matter what they are, they are not following truth, but some meaner consideration; and it is not worth while to be concerned, what he says or thinks, who says or thinks only as he is directed by another. If thou judgest for thyself, I know thou wilt judge candidly; and then I shall not be harmed or offended, whatever be thy censure. For though it be certain, that there is nothing in this treatise, of the truth whereof I am not fully persuaded ; yet I consider myself as liable to mistakes, as I can think thee, and know that this book must stand or fall with thee, not by any opinion I have of it, but thy own. If thou findest little in it new or instructive to thee, thou art not to blame me for it. It was not meant for those that had already mastered this subject, and made a thorough acquaintance with their own understandings; but for my own information, and the satisfaction of a few friends, who acknowledged themselves not to have sufficiently considered it. Were it fit to trouble thee with the history of this Essay, I should tell thee, that five or six friends meeting at my chamber, and discoursing on a subject very remote from this, found themselves quickly at a stand, by the difficulties that rose on every side. After we had a while puzzled ourselves, without coming any nearer a resolution of those doubts which perplexed us, it came into my thouglits, that we took a wrong course; and

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asket, and not content to live
ored opinions, sets his own
d and follow truth, will (what-
miss the hunter's satisfaction;
suit will reward his pains with
I have reason to think his time
a he cannot much boast of any

the hits in real me self: DU

entertainment of those who let |
s, and follow them in writing;
I to envy them, since they afford

the like diversion, if thou wilt
thoughts in reading. It is to
own, that I refer myself: but if
rust from others, it is no great
they are not following truth, but
tion; and it is not worth while
he says or thinks, who says or
ected by another. If thou judg.
· thou wilt judge candidly; and
ned or offended, whatever be thy
it be certain, that there is nothing

truth whereof I am not fully der myself as liable to mistakes, I know that this book must stand

that before we set ourselves upon inquiries of that nature, it was necessary to examine our own abilities, and see what objects our understandings were, or were not, fitted to deal with. This I proposed to the company, who all readily assented; and thereupon it was agreed, that this should be our first inquiry. Some hasty and undigested thoughts on a subject I had never before considered, which I set down against our next meeting, gave the first entrance into this discourse ; which having been thus begun by chance, was continued by intreaty; written by incoherent parcels; and after long intervals of neglect, resumed again, as my humour or occasions permitted; and at last, in a retirement, where an attendance on my health gave me leisure, it was brought into that order thou now seest it.

This discontinued way of writing may have occasioned, besides others, two contrary faults, viz. that too little and too much may be said in it. If thou findest any thing wanting, I shall be glad, that what I have writ gives thee any desire, that I should have gone farther : if it seems too much to thee, thou must blame the subject; for when I put pen to paper, I thought all I should have to say on this matter, would have been contained in one sheet of paper; but the farther I went, the larger prospect I had; new discoveries led me still on, and so it grew insensibly to the bulk it now appears in. I will not deny, but possibly it might be reduced to a narrower compass than it is; and that some parts of it might be contracted; the way it has been writ in, by catches, and many long intervals of interruption, being apt to cause some repetitions. But to confess the truth, I am now too lazy, or too busy to make it shorter.

I am not ignorant how little I herein consult my own reputation, when I knowingly let it go with a fault, so apt to disgust the most judicious, who are always the nicest readers. But they who know sloth is apt to content itself with any excuse, will pardon me, if mine has prevailed on ine, where, I think, I have a very good one. I will not therefore allege in my defence, that the same notion, having different respects, may

by any opinion I have of it, but est little in it new or instructive o blame me for it. It was not ad already mastered this subject, acquaintance with their own un| my own information, and the iends, who acknowledged themiciently considered it. Were it th the history of this Essar, I ve or six friends meeting at my sing on a subject very remote elves quickly at a stand, by the on every side. After we had a

5, without coming any nearer a ubts which perplexed us, it came

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be convenient or necessary to prove or illustrate several parts of the same discourse; and that so it has happened in many parts of this : but waving that, I shall frankly avow, that I have sometimes dwelt long upon the same argument, and expressed it different ways, Trith a quite different design. I pretend not to publish this Essay for the information of men of large thoughts, and quick apprehensions; to such masters of knowledge, I profess myself a scholar, and therefore warn them before-hand not to expect any thing here, but Phat, being spun out of my own coarse thoughts, is fitted to men of my own size ; to whom, perhaps, it will not be unacceptable, that I have taken some pains to make plain and familiar to their thoughts some truths, which established prejudice, or the abstractedness of the ideas themselves, might render difficult. Some objects had need be turned on every side; and when the notion is new, as I confess some of these are to me, or out of the ordinary road, as I suspect they will appear to others; it is not one simple view of it, that will gain it admittance into every understanding, or fix it there with a clear and lasting impression. There are few, I believe, who have not observed in themselves or others, that what in one way of proposing was very obscure, another way of expressing it has made very clear and intelligible; though afterward the mind found little difference in the phrases, and wondered why one failed to be understood more than the other.

But every thing does not hit alike upon every man's · imagination. We have our understandings no less dif

ferent than our palates ; and he that thinks the same truth shall be equally relished by every one in the same dress, may as well hope to feast every one with the same sort of cookery: the meat may be the same, and the nourishment good, yet every one not be able to receive it with that seasoning; and it must be dressed another way, if you will have it go down with some, even of strong constitutions. The truth is, those who advised me to publish it, advised me, for this reason, to publish it as it is; and since I have been brought to let it go abroad, I desire it should be understood by whoever

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ve sometimes dwelt long upon
nd expressed it different wars,
esign. I pretend not to publish
mation of men of large thoughts,
uns; to such masters of know.

f a scholar, and therefore warn - to expect any thing here, but

of my own coarse thoughts, is un size ; to whom, perhaps, it le, that I have taken some pains Camiliar to their thoughts sorte ned prejudice, or the abstracted

cmselves, might render ditticult.
3 be turned on every side; and
w, as I confess sone of these are
ordinary road, as I suspect they

it is not one simple view of it,
ittance into every understanding,
lear and lasting impression. There
o have not observed i themselves
none iray of proposing was very

of expressing it has made very
?; though atterward the unind
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understood more than the other.
li not hit alike upon every mans
ve our understandings no less dit-
es; and he that thinks the same
relished by every one in the same
e to feast every one with the same
meat may be the same, and the
t every one not be able to receive

gives himself the pains to read it; I have so little affection to be in print, that if I were not flattered this Essay might be of some use to others, as I think it has been to me, I should have confined it to the view of some friends, who gave the first occasion to it. My appearing therefore in print, being on purpose to be as useful as I may, I think it necessary to make what I have to say, as easy and intelligible to all sorts of readers, As I can. And I had much rather the speculative and quick-sighted should complain of my being in some parts tedious, than that any one, not accustomed to abstract speculations, or prepossessed with different notions, should mistake, or not comprehend my meaning,

It will possibly be censured as a great piece of vanity or insolence in me, to pretend to instruct this our knowing age; it amounting to little less, when I own, that I publish this Essay with hopes it may be useful to others. But if it may be permitted to speak freely of those, who with a feigned modesty condemn as useless, what they themselves write, methinks it savours much more of vanity or insolence, to publish a book for any other end; and he fails very much of that respect he owes the public, who prints, and consequently expects men should read that, wherein he intends not they should meet with any thing of use to themselves or others : and should nothing else be found allowable in this treatise, yet my design will not cease to be so; and the goodness of my intention ought to be some excuse for the worthlessness of my present. It is that chiefly which secures me from the fear of censure, which I expect not to escape more than better writers. Men's principles, notions, and relishes are so different, that it is hard to find a book which pleases or displeases all men. I acknowledge the age we live in is not the least knowing, and therefore not the most easy to be satisfied. If I have not the good luck to please, yet nobody ought to be offended with me. I plainly tell all my readers, except half a dozen, this treatise was not at first intended for them; and therefore they need not be at the trouble to be of that number. But yet

if

; and it inust be dressed another : it go down with some, even of

The truth is, those who advised sed me, for this reason, to pubpce I have been brought to let i

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if any one thinks fit to be angry, and rail at it, he may
do it securely: for I shall find some better way of
spending my time, than in such kind of conversation.
I shall always have the satisfaction to have aimed sin-
cerely at truth and usefulness, though in one of the
meanest ways. The commonwealth of learning is not
at this tine without master-builders, whose mighty
designs, in advancing the sciences, will leave lasting
monuments to the admiration of posterity; but every
one must not hope to be a Boyle, or a Sydenham; and
in an age that produces such masters, as the great-
Huygenius, and the incomparable Mr. Newton, with
some others of that strain; it is ambition enough to be
employed as an under-labourer in clearing the ground
a little, and removing some of the rubbish that lies in
the way to knowledge, which certainly had been very
much more advanced in the world, if the endeavours
of ingenious and industrious men had not been much
cumbered with the learned but frivolous use of uncouth,
affected, or unintelligible terms, introduced into the
sciences, and there made an art of, to that degree,
that philosophy, which is nothing but the true know-
ledge of things, was thought unfit, or uncapable to
be brought into well-bred company, and polite con-
versation. Vague and insignificant forms of speechi,
and abuse of language, have so long passed for mys-
teries of science; and hard and misapplied words,
with little or no meaning, have, by prescription, such
a right to be mistaken for deep learning and height
of speculation, that it will not be easy to persuade,
either those who speak, or those who hear them, that
they are but the covers of ignorance, and hindrance
of true knowledge. To break in upon the sanctuary
of vanity and ignorance, will be, I suppose, some ser-
vice to human understanding: though so few are apt
to think they deceive, or are deceived in the use of
words; or that the language of the sect they are of,
has any faults in it, which ought to be examined or
corrected ; that I hope I shall be pardoned, if I have
in the third book dwelt long on this subject, and
endeavoured to make it so plain, that neither the inve-

terateness

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