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5. From a wrong connexion

of ideas. 6. This connexion how made. 8. Some antipathies an effect

of it. 9. A great cause of errours. - 12. Instances. 13. Why time cares some dis.

orders in the mind, which

reason cannot. -16. Farther instances of the

effects of the association

of ideas. 17. Its influence on intellec

tual habits. 18. Observable in different

sects. 19.. Conclusion.


1o. Why the genus is ordina. 11. Simple ideas, why underily made use of in defini.

finable further explained. tions.

12, 13. The contrary showed in 11. General and universal are

complex ideas by instances creatures of the under.

of a statue and rainbow. standing. .

14. The names of complex ideas 12. Abstract ideas are the es

when to be made intelligi. sences of the genera and

ble by words. spec es.

15. Fourthly, Names of simple 13. They are the workmanship ideas least doubtful.

of the understanding, but 16. Fifthly, Simple ideas have have their foundation in

few ascents in linea prædi. · the similitude of things.

camentali. 14. Each distinct abstract idea 17. Sixthly, Names of simple is a distinct essence.

ideas, stand for ideas not at 15. Real and nominal essence.

all arbitrary.
16. Constant connexion be-
tween the name and no.

minal essence.

Of the names of mixed modes and 17. Supposition, that species

are distinguished by their SECT.
real essences, useless.

1. They stand for abstract ideas 18. Real and nominal essence

as other general names. the same in simple ideas

2. First, The ideas they stand and modes, different in

for are made by the under. substances.

standing. 19. Essences ingenerable and

3. Secondly, made arbitrarily, incorruptible.

and without patterns. 20. Recapitulation

4. How this is done.

5. Evidently arbitrary, in that CHAP. IV.

the idea is often before the Of the names of simple ideas.


6. Instances, murther, incest, 1. Names of simple ideas, stabbing. modes, and substances, have

..7. But stiil subservient to the each something peculiar.

end of language. 2. First, Names of simple ideas ? 8. Whereof the intranslatable

and substancés, intimate words of divers languages real existence.

are a proof. 3. Secondly, Names of simple 9. This show's species to be

ideas and modes signify al. made for communication. ways both real and nominal 10, ú. In mixed modes, it is the essence.

name that ties the combi. 4. Thirdly, Names of simple nation together, and makes ideas undefinable..

it a species. s. If all were definable, it 12. For the originals of mixed would be a process in infi

modes, we look no farther nitum.

than the mind, which also 6. What a definition is. .

shows them to be the work7. Simple ideas, why undefi.

manship of the understand. nable.

ing: 8, 9. Instances, mosion.

13. Their being made by the .. understanding without pat.

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8. Their signification perfecto

ly arbitrary:

CHAP. III. Of general terins.

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1. The greatest part of words

general. 2. For every particular thing

to have a name, is impofi.


1, 4. And yseless.

5. What things have proper


-8. How general words are

made. 9. General natures are nothing but abstract ideas.


10. WW

10. Light.

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terns, shows the reason why . 24. Not by substantial forms,
they are so compounded.

25. The specific essences are
14. Names of mixed modes' made by the mind.

stand always for their real 26, 27. Therefore very various and

15. Why their names are usu. 23. But not so arbitrary as
ally got before their ideas.

mixed modes.
16. Reason of my being so large 29. Though very imperfect.
on this subject.

30. Which yet serve for com.

mon converse.

31. But make several essences • C H A P. VI.

signified by the same name. Of the names of substances.

32. The more general our ideas

are, the more incomplete

and partial they are.
1. The common names of sub. 33. This all accommodated to
stances stand for sorts.

the end of speech.
2. The essence of each sort is .

34. Instance in cassuaris, the abstract idea.

35. Men make the species. In. 3. The Rominal and real es.

stance gold.
sence different.

36. Though nature makes the
46-6. Nothing essential to indi. similitude.

37. And continues it in the
7-8. The nominal essence bounds

races of things. the species.

38. Each abstract idea is an es. 9. Not the real essence, which

sence. we know not.

39. Generà and species are in 10. Not substantial forms,

order to naming. Instance,
which we know less.

4. That the nominal essence is 40. Species of artificial things
that whereby we distinguish

less confused than natural.
species, farther evident from 41. Artificial things of distinct

12. Whereof there are probably 42. Substances alone have pro.
numberless species.

per names.
13. The nominal essence that of

43. Difficulty to treat of words the species, proved from

with words. water and ice.

45. Instances of mixed modes
14-18. Difficulties against a certain

kineah and niouph.
· number of real essences. 46, 47. Instance of substances in
19. Our nominal essences of

substances, not perict col. 48. Their ideas imperfect and
lections of properties.

therefore various.
21. But such a collection as our

49. Therefore to fix their spe. name stands for.

cies, a real essence is sup. 22. Our abstract ideas are to us

posed. the measure of species. In.

50. Which supposition is of no stances in that of man.

use. 23. Species not distinguished by

51. Conclusion. generation,

.. OF


cific essences are the mind.

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e very various and

so arbitrary 23


very imperfect.
yet serve for com

ce several essences

by the same nane.
Te general our ideas
e more incomplete
tial they are.
| accommodated to

of speech.
e in cassuaris.
ake the species. In

nature makes the
ontinues it in the


bstract idea is an es.


- and species are in

naming. Instance,


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.1. CINCE it is the understanding, that An eponiro 2.. w sets man above the rest of sensible into the un. beings, and gives him all the advantage derstanding, and dominion, which he has over them; it pleasant and is certainly a subject, even for its noble- useful. ness, worth our labour ,to enquire into. The understanding, like the eye, whilst it makes us see and perceive all other things, takes no notice of itself; and it requires art and pains to set it at a distance, and make it its own object. But, whatever be the difficulties that lie in the way of this enquiry; whatever it be, that keeps us so much in the dark to ourselves; sure I am, that all the light we can let in upon our own minds, all the acquaintance we can make with our own understandings, will not only be very pleasant, but bring us great advantage, in directing our thoughts in the search of other things. 9. 2. This, therefore, being my purpose,


a to enquire into the original, certainty, and extent of human knowledge; together with the grounds, and degrees of belief, opinion, and assent; I shall not at present meddle with the physical consideration of the mind; or trouble myself to examine, wherein its essence consists, or by what motions of our spirits.



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