Language Change and Variation in Gibraltar

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John Benjamins Publishing, 2008 - 192 páginas
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While much has been written about Gibraltar from historical and political perspectives, sociolinguistic aspects have been largely overlooked. This book describes the influences which have shaped the colony s linguistic development since the British occupation in 1704, and the relationship between the three principal means of communication: English, Spanish and the code-switching variant Yanito. The study then focuses its attentions on the communicative forms and functions of Gibraltarian English. The closing of the border between Gibraltar and Spain (1969-1982), which effectively isolated the colony, had important social and linguistic repercussions. This volume presents the first full account of the language attitudes and identity of a new generation of Gibraltarians, all of whom were born after the border was re-opened. Adopting a variationist approach, this study analyses the extent to which the language use and phonetic realisations of young Gibraltarians differ from those of previous generations and the factors conditioning language variation and change.
 

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Índice

Past and present
15
Fieldwork methodology and analysis
39
1 Research sample by sex ageeducational level and school
40
3 Research sample by class and sex
48
Language choice competence and attitude
55
1 Language spoken by informants with grandparents GL in
60
Vowels and diphthongs
99
1 Gibraltarian English GibE vowel summary
100
4 Distribution of LETTER vowel variants
118
Consonants
133
2 Different pronunciations of the word garage in the sample
139
4 Distribution of R by phonetic environment
153
5 Distribution of L in prepausal and preconsonantal
159
Summary and conclusions
165
References
173
Index
189

3 Distribution of THOUGHT vowel length by class
108

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