The Aphorisms of Siva: The Siva Sutra with Bhaskara's Commentary, the Varttika
The Shiva Sutra was revealed to Vasugupta by Shiva in order to counter the effects of dualism. This revelation initiated the hermeneutics of syntheses and exegesis climaxed by the great Abhinavagupta. The Shiva Sutra is the most important scripture in the Trika system of Kashmir Shaivism. As a book on yoga, it explains the nature and cause of bondage and the means to liberation from bondage.
Bhaskara is in the direct lineage of Vasugupta. To Bhaskara's commentary, Mark Dyczkowski has added his translation of an anonymous commentary as an aid to understanding Bhaskara's interpretation. This anonymous writer also serves as a bridge between Ksemaraja's and Bhaskara's commentaries, drawing from both. The commentary on each sutra is thus in three layers. Bhaskara's commentary is first, followed by the anonymous commentary, after which Dyczkowski adds his own exposition and compares Bhaskara and Ksemaraja.
Ksemaraja's commentary, the Vimarsini, has been translated by Jaideva Singh and published by SUNY Press under the title Siva Sutra.
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Aphorisms of Siva, The: The Siva Sutra with Bhaskara's Commentary, the Varttika
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abides according achieves action activity aphorism apparent arises aspects assumes attains awakened awareness becomes Bhāskara bliss body breath called cause centre commentary condition consciousness consists contemplation cosmic creation deep sleep described desire destroyed diversity divine dream elements emergence energy entire essential established existence expansion experience explained Exposition external fettered five flow force Fourth freedom functions gives Heart highest impurity individual inherent inner intent knowledge Kșemarāja liberated light light of consciousness limited Lord lower manifest Mantra Master Māyā means mental mind movement namely ness object obscuring once one's own nature outer Path perceiving perception pervades plane practise principles pure realisation reality refers reflective rest rise sciousness senses Śiva Śiva's soul sound speech Stanzas subtle supreme takes teachings things thought tion true nature union unity universal verse Vibration vital vital breath waking Wheel yogi yogi's