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o£ the Governor-Genera!, seconded by the bravery and perseverance of his Majesty's Forces, and of those of the East India Company, brought the campaign to a speedy ami successful issue; and peace has been finally established upon the just and honourable terms of the original Tieaty.
Gentlemen of the House of Common"",—i I have directed the Es imates for the current year to be laid before you. They have been formed upon a full consideration of all the present circumstances of the country, with an anxious desire 10 make every reduction in our establishments which the safety of the empire and sound policy allow. I recommend the state of the Public Income and Expenditure to your early and serious attention. I regret to be under the necessity of informing you that there has been a deficiency in the produce of the Revenue ia the last year; bus I trust that it is to be ascribed to temporary causes; and I have' the consolation to believe that you wjH find it practicable to provide for the public service1 of the year, without makingany addition to the burthens of the people, and without adopting any measure1 injurious to that system by which the public credit of the country has been hitherto sustained. .
My Lords and Gentlemen,— I have the satisfaction of informing you that the arrangements which were made in the last Session of Parliament, with a view to a New Silver Coinage, have been completed with unprecedented expedition. I have given directions for the immediate issue of the New Coin, and I trust that this measure will be productive of considerable advantages to the trade and internal transactions* of the country. The distresses consequent upon the termination of a war of such unusual extent and duration, have been felt, with greater or less severity, throughout all the nations of Europe; and have been considerably aggravated by the unfavourable state of the feason. Deeply as 1 lament the pressure of these evils upon the country, lam sensible that they are of a nature not to admit of an immediate remedy; but whilst I observe with peculiar satisfaction the fortitude with which so many privations have been borne, and the active benevolence which has been employed to mitigate tbem, I am persuaded that the great sources of our national prosperity are essentially unimpaired, and 1, entertain a confident expectation that the native ewergy of the country will at no distant period -surmount all 'the difficulties in which we are involved. In considering our internal situation, you will, 1 doubt not, feeJ a just indignation at the attempts which have been made to take advantage of the distresses of the country, for the purpose of exciting a spirit of sedition and violence. J am too well convinced
of the loyalty and good sense of the great body of His Majesty's subjects, to believe them capable of be in.: perverted by the ans which are employed to seduce them; but I am determined to omit no precautions for preserving the public peaee, and for counteracting the designs of the disaffected: And I rely with the utmost confidence on your cordial support and cooperation, in upholding a sysiem «f law and Government., from which we h^ve tte-* rived inesi unable advantages, whion has enabled us to conclude, w.th unexampled glory, a contest where <n depended the be>t interests of manki-ol, and which has been hitherto felt Dy ourselves, as it is acknowledged by o>her nations, to be the most perfect that has ever fdlleu to the lot of any people."
Our Readers will hear with just indigj nation, that several daring outrages were committed on the person of (he Prince Regent, on his return from the House of Lords; the particulars of which were communicated to both Houses by Lord James Murray, the Lord in waiting. Tije Life-guards wore insulted, and gravel and" other missiles thrown at the Royal cairiage j beiwee-n Carleton-HouseF-Gardens and the Stable-yard Gate one glass of the state-coach was struck thrice, and broken. Lord J Murray wa* of opinion one or two bullets were fired from an airgun, but no bullet was found. One man active in the disturbance has been secured. The Debates on the usual Address in answer to the Speech were adjourned; and both Houses unanimously agreed to the fallowing Address.
"We, his Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in Parliament assembled, beg leave to approach your Royal Highness, humbly to express our abhorrence of the outrage offered to yuur Royal Highness on your passage from Parliament —to assure your Royal Highness that we feel the deepest concern and indignation that there should be found any individual in his Majesty's Dominions capable of an attack so daring aud flagitious; and to express our earnest wishes, in which we are confident we shall be joined by all descriptions of His Majesty's subjects, that you will be pleased to order measures to be taken without delay, to discover and bring to justice the aiders and abettors of this atrocious proceeding."
To this Address his R. H. the Prince Regent returned the following most gracious answer:—" This additional proof of your duty and loyalty affords me the highest satisfaction. Relying on the affection of the great part of his Majesty's subjects, 1 have nothing to regret but a breach of the laws. 1 have ordered that the persons concerned in that outrage should be brought before the proper tiibunal."
FntES IN Town.—On the 3d day of Jan. 1817, a fire broke out in the house of Mr. Martin, grocer and tea-dealer in Bishopsgate-street: it was got under after destroy • ing the whole of the premises, which are insured: happily no lives were lost.
A fire broke out on the 6th at Mrs. Fryars, Dyer's-buildings, Gower-street, which destroyed the first and second floors: it was occasioned by a horse of cloaths taking fire in the back room, and although Mrs. Fiyars was in the front room, and gave immediate alarm, the flames had caught the tiding before assistance was afforded.
Fires In Thb Country. — The Earl of Bridgwater's magnificent Castle, Ashridge, has several times lately escaped conflagration. Several of the apartments have at different periods been discovered on fire, but foitunately in time to prevent the di ibolical intentions of the incendiary, who is yet unkuown, though suspicions are eniertaniid respecting the offender.
A fire broke out at Woodley Farm, near Baroet, on Sunday night, the Aih instant, which did much damage. It was discoveied in the kitchen when the inmates were asleep, by a shepherd, who gave the alarm iu time for the family to save themselves. The house, which was an old limber building, was destroyed with many valuable improvements in machinery: but the southerly wind saved the farm yard.
At the laic Sessions at Guildford an order was maiie for rating the Rev. Rowland Mill's Chapel, towards the support and maintenance of the poor of the parish of Christchurob J and, on an inspection of the receipts and profits derived from the chapel, the magistrates fixed 676/. as a fair sum upon which the building ought to be -rated. Mr. Webber's name, as treasurer of the chapel, was accordingly inserted in the next assessment, and a sum of 16/. 18s. was charged. When the overseer applied to Mr. Webber, that gentleman refused in pay any thing: upon which refusal Mr. Meymott, solicitor, who is vestry clejk of Christchurch parish, applied to the magistrates at Union-hall for a summons, to be directed to Mr. Webber, calling on him to appear and show cause why he refused payment. Mr. Webber not having attended, Mr. Meymott proved that the rate had been duly demanded, and payment refused; and applied for a warrant of distress, which the magistrates granted. The de. feudants have declared their determination not to pay till they have the opinion of the Court of King's Bench.
The publick wil! very shortly be gratified by free access to those famous Athenian Sculptures which were lately purchased for the Nation by the British ambassador to the Porte. Two spacious rooms have
been built for their exhibition on the ground-floor of the British Museum, adjoining the Townley and Egyptian Galleries. In the first and smaller of these rooms will be displayed the spirited sculptures recently dng up at Phygalia, together with the casts of Athenian statuary, thp originals of which still adorn Athens and its vicinity: and in the other, originals from Athens, which will henceforward be properly called the Athenian Marbles or Sculptures. On the groundfloor are disposed the several statues, as the These us, &c; and at the height of six feet from the floor the Friezes; while a few feet higher are the Metopes. Nothing eau be more striking, mote interesting, and more affecting. We are struck with them as the remains of ages so renowned, and so long passed aw'ay! We are interested with them as performances of matchless beauty, and many of ihem the work of Jctinus, under the superintendence of Phidias! And we are affected at that revolution of empires which has occasioned their transportation from the ir native city to a country which, in the age of Pericles, was esteemed the most barbarous of all countries, even if its very exisu ence was known. They are, however, a proud trophy, because their display in the British metropolis is the result of public taste; and also a pleasing oue, because they are not the price of blood, shed iu wanton or ambitious wais. United to the Townley and other collections, the suite of rooms exhibits the finest display of the art or sculpture to be found in the world, and they will always do honour to the metropolis, and to the paities concerned in assembling and purchasing them. In addition to the above, aud other splendid attractions, the public-spirited Tiustees of the Museum have recently purchased, at the price of 1,100/. a complete collection of British Zoology, foirned by Col. Montague, of the Knowle, in Devonshire.
The Report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons, appointed to inquire into the regulation of Roman Catholic subjects in foreign states, has been recently printed. It establishes the remarkable fact, that no European nation, either Catholic or Protestant, has permitted the Pope to exercise an exclusive power in the choice of Bishops; and that the controui over the Hierarchy has constantly been exercised by the Sovereign power of each nation.
A considerable sensation has been excited by the official statements of the revenue, which represent it as having deteriorated in an alarming degree; aud that the total deficiency in the year ended 3th Jan. 1317, compared with the income of the preceding year, amounts to upwards of nine millions.
An Account of the Income of, and Charge upon the Consolidated Fund, in the Quarters ended the 5lh January 1816 and 1817, together with the Amount of War Taxes, and the Annual Duties, Sec. to the same periods. INCOME.
Customs - -'' - .£.1,128,120 2 11§ £.1,317,383 18 11$
Dec. 6. At Florence, the lady of Sir Thomas Trowbridge, R. N. a son.—23. The wife of W. E. Lees, esq, a son.— 24. The wife of Thomas O. Lees, esq. a son.—25. The wife of John C. Lees, esq. a son.—30. The lady of Sir H. Lees, bart. a son and heir.
Lately. In Upper Berkeley-street, the wife of Hon. Lieut.-col. Grey, a son.—la Sackville-street, Piccadilly, the wife of Robert Westley Halls, esq. a son and heir—At Bath, the wife of Lieut.-col. Wardlow, a son.—At Rio de Janeiro, the wife of Henry Chamberlain, his Britannic Majesty's Charge d'Affaires, adau.
Jan. 2. In Devonshire-place, the lady of Maj.-gen. Sir William Anson, K. C. B. a son.—4. In Hertford-st. the Countess of Clonmell, a son and heir.—At Hollycombe, Sussex, the wife of C. W. Taylor, esq. M. P. a son and heir—7. At Kensington, the wife of E. E. Vidal, esq. R. N. a dag.—8. At Cambridge, Lady Mortlock, adau.—10. The wife of Rev. Charles Parr Burney, a son.—10. The wife of Dr. Edward-Thomas Monro, Gower
street, a son 11. In Wimpole-street, the
lady of Hon. J. T. Leslie Melville, a son. —In Harley-st. the wife of Capt. Beaufort, R. N. a son.—13. At Kemsey Lodge, Worcester, the lady of Maj.-gen. Sir Roger Hale Sheaffe, ban. a dau—14. In Wimpole-street, the lady of Rt. Hon. Ld. Bridport, a dau.—In Hinde-streei, Manchester-square, the wife of Daniel Cronin, jun. esq. of Prospect-hall, Killarney, a son.—16. Viscountess Folkestone, a dau.
Oct. 1. At Kineton, Warwickshire, Rob. Dormer, esq. youngest son of the Hon. James Dormer, to Elizabeth, only child and heiress of the late Richard Hill, esq. of Kineton.
Dec. 20. At Gotha, the reigning Duke of Saxe Cobourg, to the Princess Louisa, only dau. of the reigning Duke of Gotha.
21. Robert Marquis, esq. late of Bengal, to Mary Forsyth, (laughter of Thomas Rannie, esq. of Bird's Park, Culien.
26. W. G. Paul, esq. ol Ballyglan, Waterford, second son of the late Sir J. Paul, bart. to Marianne, filth dau. of the late Edward Moore, esq. of Mooresfort, Tip-> perary, and niece to Lord Brandon.
William Young, esq. of Coperagh, Carlow, to Henrietta-Maria Leslie, eldest dau. of the late Major Adams, ofAnnalee,
30. Rev. John Gore, to Maria, only dau. of the late Capt. John Toone, of Upper-terrace, Islington.
Dec— By special licence, Lieut. Maurice-Fitzhardinge Powell, Aide-de-camp to the Prince Regent, eldest son of Mr. Powell, of Bristol, to Lady Eleanor Dum'm. ton, of Dumbarton Castle.
Lately, RichardEastwick, esq. to Frances, youngest dau. of Maj.-gen. Fyers.
W. Gray, esq. R, N. to Louisa, only dau. of Mrs. Esdaile, and uiece to Gen. Glasgow, R. A.
William Curzon, esq. youngest son of C. H. Curzon, esq. of Melton, to Maria, only daughter of Col. Hunlock.
At 'Hitchen, Robert-Linlow Carr, esq. •M. A; of Trinity College, Cambridge, la Fanny, eldest dau. of the late Rev. H. Ward, M. A. of Queen's College.
Samuel Gerrord, esq. late of the 3d (or King's own) Dragoons, and only sou of Thomas Gerrard, esq. of Tally-ho, Weitmeath, to Elizabeth, eldest dau. of T. L. Fowler, esq. of Pendeford House, co. Staff!
Major H. B. Harris, to Anne, eldest dau. of the lateT. H. Balteel.esq. of Bellevue, Devon.
Jan. 1. John Clayton Hall, M. D. to Mrs. Eliza-Jackson Rand, widow of the late Charles Rand, esq. of Madras.
William-John Law, esq. to Charlotte Mary, eldest dau. of Rob. Simpson, esq.
John Parrott, esq. of Mitcbam, to Mrs. Phillips, of Phipps-bridge, near Merton Abbey.
J. Tl. Bellairs, esq. of Leicester, t»Frances-Louisa, sister u> Lieut-col. Bull, K. C. B. of the Royal Horse Artillery.
At Lisbon, F. W. Haden, esq. Deputy Commissary General, to Mrs. Maria Bullen, widow of A. J. Bullen, esq. and eldest dau. of Sam. Thornton, esq. or Streatham.
2. Mr. R. Revell, of Chelsea Hospital, to Anne-Mary, eldest dau. of the late Gwyn Jones, esq. of Berbice.
4. E. Tovey, esq. of Daleybrook House, Road, Somerset, to Mrs. Duncan, widow of John Duncan, esq. of Jamaica.
John Irvine, esq. eldest son of Gerard Irvine, esq. of Rockfield, co. Fermanagh, to Sarah, eldest dau. of T. Towers, esq. of Bushy Park, Tipperary.
6. Rt. Hon. Joshua Lord Huntingfield, of Heveningham Hall, Suffolk, to Miss Blois, dau. of Sir C. Blois, bart. of Cockfield Hall, in the same county.
At Edinburgh, John Polwarth, esq. factor for Lord Keith in Scotland, to Miss Adams, dau. of the late Henry Adams, esq, of Lincoln's-inn.
7. Sir J. H. English, K. G. V. surgeon, of Lower Grosvenor-stfeet, to Miss ElizaWigglesworth Bogle, of Manchester-sq.
Henry, son of P. Desbishire, esq. of L'ntle Maddox street, to Mary-Edwardina-Fenwick Stuart, dau. of E. Fenwick, esq. and niece to the late Lieut -gen. Sir John Stuart, Count of Maida.
8. Capt. Gapt. George-Augustus Westphal, R. N. to Mrs. Chambers, of Upper' Berkeley-street, Portmoh-Square.
H. J. Conyers, esq. only son of J. Conyers, esq. of Copt Hall, Essex, to Harriet, second dau. of Rt. Hon. Thomas Steele.
Sir GEORGE PREVOST, Bart.
Hr. Urban, Jan. 1817.
The enclosed Halifax newspaper contains some observations, which appear lo me so illustrative of the character and services of that inestimable man, and very excellent, but much-injured officer, the late Governor General of British North America, and so justly, though briefly, detail many of the civil and military difficulties which he had to encounter and did surmount, that I trust you will agree with me in thinking them highly deserving a place in your Miscellany.
Now that the irritation and animosities of parly-spirit have subsided and been buried in the grave, I doubt not but every impartial man will allow the preservation of Canada to the British empire to have been chiefly owing to the judicious conduct of Sir George Prevost, in the ardupus charge committed to him by his Sovereign.
It isfceitainly of great importance that the fair fame and well-earned reputation of military men should be cherished, and protected from the blight of flippant or unfounded aspersion; and I am confident you will be ready to contribute to so desirable a purpose by handing down to posterity, in your-widely circulated Publication, this just tribute of an unprejudiced Nova Scotian to the virtues and talents of his late Governor, which I am certain will be perused by many with as much satisfaction and interest as it has been by your constant Reader.
An Old Soldier.
"We have cqpied from the London Gazette * the posthumous honours be
stowed upon Sir Georce Prevost, with a lively pleasure, in which we arc sure the great mass of our Readers will participate. Some few indeed there are (and we say it with pain) whom we remember pressing nearest to his person, and bowing most profoundly at his levees here, who altered , their tone prodigiously when the great and gi'od man was thought to be falling. Where this proceeded, as we believe it mostly did, from a trifling levity of mind, veering, like a silken vane, with every wind, it can only be an objectforour pity. But if there were any who could be enemies to so excellent a man, we wish them no greater punishment than the ranklings of their own bad hearts, when they read the judgment pronounced upon him by his Prince. .
"For ourselves, as we profess not to flatter the living, so we wish to do justice to the dead. We never had but one opinion of Sir George Prevost, which we formed upon some knowledge of his characier, and which we never saw reason to change. We were pleased with the even cheerfulness of his temper, with his simple unassuming manners, and his condescension to people of every rank. Wa admired his vigorous, active, penetrating mind. But we peculiarly respected him for his probity, his independence, his justice j in short for principles of morals and religion, such as we have but rarely met.
Sir George Prevost, we believe, never had any patron but his services and character. Recommended by these alone, he was selected to defend us at a time when the people of the United States had full confidence that they would speedily
* " Whitehall, Sept. 3. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, taking into his Royal consideration the distinguished conduct and services of the late Lieutenantgeneral Sir George Prevost, bart. during a long period of constant active employment in situations of great trust, both military and civil, in the course of which his gallantry, zeal,'and able conduct were particularly displayed at the conquest of the Island of St. Lucie, in 1803, and of the Island of Martinique in 1S09; as also in successfully opposing, with a small garrison, the attack made in 1805, by a numerous French force, upon the Island of Dominica, then under his government; and while Governor-general and Commander in Chief of the British Provinces in North-America, in the defence of Canada against the repeated invasions perseveiingly attempted by the American forces during the late war; and his Royal Highness being desirous of evincing in an especial manner, the sense which his Royal Highness entertains of these services, by conferring upon his family a lasting memorial of his Majesty's royal favour, bath been pleased, ip the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, to ordain, that the supporters following may be borne and used by Dame Catharine Anne Prevost, widow of the said late Lieutenant-general Sir George Prevost, during her widowhood, viz. 'On either side a grenadier of the 16th (or Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot, each supporting a banner, that on the dexter side inscribed West Indies, and that on the sinister Canada;' and that the said supporters, together with the motto,' ServaTuh Cineri,' may also be borne by Sir George Prevost, bart. son and heir of the laid late Lieutenant-general, and by his successors in the said dignity of a Baronet; provided the same be first July exemplified according to the laws of Arms, and recorded in the Heralds'Office. And his Royal Highness hath been alsopleased to command, that the said concession and especial mark of the royal favour be registered in his Majesty's College of Arms."