Imágenes de página
PDF
ePub

The Village Pastor, from Goldsmith's Deserted Village, 95-notice of Goldsmith, ib.

Unfading Beauty, by Thomas Carew, Esq.-Notice of the author, 96.

No. III.

Penn's Advice to his family.--Notice of the author, 134.

On the Management of Bees.-Bees, of all insects, most to be admired, 137-anecdote

of a queen bee, ib.-custom of suffocating bees, ib.-deprecated, ib.---more profit-

able to preserve them, ib.-method of securing honey, 138-Huish's hives, ib.
The Dog.-Its character; and recollections of a favourite ope, 139-cruelty to

them condemned, 139–40

Early Virtue and Talent, from Evelyn's Memoirs, 140.--Account of his son, Richard

Evelyn; at two years and a half old read English, Latin, and French, ib.-his

pious ejaculations before he died, 141.

Advice to the Sedentary, from Buchan's Domestic Medicine, 141. .

English Months.-March, 143--oor ancestors observers of the influence of the

weather upon husbandry, ib._activity of the farmer necessary this month, ib.
our general neglect of the delights of nature, 144-song of praise suggested by the

spring, ib.

The Cotter's Saturday Night, by Burns.—Extracts from, 145-notice of Burns, ib.

No. IV.

Twelve true old Golden Rules, from the Reports of the Society for Bettering the Con.

dition of the Poor, 185.

Account of the Shipwreck of the French Frigate, Meduse, from the Quarterly Review, 187.

English Months.-April, 191-trees appear clothed this month, ib.-beauty of the

orchards and gardens, ib.-poem on the cuckoo, 192-migration of birds, ib.

Bees. Anecdotes of their instinct and sagacity, 194.

The Dog.- Account of, 194—story of a dog in France, 195--Anecdote of a poodle

belonging to Lord Lynedoch, 196-dogs and cats will live together on good terms,

ib.- Monks of St. Bernard on the Alps, their use of dogs, 197-learned dogs,

cruelty used towards them in training, 198.

Morning Hymn.-Notice of John Milton, 199.-- Stanzas, 200.

No. v.

Mary Williams, a.tale, 238.

Advice to Masters and Apprentices, by the Rev. Dr. Glasse, 243.

Account of the celebrated slide of 'Alpnach, constructed by M. Rupp on Mount Pilatus,

from the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 245.

English Months.-May, the month of gladness, 248—lines on May, by Cowper, ib.-

general appearance this month, ib.-instinct of birds, 249-sagacity of bees, ib.-

appearance of the glow-worm, ib.-Nightingale and Glow-worm, by Cowper, ib.

Notice of John Clare, abridged from the Quarterly Review, 251.

Effects of Negligence, from the French of M. Say, 252.

The Shepherd Boy, a poem, ib.

No. VI.

The Horse— Extracts from Scripture descriptive of, 292—no animal equal in utility,

ib. its uses after death, 293–superiority of the Arabian horse, ib.-kindness of

the Arabs to their horses, ib.-brutal treatment of in England, ib. its remarkable

sagacity, 295-anecdote of a charger belonging to Culonel Gardner, ib.--another

of one belonging to General Pater in the East Indies, ib.--anecdote related by

Admiral Keats of the horses of the Spanish cavalry under General Romana, 296.

Death of Mary Evelyn, from Evelyn's Memoirs, 297.

On the boiling of Potatoes so as to be eaten as bread, 299.

Reasons for Contentment, by Archdeacon Paley, 300.

English Months.—June, the soason of baymaking and sheep-shearing, 304-poetical

description of sheep-shearing, from Thomson, ib.

The Three Warnings, by Mrs. Thrale, 305.

No. VII.

Letters of a Midshipman, 343.

Cleanliness and Ventilation.—Exclusion of external air injurious, 316--cleanliness

essentially necessary to preserve the air pure, 347-sense of smelling favourable

to health, ib.--cleanliness conducive to virtue, 348-putrid waters near houses the

source of fever, ib.-diseases of the skin occasioned by neglect of cleanliness, 349

-frequent immersion of the body in water, hot or cold, conducive to health, ib.-

frequent change of, clothing next the body, wholesome, ib.-frequent change of

bed linen necessary, ib.-Rowers and living plants in bed-rooms at night, un.

althv. 350-a cbimncy necessary in every apartment, ib.

Account of Earthquake, at Kutch, from the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 351.

Example of Decision of Character, from Foster's Essays, 354.

English Months.-July, 355—the hottest month, ib.--copious draughts of cold water

dangerous, ib.-any thing of a black colour increases the heat, ib.- swimming

· recommended, ib. --instructions to be observed in case of suspended animation, ib

he

Alexander Selkirk, a Poem, by Cowper.-Notice of the author, 357.

The Sabbath Morn, a Poem, by James Grahame, 358.

No. VIII,

Letters of a Midshipman, continued, 395.

Extracts from Feiltham's Resolves, 399.-Notice of Owen Felltham, 399, 400-of

business, 400-of law, 401.

Memoir of Dr. Samuel Johnson, 403.-Licentious state of literature previous to his

appearance, ib.-influence of his pen effects a moral reformation in literature, 404

- his parentage, ib.- his various publications, 405-Goldsmith's character of him,

ib.-bis death, ib.-funeral, ib.-his piety, 406.
Extract from the Poem called Van

Poem called Vanity of Human Wishes, 406,7,8,9.

English Months-August. - Most interesting month of the year to a devout beart,

410-extract from Thomson's Seasons descriptive of harvest, ib.-story of Ruth,

gleaning, 411-Thomson's adaptation of the same story to modern times, 411, 12,

13-description of harvest-home, by Bloomfield, 413.

No. IX.

Letters of a Midshipman, concluded, 449.

Retreat of the French army from Moscow, by Eugene la Baume, an eye-witness, 453.

Clothing:--Necessary to a comfortable state of existence, 457-insensible perspira-

tion of the greatest importance, ib.-suppression of it the cause of many diseases,

ib.-pores of the skin, ib.-sudden exposure to the cold dangerous, 459—change of

clothing necessary in change of weather, ib.-woollen clothing worn by our ances-

tors, ib.--superiority of woollen cloth, ib.--cotton superior to linen, ib.-pro-

perties of linen, 460.

English Months.-September.---Harvest completed the beginning of this month, 460

-game laws, ib.poaching, 461-cider-making, ib.-eurious custom observed in

the New Forest, Hampshire, ib.-berrings caught this month, ib.-description of

their arrival, il. --migration of swallows, ib.--autumnal equipox, ib.

The Sturdy Rock, a Poem, 463.-Woman, a Poem, by Rev. G. Crabbe, 463.

· No. X.

A enry Davis, a tale, 50G.

English Months.-October.-Winter commences, 504-Fogs, ib.-Vegetation of trees

ceases, 505-rooks, ib.-rough winds beneficial, ib.-shower of gossamer, 506.

Pilgrimage across the Desert of Africa, by Ali Bey, 507.

Description of Iceland, by Dr. Henderson, 509.

On False Weights and Measures, 513.

No. XI.

Vaccination discovered by Dr. Jenner, 554 --small pox koown in China and Arabia,

ib.—said to be brought to England from the Holy Land, ib.—first checked by Lady

Montagu, ib.-eastern mode of treating it, 555-inoculation performed in reign of

George I. on condemned criminals, ib.-objections against it, ib.-efficacy of

vaccination proved, ib.-Dr. Jenner receives 20,0001. from parliament, 556-copy

of the report to the Secretary of State for the Hoine Department from the National

Vaccine Establishment, 557.

Rural life in England, by Washington Irving, 56).
English Months.- November-fall of the leaves, 566—salmon spawn, ib. advantage

of long evenings, ib.

Clothing, its real end protection from cold, 567-sedentary persons should be parti-

cular in their clothing, ib.-- advantage of wearing woollen next the skin, ib.

evil effects of light clothing, 569.

No. XII.

Polar Expedition, Account of, 661.- Herbert Knowles, Memoir of, 605.

English Months.--December--account of the ancient festivities of Christmas, 610.

Monthly Retrospect of Public Affairs.-Death and character of King George III, 97

-declaration of his present Majesty on his accession, 98—his message to the
Houses of Parliament, 99--assassination of the Duke de Berri, ib.-Cato-street
conspiracy detected, 100_his Majesty's speech at dissolving parliament, 149—
general election, 150-Cato-street conspirators committed to the Tower, ib. -trials

ester, ib.-revolution and new constitution in Spain, 151-disturbances
in Glasgow, 21-meeting of parliament, 202-massacre at Cadiz, 203-his
Majesty's speech at the opening of parliament, 254-execution of Thestlewood
and his associates, 256-Queen Caroline returns to England, 308—his Majesty's
message to both Houses of Parliament in consequence thereof, ib.--resolutions
of the House of Commons, 309—her answer to their Address, 310-report of
Secret Committee of the House of Lords regarding the Queen, 360-bill of
pains and penalties founded thereop, 361-revolution in Sicily, 362-proceedings
in the bill of pains and penalties, 414, 465, 166, 516, 517, 518-the bill with-

drawn, 570,- loyal addresses, 612.

anches
at M

INTRODUCTION.

The character of a Plain Englishman is one of the most upright and admirable in the world. Whether we find this character among those worthy people of the present day, who are content to do their duty" in that state of life into which it hath pleased God to call them, or look back upon it in the times that are past, we can have no doubt or difficulty in perceiving its value or describing its qualities. The Plain Englishman is the native of a country that has long been highly favoured and distinguished amongst the nations. He is subject to a Government which has for many years insured to its people more real freedom, more impartial laws, and more universal security and happiness, than any other system of human policy. He is attached to that Government, not only by its positive advantages, and by a comparison of the state of himself and his countrymen with those of other nations, but by a thousand feelings and recollections, which tell him how great and glorious this country has been, and how much the humblest of its children share in that greatness and that glory. But further, the true character of a Plain Englishman has something still higher in its claims ;-it means that the owner of it is a Christian. The Gospel of Jesus Christ is professed in his land, in its original purity ;-its truths are held as the surest road to happiness and respectability here, and to perfect joy hereafter. The great principles of his Religion, and the simplicity of its practice, are supported by Institutions founded by the wisdom and piety of past generations. The English Christian feels that the trust of maintaining this Faith and these Institutions has been rendered doubly sacred by the sanctity of the lives, and very often by the fortitude of the deaths, of his righteous ancestors. These are the honourable distinctions of the Plain Englishman; and from these he derives the blessings of Industry, Fidelity, Domestic Quiet, Brotherly Love, Courage, Patience, Obedience to the Laws, and Fear of God.

had but an imperfect knowledge of the foundations of his respectability. But he felt, if he could not describe them. His fire-side endeared to him by the ties of husband and father, and perhaps consecrated by the remembrance of parents gone down to the grave, reminded him of the happiness peculiar to his course of peaceful labour. The security which rendered him master of his own possessions, however small, told him the value of the Government under which he lived. A kind look, or a benevolent visit from his wealthier neighbour, cheered him in his humble station. He viewed the difference of ranks without envy, convinced that as subjects of the same laws, sharers in the same infirmities, and heirs of the same Salvation, the rich and the poor of England were all equal. The church-yard where the ashes of his fathers reposed was, in his mind, the ever-present emblem of the close of all earthly toils and pleasures.-The white steeple which rose above the trees of his village pointed upwards to the heavenly object of his devotions.-The messenger of God from whose lips he received the lessons of his Faith, was the constant object of his reverence and his love. It may be feared that the changes of Society have in some degree impaired these sentiments ;- but no changes are capable of destroying them in hearts still Christian and still English ;-in a few perchance they may slumber, but they will soon revive in all their morning freshness. . It has been thought by some that the progress of knowledge has · deadened those natural feelings which once animated the Plain Englishman. It is not knowledge which has effected this evil, but the abuse of knowledge. In the present times thousands of children {are receiving education; and this gift is circulated among them by some of the highest, and wisest, and best of men. There are also thousands of young people who have already received this benefit. But the mere ability to read and write was never considered by these charitable persons as the principal object of their care. It was Religious Education which they intended to bestow ; it was the knowledge of Christ and the love of His Gospel which they wished to spread. The good seed' has been sown, but the enemy has sowed tares among the wheat. Wicked men, by abusing the means of knowledge, have in many cases ruined the character of the Plain i Englishman. They have taught the ignorant (for those who pervert

the power of being able to read to bad purposes are amongst the most ignorant) to be disobedient to the Laws of the State, and to , hold in contempt the promises and threatenings of God. But even .. this change of a blessing into a curse will not turn the benevolent . aside from their good work. They will go on bestowing Education

with the same activity; they will redouble their zeal to give it a right direction.

We have already said that the great object of National Education is to enable all people to read the Holy Scriptures. Our venerable King, with that fervent piety and love for his people, which has ever since distinguished him, expressed a wish at the commencement of

.

his reign that every child in his dominions should be able to read the Bible. By the blessing of God that day is come. Let none abuse the high privilege they have thus obtained. Thousands, but for this great act of benevolence, might have gone through life without being able to read the Sacred Volume. Let none neglect to profit by this advantage. All the longings of a pure heart are satisfied-all the . duties of a righteous life imparted-all the errors of a frail creature corrected and all the hopes of immortality confirmed, in the Book of Divine Revelation. This knowledge alone is perfect Wisdom.

But the Bible does not form the only reading even of the most pious men. There are stores of useful, innocent, and necessary knowledge, in the printed thoughts of the wise and learned of every age. In our own language especially, are preserved some of the noblest exercises of human intellect. An Englishman's Library is full of the writings of Divines, who strengthen his faith and confirm his practice, by the soundest argument and the most eloquent persuasion ; of Historians, who record the great actions of his ancestors, inspire him with a high sense of his country's glory, and teach him, by example, the true value of whatsoever things are lovely and of good report;' of Statesmen, who explain the foundations of our freedom, and the real interests of kingdoms; of Philosophers, who ele. vate the mind to a contemplation of the wonders of Nature, and add to the clearer light of Revelation, their evidence of the Majesty and Goodness of the Creator ; of Poets, who call up the most pure and gentle feelings of the heart, and kindle our love and reverence for all that is beautiful and virtuous. A studious man knows that knowledge such as this strengthens instead of weakening his piety; and the nearer he approaches the limits of human wisdom, the more is he grateful to the Divine Author of that Revelation, which is the day. spring from on high,' to light our imperfect and erring reason.

But the Books in which real knowledge is stored up are generally beyond a Labouring Man's reach. We propose to unlock these stores. While the evil agents of impiety and disloyalty have done great mischief by preparing cheap poison, shall we neglect to satisfy the desire for information by offering cheap nutriment? We intend to do this in the same spirit with which Education has been bestowed upon all classes—the spirit of friendly equality. We shall take from our shelves the books in which the highest and the wisest have delighted ; and we shall chuse from them the most instructive and amusing Extracts. We think highly of the understandings of our countrymen. We shall address them therefore not as children, but as men and women. If we combat Infidelity, we shall look for our arguments in those' volumes which have made the deepest impression on the wise and learned. If we would disprove the falsehoods which designing persons have propagated against our Government, we shall republish those reasons for a reverence of its Forms and Institutionis, which have convinced the ablest minds, and shewn them its practical excellence. If we would awaken all the noble feelings which belong to the real patriot, we shall go back into the chronicles of old for a

« AnteriorContinuar »