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which the unlearned and unsteadfast wrest, as they do the

17 other scriptures also, to their own destruction. Since therefore, beloved, ye know these things before, beware lest ye be led away with the error of the wicked, and fall

18 from your own steadfastness. But grow in the favour and knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory, both now and for ever. Amen.





CHAP. 1 .

CONCERNING* the Word oFLifet, him, who was from the beginningf, whom we have heard, whom we have seen with our eyes, whom we have looked upon, 2 and our hands have handled ||; (for the Lifell was mani

* This version of the three first verses ol this chapter was proposed by the venerable Theophilus Lindsey, in his Second Address to the Students at Oxford and Cambridge, p. 302. It is to the unwearied and sueeessful labours of this pious and learned person, whose life and doctrine have exhibited the most perfeet model in modern times of the purity and simplicity of apostolical christianity, in conjunction with those of his able coadjutors, Jebb, Priestley, Wakefield, and others, that thshchrutian world is indebted for that clear and diseriminating light which has of laterou-s been diffused over the obseurities of the saered seriptures, and which promises, at no very distant period, to purify the christian religion from those numerous and enormous corruptions, which have so long disfigured its doctrines and impedtd its progress.

t Me Word of Life, i e. Jesus Christ, who is called the Word, Luke i. 2 ; John l . 1; and the Word of God, Rev. xix. 13. He was the divinely inspired teacher of the doctrine of a future life. The attentive reader will observe the resemblanee between the introduction to the Epistle and that to the Gospel of John. which mutually illustrate and explain each other, and are a presumptive proof that both were written by the same author.

( Not from the beginning of time, but from the beginning of our Saviour's ministry. LindVy, ibid. p. 303. See John i. 1,2, and the notes there.

| The Primate's version h: **That which was from the beginning, w hich we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked on, and our hand? have bandi*-d. as coneerning the Word oflifiV

1" Ufe, and in the next clause, Everlasting Life.—Christ is so called as the grea' Teaeher of everlasting life.


fested, and we have seen, and bear witness, and declare unto you that Everlasting Life which was with the Father,

3 and was manifested unto us;) him whom* we have seen and heard, we declare unto you t, that ye also may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the

4 Father, and with his son Jesus Christ. And these things we write unto you, that your joy may be completed f.

5 Now this is the declaration which we have heard from him, and make known unto you; that God is light, and

6 in him is no darkness at all. If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we speak falsely,

7 and conform not to the truth: but if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, God and we have fellowship with each other, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son

8 cleanseth us from all sin. If we say that we have no sin,

9 we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive || us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him false, CH.and his word is not in us. My children, I write these things unto you, that ye may not sin. Yet if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ

2 the righteous If: and he is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for the whole world **. 3 And we hereby know that we know him, if we keep

* that which, Gr. and Newcome.

t The following is Mr. Wakefield's version: "What was at first, what we heard, what we saw with our eyes, what we observed, and our hands handled, coneerning the doctrine of life: (for this I sfe shewed itself, and we saw it, and bear testimony, and declare unto you this Eternal Life, which was with the Father, and shewed itself unto us); what we saw and heard we declare unto you."

t may be full. N. M God it to faithful and just as to forgive, N.

» Or, a righteous advocate with the Father, even Jesus Christ. Wukefit Id. The word ITctgctkjtfTos, advocat.-, is of very general import: q. d. Christ is the medium of reconciliation. See Schlensnpr.

for tAr tinsof, etc. N tXctTf4a^, the act of pacifying an offended party. Seblcu'ner. Christ is a propitiation, as by his gospel he brings sinners tn rqvntnnre. rmd thus averts the divine displeasure.

4 his commandments. He who saith, "I know him," and keepeth not his commandments, spcaketh falsely, and

5 the truth is not in him. But whosoever keepeth his word, of a truth the love of God is perfected in him: hereby we

6 know that we are in him. He who saith that he abideth in him, ought himself so to walk as He walked.

7 Beloved*, I write not a new commandment unto you, but an old commandment which ye had from the beginning: the old commandment is the word which ye have

8 heard [from the beginning]. Again, a new commandment I write unto you: which thing is true in Him and in you also: for the darkness is passed away t, and the

9 true light now shineth. "He who saith that he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness until

10 now. He who loveth his brother, abideth in the light,

11 and he hath no cause of stumbling. But he who hateth his brother, is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because darkness hath blinded his eyes."

12 I write unto you, my children, because your sins are

13 forgiven you on account of his name \. [I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that was from the beginning. I write unto you, young men, because ye have overcome the evil One ||. I write unto you, my

14 children, because ye have known the Father.] I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that wat from the beginning. I write unto you, young men, because ye are strong, and the word of God abideth in you,

15 and ye have overcome the evil One. Love not the world, nor the things which are in the world. If any man love

16 the world, the love of the Father is not in him; for all that is in the world, (the desire of the flesh, and the

• Brethren, R. T. t Or, it passing away. \ through Ms name. N.

| q i1. yon have subducd tieious habits and inelinations. Or, you have triumphed

over persecution. .

desire of the eyes, and the pride of life,) is not of the

17 Father, but is of the world. And the world passeth away, and the desire of it: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.

18 My children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist will come, so even now there are many antichrists; by which we know that it is the last time.

19 They went out from us, but they were not of us: for if they had been of us, they would have remained with us: but this hath come to (sass to make it manifest that all are

20 not of us*. But ye have an anointing t from the Holy One,

21 and know all things. I write not unto you because ye know not the truth: but because ye know it, and that no falsehood is from the truth. Who speaketh falsely, but he who denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist,

23 who denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, hath not the Father: but he that acknowledged

24 the Son, hath the Father also. Let that [therefore]'abide in you, which ye have heard from the beginning. If that which ye have heard from the beginning shall abide in you, ye also will abide in the Son, and in the Father.

25 And this is the promise which he promised us f, even H6 everlasting life. These things I write unto you concern

27 ing those who -moulddeceive you. But the anointing which ye have received from him abideth in you, and ye need not that any one teach you: but as that anointing t tcacheth you of all things, and is true, and is not falsehood,

28 even as it hath taught you, abide in him. And now, my children, abide in him; that, when he shall be manifested, we may have confidence, and may not be ashamed before

29 him at his appearance. If ye know that he is righteous, be assured that every one who doeth righteousness is born of him.

Ch. Hi. Behold what great love the Father hath bestowed on

* Or. they are made manifest; for ail are not of us. Or, they went out, that thej might be manifested, that all are not of us.

t Or, anointing. t which the Sm hath promised us, N

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