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10 herit a blessing. "For he that wisheth to love life, and to see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil;

11 and his lips, that they speak no guile. Let him avoid evil, and do good; let him seek peace and pursue it.

12 For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open to their prayers: but the face of the Lord is

13 against those who do evil." And who is he that will

14 hurt you, if ye be zealous of that which is good*? But if ye even suffer for the sake of righteousness, happy are ye: and be not struck with fear of them, nor be ye

15 troubled; but sanctify the Lord God in your hearts. [And] be always ready to make a defence, with meekness and reverence, to every man that asketh you a reason of

16 the hope which is in you: having a good conseience; that, in whatsoever they speak against you as evil-doers, they may be ashamed, who slanderously accuse your good

17 behaviour in Christ: for it is better that ye suffer, if the will of God be so, when ye do well, than when ye do

18 evil. For even Christ suffered once for sinst, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God; being put to death indeed in the flesh, but restored to life

19 by the spirit: by which, after he was gone, he preached

20 to the spirits in prison \; who formerly disbelieved ||, when the long-suffering of God earnestly waitedf in the

* Others read, imitators, N.m. See Grieshach.

t Christ suffered for sin, not by bearing the punishment due to sin, but to introduee and ratify a dispensation, by which the idolatrous heathen would be admitted into covenant with God. See Heb. vii. 27, and the note there.

t i. e. By the holy spirit, which after his aseension (see ver. 22.) he communicated to his apostles, he preached to spirits, i. e. to persons in prison, to idolatrous heathen, the slaves of ignoranee and viee: he thus proclaimed liberty to the captives ; Isaiah xlii. 6,7; xlix. 9. The Primate's version is, "by which also he went and preached to the spirits norv in prison." See Mr. Lindsey's Sequel, p. 285, 286.

{1 He preached, not to the same individual persons, but to men like them, in the same cireumstanees, to the raee of the gentiles, to the deseendants of those who had formerly been disobedient, and refused the call of the spirit in Noah's time. But it was now very different. Many had been obedient. The apostle is contrasting the sueeess of the gospel with the unsuceessfulness of Noah's preaching under the direction of the same spirit of God. Lindsey, ibid. p. 288.

1 when onee the long-suffering of God waited. R.T.

days of Noah, while the ark was preparing,•wherein Few

21 (that is, eight) persons were saved by water*. And what answerethto this, even baptism, nowsaveth us also, (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resur

22 rection of Jesus Christ; who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; messengers and authorities and powers having been made subject unto himt

Ch. Iv. Since therefore Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind; (for he

2 that hath suffered in the flesh, hath ceased from sin ;) that ye may not live the rest of your time in the flesh, according to the desires of men, but according to the will of God.

3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, in evil desires, in excess of wine, in revel

4 lings, in banquetings, and in wicked \ idolatries: and they think it strange || that ye run not with them herein to the same excess of dissoluteness, speaking evil of you:

5 but they will give account to him that is prepared to

6 judge the living and the dead. For the gospel hath been therefore preached to those also that were dead in sins, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.

7 Now the end of all things is near: be ye therefore sober,

8 and watch unto prayer. And above all things have fervent love among yourselves: for love covereth a multi

9 tude of sins. Use hospitality one to another without 10 murmurings. According as every man hath received the free gift of the sfiirit, so minister it one to another, as 11 good stewards of the manifold favour of God. If any

* i. e. the water supporting the ark. Through the water. N.

+ Christ in his exalted state was empowered to send out messengers and ministers, with authority to preach the gospel, and to furnish them with the gifts and powers of the holy spirit to ensure suceess. See also Simpson's Essays, p. 364. Angels, N.

l Gr. lawless, N. m. | Or, are surprised, N. m.

man speak, let him sfieak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God supplieth: that God may be glorified in all things through Jesus Christ; to whom belongeth praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

12 Beloved, think it not strange that a fiery persecution* among you cometh to pass for your trial, as though some

13 strange thing befel you: but be glad, inasmuch as ye share the sufferings of Christ; that, when his glory shall be manifested, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.

14 If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye: for the spirit of glory, and of power, and of God, resteth upon you. [On their part he is evil-spoken of,

15 but on your part he is glorified t-] For let none of you suffer as a murtherer, or as a thief, or as an evil-doer, or

16 as a busy meddler in other men's affairs. But if any man suffer as a christian, let him not be ashamed; but let

17 him glorify God on this account. For the time is come that judgement must begin from the household of God: and if it begin from us, what will the end be of those who

18 believe not the gospel of God? And if the righteous be scarcely preserved, where will the ungodly and the sin

19 ner appear? Wherefore let those also, who suffer according to the will of God, commit the keeping of their souls to him in well-doing, as to a faithful creator.

Ch. V. The elders that are among you I exhort, that am a fellow-elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and an heir also of the glory which will be manifested;

2 feed the flock of God which is among you, being overseers of it f, not by constraint, but willingly; nor for

3 base gain, but with a ready mind; nor as domineering || over those allotted to you, but as being examples to the

• Or, be not surprised at the fiery persecution among you, which cometh, etc. ver. 4. N.m.

t "the authenticity of this whole clause is doubtful." Newcome.

t taking the eare Cor charge] of it. S, 74. N. m. H having dominion, N.

4 flock. And, when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive an unfading crown of glory. 5 Likewise, ye younger, be subject to the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility*: for "God resisteth the proud; but bestoweth favour on the humble."

6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of

7 God, that he may exalt you in due time: having cast all your anxiety upon Him, inasmuch as He careth for you.

8 Be sober, be watchful: [because] your adversary the false accuser t walketh about as a roaring lion, seeking

9 whom he may devour: whom resist, steadfast in the faith; knowing that the same sufferings are undergone by your brethren who are in the world.

10 Now the God of all favour, who hath called us to his everlasting glory by Christ Jesus, prepare, support, strengthen, stablish you, after ye have suffered a short time.

11 To him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother to you, as I suppose f, I have written in few words; exhorting you, and testifying that this is the true gracious gospel of God in which

13 ye stand. The church which is at Babylon, elect together 114 with you, saluteth you: and so doth Mark, my son. Salute ye one another with a kiss of love. Peace be with you all that are in Christ [Jesus.] Amen.

» humility of mind -. N. See Wakefield.

t devil, N. b,n w Neweome's note, your slanderous adversary. Wakefield-
t Op, as I judge.

SHE

SECOND EPISTLE GENERAL
or

PETER*

CHAP. L

Slmon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to those that have obtained like precious faith with us, through the justification of our Godt, and of our Saviour

2 Jesus Christ: favour and peace be multiplied to you, through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord;

3 according as his divine power hath given us all things relating to life and godliness, through the knowledge of

4 him that hath called us by his glory and virtuef: by which very great and precious promises are given unto us, that by these ye might be partakers of a divine nature, having escaped the corruption which is in the world

5 through evil desire. And, to this end, use all your diligence, and add to your faith fortitude, and to fortitude

6 knowledge, and to knowledge temperance, and to tem

* Thii epistle is placed by Eutebius amongst those booklof the New Testament, the genuineness of which was disputed in the primitive ages. Of these Dr. Lardner says, "they should be allowed to be publicly read in Christian assemblics for the edification of the people, but not be alleged as affording alone sufficicnt proof of any doctrine." Gardner's Hist, of the Apostles, vol. i. ch. ii. Some have thought the first and third chapters genuine, but from the difference of style have doubted of the second.

t" through the method of justifying as provided by our God, ete," New come.

; Or, glorious virtue. Or, glorious power.

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