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for sin, thou wouldest not, and hadst no pleasure in them (namely those which are offered according to the law ;) 9 then he saith *, " Behold, I come to do thy willt-" He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
10 By which will we have been sanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all\.
11 And every priest standeth ministering daily, and offering frequently the same sacrifices, which can never take
12 away sins ||: but this person1,- after he had offered one sacrifice for sins, is for ever seated at the right hand of
13 God; waiting after thistt till his enemies be made his
14 footstool. For by one offering he hath made perfect for
15 ever those that are sanctified^. Of which the holy spirit also is a witness to us: for, after having said before,
16 " This is the covenant which I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them;" it then
17 saith If, "and their sins and iniquities I will remember
18 no more." Now where remission of these is, there is no more any offering for sin ttt
19 Wherefore brethren, having confidence to enter into
• Or, he then raid, or added. t thy will, O God. R. T.
t The one saerifiee of Christ. 8 victim of the highest value, so conseerates all who by faith in him enter into the Christian covenant, that they can never excIude thero-selves from its benefits by sins of ignoranee ; so as to need another saerifiee to re-instate them. They are sanctified by the offering of Christ onee for all . See ch. is. 7.
|] that is, sins of ignoranee, ix. 7. The saerifiees of the law could not take away sin, as their efficacy was limited to a year. See ver. 4.
I Or, but he, or, this priest. tt Or, theneeforth.
tt See ver. 10. Believers are so far consecrated by this great saerifiee, that they can never forfeit their privileges by sins of ignoranee. The writer labours to reconcile the Hebrews to a suffering Messiah, by these bold figurative representations of the effleary of his death.. "Our Lord," says Mr. Lindsey (Sequcl, p. 88), "never called khntetf tt fugfyriett, nor is he so styled by any of the writer* of the New Testament, exeept the author of this epistle; w henee we may conclude, that neither Christ nor the evangelists esteemed this to be any real part of his character, or needful to be attended toby his followers."
II Or, on their minds. e» Cml then taith, N.
ttt "The author here finishes the argumentatree part of hit epistle, in which he illustrates and proves the exeellenee of the New Covenant when eompared with the Old. The practical part follows." Neweomr.
20 the most holy place through the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which he hath consecrated for us
21 through the veil*, (that is, his flesh;) and having a 22 high-priest over the household of God; let us come near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our body
23 washed with pure water: let us hold fast the steady profession of our hope; (for he is faithful that hath pro
24 mised:) and let us consider one another, that we may
25 provoke each other to love and to good works: not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together t, as the manner \ of some is; but exhorting to it: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
26 For if we sin wilfully, after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remaineth any
27 sacrifice for sins ||: but a certain fearful looking for of judgement remaineth; and that fiery indignation which
28 will devour % the adversaries. He who despised the law of Moses, died** without mercy, under two or three wit
29 nesses. Of how much greater punishment, think ye, will he be deemed worthy, who hath trodden under foot the son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, by which he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and
30 hath injuriously treated the spirit of favourtt? For we know him that hath said, "Vengeance belongeth to me:
* "through the blood of Jesus; that new and life-1riving way, which he hath first prepared for us by pasting through the veil." N. See Wakefield. As the high-priest entered into the most holy plaee through the veil, so believers are introdueed into the Christian covenant through the flesh, i. e. the person, or, in other words, by the instruction, the example, and the death of Christ. See Sykes.
t our association in the gospel, Wakefield. t Or, the custom.
|( See ch. vi. 4—6. The meaning is, that for wilful apostacy there is no hope; because, having resisted the strongest evidence, even that of miracles themselves, it is hardly possible that they should be reclaimed. See Newcome's note.
1 Or, which is about to devour.
»* Whoso breaketh a law of Moses dieth, Wakefield.
tt Or, offered an indignity to. "Shewn contempt of the holy spirit, gratuitously shed on Christians.'' Newcome.
I will recompense saith the Lord. And again, " The
31 Lord will avenge his people*." It is a fearful thing to
32 fall into the hands of the living God. But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were en
33 lightened, ye endured a great contest of sufferings; partly, while ye were made a spectacle by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, while ye became sharers t with
34 those who were so treated. For ye had compassion for those who were in bonds f, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods; knowing that ye have for yourselves
35 a better and an enduring substance ||. Cast not away therefore your confidence, which will have great recom
36 pense of reward. For ye have need of patience; that, after ye have done the will of God, ye may receive Am
37 promise. For yet a very little while, and "he that is to come will come, and will not delay.','
38 Now, "the just by faith shall livef: but if he draw
39 back, my** soul will have no pleasure in him." But we are not of those who draw back to destruction; but of those who have faith to their own salvation tt- Ch. Xi. Now faith is a confidence in things hoped for, a con- 2 viction of things not seen. For by it those of old time 3 obtained a good witness. By faith, we understand that the ages were so ordered by the word of God, that the
* Or, will judge his people. t rmn|xutiennre sharers, N.
t on me, in my bonds, R. T. Or, for ye even suffered with those who werelnbonds.
J in the heavens. R. T. and N; who marks them as doubtful- "lin y are wanting h, the Alexandrian and Clermont MSS. and in the Coptie, Ethiopie, and Vulgate versions: and are omitted by Mr. Wakefield.
1" the just shall live by faith: N. Hab.ii. 3,4. See Rom. i. 17. They w ho by faith are brought into a fustified state, i. e. who are admitted into the Christian covenant, be-come entitled to the promise of life, i. e. 1 w ill have, N. m.
tt N. m. "to the saving of the soul," Gr. andN.t. "To the deliveranee of «r fives," Wakefield. Faith under the new covenant is the condition of salration, or of deliveranee from the condemning sentenee of the first covenant, and placing believers in a justified state (See ver. MO and giving them a title to the privileges of the new c,-venant.
present state of things arose not from what did then ap
4 pear*. By faith, Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain; by which Abel obtained witness that he was righteous, God witnessing of his gifts: and by it
5 he, though dead, still speaketht- By faith, Enoch was translated, that he might not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his
6 translation he had this witness, that he pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he who cometh to God must believe that G A exists, and that he
7 is a rewarder of those who diligently seek him. By faith, Noah, having been warned of God concerning things not then seen, moved with godly reverence, made ready an ark for preservingf his household: by which he condemned the world, and became heir of the justification
8 which is by faith. By faith, Abraham obeyed, when he was called to depart into the place || which he was afterward to receive for an inheritance; and departed, not
9 knowing whither he went. By faith, he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a foreign land; and dwelt in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the joint-heirs of the same pro
10 mise: for he was waiting fori that city which hath foun
11 dations; whose framer and builder tt m God. By faith, Sarah herself also gained strength to conceive^, even when she was past age, because she thought him faithful
* See Wakefield and Sykes, who observes that ctimt^ properly signifies ages, or pcriods of fimr, and that there is no instanee in the New Testament where more than this seems to be meant by the word. Sykes's note on Heb. L 3. In the present instance the author's meaning is, that "it was so contrived that Christ's coming into the world, which we sce, was brought about by means which could not be seen." Sykes's note in loc. and Rosenmuller. The Primate takes the words in the popular sense. His version is, "By faith, we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God; so that the things which are seen were not made of things which appeared. w
t "But some read AocAtfTeu, 'he is still spoken of." Neweome's note. Or, "speaketh of himself." Wakefield. % to the preservation of, N,
U into a place, N. 1 looked for, N.
tt Or, buiklef and ruler, Sec MucknigbX. it snd brought forth, even. etc. R. T.
12 that had promised. Wherefore even from one", and him too become as dead, sprang as many as the stars of heaven in multitude, and as the innumerable sand which is
13 by the sea-shore. All these died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and having hailed fArmt, and having confessed that they were
14 strangers and foreigners on the earth\. For those who speak such things, plainly declare that they are seeking||
15 their country. And indeed if they had borne in mind that country whence they came out, they might have had op
16 portunity of returning to itf: but now they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly. Wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: because he hath pre
17 pared for them a city. By faith, Abraham, when he was
18 tried, offered up Isaac; and he that had received the promises offered up his only son **; with reference tt to whom it was said, "In Isaac shall thy seed be called:"
19 having concluded that God was able to raise up Isaac even from the dead; whence he had also in a manner \\
20 received him. By faith, Isaac blessed Jacob, and Esau,
21 concerning things to come. By faith, Jacob, when he was dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and wor
22 shipped ||||, leaning on the top of his staff. By faith, Joseph, when he was ending his life, mentioned the departure of the sons of Israel from Egypt; and gave commandment
23 concerning his bones. By laith, Moses, when he was born, was hidden three months by his parents, because they saw that he was a goodly child: and they feared not the king's
24 commandment. By faith, Moses, when he grew up^if,
25 refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter; choos- • of one, N.
t and having been persuaded of them, and having hailed them, R. T.
1 to return, N. only-begotten Joh, Or. ttnd IC. tt enenAe, N.
tt "* By Isaac's miraculous birth Abraham had, as it were, reeeived him from the dead." Newcome. II worshipped God, S. *fl Or, after he was grown up.