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'which God created to be partaken of with thanksgiving by those who are believers, and who know this truth*, 4 that every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be
5 refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: for it is
6 sanctified t by the word of God, and by prayer. If thou tell the brethren these things f. thou wilt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of the faith, and of the || good doctrine to which thou hast attained.
7 But reject profane and old women's fables; and exer
8 cise thyself to godliness: for bodily exercise profiteth little; but godliness is profitable for all things!, having promise of the life which now is, and of that which is to
9 come. These are true words, and worthy to be received 10 by all. For on this account we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is a preserver** of all men, but especially of those who be
11 lieve. These things give in charge and teach.
12 Let no man despise thy youth: but be thou an example to the believers, in discourse, in behaviour, in
13 love, in faith, in purity tt- Till I come, give attention
14 to reading, to exhortation, to teaching. Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy,
15 with the putting on of the hands of the elders. Meditate on these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy
16 progress may appear to all: take heed to thyself, and to thy teaching; continue in them: for by doing this thou wilt save both thyself, and those that hear thee.
Ch. V. Rebuke not an elder, but exhort him as a father;
» know the truth. For, etc. N. See Wakefield and Macknight.
% Or, "suggest these things to the brethren," N. m. Or, '' laving these things be-
1 Or, bodily exerci" is profitable lor a short time only, but godliness is profitable for all time, etc . See Wak, field and Rosenmullrr.
the Saviour, N. See Macknigbt. tt Or, in chastity.
2 and the younger men as brethren: the elder women as mothers; the younger, as sisters, with all purity*.
3 Support t widows that are widows indeed. But if any * widow' have children or grand-children, let them learn in the first place to treat their own family piously, and to requite their progenitors ; for this is acceptable before
5 God. Now she that is a widow indeed, and left alone, hopeth in God, and continueth in supplications and
6 prayers night and day: but she who rioteth in pleasure, 7 is dead while she liveth. These things also give in charge;8 that they may be blameless. But if any provide not for his own, and especially for those of his own household, he denieth f the faith, and is worse than an unbeliever. 9 Let not a widow be taken into the number || of deaconesses under sixty years old, having been the wife of
10 one husband, well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the feet of the saints, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every
11 good work. But reject younger widows ; for when they grow weary of the restraints of Christ, they desire to
12 marry; and are blameable, because they have laid aside
13 their first resolution If: and at the same time they learn to be idle also, going about from house to house ; and not idle only, but tattlers also, and busy-bodies, speaking what
14 they ought not. I will therefore that the younger widows marry, bear children, guide their family, give no oc
15 casion to the adversary of speaking reproachfully. For
16 some** have already turned aside after Satan. If any man or woman who believeth have widows, let such re
* Or, chastity. f Gr. Honour. f Or, he hath denicd.
| Or, Let not a widow be registered, i. e. to be supported at the public* expense. But the other is more probable. See Benson.
J Sce Wakefield. The Primate's version is, "But rejeet the younger widows; for when they become inordinate against Christ, they desire to marry; having condemua. iion, beeause they have east off their first faish."
** some women, N. To turn aside after Satan is to apostatize from the Christian faith. Sec chap. i. 10.
lievc them, and let not the church be burthened ; that it may relieve those who are widows indeed.
17 Let the elders who preside well, be counted worthy of double reward*; especially those who labour in the wordf
18 and in teaching: for the scripture saith, "Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that is treading out the corn." And, "The
19 labourer is worthy of his hire." Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.
20 Those who sin rebuke before all, that others also may
21 fear. I charge thee in the presence of God, and of [the Lord] Jesus Christ, and of the chosen messengers f, that thou observe these things without prejudice ||, doing nothing by partiality.
22 Put thine hands hastily on no man; and partake not in
23 the sins of others. Keep thyself pure. (Drink no longer water; but use a little wine, because of thy stomach and
24 thy frequent infirmities.) The sins of some men are manifest beforehand, going before to judgement 1 ; but some
25 men they follow after. In like manner, the good works also of some are manifest before hand; and those worka that are otherwise cannot be hidden.
Ch. Vi. Let as many servants as are under the yoke, count their own masters worthy of all honour; that the name 2 of God, and his doctrine, be not evil-spoken of. And let not those that have believing masters despise them, because they are brethren: but let them serve the more
* Gr. honour. t in preaching, Macknight.
% chosen messengers, i. e. the apostles of Christ, who were chosen to bear testimony to his resurreetion. Acts i. 2. q. d. I charge you as in the presenee of God your creator and judge, of Christ your master and chicf, and of the apostles of Jesus, whose example you are to follow, etc. Abp. Neweome, with the public version, renders the words, "the elect angels," and some suppose an allusion to the court of heaven, as analogous to the Persian court. See Benson and Priestley. But the former interpretation best suits the connexion. If it be objected that Timothy was not actually in the presence of the apostles, it may be replicd, that the apostle's language docs not necessarily imply this. Nor ean it be proved that he was in the presence of the eleet angels, whoever may be the persons intended.
I preferring one man before another, N. See Wakefield.
1 Or, leading before to a judgement.
willingly, because those who partake of the benefit are believing and beloved. These things teach and exhort.
3 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which
4 is according to godliness, he is lifted up with vanity, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words; whence cometh envy, contention, evil-speak
5 ings, wicked surmisings, perverse disputings among men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing
6 that godliness is gain: [from such withdraw thyself.] But
7 godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into this world ; arid it is certain that we
8 can carry nothing out. And, having food and raiment,
9 let us be content with these. But they that would be rich, fall into temptation, and a snare, and into many foolish* and hurtful desires, which drown men in t de
10 struction and perdition. For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some covet, they have erred from the faith, and have pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
11 But, O man of God, do thou flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience,
12 meekness. Contend the good contest of faith; lay hold on everlasting life, to which thou hast been called, and hast confessed a good confession \ before many witnesses.
13 I charge thee in the sight of God, who giveth life to all, and in the sight of Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pi
14 late witnessed a good confession, that thou keep this commandment, so as to be without spot, and unrebuke
15 able, till the appearance of our Lord Jesus Christ; which in its proper time He will shew, who is the blessed || and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;
16 who only hath immortality, dwelling in that light which
"inconsiderate, N. t Or, plupgr nu n into, MackuighU
t Or, and with respect to which thou madat the honourable coufcnion.
none can approach to*; whom no man hath seen, or can see: to whom be everlasting honour and dominion. Amen.
17 Charge the rich in this worldt, not to be high-minded, nor to trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God,
18 who richly giveth us all things to enjoy; to do good, to be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to
19 bestow; treasuring up for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on the true life.
20 O Timothy, keep that doctrine which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane emptiness of speechf, and op
21 positions of knowledge falsely so called||: which some professing, have erred concerning the faith. The favour of God be with thee. [Amen.J
* Or, in light inaceessible. t Or, in the present age, i. e. under the gospel dispensation.
X Or, and empty words. N. in. II "See Col. it. 8; i. 6,7," Neweome.