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Macedonia and Achaia; but in every place also your faith toward God hath spread abroad, so that we need 9 not to speak any thing concerning it. For they themselves declare of us, what kind of entering in among you we had, and how ye turned to God from idols, to serve

10 the living and true God; and to look for his son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, who delivereth us from the punishment which is to come. Ch. Ii. For yourselves, brethren, know that our entering in 2 among you was not in vain: but even after we had before suffered, and had been shamefully treated, as ye know, at Philippi, we had freedom of speech through our God to preach unto you the gospel of God with much 3 earnestness. For our exhortation was not of error, nor

4 of uncleanness, nor in guile: but as we were approved of God to be entrusted with the gospel, we so speak, not

5 as pleasing men, but God, who proveth our hearts. For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know,

6 nor a pretence of covetousness: (God is witness:) nor from men sought we glory, either from you or from others; when we might have used authority, as apostles

7 of Christ: but we were gentle among you, as a nursing

8 mother* cherisheth her children. Being thus affectionately desirous of you, we are willing to bestow on you, not the gospel of God only, but our own lives also, be

9 cause ye are become dear to us. For ye remember, brethren, our labour and toil: how working night and day, that we might not be burthensome to any of you, we

10 preached to you the gospel of God. Ye are witnesses, and God also, how holily, and righteously, and unblameably we behaved ourselves among you that believe:

11 as ye know how we exhorted, and comforted, and charged

12 every one of you, as a father doth his children, that ye should walk in a manner worthy of God, who calleth you to his glorious kingdom.

• So Wakefield, nurse, N.

13 For this cause we thank God also without ceasing, that, when ye received the word of God which ye heard from us, ye embraced it, not as the word of men, but (as it is in truth) the word of God*, which powerfully

14 worketh also in you that believe. For ye, brethren, are become imitators of the churches of God in Judaea, which are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things from your own countrymen, even as they have from the

15 Jews; who both killed the Lord Jesus, and the prophetst, and have persecuted us, and please not God,

16 and are against all men: forbidding us to speak to the gentiles, that they may be saved: so that the Jews \ fill up the measure of their sins always: for anger hath overtaken them to utter destruction.

17 Now we, brethren, having been bereaved of you for a short time||, in presence, not in heart, have abundantly

18 endeavoured with great desire to see your face. Wherefore we have been willing to come unto you (even I Paul) both once and again; but Satan It hath hindered

19 us. For what is9* our hope, or joy, or crown of glorying? arett not even ye in the presence of our Lord

20 Jesus [Christ] at his coming? for ye arc indeed our glory and our joy.

Ch. hi. Wherefore, being no longer able to bear our solici

2 tude, we thought it good to be left at Athens alone; and sent Timothy our brotherf f, and fellow-worker together with God in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and

3 to comfort you concerning your faith; that no man should be moved by these mine afflictions: for yourselves

4 know that we are appointed to this. For, when we were

# Or "not as a word of men, but (as it truly is) a word ofGod." Sce Chandler. t Their own prophets, R. T. t Symonds. 5.

U Or, at a moment', warning, Wakefield.

1 "Wicked men, the instruments of Satan," N. Or, in general, any other obitruetion.

•• mil be, N. tt mil, K.

tt our brother, and minister of God, and our fellow-labourer in the gospel, R. T.

with you, we told you beforehand that we should suffer affliction; even as it hath come to pass, and ye know.

5 For this cause also, being no longer able to bear my solicitude, I sent to know your faith; fearing lest by some means the tempter had tempted you*, and our labour

6 might be in vain. But now, when Timothy came from you to us, and brought us glad tidings of your faith and love, and that ye have a good remembrance of us al

7 ways, longing to see us, as we also do to see you; for this cause, brethen, we were comforted concerning you

8 in all our affliction and distress, even by your faith: for

9 now we live indeed, if ye stand firmly in the Lord. For what thanks can we return to God because of you, for all the joy with which we rejoice for your sakes before our

10 God; night and day praying very exceedingly, that we might see your face, and might perfect that which re

11 maineth behind of your faith? Now may our God and Father himself, and our Lord Jesus Christt, direct our

12 way to you. And may the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all

13 men, even as we do toward you: that he may establish your hearts unblameable in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus [Christ] with all his saints.

Ch. Iv. Finally then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus, that, as ye have received of us how ye ought to walk, and to please God, ye would

2 abound more and more. For ye know what commandments we gave you by the authority of the Lord Jesus.

3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification; that

4 ye abstain from fornication; that every one of you know

* i- c. lest you had suffered some grievous persecution. Or, "lest you should he shaken by the persecutions which I suffer.'' Newenme.

t 'Hie apostle in his missionary labours was under the immediate direetion of Christv who oceasionally appeared to him for his guidance and encouragement. Sce Acts rail. 17; 2 Cor. xii. S, o.

how to keep his body * in sanctifieation and honour;

5 (not in the passion of desire, even as the gentiles who

6 know not God;) so as not to go beyond and overreach his brother in this matter : because the Lord is an avenger of all such, as we have formerly also told you, and tes

7 tified. For God hath not called us to uncleanncss, but

8 to sanctification. He therefore who despiseth, despiseth not man, but God; who hath also given to us his holy spirit t

9 Now as concerning brotherly kindness, ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of

10 God to love one another: and indeed ye do this toward all the brethren that are in all Macedonia. But we beseech you, brethren, that ye abound in love still more;

11 and that ye earnestly strive to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your [own] hands, as

12 we formerly commanded you; that ye may walk becomingly toward those that are without, and that ye may have need of nothing.

13 Now we would not \ have you ignorant, brethren, concerning those that are fallen asleep; that ye grieve not,

14 even as others that have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died, and rose again; so also that|| God, through Jesus, will bring with him those also that are fallen

15 asleep. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we who shall be alive f, and who shall re

• Gr. vessel, N. m.

t Or. who hath given his holy spirit for our (or, as some copies read, for your) benefit. So Wakefield. \ I would not, etc. R. T.

p " Even so," N. The sense of this verse is: "If we believe, as we do, the death and resurreetion of Christ; we have equally just reason to believe that God has power to raise the dead at the last day." N.

\ '' We Christians, who may be considered as one body,church, or people, in whatevtv age we live." See Dcut. xavi. 6—9. Ps. Ixvi. 6. Matt . xxtii. 35. 'ye slew.'" Newcome. This is true; but it is not eertain that the apostle might not expect to live till the seeond appearanee of Christ. It appears from the second epistle, that he knew that the day of Christ was not immediately approaching,and that great events would anteeedently tak* main to the appearance of the Lord, shall not be before

16 those that are fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet of God: and the

17 dead in Christ will rise first: afterward, we who shall be alive, and who shall remain, shall be caught up together with them into the clouds *, to meet the Lord in

18 the air: and then we shall ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort ye one another with these words t

Ch. V. But concerning the times and the seasons \, brethren,

2 ye have no need that I write unto you. For yourselves well know that the day of the Lord will come as a thief

3 in the night. When men shall say, " Peace and safety;" then sudden destruction will come upon them, as pangs upon a woman with child: and they shall not escape.

4 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that the last day

5 should overtake you as a thief. All ye are sons of light, and sons of the day; we are not of the night and of dark

6 ness. So then let us not sleep, even as others; but let

7 us watch, and be sober. For those that sleep, sleep by night; and those that are drunken, are drunken by night.

8 But let us, that are of the day, be sober; and put on the breast-plate of faith and love, and, for an helmet, the

9 hope of salvation. For God hath not appointed us to anger, but to the obtaining of salvation by our Lord Je

10 sus Christ; who died for us, that, whether we are waking

plaee. But he might not know how long a period these event, would oeeupy. The times and seasons were reserved by the Father in his own power, Acts i. 7. and Jesus himselfwas not informed of the exact period when his seeond advent was to be introdueed. Mark xiii. 32. ,

* "In clouds," as in triumphal chariots. Chandler. Comp. Acts i. Q.

t Observe here, that all the consolation, which the apostle administers to the bereaved and mourning Thessalonians, is derived from the Christian hope of a resurrection, and from what would happen at that awful and glorious period. He takes no notiee of an intervening state of pereeption and felicity of which thcir deeeased friends were even then in possession. A circumstanee which the apostle could hardly bave omitted, had the existenee of such a state been revealed to hbu.

l the time and the season of Mr, N

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