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19 spirit? walked we not in the same steps? Think ye that we again defend ourselves to you? we speak before God in Christ: and we do all things, beloved, for your edi

20 fication*. For I fear lest, when I come, I may not find you such as I would, and lest I may be found by you such as ye would not: lest there be contentions, envyings, wrath, strife, evil-speakings, whisperings, swellings, dis

21 turbances: and lest, when I come again, my God may humble me among you, and I may bewail many that have heretofore sinned, and have not repented of the uncleanness, and fornication, and lasciviousness, which they have committed.

Ch. Xiii. This third time, / say, I am ready to come unto you. By the mouth of two or three witnesses every mat

2 ter shall be established. I have told beforehand, and I again tell beforehand (as present the second time though now absent)t those who have heretofore sinned, and all

3 others, that, if I come again, I will not spare them : since ye seek a proof that Christ speaketh by me, who with respect to you is not weak, but is powerful among you;

4 (for though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth through the power of God; for we also are weak in him \, yet we shall live with him through the power

5 of God shewn toward you;) try yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove yourselves. Know ye not concerning yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you, unless ye be

6 any way reprobates? But I hope that ye will know that

7 we are not reprobates. Now I pray to God. that ye do no evil; / firay not that we may appear approved, but that ye may do what is good, and that we may be as repro

8 bates. For we cannot do any thing against the truth,

9 but we can for the truth. For we are glad when we are weak, and ye are strong; and for this we pray also, even

* Or, before God in Christ we speak all these thines, beloved, etc. Sce Griesbar h.
t though now absent, I write, R. T.
The Alexandrian and some other copics read w, "we are weak with him."

10 your perfection. Wherefore I write these things, being absent; lest, being present, I should use sharpness, according to the power which the Lord hath given me, but

'to edification, and not to destruction.

11 Finally, brethren, farewel. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of the same mind, live in peace: and the God

12 of love and peace will be with you. Salute one another 13 with an holy kiss. Al l the saints salute you. The fa- 14 vour of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the partaking* of the holy spirit, be with you allt

• Or, fellowship.

t Q.. d. May the true gospel of Christ (compare ch. nr. 15; rl l.\ as distinguished from that corrupt doctrine which my opponents would introduee: and, may the love of God, which is exercised freely to all who believe and obey the gospel land may a participation of spiritual gifts, which arc the fruits of his paternal love, and the proper evidenees of our adoption into his family (Rom. sstt. If, 16.), be with you all. Henee it appears, 1st, that this text does not authorise prayers to Christ; and 2dly, that it does not prove what is called the personality of the holy spirit, but the contrary.— To pray for the participation of gifts and powers is intelligible, but to pray for the participation ofa person is absurd. 3dly, It is improper to use this text as a form of benediction si public assemblies, beeause it is improper to express a wish for a participation of those spiritual gifts, whieh were peculiar to the apostolic age, and which have long since. been withdrawn.






PAUL, an apostle, (not from men, nor by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from

2 the dead*,) and all the brethren that are with me, to the

3 churches of Galatia: favour be to you, and peace, from

4 God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ; who gave himself for our sinst, that he might deliver us from this present evil agef, according to the will of our God

5 and Father; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

6 I wonder that ye are so soon removed from him who called you into [the] favour [of Christ ||,] to a different

* "Not deriving my mission from other apostles, nor even from God by their appointment, but from Jesus Christ himself; and, consequently, from God his Father. Here, observe, Jesus Christ is distinguished from God, to whom he was subordinate, and by whose power, and not his own, he was raised from the dead." Dr. Priestley. It may also be observed; that the apostle's distinction here is not between a man and a being of a superior order; but between men now living in the world, and who were themselves servants and messengers of Christ, and Jesus Christ himself, who had been raised from the dead, and exalted to be the head and governor of the church.

t foroursins; *rfff» not 9Wtft is the true reading. The expression is very general, q. d. in relation to our sins. This is explained by the next clause.

| To deliver us from this present evil age, is to deliver us from the bondage of heathen idolatry, the Mosaic ritual, and Pharisaic superstition. The apostle's expression is general,and will include all, though the latter sense is chiefly intended. See Locke.

0 " Into the gracious covenant of the gospel," Newcome. Q. d. from the gospel of Christ to another gospel

7 gospel: which indeed is not* another; but there are some who trouble you, and desire to altert the gospel of Christ.

8 But though we, or an angelf from heaven, preach any gospel unto you, besides that which we have preached

9 unto you, let him be accursed. As we have said already, so I now say again; If any one preach any gospel unto you besides that which ye have received, let him be ac

10 cursed. For do I-now approve myself to men, or to God? or do I seek to please men? [for] if I still pleased men||, I should not be a servant of Christ.

11 But I declare to you, brethren, that the gospel preach

12 ed by me is not according to man. For I neither received it from man, nor was 1 taught it but by the revelation of

13 Jesus Christf. For ye have heard of my former behaviour in the Jewish religion, that I exceedingly perse

14 cuted the church of God, and laid it waste; and made a proficiency in the Jewish religion above many of the same age in mine own nation, being more exceedingly

15 zealous of the traditions of my fathers: but when it pleased God, who separated me to the gosfiel from my

16 mother's womb, and called me by his favour, to reveal his son by me, that I might preach the glad tidings of him among the gentiles; I did not confer immediately with

17 flesh and bloodtt , nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those that were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and

18 returned to Damascus. Then, after three years, I went up to Jerusalem, that I might see Peter; and abode with

19 him fifteen days. But I saw none other of the apostles,

20 except James, the Lord's brother. (Now concerning the things which I write unto you, behold, as in the presence

21 of God, I speak not falsely.) Afterward I went into the

• N. supplies tmr. andanother. t pervert, N. See Wakefield

t Or, a messenger from heaven.

| Or, if indeed I were attempting to please men, Wakefield. 1 q. d. from no man living upon earth, but from Christ in his exalted state. See note en rer. 1.

tt i. e. I did not consult with any man, nor derive instruetion from any. See Locke.


22 regions of Syria and Cilicia ; and I was unknown by face

23 to the churches of Judea, which were in Christ: but they had only heard, that he, who formerly persecuted us, now preached the faith which formerly he laid waste.

24 And they glorified God because of me.

Ch. Ii. Then, fourteen years after*, I went up again to Jeru

2 salem with Barnabas, and took with me Titus also. And I went up by revelation, and communicated to themt that gospel which I preach among the gentiles; but privately to those that were of reputation, lest I might run,

3 or might have run, in vain. But not even Titus, that was with me, being a gentile, was compelled to be cir-

4 cumcised : and that because of false brethren brought in privily, who came in privily to spy out our freedom which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us

5 into slavery: to whom we yielded by subjection, no not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might conti

6 nue with you. But concerning those who appeared to be considerable, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no difference to me: God accepteth no man's person :) those, / say, that appeared to be considerable f, in confe

7 rence added nothing to me. But, on the contrary, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed to me, as the gosfiel of the circumcision was to

8 Peter: (for he who wrought powerfully in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, wrought powerfully in

9 me also toward the gentiles ;) and when James, and Peter, and John, that appeared to be pillars, perceived the favour which was bestowed on me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should

10 go to the gentiles, and they to the circumcision: only desiring that we should remember the poor; which very thing I was earnest also to do.

* After fourteen years, N. t Or, laid tHfore them WakenVld.

% " Who were really men of eminenee 1 the Crcek bemg equivalent to Twv oTo7# Ti.s, Neweome.

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