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Ch. Iv. Let a man so account of us, as of ministers of Christ,
2 and stewards of the mysteries of God. Now it is re
3 quired in stewards that a man be found faithful. But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged by you, or by human inquiry *. Yea, I do not even judge
4 myself; for I am conscious to myself of nothing evil; yet I am not hereby justified; but he that judgeth me is
5 the Lord. Judge nothing therefore before the time; until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then every man will have praise from God.
6 Now these things, brethren, I have transferred to myself, and to Apollos, for your sakes; that ye may learn in us not to think of men above that which is here written; that no one of you be puffed up in behalf of one against
7 another. For who maketh thee to differ from another? and what hast thou which thou didst not receive? But if thou didst only receive it, why dost thou glory as if thou
8 hadst not received it? Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned without us: and I wish ye did reign,
9 that we also might reign with you. For I think [that] God hath brought forth us apostles last t, as devoted to death; for we have been made a spectacle to the world, 10 both to angels and to men. We are fools for the sake of Christ, but ye are wise in Christ; we are weak, but ye are strong; ye are honourable, but we are disgraced.
11 To this present hour, we both hunger and thirst, and are
12 naked, and are beaten, and have no certain abode ; and J 3 labour, working with our own hands. Being reviled, we
• Gr. day, N. m. "Questioned by you or by man's judgement.'' W. B Searched out, examined, so as to be justificd: ver. 4. Sec llf4.i*et, ch. i. 8; iii. 13; v. ff. Sir Norton Knatchbull's note is, Ab humano judioio. Sermonc Angtico voeatur, A daytman, qui delectus est judex inter fratrem et fratrem, forte a dicendo dicm, in quo ludieium feret arbiter: qua phrasis est Latinis familiaris." Newcome.
t " Alluding to those last exposed on the theatre, to fight w Hh wild beasts, or with each other; and who were devoted to certain destruetion. Or, we may render, * hath -appointed us apostles the lowest if men, and m devoted to death.'" Newcomr.
bless; being persecuted, we bear it; being evil-spoken of, we exhort: we are made as the vilest of the world, as
14 the off-scouring of all things, until now. I write not these things to shame you; but I admonish you as my
15 belovedsons. Forifye have ten thousand guides in Christ, yet ye have not many fathers: for I am your father*
16 in Christ Jesus, by preaching to you the gospel. Where
17 fore I exhort you, be ye imitators of me. For this cause I have sent unto you Timothy, who is my beloved and faithful son in the Lord, who will remind you of my ways which are in Christ,as I teach every where in every church.
18 But some have been puffed up, as though I would not 19 come to you. But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord be willing; and I will know, not the speech of
20 those that are puffed up, but their power. For the kingdom of God is not in speech, but in power.
21 What will ye? that I come to you with a rod, or in ^H-love, and in the spirit of meekness? Fornication is certainly heard of among you, and such fornication as is nott even among the gentiles, that one should have his
2 father's wife. And are ye puffed up? and have ye not rather mourned? so that he who hath committed this
3 deed might be taken away from among you. For I truly, [as] absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged, as though I were present, him who hath so done
4 this; that, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, (when ye are gathered together, and my spirit! with the power
5 of our Lord Jesus Christ,) ye deliver such an one to Satan ||, for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit
6 may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. Your glo
* I begat you, N.
t » not named, R. T. The Primate inserts the word committed, but this does nut secm necessary, either to the sense or the construetion.
t when ye and I, icho am -with you in spirit, are gathered together, etc. W.
| q. d. Disown him as a christian brother. Expel him from the community of' U'licvers. Let him be regarded as a heashen: no longer a subject of Christ, but a vassal of Satan. The world is considered as divided into two great empires; ane undtr rying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven
7 leaveneth the whole lump? Take away thoroughly the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, inasmuch as ye are unleavened*: for our passovert hath been slain [for
8 us,] even Christ. Let us therefore keep our feast, not with the old leaven, nor with the leaven of wickedness and maliciousness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
9 I write unto you in this epistlef, not to keep com
10 pany with fornicators: [yet] not wholly with the fornicators, or covetous, or oppressors, or idolaters, of this
11 world: for then indeed ye must go out of the world: but I now write unto you, not to keep company with him, if any that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard,
12 or an oppressor ; not even to eat with such an one. For what have I to do to judge|| those [also] that are without?
13 Should not ye judge those that are within? and will not God judge those that are without!? Put away [therefore] from among yourselves that wicked person.
Ch. Vi. Dareth any of you, having amatter against another, to be judged before the unrighteous, and not before the 2 saints? Know ye not that the saints will judge the worldtt?
the government of Christ, the other under the tyranny of Satan. When a heathen beeame a belicver, he was translated from the kingdom of darkness into the kingdom of God's dear son. When a belicver for misbchaviour was dismissed from the christian * 'immunity, he was said to be delivered over to Satan. This was done "for the destruction of the flesh," that is, for the correction of his vices, that he might be made sensible of his fault, and brought to repentance. Col. i. 13; 1 Tim. i. 20.
* Or, that as ye are now a new lump, ye may be unleavened.
t Or, our paschal lamb. 11 wrote to you in that letter, W.
| Or, how doth it concern me to judge. N. m.
fl Or, No: but judge ye those that are within: (and those that are without God will judge:) and put away, etc. Sce MSS. N. m.
ti' The saints ieill judge the worM, and, ver. 3, we shall judge angels. u This," Uj . nr. Priestley, "isfigurative language'; as is the representation of Christ sitting and judging all nations. What it is that is really to be understood by this we eannot at present know. It will, no doubt, be sufficicntly verified, though, perhaps, in a manner of w hith we cannot at this time have any proper coneeption. And whatever powers ami prerogatives are given to Christ,will he shared by him with his diseiples; aceordine but if the world will be judged by you, are ye unworthy 3 to judge the smallest causes? Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things which belong to
4 this life? If then ye have judgements of causes belonging to this life, rather set those to judge who are of no
5 account in the church. I speak to your shame. Is it so, that there is not even one wise man among you, who can
6 decide between his brethren? but is brother brought into judgement with brother, and that before unbelievers?
7 Now therefore it is certainly a defect among you, that ye have suits one with another. Why do ye not rather
8 suffer wrong ? why are ye not rather defrauded ? whereas ye wrong, and defraud; and that your brethren.
9 Know ye not that injurious men will not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor impure abusers of them
10 selves*, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor oppressors, will inherit the kingdom of God.
11 And such were some of you: but ye have been washed, but ye have been sanctified, but ye have been justified, by the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the spirit of our God.
12 All things are lawful to me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful to me, but I will not be
13 brought under the power of any thing. Meats are for
to his prayer before his death, in which he says, John xvii. 22, 'The glory which thou gavest me I have given them, that they may be one, as we are one.'" See Dr. Priestley's Notes on Seripture. It is plain from this text, that wbntcvtr Is meant by the phrase, "judging the world," that it is an office to which human brings mny Ik- made competent. To say that this expression means one thing when applicd to Christ, and another when used of the saints is gratuitous and unfounded. Perhaps the expression "to judge the world," may not imply any personal act, either on the part of Christ, or of christians in general. It may possibly signify nothing more, than that the final state of mankind shall be determined agreeably to the declarations of the gospel, which was first promulgated by Christ; to which deelarations, all the professed diseiples of Christ in suceceding ages, however they may have differed upon other points, have Iiorne their unanimous testimony. In the same manner the aneient prophets are said to have done that, which they were only commissioned tofnretel. Sce Jer. i. 10. n So Wakefield. "nor pathicks, nor abusers of themselves with mankind.'' K.
the belly, and the belly is for meats: yet God will destroy both it and them. But the body is not for fornication,
14 but for the Lord ; and the Lord for the body : and God hath both raised up the Lord, and will raise up us also
15 by his power. Know ye not that your bodies are members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an harlot? By no means.
16 Know ye not that he who is joined to an harlot, is one body? (for "two," saith the scrifiture, "shall be one
17 flesh.") But he that is joined to the Lord, is one spirit.
18 Flee fornication. Most sins which a man committeth, are without the body; but he who committeth fornica
19 tion, sinneth against his own body. Know ye not that your body is the temple of the holy spirit which is in you,
20 which ye have from God ? Nor are ye your own: for ye have been bought with a price: glorify therefore God with your body*.
Ch. Vii. Now concerning the things about which ye have written to me: It is good for a man not to touch a wo
2 man. Nevertheless, because of avoiding fornications, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have
3 her own husband. Let the husband render to the wife the debt of marriage t; and in like manner the wife also
4 to the husband. The wife hath not power over her own body, but the husband: and in like manner the husband also hath not power over his own body, but the wife.
5 Defraud ye not one another; unless perhaps partly, with consent, for a time, that ye may have leisure for prayerf, and may come together again; that Satan tempt you not
6 because of your incontinence. But I speak this by way
7 of permission; not by way of commandment. For I would that all men were even as I myself am. But every man hath his proper gift from God; one according to this manner, and another according to that.
* and with your spirit, which are God's. R. T.
t *luc benevolence. K. T. t for fasting and prayer. R. T.