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kill the prisoners; lest any of them should swim out, and 43 escape. But the centurion, wishing to preserve Paul, kept them from their purpose, and commanded that those who could swim should cast themselves into the sea, and 44 get first to land: and that the rest should save themselves, some on boards, and some on things belonging to the ship: and thus it came to pass that all escaped safe to land.
Ch. xxvm. And when they had escaped safe, they then knew
2 that the island was called Melita. And the barbarians shewed us no common humanity: for they kindled a fire, and brought us all to it, because of the present rain, and because of the cold.
3 And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid them on the fire, a viper came out of the heat, and
4 fastened on his hand. And when the barbarians saw the serpent hanging on his hand, they said among themselves, "No doubt this man is a murtherer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance hath not permitted
5 to live." But Paul shook off the serpent into the fire,
6 and suffered no harm. However, they expected that he would have swollen, or fallen down dead suddenly: but expecting a great while, and seeing no harm befal him, they changed their minds, and said that he was a god. 7 Now in the neighbourhood of that place were possessions of the chief man of the island, whose name was Publius; who received us, and entertained us kindly three
8 days. And it came to pass that the father of Publius lay sick of a fever, and of a flux: to whom Paul entered in, and prayed, and put his hands on him, and cured him.
9 So when this was done, others also, that had diseases in 10 the island, came and were cured: who also bestowed on
us many gifts*; and, when we departed, laded the shifi with such things as were necessary.
* honours; N. See the Primate's margin, and Bishop Pearee's Commentary and n«te.
] 1 And, after three months, we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had wintered in the island; whose
12 sign was Castor and Pollux. And having landed at Sy
13 racuse, we remained there three days. And thence we coasted round, and came to Rhegium: and after one day the south wind blew, and we came the second day
14 to Puteoli: where we found brethren, and were desired to remain with them seven days: and then we went to
15 ward Rome. And when the brethren heard about us, they came thence to meet us as far as Appii forum, and the Three taverns: whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage.
16 And when we came to Rome [the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard, but] Paul was suffered to remain apart, with the soldier who kept him.
17 And it came to pass after three days, that Paul called the chief of the Jews together. And when they were assembled, he said to them, "Brethren, though I have committed nothing against my people or the customs of our fathers, yet I was delivered a prisoner from Jerusalem
18 into the hands of the Romans: who, when they had examined me, would have released me, since there was no
19 cause of death in me. But when the Jews spake against this, I was compelled to appeal unto Ca:sar; not as hav
20 ing aught to accuse my nation of. On this account therefore I have called for you, that I might see you, and speak with you: because for the hope of Israel I am
21 bound with this chain." Then they said unto him, " We have neither received letters from Judea concerning thee, nor hath any one of our brethren who came hither related
22 or spoken any thing bad of thee. But we desire to hear from thee what thou thinkest: for, as to this sect, we
23 know that every where it is spoken against." And when they had appointed him a day, many came to him into his lodging: to whom he explained and gave testimony to the kingdom of God, using persuasion to them about the things concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses,
24 and out of the prophets, from morning till evening. And some believed the things which were spoken, and some
25 disbelieved them. So when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after Paul had said one thing, "Well spake the holy spirit to our fathers by the prophet
26 Isaiah, saying, 'Go to this people, and say, Hearing ye will hear, and will not understand; and seeing ye will
27 see, and will not perceive. For the heart of this people is become gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal
28 them.' Be it known therefore to you, that the salvation of God is sent to the gentiles; who will hearken also to
29 it." [And when he had said these words the Jews departed, and had great disputing among themselves.] •
30 And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired
31 house, and received all who came in unto him ; preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all freedom of speech, unhindered.
• This rene h wanting in some of the beat maniucripts and venwnt. Sec Griobwh, and Ni'wcome'a note.
EPISTLE OF ST. PAUL
TO THE ROMANS.
Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to dean apostle,
2 separated to the gospel of God, (which he had promised before by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) even the
3 gosfiel concerning his Son, who was born of the race of
4 David, according to the flesh, but proved to be the Son of God by power, according to the holy spirit, through his resurrection from the dead; * the gosfiel, I say, con
* The apostle could not mean by this phrascology and the antithesis which he here uses, to assert or countenance the strange and unintelligible notion of two natures iu Christ; one the human nature, by which he was the descendant of David; the other a divine nature, by which he was the Son of God. The sense of the passage is plainly shis; that Christ by natural descent was of the posterity of Dav id; but that in a figurative sense, by designation of the holy spirit at his baptism, he was the son of God, or the promised Messiah ; which was further proved by the extraordinary exertion of divine energy In raising him from the dead. See Mr. Lindsey's Second Address to the Students of the Two Universitics, p. 276. Christ Is ealled the Son of God for two reasons: First, because this title is equivalent to that of Messiah, and was so understood by the Jews, John L SO. Thou art the son of God, thou art the king of Isracl. Compare Marki. 1; Luke iv. 41; xxii. 67, 70. Secondly, he is called a son of God, as having been raised from the dead to an immortal life. In this sense Christ is ealled the firtt sorn, having been the first human being who was put into possession of this glorious inhcritanee. Col. i. 15,18 ; Heb. i. 6; Rev. i. 5. All belicvers, as heirs of the same mheritanee, are also sons of God. John i. 12; Rom. viii. 14—-17; 1 John iii. 2. Henee taey are said to be brethren of Christ, and to kein with him; and he f* the Jtr&bom among many brethren. Rom. viii. 29. These are the only senses in which the title. Son of Cvl. is applicd to Christ in the genuine apostolical writings.
5 cerning Jesus Christ our Lord; (by whom we have received the favour of an apostleship, for fireac/ung obedience to the faith among all the gentiles, for the sake of
6 spreading his name; among which gentiles are ye also,
7 the called of Jesus Christ;) to all the beloved of God, and called to be saints*, that are in Rome: favour be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole
9 world. For God is my witness, whom I serve with myt spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I
10 make mention of you; always requesting in my prayers, that by some means, now at length, I may have a prosperous journey by the will of God, so as to come unto
11 you. For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you
12 some spiritual gift, that ye may be established: which is, that I may be jointly comforted among you by our mutual faith, the faith of both you and me.
13 But I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that I have often purposed to come unto you, (but have been hindered hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among
14 you also, even as among the other gentiles. I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the barbarians; both to the
15 wise and to the unwise. So then, as much as lieth in me, I am ready to preach the gospel unto you also that are in
16 Rome. For I am not ashamed of the gospelf: for it is the power of God unto salvation, to every one who be
17 lieveth; to the Jew first, and to the gentile also. For
* "That this term comprchends the whole body of Cln istiam, appears from Acts xxvi. 10 ; Rom. xii. 13; 1 Cor. vi. 1 ; Eph. iii.il; Heb. iii. 1; 1 Pet. il. 5, 9; and from many other plaees. All christians were tints called, beeause they were dedicated to God: lCor. vii. 14: and because they professed a religion which tended to make them holy. 1 Cor. vi. 11." Neweome.
t my whole spirit, N. but without any authority from MSS.
t the gospel of Christ, 1t. T.