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16 exchangers, and overturned their tables ; and said to those who sold doves, "Take these things hence; make not
17 my Father's house an house of merchandise.'" And his disciples remembered that it was written, "A zeal for thine house consumeth me."
18 Then the Jews spake and said unto him, "What sign showest thou unto us, since thou doest these things?"
19 Jesus answered and said unto them, "Destroy this tem
20 ple, and in three days I will raise it up." Then the Jews said, "Forty and six years hath this temple been in building; and wilt thou raise it up in three days?"
21 But he spake concerning the temple of his body. When
22 therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this [unto them]: and they believed the scripture, and the words which Jesus had spoken.
23 Now, when he was in Jerusalem at the feast of the passover, many believed on his name, when they beheld
24 the miracles which he did. But Jesus did not trust him
25 self to them, because he knew all of them: and because he needed not that any should testify of man: for he himself knew what was in man.
Ch. hi. Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Ni
2 codemus, a ruler of the Jews: this man came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, "Rabbi*, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles which thou doest, unless God be with
3 him." Jesus answered and said unto him, "Verily verily I say unto thee, Unless a man be born again, he can
4 not see the kingdom of God." Nicodemus saith unto him, "How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter a second time into his mother's womb, and be
5 born?" Jesus answered, "Verily verily I say unto thee, Unless a man be born of water, and of the spirit, he can
• Master, or, My master, N
6 not enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh, is flesh; and that which is born of the spirit,
7 is spirit. Wonder not that I said unto thee, Ye must be 8 born again. The wind bloweth where it will, and thou hearest its sound, but knowest not whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the spi- 9 rit." Nicodemus answered and said unto him, " How
10 can these things be i'i Jesus answered and said unto him, "Art thou a teacher in Israel, and knowest not these
11 things? Verily verily I say unto thee, We speak that which we know, and testify that which we have seen;
12 and yet ye receive not our testimony*. If I have told you earthly thingst, and ye believe not; how will ye be
13 lieve, if I tell you heavenly things? Now no man hath ascended up to heaven f, but he who came down from
14 heaven||, even the Son of man, [who is in heavent.] And
* Some understand ver. 11. as the remark of the evangelist.
t * Eartldy things'' u e. truths plain, intelligible and familiar. "Heavenly *A/ngs" L e. truths remote from common apprchension, opposite to vulgar prejudices; what could not be known but by intercourse with Heaven, or by divine revelation. Sce Dcut, xxx. 11; Rom. x. 6. and the note on ver. 13.
% So man hath aseendeti u/, <• heaven.] "No man goeth up to heaven.'' Neweome -r who remarks, after bishop Pearee, that the preter is here put for the present, and that again for ihe fliture. So that the expression, No man hath ascended up into heaven, means, No man will hereafter ascend. This surely is a forced interpretation. The Polish Soeinbnt interpret the expression of a loeal ascent of Christ into heaven; whither they suppose him to have been taken at the commeneement of his ministry, to receive divine instruetion. A much more probable interpretation is that which has bcen proposed by Raphelius, and adopted by Dr. Doddridge and others, viz. that to ascend into heaven signifies, tcnttari,et Dei navisse i-on«//o, to search into and to understand the counsels of God. See Raphelius, Annot. vol. i. prnf. Dr. Doddridge says that the phrase of ascending into heaven is plainly used in the sense of searching into the truths of God. Dcut. xxx. 12; Rom. x. 6; Prov. xxx. 4. Fam. Expos, in loc. Sce also Cameron and Erasmus upon the text.
| He who came down from heaven.] This clause is correlative to the preceding. If the former is to be understood of a loeal ascent, the latter must be interpreted of a loeal descent. But if the former clause is to be understood figuratively, as Ka plicbus and Doddridge explain it, the latter ought in all reason to be interpreted figuratively likewise. If * to ascend into heaven/' sitrnilics to become acquainted with the truths of God, "to descend from heaven," is to bring and to discover those truth? to the world. And this text clearly explains the meaning of the phrase, wherever it oceurs in this evangelist
1 IVho it in heaven.'] This elause i s wanting in some of the best copics. If its authentieity is allowed, it is to be understood of the knowledge which Christ possessed of th* Father's will. See John i. 13.
as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, so must the
15 Son of man be lifted up: that every one who believeth in
16 him may [not perish, but] have everlasting life." For God hath so loved the world, that he hath given his only* Son, that every one who believeth in him may not pe
17 rish, but have everlasting life. For God hath not sent his Son into the world, to condemn the world; but that
18 the world through him might be saved. He who believeth in him, shall not be condemned: but he that believeth not, is condemned already, because he hath not
19 believed on the name of the only* Son of God. And this is the condemnation; that light is come into the world, and yet men have loved darkness rather than light: for
20 their deeds were evil: for every one who doeth evil hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, lest his deeds
21 should be discovered. But he who doeth the truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought through faith in God.
22 After these things, Jesus and his disciples came into the land of Judea; and there he tarried with them, and
23 baptized. And John also was baptizing in Enon, near Salim; because much water was there ; and the fieofile
24 came, and were baptized. For John was not yet cast into prison.
25 Then a question arose between some of John's disciples 26 and a Jewt, about baptizing \. And some came to John, and said unto him, " Rab6i||, he that was with thee beyond Jordan, to whom thou barest witness, behold, he 27 baptizeth, and all men come to him." John answered and said, "A man can receive nothing, unless it be given
28 him from heaven. Ye yourselves bear me witness, that I said, 'I am not the Christ, but I am sent before his ,
29 face.' He that hath the bride, is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, who standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly, because of the bridegroom's
* only begotten, N. Gr.
t the Jews, R. T.
J Master, or, My Master, N".
30 voice. This my joy therefore is complete. He must
31 increase, but I must decrease*. He that cometh from above, is above all: he that is from the earth, is from the earth, and speaketh from the earth: he that cometh from
32 heaven [is above allt; and] testifieth what he hath seen
33 and heard; and yet none receiveth his testimony. He that hath received his testimony, hath set his seal to con
34 firm that God is true. For he whom God hath sent, speaketh the words of God: for [God] giveth him not
35 the spirit by measure. The Father loveth the Son, and
36 hath given all things into his hand. He who believeth on the Son, hath everlasting life: and he who disbelieved the Son, will not see life; but the anger of God abideth on him."
€h. Iv. When therefore the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that he made and baptized more disciples than
2 John; (though Jesus himself baptized not, but his dis
3 ciples;) he left Judea, and went again into Galilee.
4 Now he must needs go through Samaria. He cometh 5 therefore to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near to the portion of land which Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
6 Now Jacob's well was there. So Jesus, being wearied with his journey, sat afterward on the well. (It was
7 about the sixth hour.) A woman of Samaria cometh to draw water. Jesus saith unto her, "Give me to drink."
8 (For his disciples were gone to the city, that they might
• Some think that the Baptist's speech ends here, and that the real of the chapter contains the remarks of the Evangelist.
t * If coming from above, or from heaven, meant only receiving a divine coromission, then John came from above, or from heaven,as well as Jesus.* Neweome- This remark of the learned primate is perfectly just; aceordingly, the Baptist is said to have been sent from God, c. i. 6. and his baptism to have come from heaven, Matt. xxL 25; Mark xj. 30; Luke xx. 4. When therefore he speaks of Christ as coming from atiove, and from heaven, in contradistinction to himself, he can only mean to express the great superiority of our Lord's mission, character and powers. So ver. 34, he describes Christ as be, whom God had sent; meaning that he was such by way of eminence ami distinetion from all others, but not intending to discredit his own divine mission, or to insinuate that he did not himself deliver a message from God. See c. L 9. Sec Lind. scy, Seq. p. in. and Grottos in loc.
9 buy food.) Then the Samaritan woman saith unto him, "Why dost thou, being a Jew, ask drink of me, that am a Samaritan?" (for the Jews have no friendly deal- 10 ings with the Samaritans.) Jesus answered and said unto her, "If thou knewest the bounty of God, and who he is that saith unto thee, 'Give me to drink;' thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given
11 thee living water." The woman saith unto him, "Sir, thou hast no vessel to draw with, and the well is deep:
12 whence then canst thou have that living water? Art thou greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and
13 himself drank of it, and his sons, and his cattle?" Jesus answered and said unto her, "Whosoever drinketh
14 of this water, will thirst again: but whosoever shall drink of the water which I shall give him, will never thirst; but the water which I shall give him will be in him a well of water springing up to everlasting life."
15 The woman saith unto him, "Sir, give me this water,
16 that I thirst not, nor come hither to draw." Jesus saith unto her, "Go, call thine hushand, and come hither."
17 The woman answered and said, "I have no hushand." Jesus saith unto her, "Thou hast rightly said, 'I have no
18 husband for thou hast had five hushands; and he whom thou now hast, is not thine husband: thou hast spoken
19 this truly." The woman saith unto him, "Sir, I per
20 ceive that thou art a prophet. Our fathers worshipped on this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the
21 place where men ought to worship." Jesus saith unto her, "Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall worship the Father neither on this mountain nor at
22 Jerusalem. Ye worship what ye know not: we wor
23 ship what we know: for salvation is from the Jews. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for indeed
24 the Father seeketh such worshippers of him. God is a spirit: and the worshippers of him ought to worship him