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26 phets have spoken! Ought not the Christ to have suffered 27 these things, and to enter into his glory?" * Then he began and explained to them from Moses and all the prophets, in all the scriptures, the things concerning
28 himself. And they drew near to the town whither they were going; and he made a show that he was going
29 further. But they constrained him; saying, "Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent."
30 And he went in to abide with them. And it came to pass as he was at meat with them, that he took bread, and
31 blessed, and brake it, and gave it to them. And their eyes were opened, and they knew him: and he ceased to
32 be seen by them. Then they said one to another, "Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us on the way, and while he explained to us the scriptures?"
33 And they rose up that very hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and
34 those who consorted with them; saying, "The Lord is
35 risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon." And they told the things which had hafifiencd on the way ; and that Jesus was known by them in the breaking of bread.
36 And while they were thus speaking, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith to them, "Peace be unto
37 you." But they were terrified and affrighted, and sup
38 posed that they beheld a spirit. And he said unto them, "Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in
39 your hearts? see my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see me: for a spirit hath not flesh
40 and bones, as ye behold that I have." And when he had
41 thus spoken, he showed them his hands and his feet. And while they still believed not through joy, and wondered,
42 he said unto them, "Have ye here any food?" And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of a honey
43 comb. And he took and ate of them in their presence.
* Or, Then he bvgnn from Moses, ami went through all flie prophets, ami rte.
44 And he said unto them, "These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you; That all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concern
45 ing me." Then he opened their mind, that they might
46 understand the scriptures; and said unto them, "Thus it is written, and thus the Christ ought to suffer, and to rise
47 again from the dead the third day: and repentance and remission of sins ought to be preached in his name among
48 all the nations, having begun from Jerusalem. And ye
49 are witnesses of these things. And, behold, I will send upon you the promise made by my Father: but stay ye* in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high."
50 And he led them out to Bethany ; and lifted up his
51 hands, and blessed them. And it came to pass that, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried
52 up into heaven. And they did him obeisance, and re
53 turned to Jerusalem with great joy: and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. t
s SoW. dwell, N.
t The postseripts to Luke's history are vnrious and uneertain. In some it is said,thut the gospel aecording to Luke was written in Greek, and published at Alexandria; others say at Rome, and others, more probably, in Achaia and Bo3otia- It is added, in some copics, that it was written at the suggestion of the blessed Paul, fiftcen year , after tlrc ascension of Christ.
THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO
The Word* was in the beginningts and the Word was 2 with God\- and the Word was a god tt- This Word was 3 in the beginning with God ||. All things were done by
* ThetWortt] " Jesus is so ealled, beeame God revealed himself, or his word, by him." Neweome. The same title is given to Christ, Luke i. 2. For the same reason he is ealled the Wonl of life, 1 John i. 1. which passage is so elear and useful a conunent upon the procm to the gospel, that it may be proper to cite the whole of it. * That which vnufrom the beginnsng, which we have heard, which we have scen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled of the Word of life ; for the Life was manifested, and we have scen it, and bear witness, and thaw unto you, that eternal Life which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us; that which we have scen and heard, deelare we unto you." By a similar metonymy Christ is called the Life, the Light, the Way, the Truth, and the Resurreetion. Sec Cappe's Dissert, vol. i. p. 19.
tin the beginning.]Or, from the first, Le. from the commeneement of the gospel dispensation, or of the ministry of Christ. This i , the usual sense of the word in the writings of this evangelist. John vi. 64, Jesus knew from the beginning, or from the first; els. Xt. 27, ye have been with me from the beginning. Sce ch, xvi. 14 ; ii. 24; iii. 11 ; also 1 John i. 1; ii. 7, 8; 2 John 6, 7. Nor is this sense of the word uncommon in other passages of the New Testament. 2 Thess. ii. 13; Phil. iv. 15; Luke i. 2.
% the Word teas with Cod.'] He withdrew from the world to commune with God, and to receive divine ins t rnet ions and qualifieations previously to his public ministry. As Moses was with God in the mount, Exod. xxs.lv. 28, so was Christ in the wilderness,or elsewhere, to be instructed and diseiplined forhi s high and important office. Sce Cappr, ibid. p. 22.
tt and the Word teas a gotl] "was God," Neweome- Joans received a commission as a prophet of the Most High, and was invested with extraordinary miraculous powers. But, iu the Jewish phrascology, they were ealled gods to whom the word of God eame. John x. 35. So Moses is declared to be a god to Pharoah. Exod. rii. 1. Some translate the passage, God was the Word. q. d. it was not so properly he that spake to .men, as God that spake to them by him. Cappe, ibid. See John x. 30, compared with xvii. 8, ii, 16; iii. 34 ; v. 23; xii. 44. Crellim conjeetured that the truc readmg was 0ttf , the Word was CarfV, q. d. the first teacher of the gospel dcrived his commission from God. But this conjecture, however plausible, rests upon no authority.
H reasin the Irginning with Cod.] Before he entered upon his ministry he was fully insmioted, by intercourse with God, in the nature and extent of hi s commission.
him*; and without him was not any thing done that
4 hath been done. By him was lifet ; and the life was the
5 light of men. And the light shone in darkness; and the darkness overspread it notf.
6 There was a man sent from God||, whose name was
7 John. This man came for a testimony, to testify of the
8 Light; so that through him all might believe. He was
9 not that Light, but was sent to testify of that Light. That was the true Light, which having come into the world is
10 enlightening every man||||. He was in the worldf, and the world was enlightened by him**, and yet the world knew
* A" things were dene by him ] "AH things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made." Neweome : who explains it of the creation of the visible material world by Christ, as the agent and instrument of God. Sec his notes on ver. 3 and 10. But this is a sense which the word tyt 1£T0 will not admit. Vivopt&t oceurs upwards of seven hundred times in the New Testament, but never in the sense oCiarttfe. It signifies in this gospel, (where it oceurs fifty-thrce times.) to be, to come, to become, to come to pass: also, to be done or transacted, chap. xv. 7; xix. 36. It has the latter sense, Matt. v. 18; vi. 8; xxi. 42; xxvi. 6. All things in the christian dispensation were done by Christ, i. e. by his authority, and aceording to his direction; and in the ministry committed to his apostles, nothing has been done without his warrant, Sce John xv. 4, 5t "Without me ye can do nothing." Compare ver. 7,10,16; John xvii. 8; Col. i. 16,17. Cappe, ibid.
t By him was life.'] "In him was life," Neweome. Christ was the revealer of life. a With him were the words of eternal life ;" John vi- 68; 1 John v. 11. Henee he is ealled * the Word of Life," 1 John i. 1. "This Lifer (i. c . J*»us, who is now called the Life, as he was before called the Word,) " was the light of men," the great instructor of mankind.
% the darkness overspread it net.] Sce ch. xii. 35. "Its lustre was not impaired by the darkness which surrounded it," Neweome. Or, "the darkness admitted it not." Sce ver. 10—12; ch. iii. 19.
| a man sentfrom Corf.) This illustrates ver. 1,2. To be sent framtGoU implics that he had bcen first with God. Cappe, ibid. p. 23. .
|I| which coming into the world is enlightening every man.'} "which cnlightcneth every man coming into the world," Neweome: but in his notes he gives the former interpretation; and refers to ch. Hi. 10; xii. 46. This light it enlightening every man, not every individual, but every one who is willing to improve it: or rather is diffusing light without distinction, both over the Jewish and the Heathen world. Matt.. xxviii. 10; John xii. 32; CoL i. 23 ; Rom. ii. 10; 1 Tim. ii. 4. Cappe, ibid. p. 48.
1 He was in tfie world.} He appeared in public as the prophet and messenger of God. John xvii. 18; xviii. 37.
** and the world was enlightened by him.] o xe^fxa^^ti etVTU eysitro. The common version, adopted by Abp. Neweome, is, rtthe world was made by him," meaning that "the visible matcrial world was created by him-" But this, as was observed before in the note on verse 3, is inadmissible, as the word fyevrra never bean that 11 him not. He came to his own; and yet those who
12 were his own received him not*. But as many as received him, to them he gave authority to be the children
13 of Godt, even to them who believe in his namef: who were borntt, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh,
14 [nor of the will of man,] but of God. And the Word was flesh||, and full of kindness and truth he dwelt among us: and'we bcheld his gloryf, the glory as of the
sense. In the present version •nONTlTfjLi'Ht, enlightened, i, understood after eyirfTfl, a, best conneeting with the preeeding verse. So ver. 7, a man was sent from God, fymTo ctTtrctXfUW. And Matt- xxiii. 15. •X^QTxhVTr,c, is understood afteryrssrrgf. Mr. Cappe translates the words, "the world was made for him i'nders':'ndisig by the world, the Jewish dispensation, Gal. iv. 3; Col. ii. 8,20, and taking with a genitive to express the final cause: of which he has produeed several n-markable instanees. Cnppe, ibid- p. 50. The reader will judge which of these iuterpretations is to be preferred.
» lie rame to his wen, irr.] Mr. Cappe's version is, " He came into his own country, and his countrymen reeeived him not." This is, no doubt, the truc meaning; but the evangelist's elliptical phraseology seems more eligible in a literal translation'.
t gave authority to be tfte clakhrn t,fCod,") to participate of spiritual gifts. Gal. iv. 6; Rom. viii. 16. to be admitted to the privileges of children, to be partakers of a divine nature, to be heirs of better promises, to rejoiee in hope of eternal life. Cappe.
\ believe in hit name.'] reeeived him; believed in him, and honoured him as the word of God. A person's name is a Hebraism to express a person himselC Jer. xxxiii. 9; Rev. xi. 13; Psahn xx. 1. Cappe.
tt iMo wrf born, ire,'] to which privileges they were horn; not by natural deseent nor by prose!ytism, nor in any way which under the Jewish dispensation entitled to the privilege of that peculiarity, but the pure good-will of God. Cappe. The clause* "nor of the will of man," is omitted in the text of the Vatican manuseript; and has the appearanee of a marginal gloss. Newcotne. Grieshach.
| Or, Nevertheless, the Word was flesh. "Though this first preacher of the gospel was honoured with such signal tokens of divine confidenee and favour, though be was invested with so high an offiee, he was, nevertheless, a mortal man." Cappe. In thi s ',ense the word flesh is used in the preeeding verse. "Flesh," says Mr. Lindsey, Sequel to the Apology, p. 136, "is frequcntly put for mm." Psahn Ixv. 2; Rom. iii. 20. But it frequcntly ynd peeuliarly stands for man as mortal; subjeet to infirmities and sufferings: and as such is part cularly appropriated to Christ here,and in other plaees. 1 Tim. iii. 16; Rom. i. 3; ix. 5; 1 Pet. iii. 18; Iv. 1. eO Aoyef Tftg% fycitT*, the Word was flesh ; not became flesh, which is Newcome's translation ; or, was made flesh, which s th*- common version. The most usual meaning of yttofAeU is, to be. In this sense tytieTo i s used in this chapter, ver. 6; also in Luke xxiv. 19. The things coneerning Jesus of Nazareth, of e*/£9sTo f who was, not who became, a prophet. See Cappe, p. 86; and Socinus in loc.
1 we beheld his glory.] we were witnesses to his miracles, his resurrection, the descent of the holy spirit, etc. John xvil 1,4, i ; xii. 16 ; xvi. 14 t Acts ilI. 12, 13. Cora pan 1 John i. 1.