Tartessian: Celtic in the South-west at the Dawn of History
Celtic Studies Publications, 2013 - 332 páginas
Beyond the Aegean, some of the earliest written records of Europe come from the south-west, what is now southern Portugal and south-west Spain. Herodotus, the 'Father of History', locates the Keltoi or 'Celts' in this region, as neighbours of the Kunetes of the Algarve. He calls the latter the 'westernmost people of Europe'. However, modern scholars have been disinclined - until recently - to consider the possibility that the south-western inscriptions and other early linguistic evidence from the kingdom of Tartessos were Celtic. This book shows how much of this material closely resembles the attested Celtic languages: Celtiberian (spoken in east-central Spain) and Gaulish, as well as the longer surviving langiages of Ireland, Britain and Brittany. In many cases, the 85 Tartessian inscriptions of the period c. 750-c. 450 BC can now be read as complete statements written in an Ancient Celtic language.
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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION vii
TARTESSIAN LINGUISTIC ELEMENTS
Página de créditos
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3rd person accusative alternative Ancient appears attested beginning Bronze carried Celtiberian Celtic languages century BC closing Commentary common complete compound context corpus Correia dative singular deceased derived destination divine dual earlier Early element ending evidence examples explained feminine final formula word funerary further Gaulish genitive plural goddess grave Greek highest Hispano-Celtic Iberian Indo-European inscription interpreted Latin linguistic lost marking masculine meaning naming phrase narkⓇent'i nominative nominative singular noun occurs Old Irish Old Welsh orientation original Peninsula perfect Period personal name Phoenician phonetic place-name plural position possible preceding present preverb probably pronoun proposed Proto-Celtic referring reflect relative remain represent rest Roman script segmentation sequence shows signs similar sound stand statement stone suggested Syntactic analysis taking Tartessian Tartessos usual variant verb vowel western woman writing