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thard; Venus Anadyomene, a beauti-. composition taken from the “ Coast ful piece, by Howard; Morning of Norfolk.Shylock," by JackFishermen, one of Collin's most per- son, the Academician, is exceedingfect landscapes; Richmond Hill, an ly good. The return of Louis Dixuncommon and splendid work, by huit, by Bird, is upon a larger scale Turner; Highland Chief, by Rae. than the usual pictures of this arburn; Captain Manby, in a fine tist. It will not, however, diminish broad style, J. P. Davis; the Post- the reputation he acquired by his Office, E. V. Rippingille ; Jacob's Chevy Chace.An Italian Female Dream, by W. Allston, equal to the Peasant, and St Peter paying the foremost productions of the season; Tribute with a piece of Silver found Aladdin, richly coloured, by Stew- in a fish, both painted by G. Hayter, ardson ; Sir Roger de Coverley, a evince great improvement in this very clever thing, by C. R. Leslit; artist, since his return from Rome. A Lady in a Reuben's manner, R. R. The Fall of Babylon, by Martin, is Reinagle ; Calandrino, a droll story full of fancy and imagination. Tifrom the Decameron, H. P. Briggs; mon's Cave, and some other pictures two Landscapes by Samuel and Hof- from Shakespeare, by Bonten, are fland ; Village Feast, W. Kidd; A very far superior to the former efWood-Cutter and his Daughter, forts of this artist. Davis has painted Drummond; Sir Gregor MacGre- a picture founded on the discovery gor and other large portraits, by of Magna Charta and the Meeting of Steele; and several other large por- the Barons, as described in Humo's traits, by Steele ; and several bril- History of England. He has happiliant and sweet productions, by A. ly substituted portraits of the Duke Robinson, Chalen, W. H. Watts, of Devonshire, Marquis of TaviNewton, &c. There were Enamels stock, Lord Erskine, Lord Egremont, by Bone in his best manner, and a Lord Ossulston, Marquis of Huntly, large and fine copy by Muss, &c. Marquis of Stafford, the Duke of In Sculpture, the most remarkable Northumberland, &c. &c. under the productions were, A Peasant Girl, name of the original Barons. Stoby Westmacott; Statue of Dr An. thard, Bigg, Reinagle, Westall, Cooderson for Madras, by Chantrey, and per, Hilton, and Ward, from the some fine busts, &c.

Royal Academy, have each of them The British Institution in Pall. contributed pictures of various merit. Mall, for the exhibition and sale of The exhibition is, upon the whole, the works of British Artists, was 0- calculated to support the reputation pened early in the year. Wilkie has of our native artists, and, in its va. an admirable little picture, which he rious departments, gives undoubted calls China Menders ; and Collins, testimony of gradual and progressive in addition to his Departure of the improvement. Diligence from Rouen, has a pleasing

PUBLIC WORKS,

AND

LOCAL IMPROVEMENTS.

In the erection of Southwark NATIONAL MONUMENT.-A nuBridge, it appears as if an at- merous meeting of the Noblemen and tempt had been made to prevent Gentlemen of Scotland, desirous of the natural effect of heat upon promoting the object of the erection iron, that is, to prevent its expan- of a National Monument to comsion; for where the spandrils enter memorate the exploits of our gallant the masonry of the abutments and countrymen in different parts of the piers, they were wedged in tight world, and to form a sort of Temple with iron wedges, from the bottom where the efforts of genius and pato the top; the consequence was, triotism might receive a suitable and that an expansion taking place, a enduring record, took place on very unequal strain and injurious ef- Wednesday March 3d, in the Asfect was produced; for the radius sembly Rooms, George Street; his of the intrado of the arch being 312 Grace the Duke of Athole in the feet, and of the extrado about 6600, chair. The following resolutions, and both being confined between a- moved by the Right Honourable the butments, yet connected together, Earl of Moray, and seconded by locking them as two separate and dis. Lord Belhaven, were unanimously tinct arches, it became evident that adopted, and followed up by numethe latter would require to rise in rous subscriptions, and by such the centre, for every degree of heat, measures as cannot fail to give a considerably more than the former, sufficient and successful impulse to but cannot without lifting, or parting this great national object :from it by fracture. To avoid this, Resolved, that the unparalleled which it is somewhat extraordinary victories with which the Great Dis. was not guarded against in the first poser of Events was pleased to bless instance, masons were, for some time, the British arms by sea and land, in employed night and day, in the te- the late glorious and eventful war, dious operation of working away the in which the valour of Scotsmen was stone work at the back of the wedges, so conspicuously displayed in every in order to remove them. This ope- quarter of the globe. justly deserve ration has, however, been success- to be commemorated in the Metro. fully accomplished, and the bridge polis of Scotland, by some approwas opened to the public on the 27th priate Memorial' of 'national gratiof March at midnight.

tude : That a monumental edifice, A new Wire Bridge has been comprehending a Church, destined thrown over the river Kelvin, at Gar. for the purpose of divine worship, scube-house, Dumbartonshire, the and ornamented in such a manner seat of Sir Islay Campbell, Bart. as may perpetuate the memory of wholly composed of iron-wire, with the great naval and military achieve- . out any support in the centre. The ments of the late war, will afford a length is 100 feet, and it is nine feet lasting proof, not only of gratitude above the surface of the river, to the Almighty for his protection, but of the affectionate remembrance county of Caernarvon, and by that of Scotland, of those gallant officers means do away with the present and men, who fought and bled in the Ferry, which has always been one of service of their country: That the the greatest obstacles in the estaglorious and important services of blishment of a perfect communicaour army in Asia, in the war recent- tion between England and Ireland, ly and successfully terminated, in through North Wales. The design which Scottish valour was so emi- is by Mr Telford, and is on the sus. nently manifested, shall be com- pension principle. The centre openmemorated in the proposed National ing is to be 560 feet between the Monument: Thai for the purpose points of suspension, and 500 feet at of accomplishing this desirable ob- the level of high-water line. The ject, a general subscription shall im- roadway is to be 100 feet above the mediately be opened, and the most highest spring tide, and is to be dieffectual measures adopted, to raise vided into two carriage-ways of 12 a fund, not only for completing an feet each, and a foot way of four feet edifice worthy of Scotland, but for between them. In addition to the the endowment of two clergymen to above, there are to be three stone officiate as Ministers of the intended arches of fifty feet each on the Caer. church: That subscriptions of any narvon shore, and four of the same amount, not being less than L.., 1s. dimensions on the Anglesea side. It be received, and that all subscribers is estimated to cost about L. 70,000, shall, for every L.25 contributed, and will probably be completed in have right to a share and accommoda. three years. tion in the intended church, in a The Magistrates of Glasgow, in manner hereafter to be more particu- conjunction with the county gentlelarly defined, and that a considera- men of Lanark, have resolved to eble portion of the church shall be rect a new Bridewell for the city and set apart for free admissions on all county. The existing Bridewell was occasions : That due provision shall erected so late as the year 1799; but be made, that no subscriber shall be so rapid has been the extension of responsible, or called upon, for more delinqueney and crime, that this es. than his individual subscription on tablishment, though large enough any account whatever : and, That a then, has now become altogether in. eommittee be appointed to forward adequate to the purposes of such an subscriptions, and to consider of the institution. The average number of most proper means for carrying into prisoners last year was 210. The effect the object of this meeting, expense of the new Bridewell, which and to report the same to a General is estimated at L. 30,000, is to be Meeting to be called at such future raised on the simple principle of as. period as may appear to the Com- sessing the city and county in promittee to be most proper.”

portion to their population. A cenThe first stone of that stupendous sus is to be taken to fix the contristructure, Menai Bridge, was laid bution of each division, without ceremony on the 10th of Numerous and valuable donations August, by the resident engineer, were lately received by Professor Mr Provis, and the contractors for Jameson for the College Museum ; the masonry, Messrs Straphen and the most remarkable of which are Hall. When completed, it will con- Animals of Iceland, presented by Sir nect the island of Anglesea with the G. S. Mackenzie ; Animals collected in Baffin's Bay, by Captain Ross :' and the eastern division of Prince's Corals and minerals collected in the Street. The Mound, in its present Bahamas, by Admiral Sir David condition, is certainly a huge defor. Milne, the corals being of unrivalled mity; and there can be little doubt, magnitude and beauty, and many of we think, that were this plan adoptthe minerals rare, one of which, a ed and carried into effect, a great colossal stalactites, is calculated to eye-sore would be removed, an unweigh five tons; a collection of ores occupied mass of earth and rubbislı and minerals from the island of Elba, covered with ornamental buildings, presented by Principal Baird from a and none of those striking and picgentleman of that island; and the turesque views, which render Edinskeleton of the great whale at Air- burgh the envy of all other cities, in thrie, presented by Sir Robert Aber any the least degree impaired or obcromby. The fine collection of natu- structed. At the same time we canral history purchased for the Univer. not help remarking, that irreparable sity from M. Dufresne of Paris, al- injury would be done to the metroso arrived safely on board the cut- polis of otland were any absurd ter sent by Government for convey and injudicious erection to be perching it hither, and under the superin- ed upon it, as there is scarcely a tendance of Captain Thomas Brown point of view, in which its deformity of Edinburgh. This is a particular, would not obtrude itself on every eye. ly rich and valuable collection, and Mr Owen stated, at a meeting in will form an invaluable accession to London, when a Committee was ap: the previous treasures of the Museum. pointed to investigate his plan, and

This year a project was formed report upon its practicability, that for erecting buildings on the Earthen 200,000 pair of hands,with machinery, Mound, Edinburgh, and some time spun as much cotton now as forty years afterwards several plans were given ago, without machinery, would have in, incomparably the best of which employed 20,000,000, that is, 100 to was that by Mr Playfair, the inge. 1; that the cotton spun in a year, at nious architect who designed that this time, in this country, would reclassical edifice, the Observatory on quire, without machinery, at least the Calton Hill. According to this 60,000,000 of labourers with single plan, the mound was to be reduced wheels; and that the quantity of towards its southern extremity; and manufacturing works of all sorts, the buildings, which were to be only done by the aid of machinery in this of one story, with an arcade in the nation, was such as would require, centre, were to be erected on the without that aid, the labour of at horizontal level. Hence Mr Play- least 400,000,000 of manufacturers. fair's plan is calculated to obviate

The improvement of the Glasgow the insuperable objection to erections and Carlisle road, which runs almost of two stories in height, which were diagonally through Dumfriesshire, at first contemplated, and which will not only enhance the value of would have totally intercepted the property of every description along view of Salisbury Craggs and Arthur the line, but will shorten the distance Seat from that part of the line of from the greater part of DumfriesPrince's Street io the west of the shire to Carlisle and the north of Mound, as well as the view of the England about 4 miles. The opeCastle and the hills in the distance rations on the newly laid out line from the passengers on the bridge between Graitney and Carlisle are

sea to sea.

going on with spirit. The new bridge *This great work will probably be over

the Esk, which has been con- completed in the course of the two templated for seventy years past, next years. The navigation from was founded about the end of May, Inverness to Fort Augustus is aland will be finished in June 1820 : it ready open, and there is a near prois to have two cast-iron arches, one spect, at the other end of the canal, of 150 and the other of 100 feet span. of a similar approach towards the Another bridge will be built over the completion of the navigation from Sark, at Allison's Bank, which will

The navigation of Loch have two stone arches of forty and Ness was opened to the public in the other of thirty feet span. Seve. May 1818, and about 150 voyages ral other improvements are making were made last season by coasting on the roads in that part of the coun- vessels carrying from forty to seventry.

ty tons each ; and the facility is such, By the Sixteenth Report of the that vessels sometimes accomplish Commissioners, made to Parliament, the voyage of twenty-three miles to it appears that the expenditure up- Fort Augustus, discharge their car. on the Caledonian Canal, to the go, and return to the lower end of commencement of May 1819, a- the lake within twenty-four hours. mounted to L. 742,000; that a The exports consist of timber, staves moiety of the Parliamentary grant and wool; the imports of tar, oat. of last year (L,25,000) had not, at meal, and coals, of which last article the date of the report, been issued the price is lowered one half. Lime from the Exchequer, and that a far- is also a frequent article of freight, ther grant of L. 50,000 was voted and thus the improvement of the adduring this session of Parliament. jacent lands is ensured.

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