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pering for poor Mr Wright) and said, mented upon the atrocious character

Look at that man, my dear! Those of the libel ; and in alluding to Mr drops of sweat are the effect of de- Cobbett's abuse of the powers with tected dishonesty! Think of that, my which by nature he had been endow. dear child, and you will always be an ed, said it was true that he might have honest man !” Mr Peter Walker and the intellects of an angel, but they Mr Swann were present at this scene, were those of a fallen angel. He then which took place in my room in New- dwelt upon the question of damages, gate, in 1811."

and contended that this was the only “'Oh! Oh! Now we have it out! tribunal to which the plaintiff could Now we have before us the third ac- apply for redress : which, if he could complice in this vile transaction. That not find at their hands, it were better Wright was their accomplice is all I to blot the power of writing out of wanted to see proved, and now it is the catalogue of human talents. No proved.”

doubt could exist of the responsibili“ Surely the immaculate being, ty of Mr Clement for the consequence preceded by the milk-white charger, of this publication, because he was will not attempt to maintain that the the agent of a person who, from a disno less immaculate person who rode tant clime, sent forth to the world an that charger had a moral right to use attack characterized by so much ma. against Mr Hunt and a lady, and in lignity. favour of Sir F. Burdett, a letter- J. Stennor proved that he purchaand such a letter gotten from a man sed the Register, containing the libel, who stood charged with defrauding at Mr Clement's shop. the pretended author of the letter, George Granger gave like evidence and who stood so charged upon the with respect to the Register, contain. oath of Sir F. Burdett himself.” ing the second libel, on the 6th of

The learned counsel then went on March 1819. to read other parts of the libel, which Mr Thomas Hansard, the printer, charged Mr Wright with borrowing being shown the letter read by Mr money in the name of the author, Cleary at the Westminster election, without his authority, &c.

swore positively that it was of the Mr Hunt, who came into Court handwriting of Mr Cobbett. when the trial was called on, rose at Mr John Paul, an accountant emthis time with considerable warmth, ployed to arrange accounts between and expressed a hope that the learn- Mr Wright and Mr Cobbett, also ed Judge would not allow him to be proved the same fact. Other witneslibelled by falsehood. The learned ses deposed to the same effect. counsel had stated that he (Mr Hunt) Mr Adolphus then addressed the had declared at a public meeting that jury on behalf of the defendant. In the letter attributed to Mr Cobbett reply to the topics addressed by the was a forgery.

plaintiff's counsel to the jury, he said, The Lord Chief Justice said, he that they were in no respect applihad not heard the learned counsel cable to the present question, inasmake any such observation; he had much as they were merely strictures merely read the libellous publication, upon the political character and conas he had a right to do, and if it li- duct of Mr Cobbett, with which the belled any other person than the plain- defendant had nothing to do, he be. tiff, he was very sorry for it.

ing a mere vender of the first libel. Mr Scarlett resumed, and com- With respect to the second, he proposed to offer evidence to show that the Mr John Sudbury, Mr Charles Cledefendant had, long prior to that pub- ment, (brother of the defendant,) and lication, directed his servants to dis. Richard Mainwaring, were then callcontinue the sale of Cobbett's Regis- ed, and they proved that the defen- ter, and that if any sale had taken dant had positively interdicted them place, it was in direct opposition to from selling Cobbett's Register at his his order. With respect to the ques. shop several weeks prior to the 6th of tion of damages, the usual foundation March. in such cases had not been laid, the Mr Adolphus next proposed to jury having been left wholly in igno- prove the circumstance of the plainrance as to who Mr Wright was, what tiff having withdrawn his records in good fame he had lost, or how, in any the actions against

Dolby and Hay; degree, he had been injured by the but, although the fact seemed not to publication. It was impossible, he be disputed, yet he declined pursuing said, for Mr Clement to justify the li- that course, upon a suggestion from bel, nor did he affect to rest his de. Mr Scarlett, that a sufficient reason fence upon any such ground; because could be assigned for that step. he rested his innocence solely upon

Mr Scarlett having replied at great the fact of his not having published length, the libel. But the jury would judge The Lord Chief Justice stated the of Mr Wright's candour on this occa- case to the jury, who retired for half sion, and of his title to damages, when an hour, and on entering the Court it would be proved, that in two other stated, that they found their verdict, actions against other publishers of the on the first libel, for the defendant; same libel, who had pleaded justifica. and, on the 2d, for the plaintiff. Da tions, he had withdrawn his records, mages, L.500. and put them into his pocket, without having courage to face an issue for trying the truth of those libels.

No. II.



William Hyde Wollaston, M. D.

Thomas Young, M. D. In consequence

of the death of her There were elected into the new Majesty, the ordinary business of the

council, society was suspended during two J. P. Auriol, Esq. meetings. The sittings were, how- R. Bingley, Esq. ever, resumed on Thursday the 5th Sir T. G. Cullam, Bart. of November, when Sir Everard John, Earl of Darnley, Home read the Croonian Lecture. S. Davis, Esq.

November 12. Dr Brewster com- Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie, municated a paper on the absorption Major General Sir. J. W. Gorof polarised light by doubly refract- don, K. C. B. ing crystals.

Sir A. Johnston, Knight, The annual meeting for the elec- Reverend R. Nares, tion of officers for the ensuing year, Sir J. T. Staunton, Bart. took place on November 30., when At this meeting, the Copley medal the following noblemen and gentle was voted to Mr (now Sir Robert) men were elected :

Seppings, for his various improvePRESIDENT,

ments in the construction of ships, Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. communicated to the Royal Society, G. C. B. &c.

and published in their transactions. SECRETARIES,

December 10. and 17. Both these William Thomas Brande, Esq. and days were nearly occupied in read. Taylor Combe, Esq.

ing a paper, by M. Theodore de TREASURER,

Saussure, communicated by Dr Mar. Samuel Lysons, Esq.

cet, on the decomposition of starch There remained of the old council, by the action of air and water at

Right Hon. Sir J. Banks, Bart. common temperatures. A portion William Thomas Brande, Esq. of starch simply boiled in water was Lord Bishop of Carlile,

exposed for two years under a glass Taylor Combe, Esq.

jar in a temperature between 68° and Sir Humphry Davy, Bart.

77o. At the end of that time about Sir Everard Home, Bart.

fd of it was found converted into Samuel Lysons, Esq.

saccharine matter, similar in its proGeorge, Earl of Morton,

perties to the sugar prepared from John Pond, Esq.

starch by the action of sulphuric

acid. On observing this fact, the au- January 21. There was read a pathor was induced to examine more per by Dr T. Young, entitled, “ Re. attentively the nature of the changes marks on the Advantage of Multiproduced. He found, that besides plied Observations in the Physical sugar a species of gum was formed, Sciences, and on the Density of the as also a peculiar intermediate sub. Earth.” Having made some obserstance, which he denominated ami. vations on the application of the docdine, while a substance remained in trine of chances to the physical soluble in water, which was probably sciences, the author showed that the starch somewhat altered in its pro- combination of many different causes perties; but the author was unable to of error, each liable to change, has a determine whether the presence or tendency to diminish the aggregate absence of air affected the quantity variation of their joint effect. From of sugar obtained.

calculation he then inferred, that the December 24. A paper by Capt. original conditions of the probability Duff, R. N. was read, on the antie of different errors do not considerseptic properties of peat-moss, as a ably modify the conclusions respect. preventive of the dry rot in timber. ing the accuracy of the mean result, After stating the well-known effects because their effect is included in the of peat-moss in preserving wood un- magnitude of the mean error, from altered for ages, the author suggests which these conclusions are deduced. that a set of experiments should be He also showed, that the error of the made to ascertain the effects of im. mean arising from this limitation is pregnating timber with the water never likely to be greater than six. from peat-mosses.

sevenths of the mean of all the errors, January 14. 1819. Sir Everard divided by the square root of the Home read a paper on the Corpora number of observations. In speaking Lutea. Before puberty the texture of the density of the earth, Dr Y.atof the ovarium is loose and open, and tempted to show, that the general contains globular cells : after puber. law of compression is quite sufficient ty the corpora lutea are found in the to explain the greater density of the substance of the ovarium. The ova interior of the earth, and that this are formed in the corpora lutea, and, law, which is true for small pressures, according to Sir E., exist anterior to in all substances, and universally in sexual intercourse : when the ova elastic fluids, requires some modifi. are formed, the corpora lutea are de- cation for solids and liquids, the restroyed by absorption, whether the sistance of these increasing faster contained ova are impregnated or not. than the density; for no mineral subSir E. thinks, that impregnation is stance, he observed, is sufficiently light necessary to the expulsion of the ova, and incompressible to afford a sphere and that the corpus luteum is burst as large as the earth, and of the same by extravasated blood, its cavity, af- specific gravity, without such devia. ter the escape of the ovum, being tion from the general law. A sphere found distended with coagulated of water or of air would be still more blood. When impregnation does not dense; and the moon, if she containtake place, the ovum remains in the ed such cavities, would soon bave cavity of the corpus luteum ; from absorbed her atmosphere, had she which the author thinks that the o- ever possessed any. The paper convum is impregnated in the ovarium cluded with some remarks on Euler's itself.

formula for the rolling pendulum, in which the perfect accuracy of La- these were added, some general inplace's theory for the length of the ferences upon the subject, deduced convertible pendulum rolling on e- at the time of observation. qual cylinders was shown.

Two other communications were January 28. A paper by Captain read; one on the genus Ocythoe ; W. J. Webbe was read, entitled, and the other on the extraction of “ Memoir of a Survey of the Pro- roots. Neither appears to have been vince of Keemaon." Among a va- of much value. riety of other matter, this paper con- February ll. Captain J. Ross, tained an account of the heights of R. N. read a paper on the variation many of the snowy peaks of the of the compass. This subject had ridge from which the Dneiper, Don, particularly engaged his attention and Volga, descend on the Euro- during his late voyage to the Arctic pean side, and the Ganges and In. regions; and he detailed his exdus on the Asiatic; and appended periments in the order in which they was an extensive catalogue of the were made. From these, he conJatitudes, longitudes, and elevations cluded that every ship has a peculiar of places and stations in the province attraction affecting her compasses, of Keemaon.

the exact amount of which it is difAt this meeting was also read a ficult to ascertain. This attraction paper by Professor Aldini, entitled, is not progressive, but irregular. « An Experimental Inquiry upon February 25. Sir H. Davy read Gas Light on the Continent, with a paper on the formation of mists in some observations upon the present particular situations. He observed state of the Illumination of London." that the force of temperature after The author suggested, that where sunset is greater on land than on coals could not be obtained, turf water; and referred to the wellmight be substituted ; also the refuse known peculiarity in the expansibibark of tan-yards, pitch, tar, petro. lity of water at temperatures below leum, and oil; and pointed out the 40°, as the cause by which both the possibility of employing hydrogen water and the superincumbent air from the decomposition of water for are preserved at a superior temperaaugmenting the quantity of gas. ture. When therefore the cold and

February 4. A paper by W. comparatively dry air mixes with the Bain, Esq. was read on the dangers warmer and moister air resting on to which navigation is exposed, by the water, the consequent diminution navigators neglecting to make the of the temperature of the latter has local attraction on shipboard, an ele- a tendency to separate a portion of ment of calculation.

its moisture in the form of mist. A paper was next read by W. At this meeting also, a paper was Scoresby junior, Esq. on the anomaly read by Captain Sabine, entitled, of the magnetic needle, as observed Observations on the Dip and Variaon shipboard. Captain Flinders tion of the Magnetic Needle, and on first pointed out the anomalous varia- the intensity of the Magnetic Force, tion caused by the attraction of the made during the late voyage in search iron of the ship. The author stated of a North-West Passage.” The bis observations on the same subject author stated, that the dipping needle in the years 1815 and 1817, upon the employed in these observations was coast of Spitzbergen, select tables of similar to that described by Mr Cawhich observations were given. To vendish, and made by the same artist,

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